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Lex Fridman Podcast

Conversations about science, technology, history, philosophy and the nature of intelligence, consciousness, love, and power. Lex is an AI researcher at MIT and beyond.

#101 – Joscha Bach: Artificial Consciousness and the Nature of Reality

Joscha Bach is the VP of Research at the AI Foundation, previously doing research at MIT and Harvard. Joscha work explores the workings of the human mind, intelligence, consciousness, life on Earth, and the possibly-simulated fabric of our universe. Support this podcast by supporting these sponsors: – ExpressVPN at https://www.expressvpn.com/lexpod – Cash App – use code “LexPodcast” and download: – Cash App (App Store): https://apple.co/2sPrUHe – Cash App (Google Play): https://bit.ly/2MlvP5w This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 03:14 – Reverse engineering Joscha Bach 10:38 – Nature of truth 18:47 – Original thinking 23:14 – Sentience vs intelligence 31:45 – Mind vs Reality 46:51 – Hard problem of consciousness 51:09 – Connection between the mind and the universe 56:29 – What is consciousness 1:02:32 – Language and concepts 1:09:02 – Meta-learning 1:16:35 – Spirit 1:18:10 – Our civilization may not exist for long 1:37:48 – Twitter and social media 1:44:52 – What systems of government might work well? 1:47:12 – The way out of self-destruction with AI 1:55:18 – AI simulating humans to understand its own nature 2:04:32 – Reinforcement learning 2:09:12 – Commonsense reasoning 2:15:47 – Would AGI need to have a body? 2:22:34 – Neuralink 2:27:01 – Reasoning at the scale of neurons and societies 2:37:16 – Role of emotion 2:48:03 – Happiness is a cookie that your brain bakes for itself



#102 – Steven Pressfield: The War of Art

Steven Pressfield is a historian and author of War of Art, a book that had a big impact on my life and the life of millions of whose passion is to create in art, science, business, sport, and everywhere else. I highly recommend it and others of his books on this topic, including Turning Pro, Do the Work, Nobody Wants to Read Your Shit, and the Warrior Ethos. Also his books Gates of Fire about the Spartans and the battle at Thermopylae, The Lion’s Gate, Tides of War, and others are some of the best historical fiction novels ever written. Support this podcast by supporting these sponsors: – Jordan Harbinger Show: https://jordanharbinger.com/lex/ – Cash App – use code “LexPodcast” and download: – Cash App (App Store): https://apple.co/2sPrUHe – Cash App (Google Play): https://bit.ly/2MlvP5w This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 05:00 – Nature of war 11:43 – The struggle within 17:11 – Love and hate in a time of war 25:17 – Future of warfare 28:31 – Technology in war 30:10 – What it takes to kill a person 32:22 – Mortality 37:30 – The muse 46:09 – Editing 52:19 – Resistance 1:10:41 – Loneliness 1:12:24 – Is a warrior born or trained? 1:13:53 – Hard work and health 1:18:41 – Daily ritual



#103 – Ben Goertzel: Artificial General Intelligence

Ben Goertzel is one of the most interesting minds in the artificial intelligence community. He is the founder of SingularityNET, designer of OpenCog AI framework, formerly a director of the Machine Intelligence Research Institute, Chief Scientist of Hanson Robotics, the company that created the Sophia Robot. He has been a central figure in the AGI community for many years, including in the Conference on Artificial General Intelligence. Support this podcast by supporting these sponsors: – Jordan Harbinger Show: https://jordanharbinger.com/lex/ – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 03:20 – Books that inspired you 06:38 – Are there intelligent beings all around us? 13:13 – Dostoevsky 15:56 – Russian roots 20:19 – When did you fall in love with AI? 31:30 – Are humans good or evil? 42:04 – Colonizing mars 46:53 – Origin of the term AGI 55:56 – AGI community 1:12:36 – How to build AGI? 1:36:47 – OpenCog 2:25:32 – SingularityNET 2:49:33 – Sophia 3:16:02 – Coronavirus 3:24:14 – Decentralized mechanisms of power 3:40:16 – Life and death 3:42:44 – Would you live forever? 3:50:26 – Meaning of life 3:58:03 – Hat 3:58:46 – Question for AGI



#104 – David Patterson: Computer Architecture and Data Storage

David Patterson is a Turing award winner and professor of computer science at Berkeley. He is known for pioneering contributions to RISC processor architecture used by 99% of new chips today and for co-creating RAID storage. The impact that these two lines of research and development have had on our world is immeasurable. He is also one of the great educators of computer science in the world. His book with John Hennessy “Computer Architecture: A Quantitative Approach” is how I first learned about and was humbled by the inner workings of machines at the lowest level. Support this podcast by supporting these sponsors: – Jordan Harbinger Show: https://jordanharbinger.com/lex/ – Cash App – use code “LexPodcast” and download: – Cash App (App Store): https://apple.co/2sPrUHe – Cash App (Google Play): https://bit.ly/2MlvP5w This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 03:28 – How have computers changed? 04:22 – What’s inside a computer? 10:02 – Layers of abstraction 13:05 – RISC vs CISC computer architectures 28:18 – Designing a good instruction set is an art 31:46 – Measures of performance 36:02 – RISC instruction set 39:39 – RISC-V open standard instruction set architecture 51:12 – Why do ARM implementations vary? 52:57 – Simple is beautiful in instruction set design 58:09 – How machine learning changed computers 1:08:18 – Machine learning benchmarks 1:16:30 – Quantum computing 1:19:41 – Moore’s law 1:28:22 – RAID data storage 1:36:53 – Teaching 1:40:59 – Wrestling 1:45:26 – Meaning of life



#105 – Robert Langer: Edison of Medicine

Robert Langer is a professor at MIT and one of the most cited researchers in history, specializing in biotechnology fields of drug delivery systems and tissue engineering. He has bridged theory and practice by being a key member and driving force in launching many successful biotech companies out of MIT. Support this podcast by supporting these sponsors: – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex – Cash App – use code “LexPodcast” and download: – Cash App (App Store): https://apple.co/2sPrUHe – Cash App (Google Play): https://bit.ly/2MlvP5w This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 03:07 – Magic and science 05:34 – Memorable rejection 08:35 – How to come up with big ideas in science 13:27 – How to make a new drug 22:38 – Drug delivery 28:22 – Tissue engineering 35:22 – Beautiful idea in bioengineering 38:16 – Patenting process 42:21 – What does it take to build a successful startup? 46:18 – Mentoring students 50:54 – Funding 58:08 – Cookies 59:41 – What are you most proud of?



#106 – Matt Botvinick: Neuroscience, Psychology, and AI at DeepMind

Matt Botvinick is the Director of Neuroscience Research at DeepMind. He is a brilliant cross-disciplinary mind navigating effortlessly between cognitive psychology, computational neuroscience, and artificial intelligence. Support this podcast by supporting these sponsors: – The Jordan Harbinger Show: https://www.jordanharbinger.com/lex – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX at checkout If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 03:29 – How much of the brain do we understand? 14:26 – Psychology 22:53 – The paradox of the human brain 32:23 – Cognition is a function of the environment 39:34 – Prefrontal cortex 53:27 – Information processing in the brain 1:00:11 – Meta-reinforcement learning 1:15:18 – Dopamine 1:19:01 – Neuroscience and AI research 1:23:37 – Human side of AI 1:39:56 – Dopamine and reinforcement learning 1:53:07 – Can we create an AI that a human can love?



#107 – Peter Singer: Suffering in Humans, Animals, and AI

Peter Singer is a professor of bioethics at Princeton, best known for his 1975 book Animal Liberation, that makes an ethical case against eating meat. He has written brilliantly from an ethical perspective on extreme poverty, euthanasia, human genetic selection, sports doping, the sale of kidneys, and happiness including in his books Ethics in the Real World and The Life You Can Save. He was a key popularizer of the effective altruism movement and is generally considered one of the most influential philosophers in the world. Support this podcast by supporting these sponsors: – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex – Cash App – use code “LexPodcast” and download: – Cash App (App Store): https://apple.co/2sPrUHe – Cash App (Google Play): https://bit.ly/2MlvP5w If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 05:25 – World War II 09:53 – Suffering 16:06 – Is everyone capable of evil? 21:52 – Can robots suffer? 37:22 – Animal liberation 40:31 – Question for AI about suffering 43:32 – Neuralink 45:11 – Control problem of AI 51:08 – Utilitarianism 59:43 – Helping people in poverty 1:05:15 – Mortality



#108 – Sergey Levine: Robotics and Machine Learning

Sergey Levine is a professor at Berkeley and a world-class researcher in deep learning, reinforcement learning, robotics, and computer vision, including the development of algorithms for end-to-end training of neural network policies that combine perception and control, scalable algorithms for inverse reinforcement learning, and deep RL algorithms. Support this podcast by supporting these sponsors: – ExpressVPN: https://www.expressvpn.com/lexpod – Cash App – use code “LexPodcast” and download: – Cash App (App Store): https://apple.co/2sPrUHe – Cash App (Google Play): https://bit.ly/2MlvP5w If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 03:05 – State-of-the-art robots vs humans 16:13 – Robotics may help us understand intelligence 22:49 – End-to-end learning in robotics 27:01 – Canonical problem in robotics 31:44 – Commonsense reasoning in robotics 34:41 – Can we solve robotics through learning? 44:55 – What is reinforcement learning? 1:06:36 – Tesla Autopilot 1:08:15 – Simulation in reinforcement learning 1:13:46 – Can we learn gravity from data? 1:16:03 – Self-play 1:17:39 – Reward functions 1:27:01 – Bitter lesson by Rich Sutton 1:32:13 – Advice for students interesting in AI 1:33:55 – Meaning of life



#109 – Brian Kernighan: UNIX, C, AWK, AMPL, and Go Programming

Brian Kernighan is a professor of computer science at Princeton University. He co-authored the C Programming Language with Dennis Ritchie (creator of C) and has written a lot of books on programming, computers, and life including the Practice of Programming, the Go Programming Language, his latest UNIX: A History and a Memoir. He co-created AWK, the text processing language used by Linux folks like myself. He co-designed AMPL, an algebraic modeling language for large-scale optimization. Support this podcast by supporting our sponsors: – Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex – Raycon: http://buyraycon.com/lex If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 04:24 – UNIX early days 22:09 – Unix philosophy 31:54 – Is programming art or science? 35:18 – AWK 42:03 – Programming setup 46:39 – History of programming languages 52:48 – C programming language 58:44 – Go language 1:01:57 – Learning new programming languages 1:04:57 – Javascript 1:08:16 – Variety of programming languages 1:10:30 – AMPL 1:18:01 – Graph theory 1:22:20 – AI in 1964 1:27:50 – Future of AI 1:29:47 – Moore’s law 1:32:54 – Computers in our world 1:40:37 – Life



#110 – Jitendra Malik: Computer Vision

Jitendra Malik is a professor at Berkeley and one of the seminal figures in the field of computer vision, the kind before the deep learning revolution, and the kind after. He has been cited over 180,000 times and has mentored many world-class researchers in computer science. Support this podcast by supporting our sponsors: – BetterHelp: http://betterhelp.com/lex – ExpressVPN: https://www.expressvpn.com/lexpod If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 03:17 – Computer vision is hard 10:05 – Tesla Autopilot 21:20 – Human brain vs computers 23:14 – The general problem of computer vision 29:09 – Images vs video in computer vision 37:47 – Benchmarks in computer vision 40:06 – Active learning 45:34 – From pixels to semantics 52:47 – Semantic segmentation 57:05 – The three R’s of computer vision 1:02:52 – End-to-end learning in computer vision 1:04:24 – 6 lessons we can learn from children 1:08:36 – Vision and language 1:12:30 – Turing test 1:16:17 – Open problems in computer vision 1:24:49 – AGI 1:35:47 – Pick the right problem



#111 – Richard Karp: Algorithms and Computational Complexity

Richard Karp is a professor at Berkeley and one of the most important figures in the history of theoretical computer science. In 1985, he received the Turing Award for his research in the theory of algorithms, including the development of the Edmonds–Karp algorithm for solving the maximum flow problem on networks, Hopcroft–Karp algorithm for finding maximum cardinality matchings in bipartite graphs, and his landmark paper in complexity theory called “Reducibility Among Combinatorial Problems”, in which he proved 21 problems to be NP-complete. This paper was probably the most important catalyst in the explosion of interest in the study of NP-completeness and the P vs NP problem. Support this podcast by supporting our sponsors: – Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex – Cash App – use code “LexPodcast” and download: – Cash App (App Store): https://apple.co/2sPrUHe – Cash App (Google Play): https://bit.ly/2MlvP5w If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 03:50 – Geometry 09:46 – Visualizing an algorithm 13:00 – A beautiful algorithm 18:06 – Don Knuth and geeks 22:06 – Early days of computers 25:53 – Turing Test 30:05 – Consciousness 33:22 – Combinatorial algorithms 37:42 – Edmonds-Karp algorithm 40:22 – Algorithmic complexity 50:25 – P=NP 54:25 – NP-Complete problems 1:10:29 – Proving P=NP 1:12:57 – Stable marriage problem 1:20:32 – Randomized algorithms 1:33:23 – Can a hard problem be easy in practice? 1:43:57 – Open problems in theoretical computer science 1:46:21 – A strange idea in complexity theory 1:50:49 – Machine learning 1:56:26 – Bioinformatics 2:00:37 – Memory of Richard’s father



#112 – Ian Hutchinson: Nuclear Fusion, Plasma Physics, and Religion

Ian Hutchinson is a nuclear engineer and plasma physicist at MIT. He has made a number of important contributions in plasma physics including the magnetic confinement of plasmas seeking to enable fusion reactions, which is the energy source of the stars, to be used for practical energy production. Current nuclear reactors are based on fission as we discuss. Ian has also written on the philosophy of science and the relationship between science and religion. Support this podcast by supporting our sponsors: – Sun Basket, use code LEX: https://sunbasket.com/lex – PowerDot, use code LEX: https://powerdot.com/lex If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 05:32 – Nuclear physics and plasma physics 08:00 – Fusion energy 35:22 – Nuclear weapons 42:06 – Existential risks 50:29 – Personal journey in religion 56:27 – What is God like? 1:01:34 – Scientism 1:04:21 – Atheism 1:06:39 – Not knowing 1:09:57 – Faith 1:13:46 – The value of loyalty and love 1:23:26 – Why is there suffering in the world 1:35:08 – AGI 1:40:27 – Consciousness 1:48:14 – Simulation 1:52:20 – Adam and Eve 1:54:57 – Meaning of life



#113 – Manolis Kellis: Human Genome and Evolutionary Dynamics

Manolis Kellis is a professor at MIT and head of the MIT Computational Biology Group. He is interested in understanding the human genome from a computational, evolutionary, biological, and other cross-disciplinary perspectives. Support this podcast by supporting our sponsors: – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex – Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 03:54 – Human genome 17:47 – Sources of knowledge 29:15 – Free will 33:26 – Simulation 35:17 – Biological and computing 50:10 – Genome-wide evolutionary signatures 56:54 – Evolution of COVID-19 1:02:59 – Are viruses intelligent? 1:12:08 – Humans vs viruses 1:19:39 – Engineered pandemics 1:23:23 – Immune system 1:33:22 – Placebo effect 1:35:39 – Human genome source code 1:44:40 – Mutation 1:51:46 – Deep learning 1:58:08 – Neuralink 2:07:07 – Language 2:15:19 – Meaning of life



#114 – Russ Tedrake: Underactuated Robotics, Control, Dynamics and Touch

Russ Tedrake is a roboticist and professor at MIT and vice president of robotics research at TRI. He works on control of robots in interesting, complicated, underactuated, stochastic, difficult to model situations. Support this podcast by supporting our sponsors. Click links, get discount: – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex & use code LEX at checkout – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex – ExpressVPN: https://www.expressvpn.com/lexpod If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 04:29 – Passive dynamic walking 09:40 – Animal movement 13:34 – Control vs Dynamics 15:49 – Bipedal walking 20:56 – Running barefoot 33:01 – Think rigorously with machine learning 44:05 – DARPA Robotics Challenge 1:07:14 – When will a robot become UFC champion 1:18:32 – Black Mirror Robot Dog 1:34:01 – Robot control 1:47:00 – Simulating robots 2:00:33 – Home robotics 2:03:40 – Soft robotics 2:07:25 – Underactuated robotics 2:20:42 – Touch 2:28:55 – Book recommendations 2:40:08 – Advice to young people 2:44:20 – Meaning of life



#115 – Dileep George: Brain-Inspired AI

Dileep George is a researcher at the intersection of neuroscience and artificial intelligence, co-founder of Vicarious, formerly co-founder of Numenta. From the early work on Hierarchical temporal memory to Recursive Cortical Networks to today, Dileep’s always sought to engineer intelligence that is closely inspired by the human brain. Support this channel by supporting our sponsors. Click links, get discount: – Babbel: https://babbel.com and use code LEX – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex – Raycon: https://buyraycon.com/lex If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 0:00 – Introduction 4:50 – Building a model of the brain 17:11 – Visual cortex 27:50 – Probabilistic graphical models 31:35 – Encoding information in the brain 36:56 – Recursive Cortical Network 51:09 – Solving CAPTCHAs algorithmically 1:06:48 – Hype around brain-inspired AI 1:18:21 – How does the brain learn? 1:21:32 – Perception and cognition 1:25:43 – Open problems in brain-inspired AI 1:30:33 – GPT-3 1:40:41 – Memory 1:45:08 – Neuralink 1:51:32 – Consciousness 1:57:59 – Book recommendations 2:06:49 – Meaning of life



#116 – Sara Seager: Search for Planets and Life Outside Our Solar System

Sara Seager is a planetary scientist at MIT, known for her work on the search for exoplanets. Support this podcast by supporting our sponsors. Click links, get discount: – Public Goods at https://publicgoods.com/lex and use code LEX – PowerDot: https://powerdot.com/lex and use code LEX – Cash App – use code “LexPodcast” and download: – Cash App (App Store): https://apple.co/2sPrUHe – Cash App (Google Play): https://bit.ly/2MlvP5w Episode links: Sara’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/profsaraseager Sara’s Website: https://www.saraseager.com/ The Smallest Lights in the Universe (book): https://amzn.to/3g3LfHA If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 05:32 – Falling in love with the stars 09:55 – Are we alone in the universe? 15:27 – Seager equation for number of habitable planets 27:48 – Exoplanets 34:44 – Earth-like exoplanets 40:43 – Intelligent life 52:34 – Number of planets per star 55:09 – Space exploration 57:36 – Traveling to Proxima Centauri 1:00:52 – Starshade 1:07:34 – Using the sun as a gravitational lens 1:09:44 – Starshot 1:12:45 – Rogue planets 1:15:44 – The Smallest Lights in the Universe 1:30:15 – Book recommendations 1:37:48 – Advice for a young person 1:39:29 – Meaning of life



#117 – Sheldon Solomon: Death and Meaning

Sheldon Solomon is a social psychologist, a philosopher, co-developer of Terror Management Theory, co-author of The Worm at the Core. Please support this channel by supporting our sponsors: – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex – ExpressVPN at https://www.expressvpn.com/lexpod – Cash App: download app & use code “LexPodcast” Episode links: Sheldon’s Website: https://www.skidmore.edu/psychology/faculty/solomon.php The Worm at the Core (book): https://amzn.to/31hQAXH Denial of Death (book): https://amzn.to/329Zxl4 If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/podcast or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 05:34 – Role of death in life 22:57 – Jordan Peterson 53:02 – Humans are both selfish and cooperative 56:57 – Civilization collapse 1:10:07 – Meditating on your mortality 1:16:10 – Kierkegaard and Heidegger 1:33:25 – Elon Musk 1:36:56 – Thinking deeply about death 1:45:53 – Religion 1:56:59 – Consciousness 2:03:39 – Why is Ernest Becker not better known 2:07:09 – AI and mortality 2:21:07 – Academia should welcome renegade thinkers 2:36:33 – Book recommendations 2:43:23 – Advice for young people 2:48:17 – Meaning of life



#118 – Grant Sanderson: Math, Manim, Neural Networks & Teaching with 3Blue1Brown

Grant Sanderson is a math educator and creator of 3Blue1Brown. Support this podcast by supporting our sponsors: – Dollar Shave Club: https://dollarshaveclub.com/lex – DoorDash: download app & use code LEX – Cash App: download app & use code “LexPodcast” Episode links: 3Blue1Brown: http://youtube.com/3blue1brown Grant’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/3blue1brown If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/podcast or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 05:13 – Richard Feynman 09:41 – Learning deeply vs broadly 13:56 – Telling a story with visualizations 18:43 – Topology 23:52 – Intuition about exponential growth 32:28 – Elon Musk’s exponential view of the world 40:09 – SpaceX and space exploration 45:28 – Origins of the Internet 49:50 – Does teaching on YouTube get lonely? 54:31 – Daily routine 1:00:20 – Social media 1:10:38 – Online education in a time of COVID 1:27:03 – Joe Rogan moving to Spotify 1:32:09 – Neural networks 1:38:30 – GPT-3 1:46:52 – Manim 1:51:01 – Python 1:56:21 – Theory of everything 2:03:53 – Meaning of life



#119 – David Eagleman: Neuroplasticity and the Livewired Brain

David Eagleman is a neuroscientist at Stanford. Support this podcast by supporting our sponsors: – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex – Cash App: download app & use code “LexPodcast” Episode links: David’s Website: https://www.eagleman.com/ David’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/davideagleman Livewired (book): https://amzn.to/3ba4ezv If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/podcast or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 05:05 – Livewired 16:39 – Hardware vs software 25:53 – Brain-computer interfaces 35:12 – 2020 is a challenge for neuroplasticity 46:08 – Free will 50:43 – Nature of evil 58:55 – Psychiatry 1:06:28 – GPT-3 1:13:31 – Intelligence in the brain 1:21:51 – Neosensory 1:31:27 – Book recommendations 1:34:07 – Meaning of life 1:36:53 – Advice for young people



#120 – François Chollet: Measures of Intelligence

François Chollet is an AI researcher at Google and creator of Keras. Support this podcast by supporting our sponsors (and get discount): – Babbel: https://babbel.com and use code LEX – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex – Cash App: download app & use code “LexPodcast” Episode links: Francois’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/fchollet Francois’s Website: https://fchollet.com/ On the Measure of Intelligence (paper): https://arxiv.org/abs/1911.01547 If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/podcast or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 05:04 – Early influence 06:23 – Language 12:50 – Thinking with mind maps 23:42 – Definition of intelligence 42:24 – GPT-3 53:07 – Semantic web 57:22 – Autonomous driving 1:09:30 – Tests of intelligence 1:13:59 – Tests of human intelligence 1:27:18 – IQ tests 1:35:59 – ARC Challenge 1:59:11 – Generalization 2:09:50 – Turing Test 2:20:44 – Hutter prize 2:27:44 – Meaning of life



#121 – Eugenia Kuyda: Friendship with an AI Companion

Eugenia Kuyda co-founder of Replika, an AI companion. Please check out our sponsors to get a discount and to support this podcast: – Dollar Shave Club: https://dollarshaveclub.com/lex – DoorDash: download app & use code LEX – Cash App: download app & use code “LexPodcast” Episode links: Eugenia’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/ekuyda Replika’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/myreplika Replika’s Website: https://replika.ai If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/podcast or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 06:18 – Loneliness 13:54 – Can AI alleviate loneliness? 18:13 – Love 20:49 – Russia in the 1990’s 31:47 – Chernobyl 41:35 – Communism 49:21 – Losing a friend 57:55 – Mortality 1:10:41 – Replika origin story 1:59:37 – Bringing people back to life with AI 2:05:37 – Relationship with Replika 2:18:27 – Can you form a connection with text alone? 2:27:45 – Does an AI companion need a body? 2:30:20 – Her 2:37:24 – GPT-3 for conversation 2:43:48 – We should be nice to AI 2:46:52 – Book recommendations 2:53:45 – Russian language 2:58:41 – Meaning of life



#122 – David Fravor: UFOs, Aliens, Fighter Jets, and Aerospace Engineering

David Fravor is a navy pilot of 18 years and a primary witness in one of the most credible UFO sightings in history, video of which has been released by the Pentagon and reported on by the NY Times. Please check out our sponsors to get a discount and to support this podcast: – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex – ExpressVPN: https://www.expressvpn.com/lexpod – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/podcast or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 07:13 – Top Gun 12:06 – Navy pilot career 24:14 – AI is the third brain of a jet fighter 40:37 – Sully 47:34 – Landing a jet fighter on a carrier 53:18 – What’s it like to fly a jet fighter? 1:05:22 – Greatest plane ever made 1:11:04 – The Tic Tac UFO story 1:49:16 – Intelligent extraterrestrial life 1:53:30 – Why aren’t UFOs investigated more seriously 1:59:52 – Tic Tac UFO details 2:07:55 – What do you think the Tic Tac was? 2:16:23 – SpaceX 2:30:01 – Response to Mick West Debunking 2:48:24 – Was the Tic Tac a secret military test? 3:00:07 – Is the government in possession of alien spacecraft? 3:25:28 – Interesting UFO sightings in history 3:39:55 – Advice for Young People 3:47:47 – Meaning of life



#123 – Manolis Kellis: Origin of Life, Humans, Ideas, Suffering, and Happiness

Manolis Kellis is a professor at MIT and head of the MIT Computational Biology Group. Please check out our sponsors to get a discount and to support this podcast: – Public Goods: https://publicgoods.com/lex and use code LEX – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex link & using code LEX at checkout – ExpressVPN: https://www.expressvpn.com/lexpod Lex Fridman Podcast survey mentioned in the intro: https://www.surveygizmo.com/s3/5833660/Lex-Fridman-Podcast-Survey If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/podcast or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 06:20 – Epigenome 10:28 – Evolution 15:26 – Neanderthals 27:15 – Origin of life on Earth 43:44 – Life is a fight against physics 49:56 – Life as a set of transformations 51:35 – Time scales 1:00:31 – Transformations of ideas in human civilization 1:05:19 – Life is more than a rat race 1:13:18 – Life sucks sometimes and that’s okay 1:30:16 – Getting older 1:36:21 – The best of MIT 1:49:01 – Poem 1: The Snow 2:01:52 – Love 2:06:16 – Poem 2: The Tide Waters



#124 – Stephen Wolfram: Fundamental Theory of Physics, Life, and the Universe

Stephen Wolfram is a computer scientist, mathematician, and theoretical physicist. This is our second conversation on the podcast. Please check out our sponsors to get a discount and to support this podcast: – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex – Sun Basket, use code LEX: https://sunbasket.com/lex – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/podcast or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 07:14 – Key moments in history of physics 12:43 – Philosophy of science 14:37 – Science and computational reducibility 22:08 – Predicting the pandemic 38:58 – Sunburn moment with Wolfram Alpha 39:46 – Computational irreducibility 46:45 – Theory of everything 52:41 – General relativity 1:01:16 – Quantum mechanics 1:06:46 – Unifying the laws of physics 1:12:01 – Wolfram Physics Project 1:29:53 – Emergence of time 1:34:11 – Causal invariance 1:53:03 – Deriving physics from simple rules on hypergraphs 2:07:24 – Einstein equations 2:13:04 – Simulating the physics of the universe 2:17:28 – Hardware specs of the simulation 2:24:37 – Quantum mechanics in Wolfram physics model 2:42:46 – Double-slit experiment 2:45:13 – Quantum computers 2:53:21 – Getting started with Wolfram physics project 3:14:46 – The rules that created our universe 3:24:22 – Alien intelligences 3:32:29 – Meta-mathematics 3:37:58 – Why is math hard? 3:52:55 – Sabine Hossenfelder and how beauty leads physics astray 4:01:07 – Eric Weinstein and Geometric Unity 4:06:17 – Travel faster than speed of light 4:16:59 – Why does the universe exist at all



#125 – Ryan Hall: Martial Arts and the Philosophy of Violence, Power, and Grace

Ryan Hall is a jiu jitsu black belt, UFC fighter, and a philosopher of the martial arts. Please check out our sponsors to get a discount and to support this podcast: – PowerDot, use code LEX: https://powerdot.com/lex – Babbel: https://babbel.com and use code LEX – Cash App: download app & use code “LexPodcast” If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/podcast or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 0:00 – Introduction 7:22 – Greatest warrior in history 11:48 – Genghis Khan 17:32 – Nature is metal 21:49 – Cancel culture 36:11 – Sci-fi books and movies 44:50 – Essence of jiu jitsu 51:17 – Jiu jitsu is a language 1:01:12 – How to get started in jiu jitsu 1:14:01 – The value of a good coach 1:25:42 – Lex training with Ryan 1:31:06 – Toxicity on the internet 1:34:41 – Joe Rogan 1:42:25 – Alex Jones 2:07:02 – Donald Trump 2:09:45 – The American ideal 2:17:33 – What does it take to be a jiu jitsu black belt 2:49:06 – Elon Musk 2:57:39 – Fighting BJ Penn 3:04:13 – Conor McGregor 3:12:08 – How to beat Khabib Nurmagomedov 3:16:00 – Top MMA fighters of all time 3:24:41 – Mike Tyson 3:41:13 – Fear of death



#126 – James Gosling: Java, JVM, Emacs, and the Early Days of Computing

James Gosling is the founder and lead designer of the Java programming language. Please check out our sponsors to get a discount and to support this podcast: – Public Goods: https://publicgoods.com/lex and use code LEX – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex – ExpressVPN: https://www.expressvpn.com/lexpod If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/podcast or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 0:00 – Introduction 4:45 – Irrational numbers 8:04 – Math and programming 10:36 – Coding style 14:41 – First computer 23:54 – Lisp 27:22 – Write an Emacs implementation in C 35:15 – Early days of the Internet 45:57 – Elon Musk, Steve Jobs, Jeff Bezos 56:13 – Work hard and smart 58:48 – Open source 1:10:25 – Java 1:28:31 – Java virtual machine 1:44:05 – Android 1:47:04 – Advice



#127 – Joe Rogan: Conversations, Ideas, Love, Freedom & The Joe Rogan Experience

Joe Rogan is a comedian, UFC commentator, and the host of the Joe Rogan Experience. Please check out our sponsors to get a discount and to support this podcast: – Neuro: https://www.getneuro.com and use code LEX – Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX – Dollar Shave Club: https://dollarshaveclub.com/lex Episode Links: Joe’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/joerogan Joe’s Twitter: http://twitter.com/joerogan JRE (Spotify): https://open.spotify.com/show/4rOoJ6Egrf8K2IrywzwOMk JRE (Apple): https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/the-joe-rogan-experience/id360084272 JRE (YouTube): https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCzQUP1qoWDoEbmsQxvdjxgQ If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/podcast or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 05:17 – Fear of mortality 06:48 – Chaos of 2020 and beyond 10:32 – Are we going to be okay? 19:30 – Violence, competition, and Sober October 26:45 – Mike Tyson 27:49 – Managing obsession 30:13 – Jiu jitsu game 35:55 – Best martial art for self defense 39:30 – Guns 43:59 – Memorable JRE moments 49:31 – Ideas breed in brains of humans 56:08 – Advice for Lex 1:06:09 – Long-form conversation 1:12:28 – Meaning of life



#128 – Michael Malice: Anarchy, Democracy, Libertarianism, Love, and Trolling

Michael Malice is a political thinker, podcaster, and author. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – SEMrush: https://www.semrush.com/partner/lex/ to get a free month of Guru – DoorDash: https://doordash.com/ and use code LEX to get $5 off – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off annual sub EPISODE LINKS: Michael’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/michaelmalice Michael’s Community: https://malice.locals.com/ Michael’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC5tj5QCpJKIl-KIa4Gib5Xw Michael’s Website: http://michaelmalice.com/about/ Your Welcome podcast: https://bit.ly/30q8oz1 The New Right (book): https://amzn.to/34gxLo3 Dear Reader (book): https://amzn.to/2HPPlHS PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 04:15 – Sponsors 07:58 – Putin and the Russian soul 15:01 – Love and trolling 25:31 – Problem with government 31:03 – Anarchism 53:07 – Politics 54:59 – Are most people capable of thinking deeply? 1:02:08 – Willy Wonka and Albert Camus view of life 1:08:08 – Trolling 1:12:26 – Conspiracy theories 1:29:43 – Donald Trump and the Election 1:36:58 – Trump Biden presidential debates 1:41:15 – Journalism is broken 1:47:56 – Communism 1:54:02 – Presidential candidates 2:04:34 – Libertarian party 2:14:56 – Objectivism 2:24:17 – Trolling 2:35:21 – The New Right 2:43:29 – Cancel culture 3:13:17 – Book recommendations 3:18:08 – Fear of mortality 3:21:08 – Meaning of life



#129 – Lisa Feldman Barrett: Counterintuitive Ideas About How the Brain Works

Lisa Feldman Barrett is a neuroscientist, psychologist, and author. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get free vitamin D3/K2 – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get free shipping – Cash App: https://cash.app/ and use code LexPodcast to get $10 EPISODE LINKS: Seven and a Half Lessons About the Brain (book): https://amzn.to/2Sp5ar9 How Emotions Are Made (book): https://amzn.to/2GwAFg6 Lisa’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/LFeldmanBarrett Lisa’s Website: https://lisafeldmanbarrett.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 06:35 – Are we alone in the universe? 08:03 – Life on Earth 12:55 – Collective intelligence of human brains 21:43 – Triune brain 27:52 – The predicting brain 35:48 – How the brain evolved 41:47 – Free will 50:40 – Is anything real? 1:03:13 – Dreams 1:09:00 – Emotions are human-constructed concepts 1:34:29 – Are women more emotional than men? 1:43:05 – Empathy 2:14:46 – Love 2:18:40 – Mortality 2:20:16 – Meaning of life



#130 – Scott Aaronson: Computational Complexity and Consciousness

Scott Aaronson is a quantum computer scientist. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex and use code LEX to get a free security camera – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get $200 off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex and use code LEX to get 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Scott’s Blog: https://www.scottaaronson.com/blog/ Our previous episode: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uX5t8EivCaM PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 07:46 – Simulation 12:38 – Theories of everything 18:18 – Consciousness 40:32 – Roger Penrose on consciousness 50:44 – Turing test 54:31 – GPT-3 1:03:02 – Universality of computation 1:09:33 – Complexity 1:15:38 – P vs NP 1:27:57 – Complexity of quantum computation 1:40:03 – Pandemic 1:53:49 – Love



#131 – Chris Lattner: The Future of Computing and Programming Languages

Chris Lattner is a world-class software & hardware engineer, leading projects at Apple, Tesla, Google, and SiFive. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get a free week of premium – Neuro: https://www.getneuro.com and use code LEX to get 15% off – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off annual sub – Cash App: https://cash.app/ and use code LexPodcast to get $10 EPISODE LINKS: Chris’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/clattner_llvm Chris’s Website: http://nondot.org/sabre/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 07:12 – Working with Elon Musk, Steve Jobs, Jeff Dean 12:42 – Why do programming languages matter? 18:42 – Python vs Swift 29:35 – Design decisions 34:53 – Types 38:41 – Programming languages are a bicycle for the mind 41:13 – Picking what language to learn 47:12 – Most beautiful feature of a programming language 56:36 – Walrus operator 1:06:03 – LLVM 1:11:15 – MLIR compiler framework 1:15:21 – SiFive semiconductor design 1:27:56 – Moore’s Law 1:31:09 – Parallelization 1:35:37 – Swift concurrency manifesto 1:46:26 – Running a neural network fast 1:52:03 – Is the universe a quantum computer? 1:57:44 – Effects of the pandemic on society 2:14:56 – GPT-3 2:19:15 – Software 2.0 2:32:41 – Advice for young people 2:37:24 – Meaning of life



#132 – George Hotz: Hacking the Simulation & Learning to Drive with Neural Nets

George Hotz (geohot) is a programmer, hacker, and the founder of Comma.ai. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Four Sigmatic: https://foursigmatic.com/lex and use code LexPod to get up to 40% & free shipping – Decoding Digital: https://appdirect.com/decoding-digital – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: Comma.ai’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/comma_ai Comma.ai’s Website: https://comma.ai/ George’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/georgehotz George’s Twitch: https://www.twitch.tv/georgehotz George’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/realgeorgehotz Comma.ai YouTube (unofficial): https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCwgKmJM4ZJQRJ-U5NjvR2dg PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 07:02 – Will human civilization destroy itself? 09:49 – Where are the aliens? 14:36 – Tic Tac UFO and Bob Lazar 17:04 – Conspiracy theories 19:07 – The programming language of life 23:28 – The games that humans play 31:58 – Memory leaks in the simulation 34:29 – Theories of everything 36:14 – Ethereum startup story 44:02 – Cryptocurrency 53:28 – Self-help advice 57:08 – Comma.ai 59:02 – Comma two 1:07:50 – Tesla vs Comma.ai 1:16:53 – Driver monitoring 1:30:34 – Communicating uncertainty 1:32:22 – Tesla Dojo 1:38:50 – Tesla Autopilot big rewrite 1:45:09 – How to install the Comma Two 1:49:44 – Openpilot is Android & Autopilot is iOS 1:58:59 – Waymo 2:10:12 – Autonomous driving and society 2:12:24 – Moving 2:15:29 – Advice to Startups 2:28:32 – Programming setup 2:31:32 – Ideas that changed my life 2:39:37 – GPT-3 2:42:57 – AGI 2:47:00 – Programming languages that everyone should learn 2:53:33 – How to learn anything 2:56:05 – Book recommendations 3:04:28 – Love 3:06:17 – Psychedelics 3:08:38 – Crazy



#133 – Manolis Kellis: Biology of Disease

Manolis Kellis is a computational biologist at MIT. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – SEMrush: https://www.semrush.com/partner/lex/ to get a free month of Guru – Pessimists Archive: https://pessimists.co/ – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get $200 off – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Manolis Website: http://web.mit.edu/manoli/ Manolis Twitter: https://twitter.com/manoliskellis Manolis YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCkKlJ5LHrE3C7fgbnPA5DGA Manolis Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manolis_Kellis PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 08:05 – Molecular basis for human disease 32:04 – Deadliest diseases 37:47 – Genetic component of diseases 46:38 – Genetic understanding of disease 1:02:25 – Unified theory of human disease 1:08:26 – Genome circuitry 1:33:29 – CRISPR 1:45:06 – Mitochondria 1:53:10 – Future of biology research 2:22:46 – The genetic circuitry of disease



#134 – Eric Weinstein: On the Nature of Good and Evil, Genius and Madness

Eric Weinstein is a mathematical physicist, podcaster, and intellectual. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Grammarly: https://grammarly.com/lex to get 20% off premium – Sun Basket: https://sunbasket.com/lex and use code LEX to get $35 off – SEMrush: https://www.semrush.com/partner/lex/ to get a free month of Guru – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: Eric’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/EricRWeinstein Eric’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/ericweinsteinphd The Portal podcast: https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/the-portal/id1469999563 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 07:46 – Eddie Van Halen 15:26 – Leonard Cohen 23:22 – Battle between ego and humility 28:38 – Darkness and beauty 35:20 – Jimi Hendrix 38:08 – Good Will Hunting 42:16 – Revolutionary minds 53:49 – Next Elon Musk should come from MIT 58:14 – Love with save the world 1:03:30 – Are we headed toward a civil war? 1:15:04 – Joe Rogan 1:28:52 – Our political leaders 1:34:11 – Younger people should have more power 1:44:30 – The Portal 2:09:20 – Money 2:11:26 – Roger Penrose 2:19:06 – Jeffrey Epstein 2:37:44 – We need to get off this planet 2:40:41 – An update on Geometric Unity 2:46:33 – Gratitude



#135 – Charles Isbell: Computing, Interactive AI, and Race in America

Charles Isbell is the Dean of the College of Computing at Georgia Tech. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Neuro: https://www.getneuro.com and use code LEX to get 15% off – Decoding Digital: https://appdirect.com/decoding-digital – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off annual sub – Cash App: https://cash.app/ and use code LexPodcast to get $10 EPISODE LINKS: Charles’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/isbellHFh Charles’s Website: https://www.cc.gatech.edu/~isbell/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:16) – Top 3 movies of all time (13:26) – People are easily predictable (19:08) – Breaking out of our bubbles (30:54) – Interactive AI (37:26) – Lifelong machine learning (45:53) – Faculty hiring (53:27) – University rankings (1:00:55) – Science communicators (1:10:20) – Hip hop (1:19:20) – Funk (1:20:44) – Computing (1:36:35) – Race (1:52:40) – Cop story (2:01:01) – Racial tensions (2:10:23) – MLK vs Malcolm X (2:13:44) – Will human civilization destroy itself? (2:18:14) – Fear of death and the passing of time



#136 – Dan Carlin: Hardcore History

Dan Carlin is a historian, political thinker, and podcaster. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get free vitamin D – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex and use code LEX to get a free security camera – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get free shipping – Cash App: https://cash.app/ and use code LexPodcast to get $10 EPISODE LINKS: Dan’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/hardcorehistory Dan’s Website: https://www.dancarlin.com/ Hardcore History podcast: https://apple.co/2HX7hAA Common Sense podcast: https://apple.co/3mM6WPZ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:53) – Nature of evil (14:50) – Is violence and force fundamental to human civilization? (19:58) – Will we always have war? (29:38) – The Russian front in World War II (37:32) – Ideologies of the US, the Soviet Union, and China (50:15) – Putin (1:02:50) – Journalism is broken (1:10:16) – Genghis Khan (1:24:36) – Greatest leader in history (1:32:21) – Could Hitler have been stopped? (1:49:21) – Hitler’s Antisemitism (1:55:12) – Destructive power of evil (2:04:26) – Will human civilization destroy itself? (2:16:31) – Elon Musk, Tesla, SpaceX (2:24:53) – Steering around the iceberg – wow do we avoid collapse of society? (2:47:00) – Advice on podcasting (2:50:12) – Joe Rogan, Spotify, and the future of podcasting (3:05:19) – Future episodes of Hardcore History podcast (3:20:21) – Is Ben real? (3:21:05) – Meaning of life



#137 – Alex Filippenko: Supernovae, Dark Energy, Aliens & the Expanding Universe

Alex Filippenko is an astrophysicist and professor of astronomy at Berkeley. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Neuro: https://www.getneuro.com and use code LEX to get 15% off – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off annual sub – Cash App: https://cash.app/ and use code LexPodcast to get $10 EPISODE LINKS: Alex’s Website: https://astro.berkeley.edu/people/alex-filippenko/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:36) – Universe expansion (08:00) – Dark energy (15:28) – Scientific revolutions (27:18) – Asteroid hitting Earth (30:50) – Giant solar flares and the power grid (37:50) – Elon Musk and space exploration (42:41) – Exoplanets (50:03) – Traveling close to the speed of light (52:13) – Traveling faster than the speed of light (1:00:39) – Intelligent life in the universe (1:04:14) – Fermi Paradox (1:13:52) – Finding alien life would be bad news (1:18:49) – UFO sightings (1:31:58) – Universe expansion speed (1:36:42) – The universe is infinite (1:40:58) – What happened before the Big Bang? (1:45:14) – Roger Penrose (1:48:48) – Nobel Prize for the accelerating universe (2:10:23) – Supernova (2:21:47) – The greatest story ever told (2:25:44) – Richard Feynman (2:32:37) – Meaning of life



#138 – Yaron Brook: Ayn Rand and the Philosophy of Objectivism

Yaron Brook is a objectivist philosopher, podcaster, and author. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – Cash App: https://cash.app/ and use code LexPodcast to get $10 EPISODE LINKS: Yaron’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/yaronbrook Yaron Brook Show (YouTube): https://www.youtube.com/user/ybrook Free Market Revolution (book): https://amzn.to/32H0oLb Equal is Unfair (book): https://amzn.to/32K3NsC PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:28) – Principles of a life well lived (14:35) – Free will (20:50) – Nature of reality (29:28) – Ayn Rand (1:01:11) – Objectivism (1:26:29) – Godel Incompleteness Theorem (1:31:36) – Capitalism (2:01:22) – Virtue of selfishness (2:11:27) – Win-win (2:17:31) – Anarchy (2:36:24) – Tribalism and division (2:40:42) – Objectivism and Jordan Peterson on personal responsibility



#139 – Andrew Huberman: Neuroscience of Optimal Performance

Andrew Huberman is a neuroscientist at Stanford. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get $200 off – SEMrush: https://www.semrush.com/partner/lex/ to get a free month of Guru – Cash App: https://cash.app/ and use code LexPodcast to get $10 EPISODE LINKS: Andrew’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/hubermanlab Andrew’s Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_D._Huberman Andrew’s Website: http://www.hubermanlab.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:24) – Fear (14:36) – Virtual reality (18:20) – Claustrophobia (20:08) – Skydiving (21:43) – Overcoming fears (26:43) – Optimal performance (29:57) – Deep work (45:22) – Psychedelics (49:08) – Deep work (1:02:48) – Everything in the brain is an abstraction (1:10:06) – Human vision system (1:21:42) – Neuralink (1:49:12) – Science of consciousness (2:04:00) – David Goggins (2:21:04) – Science communication (2:28:36) – Man’s Search for Meaning



#140 – Lisa Feldman Barrett: Love, Evolution, and the Human Brain

Lisa Feldman Barrett is a neuroscientist, psychologist, and author. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get $200 off – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off annual sub – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Seven and a Half Lessons About the Brain (book): https://amzn.to/2Sp5ar9 How Emotions Are Made (book): https://amzn.to/2GwAFg6 Lisa’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/LFeldmanBarrett Lisa’s Website: https://lisafeldmanbarrett.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:27) – Falling in love (25:10) – Love at first sight (39:49) – Romantic (43:48) – Writing process (54:32) – Evolution of the human brain (1:08:41) – Nature of evil (1:17:23) – Love is an evolutionary advantage (1:21:59) – Variation in species (1:27:41) – Does evolution have a direction? (1:45:19) – Love with an inanimate object (1:49:37) – Just be yourself is confusing advice (1:59:49) – Consciousness (2:06:26) – Book recommendations



#141 – Erik Brynjolfsson: Economics of AI, Social Networks, and Technology

Erik Brynjolfsson is an economist at Stanford. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Vincero: https://vincerowatches.com/lex to get up to 25% off + free shipping – Four Sigmatic: https://foursigmatic.com/lex and use code LexPod to get up to 60% off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – Cash App: https://cash.app/ and use code LexPodcast to get $10 EPISODE LINKS: Erik’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/erikbryn Erik’s Website: https://www.brynjolfsson.com/ The Second Machine Age (book): https://amzn.to/33f1Pk2 Machine, Platform, Crowd (book): https://amzn.to/3miJZ76 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:23) – Exponential growth (12:51) – Elon Musk exponential thinking (15:08) – Moore’s law is a series of revolutions (20:31) – GPT-3 (22:09) – Autonomous vehicles (29:11) – Electricity (33:40) – Productivity (38:47) – Why is Twitter and Facebook free? (49:03) – Dismantling the nature of truth (52:24) – Nutpicking and Cancel Culture (58:39) – How will AI change our world (1:04:40) – Existential threats (1:06:33) – AI and the nature of work (1:12:39) – Thoughts on Andrew Yang and UBI (1:18:30) – Economics of innovation (1:24:37) – Effect of COVID on the economy (1:33:50) – MIT and Stanford (1:38:23) – Book recommendations (1:41:28) – Meaning of life



#142 – Manolis Kellis: Meaning of Life, the Universe, and Everything

Manolis Kellis is a computational biologist at MIT. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Grammarly: https://grammarly.com/lex to get 20% off premium – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – Cash App: https://cash.app/ and use code LexPodcast to get $10 EPISODE LINKS: Manolis Website: http://web.mit.edu/manoli/ Manolis Twitter: https://twitter.com/manoliskellis Manolis YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCkKlJ5LHrE3C7fgbnPA5DGA PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:48) – Music and life (46:21) – The number 42 (52:22) – The question about the meaning of life (55:02) – Are humans unique in the universe? (1:00:46) – Human civilization (1:12:52) – Mars (1:14:45) – Human mind and the abstraction layers of reality (1:25:38) – Neural networks and intelligence (1:32:55) – Ideas as organisms (1:42:19) – Language (1:53:34) – Legacy (2:08:25) – Poems SONGS MENTIONED: [1] Dwros Gewrgiadis – An imoun plousios [2] Grigoris Bithikotsis – Ftoxologia [3] Sto perigiali to kryfo [4] Michael Jackson – Man in the Mirror [5] George Michael – Careless Whisper [6] Gainsbourg with Isabelle Adjani – Pull Marine [7] Georges Moustaki – Le meteque [8] Jacques Brel – Ne me quitte pas [9] Sting – Englishman In New York [10] Sting – Fragile [11] Pink Floyd – The Wall (When the Tigers Broke Free) [12] Pink Floyd – The Wall (One Of My Turns) [13] Sting – Russians [14] Joni Mitchell – Both sides now [15] Leonard Cohen – I’m Your Man [16] Alison Krauss & Union Station – The Lucky One https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jcRZ_J_VgNc



#143 – John Clarke: The Art of Fighting and the Pursuit of Excellence

John Clarke is a BJJ black belt and MMA coach. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Theragun: https://theragun.com/lex to get 30 day trial – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get free shipping – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get $200 off – Cash App: https://cash.app/ and use code LexPodcast to get $10 EPISODE LINKS: Broadway Jiu Jitsu website: https://www.broadwayjiujitsu.com Broadway Jiu Jitsu instagram: https://www.instagram.com/broadwayjiujitsu Please, Allow Me podcast: https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/please-allow-me/id1531735873 Please, Allow Me instagram: https://www.instagram.com/please_allow_me_podcast/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:25) – The great American road trip (25:54) – Martial arts and philosophy (28:55) – Real vs fake success on Instagram (39:40) – The brutal honesty of Mike Tyson (44:26) – Breaking your opponent in wrestling (52:32) – Genghis Khan (1:03:38) – It’s okay to change your mind (1:08:15) – Why do politicians become inauthentic (1:14:52) – Greatness requires sacrifice (1:17:36) – Whiplash (1:25:44) – Relationships (1:31:21) – Greatest fighters of all time (1:39:02) – Greatest fight of all time (1:53:25) – Khabib Nurmagomedov (1:55:13) – Can Conor McGregor beat Khabib Nurmagomedov? (2:09:29) – Conor vs Khabib 2 (2:16:05) – Will there always be war? (2:17:41) – Future of civilization (2:19:52) – Kids (2:26:37) – The meaning of a “like” on social media (2:35:34) – Starting a podcast (2:54:16) – Book recommendations (2:57:46) – Keeping the independence of solitude



#144 – Michael Littman: Reinforcement Learning and the Future of AI

Michael Littman is a computer scientist at Brown University. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex and use code LEX to get a free security camera – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 2 for price of 1 – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Michael’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/mlittmancs Michael’s Website: https://www.littmania.com/ Michael’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/user/mlittman PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:43) – Robot and Frank (10:02) – Music (13:13) – Starring in a TurboTax commercial (23:26) – Existential risks of AI (41:48) – Reinforcement learning (1:07:36) – AlphaGo and David Silver (1:17:15) – Will neural networks achieve AGI? (1:29:42) – Bitter Lesson (1:42:32) – Does driving require a theory of mind? (1:51:58) – Book Recommendations (1:57:20) – Meaning of life



#145 – Matthew Johnson: Psychedelics

Matthew W. Johnson is a professor and psychedelics researcher at Johns Hopkins. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Brave: https://brave.com/lex – Neuro: https://www.getneuro.com and use code LEX to get 15% off – Four Sigmatic: https://foursigmatic.com/lex and use code LexPod to get up to 60% off – Cash App: https://cash.app/ and use code LexPodcast to get $10 EPISODE LINKS: Matt’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/Drug_Researcher Matt’s Website: https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/profiles/results/directory/profile/0800020/matthew-johnson Study Website: https://hopkinspsychedelic.org/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:31) – Introduction to psychedelics (22:33) – Psychedelics expand the mind (25:44) – The priors we bring to the psychedelic experience (29:40) – Elon Musk and first principles thinking (40:10) – DMT (51:32) – Joe Rogan and DMT (57:40) – The nature of drug addiction (1:11:29) – The economics of drug pricing (1:17:44) – Should we legalize all drugs? (1:29:46) – What is the most dangerous drug? (1:32:20) – Does drug prohibition work? (1:36:14) – Cocaine and sex (1:43:15) – Risky sexual decisions (1:54:12) – Psilocybin helping people quit smoking (2:00:30) – Young Jamie (2:22:38) – Participating in a study (2:29:57) – Psychedelics and the human mind (2:37:20) – The future of psychedelics (2:40:01) – Neuralink (2:49:33) – Consciousness (3:02:15) – Panpsychism (3:12:20) – Aliens and DMT (3:22:24) – Mortality (3:32:12) – Meaning of life



#146 – Michael Mina: Rapid Testing, Viruses, and the Engineering Mindset

Michael Mina is an immunologist, epidemiologist, and physician at Harvard. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Brave: https://brave.com/lex – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – Cash App: https://cash.app/ and use code LexPodcast to get $10 EPISODE LINKS: Michael’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/michaelmina_lab Michael’s Time article: https://time.com/5912705/covid-19-stop-spread-christmas/ Rapid Tests: https://www.rapidtests.org/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:28) – Interacting between viruses and bacteria (11:42) – Deadlier viruses (15:13) – Will COVID-19 mutate? (16:47) – Rapid testing (34:11) – PCR vs rapid antigen tests (43:55) – Medical industrial complex (47:47) – Lex takes COVID test (54:32) – FDA and cheap tests (57:17) – Explanation of Elon Musk’s positive COVID tests (1:04:25) – Role of testing during vaccine deployment (1:07:54) – Public health policy (1:17:34) – A weather system for viruses (1:34:26) – Can a virus kill all humans? (1:40:05) – Engineering a deadly virus (1:44:47) – AlphaFold 2 and viruses (1:50:42) – Advice for young people (1:58:50) – Time as a Buddhist monk (2:04:54) – Meditation (2:12:32) – Meaning of life



#147 – Dmitri Dolgov: Waymo and the Future of Self-Driving Cars

Dmitri Dolgov is the CTO of Waymo, an autonomous vehicle company. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Tryolabs: https://tryolabs.com/lex – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Cash App: https://cash.app/ and use code LexPodcast to get $10 EPISODE LINKS: Waymo’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/waymo Waymo’s Website: https://waymo.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:46) – Computer games (12:52) – Childhood (15:24) – Robotics (16:14) – Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (18:26) – DARPA Urban Challenge (28:46) – Waymo origin story (44:27) – Waymo self-driving hardware (53:00) – Connected cars (58:53) – Waymo fully driverless service in Phoenix (1:03:14) – Getting feedback from riders (1:11:28) – Creating a product that people love (1:17:18) – Do self-driving cars need to break the rules like humans do? (1:24:03) – Waymo Trucks (1:29:41) – Future of Waymo (1:42:53) – Role of lidar in autonomous driving (1:55:53) – Machine learning is essential for autonomous driving (1:59:55) – Pedestrians (2:06:32) – Trolley problem (2:11:00) – Book recommendations (2:22:26) – Meaning of life



#148 – Charles Isbell and Michael Littman: Machine Learning and Education

Charles Isbell is the Dean of the College of Computing at Georgia Tech. Michael Littman is a computer scientist at Brown University. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 2 for price of 1 – Cash App: https://cash.app/ and use code LexPodcast to get $10 EPISODE LINKS: Charles’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/isbellHFh Charles’s Website: https://www.cc.gatech.edu/~isbell/ Michael’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/mlittmancs Michael’s Website: https://www.littmania.com/ Michael’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/user/mlittman PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:51) – Is machine learning just statistics? (12:14) – NeurIPS vs ICML (14:30) – Data is more important than algorithm (20:14) – The role of hardship in education (28:57) – How Charles and Michael met (33:30) – Key to success: never be satisfied (36:47) – Bell Labs (48:15) – Teaching machine learning (58:25) – Westworld and Ex Machina (1:06:24) – Simulation (1:13:14) – The college experience in the times of COVID (1:41:52) – Advice for young people (1:48:44) – How to learn to program (2:00:07) – Friendship



#149 – Diana Walsh Pasulka: Aliens, Technology, Religion, and the Nature of Belief

Diana Walsh Pasulka is a professor of philosophy and religion at UNCW and author of American Cosmic: UFOs, Religion, and Technology. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free shipping – Grammarly: https://grammarly.com/lex to get 20% off premium – Business Wars: https://wondery.com/business-wars/ – Cash App: https://cash.app/ and use code LexPodcast to get $10 EPISODE LINKS: Diana’s Website: https://uncw.edu/par/faculty/faculty-pasulka.html American Cosmic (book): https://amzn.to/3aK2kaj PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:28) – What is real? (13:56) – Can beliefs become reality? (18:59) – Donald Hoffman (22:57) – Immanuel Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason (26:27) – Ayn Rand (33:25) – How do religions start? (48:38) – Religion is an evolutionary advantage (53:59) – Religion used in propaganda (58:32) – What did Nietzsche mean by “God is Dead”? (1:03:59) – American Cosmic (1:07:45) – What do aliens look like? (1:16:28) – History of space programs (1:19:30) – Jacques Vallee (1:28:55) – Artificial intelligence (1:34:25) – Ufology community (1:45:38) – Psychedelics (1:49:35) – Tic Tac UFO (1:58:09) – Roswell UFO incident (2:09:14) – Bob Lazar (2:12:50) – Monoliths in the desert (2:23:39) – Humans will co-evolve with AI (2:26:58) – Neuralink (2:31:48) – Singularity (2:41:39) – Books: Nietzsche (2:46:44) – Books: Hannah Arendt (2:51:43) – Fear of death (2:56:11) – Meaning of life



#150 – Michael Malice: The White Pill, Freedom, Hope, and Happiness Amidst Chaos

Michael Malice is a political thinker, podcaster, and author. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/strategy to get free product tour – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – Sun Basket: https://sunbasket.com/lex and use code LEX to get $35 off – Cash App: https://cash.app/ and use code LexPodcast to get $10 EPISODE LINKS: Michael’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/michaelmalice Michael’s Community: https://malice.locals.com/ Michael’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC5tj5QCpJKIl-KIa4Gib5Xw Michael’s Website: http://michaelmalice.com/about/ Your Welcome podcast: https://bit.ly/30q8oz1 The New Right (book): https://amzn.to/34gxLo3 Dear Reader (book): https://amzn.to/2HPPlHS Podcast (Round 1): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BIk1zUy8ehU PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:47) – Conversation with Alex Jones and Tim Pool (18:31) – Michael’s outfit (26:53) – Self-publishing a book (36:41) – The white pill (48:05) – What did the volcano say to his true love? (49:28) – Myth of Sisyphus (53:09) – Journalism failed to stop Stalin and Hitler (1:00:53) – Good Germans (1:04:49) – Richard Wolff (1:08:20) – Could United States have stayed out of World War II (1:11:12) – Trump Derangement Syndrome (1:12:58) – Nazism and Antisemitism (1:15:40) – Knock knock (1:22:20) – Putin (1:30:00) – The evil of Kim Jong-il and North Korea (1:38:32) – Dark humor (1:43:18) – Comedy is tragedy plus timing (1:50:34) – Interviewing difficult guests (2:00:06) – Curtis Yarvin (Mencius Moldbug) (2:16:24) – Violence under anarchism (2:31:58) – Ayn Rand (2:35:07) – Secession in United States (2:44:46) – Politics over next 4 years (2:52:14) – Mars (2:56:17) – UFOs (2:59:12) – Psychedelics (3:03:08) – What is love?



#151 – Dan Kokotov: Speech Recognition with AI and Humans

Dan Kokotov is VP of Engineering at Rev.ai, an automatic speech recognition company. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – Business Wars: https://wondery.com/business-wars/ – Cash App: https://cash.app/ and use code LexPodcast to get $10 EPISODE LINKS: Rev: https://www.rev.com Rev.ai: https://www.rev.ai PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:17) – Dune (12:34) – Rev (18:33) – Translation (25:22) – Gig economy (34:02) – Automatic speech recognition (44:53) – Create products that people love (53:02) – The future of podcasts at Spotify (1:14:41) – Book recommendations (1:16:02) – Stories of our dystopian future (1:19:45) – Movies about Stalin and Hitler (1:24:59) – Interviewing Putin (1:30:56) – Meaning of life



#152 – Dan Gable: Olympic Wrestling, Mental Toughness & the Making of Champions

Dan Gable is one of the greatest Olympic athletes and wrestling coaches of all time. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Tryolabs: https://tryolabs.com/lex – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – Grammarly: https://grammarly.com/lex to get 20% off premium – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex and use code LEX to get a free security camera EPISODE LINKS: Dan’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/dannygable Dan’s Website: https://dangable.com/ Dan’s Books: https://amzn.to/2VK5nbn PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:31) – Russian wrestling (11:09) – Coaching the science, art, and toughness of wrestling (18:05) – The pain of defeat and the tattoo of a hawk clawing out the heart (21:04) – Roger Bannister and the 4 minute mile (24:09) – The dream of becoming an Olympic champion (26:38) – The day in 1972 of the Olympic final (30:10) – Sauna story (31:39) – Match against the Russian (37:13) – The role of fear in wrestling (42:14) – The line between physical wrestling and anger (46:53) – Tragic loss of Dan’s sister (54:21) – The role of family in wrestling (59:43) – Wrestling being voted out of the Olympics (1:04:26) – To beat the best you must study the best (1:09:39) – The role of luck (Old Man and the Sea)



#153 – Dmitry Korkin: Evolution of Proteins, Viruses, Life, and AI

Dmitry Korkin is a professor of bioinformatics and computational biology at WPI. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Brave: https://brave.com/lex – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings EPISODE LINKS: Dmitry’s Website: http://korkinlab.org/ Dmitry’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/dmkorkin PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:21) – Proteins and the building blocks of life (14:23) – Spike protein (21:11) – Coronavirus biological structure explained (26:09) – Virus mutations (32:39) – Evolution of proteins (42:25) – Self-replicating computer programs (50:02) – Origin of life (57:34) – Extraterrestrial life in our solar system (59:31) – Joshua Lederberg (1:05:30) – Dendral (1:08:24) – Why did expert systems fail? (1:10:35) – AlphaFold 2 (1:32:13) – Will AI revolutionize art and music? (1:39:12) – Multi-protein folding (1:43:39) – Will AlphaFold 2 result in a Nobel Prize? (1:46:10) – Will AI be used to engineer deadly viruses? (2:01:17) – Book recommendations (2:11:00) – Family (2:13:38) – A poem in Russian



#154 – Avi Loeb: Aliens, Black Holes, and the Mystery of the Oumuamua

Avi Loeb is an astrophysicist at Harvard. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Zero Fasting: https://go.zerofasting.com/s/lex-promo to get 30% off annual subscription – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack – Sun Basket: https://sunbasket.com/lex and use code LEX to get $35 off – Pessimists Archive: https://pessimists.co/ EPISODE LINKS: Extraterrestrial (book): https://amzn.to/39xdnkT Avi’s Website: https://astronomy.fas.harvard.edu/people/avi-loeb PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (10:08) – Are we alone in the universe? (14:23) – Consciousness (19:01) – Sending digital copies of humans to space (23:38) – Oumuamua (45:42) – Alien space junk (49:41) – What do aliens look like? (1:06:58) – Drake equation (1:08:00) – Industrial polution from aliens (1:19:52) – UFO sightings (1:27:48) – How long will human civilization last? (1:30:28) – Radio signal from Proxima Centauri (1:33:49) – Breakthrough Starshot project (1:36:49) – Space race (1:42:00) – Human space exploration (1:47:15) – Social media is a threat to society (1:52:04) – Are humans ready for discovering an alien civilization? (1:56:15) – Mayans used astrology to wage war (1:57:31) – Black holes (2:16:20) – Stephen Hawking (2:19:59) – Grigori Perelman (2:24:24) – Theory of everything (2:31:23) – Dark matter (2:34:06) – Advice for young people (2:37:10) – Memories of my father and mother (2:41:38) – Existentialism (2:43:52) – Mortality (2:46:27) – Meaning of life



#155 – Max Tegmark: AI and Physics

Max Tegmark is a physicist and AI researcher at MIT. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – The Jordan Harbinger Show: https://www.jordanharbinger.com/lex/ – Four Sigmatic: https://foursigmatic.com/lex and use code LexPod to get up to 60% off – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: News Project Explainer Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PRLF17Pb6vo News Project Website: https://www.improvethenews.org/ Max’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/tegmark Max’s Website: https://space.mit.edu/home/tegmark/ Future of Life Institute: https://futureoflife.org/ Lex Fridman Podcast #1: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gi8LUnhP5yU PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:15) – AI and physics (21:32) – Can AI discover new laws of physics? (30:22) – AI safety (47:59) – Extinction of human species (58:57) – How to fix fake news and misinformation (1:20:30) – Autonomous weapons (1:35:54) – The man who prevented nuclear war (1:46:02) – Elon Musk and AI (1:59:39) – AI alignment (2:05:42) – Consciousness (2:14:45) – Richard Feynman (2:18:56) – Machine learning and computational physics (2:29:53) – AI and creativity (2:41:08) – Aliens (2:56:51) – Mortality



#156 – Tim Dillon: Comedy, Power, Conspiracy Theories, and Freedom

Tim Dillon is a comedian and podcaster. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Rev: https://rev.ai/lex to get 7-day free trial EPISODE LINKS: Tim’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/TimJDillon Tim’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/timjdillon Tim’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC4woSp8ITBoYDmjkukhEhxg Tim’s Website: https://www.timdilloncomedy.com Tim’s Merch: https://www.bonfire.com/store/the-tim-dillon-show/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:00) – Tim Dillon’s tombstone (09:55) – The horrible people are the most fun (14:06) – Charles Bukowski (19:46) – Robots (22:56) – YouTube algorithm (29:04) – Parler and Amazon (33:32) – Social media (36:09) – Alex Jones (54:42) – OJ Simpson (59:22) – Politics (1:05:52) – Donald Trump (1:13:09) – Humor (1:20:44) – QAnon (1:27:13) – Conspiracy theories (1:32:50) – Bill Gates (1:35:20) – Elon Musk (1:37:35) – Jeffrey Epstein (1:40:14) – Ghislaine Maxwell (1:47:55) – Greatest comedians of all time (1:57:53) – Love (2:01:24) – Fear (2:04:38) – Mom (2:08:10) – Mortality (2:10:13) – Advice for young people (2:16:47) – Moving to Austin (2:24:40) – Meaning of life



#157 – Natalya Bailey: Rocket Engines and Electric Spacecraft Propulsion

Natalya Bailey is a rocket propulsion engineer from MIT and now CTO of Accion Systems. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Munk Pack: https://munkpack.com and use code LEX to get 20% off – Four Sigmatic: https://foursigmatic.com/lex and use code LexPod to get up to 60% off – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – Sun Basket: https://sunbasket.com/lex and use code LEX to get $35 off EPISODE LINKS: Natalya’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/natalya926 Accion Systems: https://accion-systems.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:51) – Intelligent life in the universe (10:52) – Life in our solar system (12:57) – Humans on Mars (16:31) – Robots vs human in space exploration (17:25) – AI in space (21:30) – How rocket engines work (26:47) – How ion engines work (31:10) – How colloid engines work (40:07) – Material science (42:57) – Nuclear powered rocket engines (47:56) – Electric propulsion out in space (51:23) – Satellites (56:17) – Photo of Earth from the Moon (57:55) – Humans on Mars (1:00:17) – Propulsion without fuel (1:08:12) – How to build a rocket company (1:15:10) – SpaceX and commercial spaceflight (1:19:42) – Advice to startup founders (1:26:18) – Book recommendations (1:34:36) – Meaning of life



#158 – Zev Weinstein: The Next Generation of Big Ideas and Brave Minds

Zev Weinstein is a young man who thinks deeply about the world. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – Grammarly: https://grammarly.com/lex to get 20% off premium – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex and use code LEX to get a free security camera – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off EPISODE LINKS: Zev’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/c/GenerationZW Zev’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/zev__weinstein Zev’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/zev_weinstein/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:52) – Philosophy becomes dangerous in difficult times (12:15) – The power of radical ideas (17:06) – Changing your mind (21:19) – Fear (22:58) – Labels (28:02) – Thomas Aquinas (32:32) – Nietzsche (37:02) – Nature of truth (39:22) – Jordan Peterson (44:54) – Mediums of communication (53:24) – Free will (57:48) – Simulation (1:02:05) – Transcending the limits of human life (1:05:09) – Elon Musk (1:09:30) – Aliens (1:13:01) – Is math invented or discovered? (1:15:36) – Theory of everything (1:17:30) – Eric Weinstein as a dad (1:33:17) – Music (1:40:32) – Advice for young people (1:42:31) – Mortality (1:46:19) – Meaning of life



#159 – Richard Craib: WallStreetBets, Numerai, and the Future of Stock Trading

Richard Craib is the founder of Numerai, a crowd-sourced, AI-run stock trading system. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Audible: https://audible.com/lex to get $9.95 a month for 6 months – Tryolabs: https://tryolabs.com/lex – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil EPISODE LINKS: Richard’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/richardcraib Numerai’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/numerai Numerai’s Website: https://numer.ai PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:12) – WallStreetBets and GameStop saga (22:25) – Evil shorting and chill shorting (24:31) – Hedge funds (30:04) – Vlad (37:00) – Numerai (1:04:16) – Futre of AI in stock trading (1:09:55) – Numerai data (1:13:37) – Is stock trading gambling or investing? (1:17:32) – What is money? (1:20:49) – Cryptocurrency (1:24:06) – Dogecoin (1:28:36) – Advice for startups (1:44:27) – Book recommendations (1:46:29) – Advice for young people (1:50:30) – Meaning of life



#160 – Brendan Eich: JavaScript, Firefox, Mozilla, and Brave

Brendan Eich is the creator of JavaScript and co-founder of Mozilla and Brave. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – The Jordan Harbinger Show: https://jordanharbinger.com/lex/ – Sun Basket: https://sunbasket.com/lex and use code LEX to get $35 off – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings EPISODE LINKS: Brendan’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/BrendanEich Brendan’s Website: https://brendaneich.com Brave browser: https://brave.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:54) – History of early programming languages (11:47) – Physics needs more experiments and less theory (16:24) – JavaScript origin story (41:17) – JavaScript was created in 10 days (50:57) – Marc Andreessen (54:14) – Internet Explorer (57:58) – Evolution of JavaScript (1:03:44) – JavaScript standardization (1:09:33) – TypeScript (1:12:05) – JavaScript ecosystem (1:15:15) – HTML5 (1:18:47) – Making JavaScript fast (1:27:57) – JavaScript is the most popular language in the world (1:38:23) – Advice for programmers (1:44:20) – Browser wars (1:50:50) – Firefox (2:12:33) – Brave (2:25:33) – Basic Attention Token (2:50:36) – California (2:59:48) – Mortality (3:00:54) – Legacy



#161 – Jason Calacanis: Startups, Angel Investing, Capitalism, and Friendship

Jason Calacanis is an angel investor, entrepreneur, and co-host of All-In Podcast and This Week in Startups. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Brave: https://brave.com/lex – Linode: https://linode.com/lex to get $100 free credit – Four Sigmatic: https://foursigmatic.com/lex and use code LexPod to get up to 60% off – Rev: https://rev.ai/lex to get 7-day free trial EPISODE LINKS: Jason’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/Jason Jason’s Website: https://calacanis.com/ Jason’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/user/ThisWeekIn Jason’s Link Tree: https://linktr.ee/calacanis All-In Podcast: https://linktr.ee/allinpodcast This Week in Startups Podcast: https://thisweekinstartups.com/about/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:52) – WallStreetBets and Robinhood (17:58) – How does the WallStreetBets saga end? (21:09) – Capitalism (26:30) – Ideas vs Execution (27:38) – Learning to learn (33:06) – Risk-aversion (39:07) – Robinhood (47:33) – Parler and AWS (49:59) – Social networks (56:33) – Leadership (1:01:21) – Work-life balance (1:09:44) – Great leaders lead by example (1:17:30) – Advice for startup founders (1:21:57) – Clubhouse (1:22:42) – When will we fully re-open the economy (1:33:20) – Augmented reality (1:36:48) – When should a startup raise money? (1:43:44) – David Goggins (1:45:40) – Disagreement with Chamath Palihapitiya (1:58:52) – Story about Elon Musk’s darkest moments (2:07:08) – Friendship



#162 – Jim Keller: The Future of Computing, AI, Life, and Consciousness

Jim Keller is a legendary microprocessor engineer, previously at AMD, Apple, Tesla, Intel, and now Tenstorrent. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – Brooklinen: https://brooklinen.com and use code LEX to get $25 off + free shipping – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – Belcampo: https://belcampo.com/lex and use code LEX to get 20% off first order EPISODE LINKS: Jim’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/jimkxa Jim’s Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jim_Keller_(engineer) Tenstorrent: https://www.tenstorrent.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:02) – Good design is both science and engineering (13:03) – Javascript (17:09) – RISC vs CISC (21:09) – What makes a great processor? (22:38) – Intel vs ARM (24:27) – Steve Jobs and Apple (27:05) – Elon Musk and Steve Jobs (32:50) – Father (36:33) – Perfection (42:48) – Modular design (48:22) – Moore’s law (55:20) – Hardware for deep learning (1:02:14) – Making neural networks fast at scale (1:09:51) – Andrej Karpathy and Chris Lattner (1:14:05) – How GPUs work (1:18:12) – Tesla Autopilot, NVIDIA, and Mobileye (1:22:52) – Andrej Karpathy and Software 2.0 (1:29:13) – Tesla Dojo (1:31:49) – Neural networks will understand physics better than humans (1:34:02) – Re-engineering the human brain (1:38:56) – Infinite fun and the Culture Series by Iain Banks (1:40:50) – Neuralink (1:46:13) – Dreams (1:50:06) – Ideas (2:00:19) – Aliens (2:05:16) – Jordan Peterson (2:10:13) – Viruses (2:13:22) – WallStreetBets and Robinhood (2:21:25) – Advice for young people (2:23:15) – Human condition (2:25:43) – Fear is a cage (2:30:34) – Love (2:36:57) – Regrets



#163 – Eric Weinstein: Difficult Conversations, Freedom of Speech, and Physics

Eric Weinstein is a mathematical physicist and podcaster. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Indeed: https://indeed.com/fridman to get $75 credit – Theragun: https://theragun.com/lex to get 30 day trial – Wine Access: https://wineaccess.com/lex to get 20% off first order – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium EPISODE LINKS: Eric’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/EricRWeinstein​ Eric’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/ericweinsteinphd The Portal podcast: https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/the-portal/id1469999563 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:27) – Aliens and physics (11:12) – Breaking the frame of conversation (12:56) – Time travel across multiple dimensions (19:07) – Is the government in possession of alien spacecraft? (25:31) – Freedom of speech (36:49) – Elon Musk (38:07) – Idealism of every era (41:26) – Non-locality of free speech in the Internet age (47:03) – Glenn Beck (48:57) – Joe Rogan (53:41) – Freedom and fear (55:14) – Jeffrey Epstein (58:53) – Aaron Swartz (1:04:29) – Jeffrey Epstein and Geometric Unity (1:24:04) – Cancel culture (1:26:06) – Alex Jones (1:35:01) – Curtis Yarvin (1:39:40) – Michael Malice (1:42:00) – Intellectual Dark Web (1:48:52) – Innovation (2:02:10) – Economics (2:09:29) – Cryptocurrency (2:15:37) – Geometric Unity paper (2:32:42) – David Goggins challenge (2:34:05) – Father and son



#164 – Andrew Huberman: Sleep, Dreams, Creativity & the Limits of the Human Mind

Andrew Huberman is a neuroscientist at Stanford. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off – Four Sigmatic: https://foursigmatic.com/lex and use code LexPod to get up to 60% off – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Andrew’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC2D2CMWXMOVWx7giW1n3LIg Huberman Lab Podcast: https://hubermanlab.libsyn.com/ Andrew’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/hubermanlab​ Andrew’s Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_…​ Andrew’s Website: http://www.hubermanlab.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:03) – Why do humans need sleep? (13:59) – Temperature (16:48) – Optimal temperature for sleep (21:51) – Sleep anxiety (27:55) – 8 hours of sleep (30:31) – Nap (36:18) – Goggins Challenge (51:41) – Breathing while running (56:30) – Anger (59:46) – Testosterone makes effort feel good (1:05:02) – Fasting (1:13:07) – Keto (1:15:58) – Meat (1:21:38) – Nutrition (1:23:03) – Dreams (1:31:11) – REM sleep (1:37:13) – Psychedelics (1:48:36) – DMT (1:53:11) – Creativity (1:56:45) – Pushing the limits of the human mind (2:01:55) – Neuroplasticity (2:06:31) – Neuroscience and AI (2:11:14) – Eye tracking (2:20:28) – New podcast on neuroscience (2:34:59) – Clubhouse (2:47:08) – Elon Musk



#165 – Josh Barnett: Philosophy of Violence, Power, and the Martial Arts

Josh Barnett is an MMA fighter, catch wrestler, and a scholar of violence. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Munk Pack: https://munkpack.com and use code LEX to get 20% off – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings – Rev: https://rev.ai/lex to get 7-day free trial EPISODE LINKS: Josh’s Website: https://www.joshbarnett.com/ Josh’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/JoshLBarnett Josh’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/joshlbarnett Josh’s Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/JoshBarnettOfficial Josh’s Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Josh_Barnett Josh’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCyZmZwQESO8G0BOSHTpZcvg PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:29) – Nietzsche (13:47) – Good and Evil (28:59) – Joe Rogan library (30:57) – Catch wrestling (41:03) – Anarchy (59:32) – Hitler and Stalin (1:16:34) – Karl Gotch (1:24:59) – Mike Tyson (1:33:20) – Violent victory (1:41:29) – Fedor Emelionenko (1:43:50) – Greatest MMA fighters of all time (1:53:47) – Early UFCs (1:58:32) – Advice for young people (2:02:24) – The value of competition (2:05:02) – Blade Runner (2:15:54) – Meaning of life



#166 – Cal Newport: Deep Work, Focus, Productivity, Email, and Social Media

Cal Newport is a computer scientist who also writes about productivity. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – Linode: https://linode.com/lex to get $100 free credit – Sun Basket: https://sunbasket.com/lex and use code LEX to get $35 off – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex and use code LEX to get a free security camera EPISODE LINKS: A World Without Email (book): https://amzn.to/3blXyjv Deep Work (book): https://amzn.to/3c0npMM Digital Minimalism (book): https://amzn.to/3kJPMmx Cal’s Website: https://www.calnewport.com/ Deep Questions (podcast): https://www.calnewport.com/podcast/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:24) – Deep work (13:10) – Focus (18:52) – Time blocking (25:47) – Deadlines (35:22) – Do less, do better, know why (38:04) – Clubhouse (52:07) – Burnout (58:34) – Boredom (1:06:19) – Quit social media for 30 days (1:16:13) – Social media (1:41:21) – How email destroyed our productivity at work (1:51:07) – How we fix email (1:58:09) – Over-optimization (2:02:23) – When to use email and when not to (2:10:06) – Podcasting (2:14:42) – Alan Turing proving the impossible (2:18:41) – Fragility of math in the face of randomness (2:27:30) – Neural networks (2:36:16) – What will the P=NP proof look like? (2:39:55) – Is math discovered or invented? (2:44:02) – Book publishing (2:54:09) – Love (2:57:30) – Death (3:00:26) – Meaning of life



#167 – Saagar Enjeti: Politics, History, and Power

Saagar Enjeti is a DC-based political correspondent and podcaster. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – The Jordan Harbinger Show: https://jordanharbinger.com/lex/ – Grammarly: https://grammarly.com/lex to get 20% off premium – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off EPISODE LINKS: Saagar’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/esaagar Realignment Podcast: https://linktr.ee/esaagar PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (10:19) – Hitler (14:39) – Evil (15:58) – Donald Trump (26:29) – Teddy Roosevelt (31:51) – Nazi Germany (36:47) – The balance of power in US government (40:43) – Bureaucracy (49:17) – Money (51:32) – UFOs (55:36) – Jeffrey Epstein (1:08:57) – Left and Right (1:19:40) – How to fix politics (1:45:07) – Political predictions (1:58:21) – Journalism (2:09:16) – Joe Rogan (2:16:43) – Lyndon Johnson (2:18:02) – World War I (2:22:53) – Dan Carlin (2:29:47) – How Stalin came to power (2:35:15) – Putin (2:41:25) – Lenin and Stalin (2:44:55) – Book recommendations (2:52:23) – Antarctica and Mars (2:59:37) – Born to Run (3:02:05) – Texas



#168 – Silvio Micali: Cryptocurrency, Blockchain, Algorand, Bitcoin, and Ethereum

Silvio Micali is a computer scientist at MIT, Turing award winner, and founder of Algorand. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – The Information: https://theinformation.com/lex to get 75% off first month – Four Sigmatic: https://foursigmatic.com/lex and use code LexPod to get up to 60% off – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Silvio’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/silviomicali Algorand’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/Algorand Algorand’s Website: https://www.algorand.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:55) – Blockchain (11:52) – Cryptocurrency (14:42) – Money (18:56) – Scarcity (20:37) – Scalability, Security, and Decentralization (24:03) – Algorand (40:36) – Bitcoin (43:39) – Ethereum (45:10) – NFTs (48:34) – Decentralization of power (52:42) – Intelligent adaptation (55:25) – Leaders (58:31) – Freedom (1:01:31) – Privacy (1:04:15) – Bitcoin maximalism (1:08:01) – Satoshi Nakamoto (1:12:39) – One-way function (1:16:52) – Pseudorandomness (1:21:34) – Free will (1:23:39) – Will quantum computers break cryptography? (1:28:44) – Interactive proofs (1:35:38) – Mechanism design (1:43:04) – Favorite meal (1:46:18) – Book recommendations (1:53:15) – Advice for young people (1:55:48) – Fear of death (1:58:29) – Meaning of life



#169 – Ryan Hall: Solving Martial Arts from First Principles

Ryan Hall is a martial artist, BJJ black belt, and MMA fighter undefeated in the UFC. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Indeed: https://indeed.com/fridman to get $75 credit – Audible: https://audible.com/lex to get $9.95 a month for 6 months – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack EPISODE LINKS: Ryan’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/ryanhall5050​ Ryan’s Website: http://www.ryanhallmma.com/​ Ryan’s School: https://www.5050bjj.com​ Ryan’s Online Courses: https://ryanhallonline.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:28) – First principles approach to martial arts (16:09) – Illusion of choice (19:42) – Game theory (28:04) – First fight (32:20) – Defense (41:03) – Waiting for a fight (51:11) – Free will (1:08:59) – Freedom and compassion (1:18:01) – Social media (1:24:21) – Leadership (1:30:09) – How to get good at jiu jitsu (1:50:23) – Learning how to learn (1:58:29) – Questioning the foundations of jiu jitsu (2:17:34) – Humans cannot fully comprehend reality (2:21:45) – Artificial intelligence (2:34:38) – Deadlines (2:41:29) – Tie choke (2:49:58) – Hardship (2:54:20) – Love



#170 – Ronald Sullivan: The Ideal of Justice in the Face of Controversy and Evil

Ronald Sullivan is a law professor at Harvard and previously a lawyer for Harvey Weinstein and Aaron Hernandez. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Brooklinen: https://brooklinen.com and use code LEX to get $25 off + free shipping – Wine Access: https://wineaccess.com/lex to get 20% off first order – Munk Pack: https://munkpack.com and use code LEX to get 20% off – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium EPISODE LINKS: Ronald’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/profronsullivan Ronald’s Website: https://hls.harvard.edu/faculty/directory/10870/Sullivan Ronald’s Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ronald_S._Sullivan_Jr. Ronald’s NY Times Article: https://www.nytimes.com/2019/06/24/opinion/harvard-ronald-sullivan.html PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:48) – Harvey Weinstein (15:53) – Harvard succumbs to pressure (27:08) – Safe spaces (33:26) – Cancel culture (36:23) – Evil (40:33) – Hitler (45:09) – Criminal justice system (49:10) – Innocence (51:39) – Racism in the judicial system (1:03:41) – George Floyd (1:06:06) – The trial of Derek Chauvin (1:19:55) – O. J. Simpson (1:24:29) – Aaron Hernandez (1:36:10) – Book recommendations (1:43:45) – Advice for young people (1:45:53) – Death (1:47:59) – Meaning of life



#171 – Anthony Pompliano: Bitcoin

Anthony Pompliano is an entrepreneur, investor, writer, and podcaster on topics of decentralized finance. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Theragun: https://theragun.com/lex to get 30 day trial – Sun Basket: https://sunbasket.com/lex and use code LEX to get $35 off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – Indeed: https://indeed.com/fridman to get $75 credit EPISODE LINKS: Anthony’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/APompliano Anthony’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/c/AnthonyPompliano Anthony’s Website: https://anthonypompliano.com/ Pomp Letter: https://pomp.substack.com/ Pomp Podcast: https://anthonypompliano.com/podcast/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:54) – Army (16:35) – Iraq (24:14) – Will there always be war? (31:27) – Bitcoin maximalism (39:56) – Money is a belief system (42:27) – Bitcoin (46:03) – Censorship (50:35) – Bitcoin as main currency (59:27) – Scarcity creates value (1:01:08) – Money is time (1:09:34) – Eric Weinstein vs Bitcoin Community (1:23:23) – Ray Dalio (1:40:31) – Bitclout (1:43:43) – How to get Bitcoin (1:54:28) – Investing (2:05:05) – Volatility (2:18:08) – Philosophy of the meme (2:28:03) – Dogecoin (2:37:33) – NFTs (2:43:21) – Virtual reality (2:48:17) – AI (2:54:18) – Bitcoin resources (2:58:44) – Book recommendations (3:01:22) – Can money buy happiness? (3:03:16) – Meaning of life



#172 – Ryan Schiller: Librex and the Free Exchange of Ideas on College Campuses

Ryan Schiller is the creator of Librex, an anonymous discussion feed for college communities. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Allform: https://allform.com/lex to get 20% off – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Brave: https://brave.com/lex EPISODE LINKS: Librex App: https://librexapp.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:06) – Librex (08:59) – Deep Fakes (13:06) – Silencing of ideas (24:01) – Building Librex (33:47) – How Librex took over Dartmouth (42:13) – Anonymity (45:04) – Private vs public life (54:32) – Building a sense of community (59:14) – Refusing to sell user data (1:06:05) – Moderation (1:12:54) – Freedom of speech (1:23:45) – Scaling (1:28:02) – Yik Yak (1:35:22) – AWS and Parler (1:40:25) – Safe spaces (1:43:22) – Jeffrey Epstein (1:52:50) – Chess and poker (2:03:29) – Advice for young people (2:14:21) – Book recommendations (2:20:16) – Mortality



#173 – Nic Carter: Bitcoin Core Values, Layered Scaling, and Blocksize Debates

Nic Carter is a financial researcher, investor, writer, and podcaster on topics of decentralized finance. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – The Information: https://theinformation.com/lex to get 75% off first month – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – Four Sigmatic: https://foursigmatic.com/lex and use code LexPod to get up to 60% off – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium EPISODE LINKS: Nic’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/nic__carter Nic’s Website: https://niccarter.info/ Nic’s Blog: https://medium.com/@nic__carter Nic’s Podcast: https://onthebrink-podcast.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (13:05) – Can humans fully understand reality? (15:34) – The dollar system (21:44) – Bitcoin (23:19) – Opendime (27:22) – Core values of Bitcoin (35:51) – Who is Satoshi Nakamoto? (41:39) – How Bitcoin works (50:02) – Bitcoin blocksize wars (1:02:27) – Layered scaling of Bitcoin (1:07:25) – Lightning network (1:10:25) – Schnorr/Taproot update to Bitcoin (1:15:17) – Criticisms of Bitcoin (1:25:04) – Bitcoin failure modes (1:33:07) – Bitcoin vs Ethereum (1:37:03) – Vitalik Buterin (1:39:56) – Creative destruction (1:44:51) – Future of Bitcoin (1:48:38) – Tesla, Elon Musk, and Dogecoin (1:56:44) – NFTs (2:04:00) – Bitcoin maximalism (2:10:37) – On writing (2:16:37) – Writing a book on Bitcoin (2:21:07) – Bitcoin resources (2:23:57) – Book recommendations (2:25:56) – Advice for young people (2:29:13) – Meaning of life



#174 – Tyler Cowen: Economic Growth and the Fight Against Conformity and Mediocrity

Tyler Cowen is an economist, writer, and podcaster. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Linode: https://linode.com/lex to get $100 free credit – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex and use code LEX to get a free security camera – Public Goods: https://publicgoods.com/lex and use code LEX to get $15 off EPISODE LINKS: Tyler’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/tylercowen Tyler’s Blog: https://marginalrevolution.com/ Conversations with Tyler (Podcast): https://conversationswithtyler.com/ Big Business (Book): https://amzn.to/2OBPbaK Tyler’s Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tyler_Cowen PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:24) – Economics (09:16) – Nuclear war (16:03) – The American dream (23:16) – Capitalism: pros and cons (29:50) – Is competition good for the world? (31:53) – Free market (32:57) – Anarchy (35:23) – Ayn Rand (40:04) – The case for big business (44:31) – Clubhouse (49:35) – Loneliness (51:47) – Eric Weinstein and economic growth (56:08) – Communism (58:58) – Putin (1:04:29) – China (1:09:21) – UBI (1:13:17) – Disagreement with Eric Weinstein (1:17:09) – Money, Bitcoin, and Ethereum (1:25:20) – WallStreetBets (1:29:16) – MIT (1:36:44) – UFO sightings (1:44:03) – Contemporary art is misunderstood (1:51:06) – Mexican food is the best in the world (1:55:56) – Jiro Dreams of Sushi (1:59:59) – Book recommendations (2:02:15) – Advice for young people (2:05:53) – Love (2:11:35) – Mortality (2:13:25) – Meaning of life



#175 – Yannis Pappas: History and Comedy

Yannis Pappas is a comedian and podcaster. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Wine Access: https://wineaccess.com/lex to get 20% off first order – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit EPISODE LINKS: Yannis’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/yannispappas Long Days Podcast: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCywn6iboO1P8U7fotfllocw Stand Up Special: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R156F0uXhzk PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:39) – Tim Dillon and absolute power (16:00) – Mortality (24:01) – Immortality (31:47) – Dogs (38:26) – Power (43:46) – Hyenas (49:00) – Nature is metal (51:53) – Battle of Crete (59:21) – History is written by the victors (1:04:09) – History Hyenas podcast (1:16:18) – Bernie Madoff (1:19:23) – Jeffrey Epstein (1:24:16) – Hitler (1:26:24) – Conspiracy theories (1:29:34) – Andrew Yang and New York City (1:33:01) – Podcast with Lex’s dad (1:36:09) – Andrew Yang and the prison-industrial complex (1:41:57) – Queen Elizabeth (1:49:04) – Advice for young people



#176 – Robert Breedlove: Philosophy of Bitcoin from First Principles

Robert Breedlove is a decentralized finance entrepreneur, philosopher, and podcaster. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Fundrise: https://fundrise.com/lex – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack – Munk Pack: https://munkpack.com and use code LEX to get 20% off – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Robert’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/Breedlove22 Robert’s Linktree: https://linktr.ee/breedlove22 What is Money Show: https://www.youtube.com/c/RobertBreedlove22 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:46) – Sovereignty (15:50) – Territorial imperative (20:28) – Property (26:33) – Anarchism (29:11) – Inflation is theft (33:35) – Volatility is truth (38:14) – Taleb and Bitcoin (42:22) – Life is information propagating through flesh (53:21) – Intelligence (57:34) – Space and time (1:04:16) – Pragmatic truth (1:15:14) – Creative destruction (1:19:03) – Capitalism vs Communism (1:31:46) – Jordan Peterson on religion (1:36:03) – Inflation (1:39:54) – What is money? (1:53:30) – What is Bitcoin? (2:04:36) – Bitcoin vs other cryptocurrencies (2:12:47) – Can governments ban Bitcoin? (2:25:29) – Bitcoin toxicity is tough love (2:38:47) – Crypto scammers (2:47:58) – Eric Weinstein and Bitcoin (2:54:21) – Satoshi Nakamoto (2:58:51) – Money is energy (3:06:05) – Proof of stake vs proof of work (3:08:45) – Morality (3:23:30) – Collapse of the Soviet Union (3:27:00) – Jordan Peterson and Bitcoin (3:39:28) – Book recommendations (3:58:49) – Advice for young people (4:02:20) – Love



#177 – Risto Miikkulainen: Neuroevolution and Evolutionary Computation

Risto Miikkulainen is a computer scientist at UT Austin. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – The Jordan Harbinger Show: https://jordanharbinger.com/lex/ – Grammarly: https://grammarly.com/lex to get 20% off premium – Belcampo: https://belcampo.com/lex and use code LEX to get 20% off first order – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit EPISODE LINKS: Risto’s Website: https://www.cs.utexas.edu/users/risto/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:51) – If we re-ran Earth over 1 million times (10:08) – Would aliens detect humans? (12:46) – Evolution of intelligent life (16:31) – Fear of death (22:47) – Hyenas (26:12) – Language (29:43) – The magic of programming (35:43) – Neuralink (43:15) – Surprising discoveries by AI (46:49) – How evolutionary computation works (58:12) – Learning to walk (1:01:25) – Robots and a theory of mind (1:10:29) – Neuroevolution (1:20:47) – Tesla Autopilot (1:24:11) – Language and vision (1:29:53) – Aliens communicating with humans (1:35:29) – Would AI learn to lie to humans? (1:42:03) – Artificial life (1:46:56) – Cellular automata (1:52:32) – Advice for young people (1:57:09) – Meaning of life



#178 – Michael Malice and Yaron Brook: Ayn Rand, Human Nature, and Anarchy

Michael Malice is an anarchist. Yaron Brook is an objectivist. Both are podcasters and authors. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Ground News: https://ground.news/lex – Public Goods: https://publicgoods.com/lex and use code LEX to get $15 off – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – Brave: https://brave.com/lex – Four Sigmatic: https://foursigmatic.com/lex and use code LexPod to get up to 60% off EPISODE LINKS: Michael’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/michaelmalice Michael’s Community: https://malice.locals.com/ Michael’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC5tj5QCpJKIl-KIa4Gib5Xw Michael’s Website: http://michaelmalice.com/about/ Yaron’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/yaronbrook Yaron’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/user/ybrook Yaron’s Website: https://yaronbrookshow.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:43) – Desert island thought experiment (15:00) – Communism (18:30) – Immanuel Kant (19:39) – Donald Hoffman (30:10) – DMT elves (38:52) – Humility (55:45) – Jordan Peterson and religion (1:05:23) – Ben Shapiro: facts don’t care about your feelings (1:19:23) – Why Ayn Rand is controversial (1:41:01) – Selfishness (1:44:43) – Communism and fascism (2:11:42) – Authoritarianism (2:20:02) – Bitcoin (2:46:13) – Anarchy debate (3:44:08) – Dangers of communism (3:49:47) – Favorite character in Ayn Rand s Atlas Shrugged (3:58:25) – Advice for young people (4:15:24) – Does love require sacrifice? (4:23:12) – Back to the island



#179 – Georges St-Pierre: The Science of Fighting

Georges St-Pierre is a martial artist. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Allform: https://allform.com/lex to get 20% off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – Theragun: https://theragun.com/lex to get 30 day trial – The Information: https://theinformation.com/lex to get 75% off first month EPISODE LINKS: GSP’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/GeorgesStPierre GSP’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/georgesstpierre/ GSP’s Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/georgesstpierre GSP’s Website: https://www.gspofficial.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:09) – Love of winning (11:01) – Suffering (12:03) – Fasting (22:01) – Carnivore (28:30) – Fear (36:02) – Strategy (39:12) – Mind games (42:54) – Mental games (48:00) – Science of fighting (1:11:39) – GOAT (1:15:22) – A fight vs Khabib (1:25:03) – Free will (1:28:49) – Consciousness (1:31:05) – AI (1:41:13) – Aliens (1:52:21) – Dreams (1:57:55) – Father (2:02:58) – Life and love (2:17:07) – Advice for young people (2:19:28) – How to learn (2:22:55) – Bruce Lee (2:26:04) – Tie choke (2:32:49) – Best martial art for self-defense (2:37:28) – Meaning of life



#180 – Jeremi Suri: History of American Power

Jeremi Suri is a historian at UT Austin. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack – Munk Pack: https://munkpack.com and use code LEX to get 20% off – Belcampo: https://belcampo.com/lex and use code LEX to get 20% off first order – Four Sigmatic: https://foursigmatic.com/lex and use code LexPod to get up to 60% off – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings EPISODE LINKS: Jeremi’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/JeremiSuri Jeremi’s Website: http://jeremisuri.net This is Democracy Podcast: http://jeremisuri.net/archives/1798 The Impossible Presidency (book): https://amzn.to/2QKC5Jp PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (14:33) – Power of charisma (20:24) – US presidency (31:10) – Aliens (36:17) – Bill Clinton (39:07) – Students of history (43:58) – George Washington (46:44) – Putin (53:27) – FDR (1:08:39) – Henry Kissinger (1:18:32) – Realpolitik (1:30:22) – What is a just war? (1:36:27) – Cold war (1:40:44) – Communism in the United States (1:50:42) – Vaccines and the future of the human species (1:55:57) – Book recommendations (1:57:31) – Learning another language (2:01:58) – Advice for young people (2:08:10) – Grandmother (2:11:03) – Meaning of life



#181 – Sergey Nazarov: Chainlink, Smart Contracts, and Oracle Networks

Sergey Nazarov is the Co-Founder of Chainlink, a decentralized oracle network that provides data to smart contracts. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Wine Access: https://wineaccess.com/lex to get 20% off first order – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Sergey’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/SergeyNazarov Chainlink Website: https://chain.link/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:56) – Hedgy (08:22) – Digital vs physical world (16:16) – Definitive truth (20:31) – Decentralized finance (29:00) – Smart contracts (35:16) – Hybrid smart contracts and oracle networks (52:02) – Applications of smart contracts (1:10:08) – AI and smart contracts (1:17:40) – What agreements can be turned into smart contracts? (1:28:43) – Privacy (1:39:01) – Trust (1:54:36) – Bitcoin (2:02:50) – Satoshi Nakamoto (2:10:10) – Ethereum (2:15:59) – Chainlink design decisions (2:28:27) – Dogecoin (2:32:44) – Book recommendations (2:44:54) – Advice for young people (2:56:58) – Meaning of life



#182 – John Danaher: The Path to Mastery in Jiu Jitsu, Grappling, Judo, and MMA

John Danaher is a coach, scholar, and educator of jiu jitsu, submission grappling, judo, MMA, and the martial arts. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex and use code LEX to get a free security camera – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – Linode: https://linode.com/lex to get $100 free credit EPISODE LINKS: John’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/danaherjohn PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:02) – Fear of death (17:18) – The path to greatness (22:57) – Judo (27:07) – Seoi nage judo throw (39:21) – Fundamentals of jiu jitsu (45:34) – Developing new techniques (53:24) – Value of training with lower belts (1:03:23) – Escaping bad positions (1:10:18) – Submissions (1:14:30) – Reinventing yourself in 5 years (1:30:38) – Drilling (1:49:10) – Leglock system (2:08:44) – How hard is it to break a leg? (2:12:52) – Greatest jiu jitsu player ever (2:17:42) – Roger Gracie (2:22:25) – Gordon Ryan (2:27:16) – Georges St-Pierre (2:36:26) – Superintelligent Robot vs Cyborg Gordon Ryan (3:12:07) – Advice to white belts (3:15:24) – What does it take to get a black belt (3:16:09) – Best martial art for street fighting (3:23:23) – Tie chokes (3:27:44) – Austin (3:32:23) – Meaning of life



#183 – Po-Shen Loh: Mathematics, Math Olympiad, Combinatorics & Contact Tracing

Po-Shen Loh is a mathematician at CMU and coach of the USA International Math Olympiad team. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – The Jordan Harbinger Show: https://jordanharbinger.com/lex/ – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack EPISODE LINKS: Po’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/poshenloh Po’s Website: https://www.poshenloh.com/ Daily Challenges: https://daily.poshenloh.com/ NOVID: https://www.novid.org/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:51) – Planes and bridges (12:28) – Writing a computer game from scratch (14:54) – Programming competitions (18:28) – Math is hard (23:59) – Contact tracing that preserves privacy (1:01:16) – Math Olympiad (1:16:57) – Hard math problem (1:24:14) – Is math discovered or invented? (1:29:09) – Intelligence (1:35:59) – Math education (1:40:10) – How to learn math (1:49:06) – Combinatorics (1:52:13) – Voting trees (2:02:36) – Stochastic coalescence (2:12:23) – P=NP (2:16:39) – Tolkien and WWII (2:19:00) – Advice for young people (2:21:05) – Meaning of life



#184 – Katherine de Kleer: Planets, Moons, and Asteroids in Our Solar System

Katherine de Kleer is a professor of Planetary Science and Astronomy at Caltech. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Fundrise: https://fundrise.com/lex – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off EPISODE LINKS: Katherine’s Website: http://web.gps.caltech.edu/~dekleer/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:07) – Pluto (12:14) – Kuiper belt (16:12) – How to study planets and moons (19:54) – Volcanoes on Io – moon of Jupiter (32:25) – Is there life in the oceans of Europa? (41:46) – How unlikely is life on Earth? (52:15) – Life on Venus (54:30) – Mars (1:01:17) – What is interesting about Earth as a planet? (1:11:55) – Weather patterns (1:17:04) – Asteroids (1:26:06) – Will an asteroid hit Earth soon? (1:34:50) – Oumuamua (1:50:00) – Book recommendations (1:56:37) – Advice for young people



#185 – Sam Harris: Consciousness, Free Will, Psychedelics, AI, UFOs, and Meaning

Sam Harris is an author, podcaster, and philosopher. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – National Instruments (NI): https://www.ni.com/perspectives – Belcampo: https://belcampo.com/lex and use code LEX to get 20% off first order – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – Linode: https://linode.com/lex to get $100 free credit EPISODE LINKS: Sam’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/SamHarrisOrg Sam’s Website: https://samharris.org/ Sam’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCNAxrHudMfdzNi6NxruKPLw PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:18) – Where do thoughts come from? (14:18) – Consciousness (31:50) – Psychedelics (41:14) – Nature of reality (58:09) – Free will (1:56:55) – Ego (2:05:59) – Joe Rogan (2:08:59) – How will human civilization destroy itself? (2:16:27) – AI (2:37:10) – Jordan Peterson (2:45:12) – UFOs (2:53:02) – Brazilian Jiu Jitsu (3:02:47) – Love (3:13:50) – Meaning of life



#186 – Bryan Johnson: Kernel Brain-Computer Interfaces

Bryan Johnson is the founder and CEO of Kernel, OS Fund, and previously Braintree. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Four Sigmatic: https://foursigmatic.com/lex and use code LexPod to get up to 60% off – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – Grammarly: https://grammarly.com/lex to get 20% off premium – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: Bryan’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/bryan_johnson Bryan’s Website: https://www.bryanjohnson.co/ Kernel’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/KernelCo Kernel’s Website: https://www.kernel.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:57) – Kernel Flow demo (16:10) – The future of brain-computer interfaces (49:39) – Existential risk (55:18) – Overcoming depression (1:10:36) – Zeroth principles thinking (1:18:50) – Engineering consciousness (1:25:03) – Privacy (1:29:33) – Neuralink (1:39:11) – Braintree and Venmo (1:54:54) – Eating one meal a day (2:01:07) – Sleep (2:20:49) – Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro (2:27:47) – Advice for young people (2:32:23) – Meaning of life



#187 – Frank Wilczek: Physics of Quarks, Dark Matter, Complexity, Life & Aliens

Frank Wilczek is a Nobel Prize winning physicist at MIT. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – The Information: https://theinformation.com/lex to get 75% off first month – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings EPISODE LINKS: Frank’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/FrankWilczek Frank’s Website: https://www.frankawilczek.com/ Fundamentals: Ten Keys to Reality (book): https://amzn.to/3vLPyQB PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:39) – Are there limits to what physics can understand? (17:31) – Beautiful ideas in physics (25:59) – Space and time are really big (29:47) – There are billions of thoughts in a human life (37:09) – Big bang (45:31) – How life emerged in the universe (51:33) – Aliens (1:01:25) – Consciousness (1:08:53) – Limits of physics (1:14:29) – Complimentary principle (1:23:34) – Free will (1:29:47) – Particles (1:35:10) – Nobel Prize in Physics (1:48:24) – Axions and dark matter (2:03:50) – Time crystals (2:08:42) – Theory of everything (2:18:10) – Advice for young people (2:23:52) – Meaning of life



#188 – Vitalik Buterin: Ethereum 2.0

Vitalik Buterin is the co-founder of Ethereum. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – Four Sigmatic: https://foursigmatic.com/lex and use code LexPod to get up to 60% off – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Vitalik’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/VitalikButerin Vitalik’s Blog: https://vitalik.ca/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:18) – Shiba Inu story (25:35) – Regulation (29:48) – Crime (34:54) – Proof of stake vs proof of work (47:43) – Miner extractable value (53:19) – Scaling (54:42) – Bitcoin blocksize wars (1:00:51) – Hard fork vs soft fork (1:04:34) – Craig Wright (1:11:18) – Scaling: Sharding (1:18:07) – Scaling: Rollups (1:26:30) – Polygon and other Layer 2 technologies (1:34:11) – Merging PoS and PoW chains (1:43:49) – Lessons learned from Ethereum 2.0 failure incidents (1:52:35) – Bitcoin vs Ethereum (1:58:30) – Dogecoin (2:04:38) – Elon Musk (2:07:15) – Chainlink (2:10:35) – Charles Hoskinson and Cardano (2:18:08) – AI safety (2:23:07) – NFTs (2:25:57) – Scams (2:35:34) – Longevity (2:44:55) – Does death give meaning to life? (2:50:38) – Lex and Vitalik speak Russian (2:54:29) – Meaning of life (2:59:48) – Dan Carlin’s Hardcore History and WWII



#189 – David Sinclair: Extending the Human Lifespan Beyond 100 Years

David Sinclair is a geneticist at Harvard and author of Lifespan. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off – Clear: https://clearme.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 2 months free – National Instruments (NI): https://www.ni.com/perspectives – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex and use code LEX to get a free security camera – Linode: https://linode.com/lex to get $100 free credit EPISODE LINKS: David’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/davidasinclair David’s Website: https://lifespanbook.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:34) – Staying young at heart (13:31) – Bringing people back to life (19:05) – Wearables and tracking health data (28:18) – How to solve aging (38:23) – Why do we age? (43:50) – Genetic reset switch that reverses aging (46:20) – AI in biology (48:52) – Health data (56:58) – Fasting (1:04:29) – Diet (1:12:41) – Exercise (1:18:01) – Sleep (1:26:29) – Data (1:32:00) – Extending lifespan (1:34:42) – Immortality (1:40:28) – Denial of death (1:43:45) – Meaning of life without death



#190 – Jordan Ellenberg: Mathematics of High-Dimensional Shapes and Geometries

Jordan Ellenberg is a mathematician and author of Shape and How Not to Be Wrong. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Secret Sauce: https://wondery.com/shows/secret-sauce/ – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit EPISODE LINKS: Jordan’s Website: http://www.jordanellenberg.com Jordan’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/JSEllenberg PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:44) – Mathematical thinking (10:21) – Geometry (14:58) – Symmetry (25:29) – Math and science in the Soviet Union (33:09) – Topology (47:57) – Do we live in many more than 4 dimensions? (52:28) – How many holes does a straw have (1:01:53) – 3Blue1Brown (1:07:40) – Will AI ever win a Fields Medal? (1:16:05) – Fermat’s last theorem (1:33:23) – Reality cannot be explained simply (1:39:08) – Prime numbers (2:00:37) – John Conway’s Game of Life (2:12:29) – Group theory (2:15:45) – Gauge theory (2:23:47) – Grigori Perelman and the Poincare Conjecture (2:33:59) – How to learn math (2:41:08) – Advice for young people (2:43:13) – Meaning of life



#191 – Daniel Schmachtenberger: Steering Civilization Away from Self-Destruction

Daniel Schmachtenberger is a philosopher interested understanding the rise and fall of societies and individuals. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Ground News: https://ground.news/lex – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – Four Sigmatic: https://foursigmatic.com/lex and use code LexPod to get up to 60% off – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Daniel’s Website: https://civilizationemerging.com/ The Consilience Project: https://consilienceproject.org/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:05) – Aliens and UFOs (26:50) – Collective intelligence of human civilization (34:46) – Consciousness (46:08) – How much computation does the human brain perform? (49:47) – Humans vs ants (57:04) – Humans are apex predators (1:04:08) – Girard’s Mimetic Theory of Desire (1:24:05) – We can never completely understand reality (1:27:29) – Self-terminating systems (1:37:52) – Catastrophic risk (2:08:04) – Adding more love to the world (2:35:29) – How to build a better world (2:52:41) – Meaning of life (3:00:23) – Death (3:06:04) – The role of government in society (3:23:29) – Exponential growth of technology (4:09:10) – Lessons from my father (4:14:46) – Even suffering is filled with beauty



#192 – Charles Hoskinson: Cardano

Charles Hoskinson is the founder of Cardano, co-founder of Ethereum, a mathematician, and a farmer. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Gala Games: https://gala.games/lex – Allform: https://allform.com/lex to get 20% off – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings EPISODE LINKS: Charles’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/IOHK_Charles Charles’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/user/charleshoskinson Cardano Website: https://cardano.org/ IOHK Website: https://iohk.io/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:12) – What programming language is the simulation written in? (14:17) – Favorite philosophers (23:18) – Theory vs engineering in cryptocurrency (34:27) – What programming languages should everyone learn (42:42) – Haskell and beyond (46:26) – Plutus: Cardano’s smart contract platform based on Haskell (50:53) – What is a blockchain? (55:05) – Hybrid smart contracts (1:00:55) – Proof of work vs proof of stake (1:09:42) – Cardano’s proof of stake consensus algorithm (1:20:14) – What is Cardano? (1:28:55) – Cardano vs Ethereum vs Bitcoin (1:38:50) – The problem with Bitcoin (1:48:24) – Bitcoin Conference (1:52:05) – Ergo and Alex Chepurnoy (1:59:15) – Cardano’s Extended UTXO Model (2:06:27) – Chainlink and Oracle Networks (2:13:40) – Cardano and Wolfram Alpha (2:18:35) – The future of video games (2:27:10) – Smart contracts timeline for Cardano (2:34:40) – Decentralized exchanges (2:40:21) – Jack Dorsey and Bitcoin (2:46:33) – Elon Musk and Tesla: Cardano, Ethereum, Bitcoin (2:49:50) – Dogecoin and Elon Musk (3:01:11) – Hydra vs Lightning Network (3:08:45) – Non-Interactive Proofs of Proof-of-Work (NIPoPoWs) (3:12:39) – Cardano failure modes (3:21:00) – Cardano vs Polkadot (3:26:05) – Vitalik Buterin (3:34:16) – Corrupting nature of power (3:44:26) – Satoshi Nakamoto (3:50:37) – Cardano’s vision for decentralized governance (4:03:31) – Cardano in Ethiopia (4:07:33) – El Salvador and Bitcoin (4:13:50) – Cryptocurrency will inject capitalism with long-term incentives (4:23:42) – Day in the life of Charles Hoskinson (4:30:59) – Mushrooms (4:37:07) – Joe Rogan (4:42:00) – Video games (4:54:14) – Advice for young people (4:57:23) – Meaning of life



#193 – Rob Reid: The Existential Threat of Engineered Viruses and Lab Leaks

Rob Reid is an author and podcaster. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – Belcampo: https://belcampo.com/lex and use code LEX to get 20% off first order – Fundrise: https://fundrise.com/lex – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour EPISODE LINKS: Rob’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/rob_reid After On Podcast: https://after-on.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:33) – The most entertaining outcome is the most likely (14:52) – Meme theory (18:12) – Writing process (24:59) – Engineered viruses as a threat to human civilization (32:45) – Gain-of-function research on viruses (44:54) – Did COVID leak from a lab? (52:15) – Virus detection (1:00:04) – Failure of institutions (1:07:48) – Using AI to engineer viruses (1:12:07) – Evil and competence (1:21:26) – Where are the aliens? (1:25:19) – Backing up human consciousness by colonizing space (1:34:48) – Superintelligence and consciousness (1:46:12) – Meditation (1:54:20) – Fasting (2:00:20) – Greatest song of all time (2:05:46) – Early days of music streaming (2:17:39) – Startup advice (2:30:50) – Podcasting (2:46:12) – Advice for young people (2:55:15) – Mortality (3:00:41) – Meaning of life



#194 – Bret Weinstein: Truth, Science, and Censorship in the Time of a Pandemic

Bret Weinstein is and evolutionary biologist, author, and co-host of the DarkHorse Podcast. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – The Jordan Harbinger Show: https://www.youtube.com/thejordanharbingershow – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off – Four Sigmatic: https://foursigmatic.com/lex and use code LexPod to get up to 60% off EPISODE LINKS: Bret’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/BretWeinstein Bret’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/BretWeinsteinDarkHorse Bret’s Website: https://bretweinstein.net/ Bret’s Book: https://amzn.to/3dhVWrv PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:04) – Why biology is beautiful (16:38) – Boston Dynamics (20:02) – Being self-critical (30:09) – Theory of close calls (38:46) – Lab leak hypothesis (1:12:41) – Joe Rogan (1:21:50) – Censorship (1:58:40) – Vaccines (2:12:26) – The paper on mice with long telomeres (2:40:09) – Martyrdom (2:48:54) – Eric Weinstein (2:58:13) – Monogamy (3:10:31) – Advice for young people (3:17:16) – Meaning of life



#195 – Clara Sousa-Silva: Searching for Signs of Life on Venus and Other Planets

Clara Sousa-Silva is a quantum astrochemist at Harvard. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off – Grammarly: https://grammarly.com/lex to get 20% off premium – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit EPISODE LINKS: Clara’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/drphosphine Clara’s Website: https://clarasousasilva.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:57) – Discovery of phosphine on Venus (20:34) – Phosphine gas (30:47) – Searching for molecular fingerprints (41:44) – What does a quantum astrochemist do? (56:48) – Spectroscopic networks (1:01:13) – Biosignature gases (1:04:06) – UFOs and aliens (1:17:24) – Alien civilizations (1:34:59) – Programming (1:42:15) – Why science is beautiful (1:46:07) – How to be productive (1:56:27) – Books (1:57:59) – Meaning of life



#196 – Yeonmi Park: North Korea

Yeonmi Park is a North Korean defector, human rights activist, and author of the book In Order to Live. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Belcampo: https://belcampo.com/lex and use code LEX to get 20% off first order – Gala Games: https://gala.games/lex – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings EPISODE LINKS: Yeonmi’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/YeonmiParkNK Yeonmi’s Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/officialyeonmipark Yeonmi’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/c/YeonmiParkOfficial In Order to Live (book): https://amzn.to/3wdtKfL PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:20) – Growing up in North Korea (14:45) – Animal Farm (21:00) – Search for meaning (25:48) – Love (28:05) – Language (32:28) – Yeonmi’s dad (34:30) – Escaping North Korea (39:47) – The world is ignoring the genocide in North Korea (51:49) – Evil (54:40) – Nuclear war (55:30) – Marxist origins of North Korea (1:00:43) – Famine (1:05:30) – Kim Jong-un is pure evil (1:12:06) – Freedom (1:15:18) – Michael Malice (1:18:57) – Diversity (1:26:18) – Political correctness (1:35:50) – Jordan Peterson (1:40:01) – Michael Malice book on North Korea (1:45:31) – Advice for young people (1:48:33) – Facing assassination (1:58:47) – Siddhartha by Hermann Hesse (2:01:20) – Meaning of life



#197 – Jocko Willink: War, Leadership, and Discipline

Jocko Willink is a retired Navy SEAL, co-author of Extreme Ownership, and host of Jocko Podcast. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Linode: https://linode.com/lex to get $100 free credit – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex and use code LEX to get a free security camera – Ground News: https://ground.news/lex EPISODE LINKS: Jocko’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/jockowillink Jocko’s Website: https://jocko.com/ Jocko’s Podcast: https://jockopodcast.com/ Extreme Ownership (book): https://amzn.to/3qYmcgh Discipline Equals Freedom (book): https://amzn.to/3hFXOMa The Dichotomy of Leadership (book): https://amzn.to/36ehH7C PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:01) – The beauty and tragedy of war (14:35) – Soviet Union in World War II (20:54) – What makes a just war? (34:30) – Jordan Peterson (37:42) – Fear of death (41:53) – Autonomous weapons systems (53:28) – What makes a great leader? (56:15) – Elon Musk – a leadership case study (1:10:03) – Steve Jobs – a leadership case study (1:20:16) – Sundar Pichai – a leadership case study (1:27:15) – Young Jamie (1:31:23) – Discipline (1:34:15) – A day in the life of Jocko (1:40:30) – Jiu Jitsu (1:56:18) – Books



#198 – Sara Walker: The Origin of Life on Earth and Alien Worlds

Sara Walker is an astrobiologist and theoretical physicist interested in the origin of life. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off EPISODE LINKS: Sara’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/Sara_Imari Sara’s Website: http://emergence.asu.edu/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:44) – Origin of life (15:38) – Did aliens seed life on Earth? (20:48) – What is life? (32:27) – Cellular automata (36:56) – The laws of physics may change with time (46:41) – Nobel Prize for the origin of life (52:01) – Is consciousness fundamental to the universe? (1:03:19) – Life is the most deterministic part of physics (1:05:54) – Free will (1:14:11) – How to detect alien life (1:28:48) – How many alien civilization are out there? (1:35:32) – Shadow biosphere (1:41:59) – UFO sightings (1:45:35) – Exponential population growth of AI lifeforms (1:52:42) – The role of death in life (1:56:45) – Advice for young people (2:02:31) – Meaning of life



#199 – Roger Reaves: Smuggling Drugs for Pablo Escobar and the Medellin Cartel

Roger Reaves is one of the most prolific drug smugglers in history. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Noom: https://trynoom.com/lex – Allform: https://allform.com/lex to get 20% off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – Four Sigmatic: https://foursigmatic.com/lex and use code LexPod to get up to 60% off – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings EPISODE LINKS: Smuggler (book): https://amzn.to/3xydszD PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:56) – Money (12:17) – Pablo Escobar (19:30) – Jorge Ochoa (27:05) – First time (31:51) – Landing an airplane on the highway (34:41) – Barry Seal (45:05) – Mena, Arkansas (49:58) – Assassination of Barry Seal (1:03:10) – American Made (1:07:22) – Blow (1:09:28) – Story of torture in a Mexican prison (1:14:08) – Getting shot down (1:27:51) – Prison (1:41:34) – Reflections on a life of crime (1:46:51) – Advice for young people (1:49:49) – Love (2:03:09) – Death (2:05:55) – Meaning of life (2:09:58) – Poem



#200 – Michael Malice: Totalitarianism and Anarchy

Michael Malice is a political thinker, podcaster, and author. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Gala Games: https://gala.games/lex – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off EPISODE LINKS: Michael’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/michaelmalice Michael’s Community: https://malice.locals.com/ Michael’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC5tj5QCpJKIl-KIa4Gib5Xw Michael’s Website: http://michaelmalice.com/about/ Your Welcome podcast: https://bit.ly/30q8oz1 The Anarchist Handbook (book): https://amzn.to/3yUb2f0 The New Right (book): https://amzn.to/34gxLo3 Dear Reader (book): https://amzn.to/2HPPlHS Podcast (Round 1): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BIk1zUy8ehU PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:00) – Animal Farm (11:02) – Emma Goldman (14:07) – Albert Camus (15:37) – How to be a hero in Nazi Germany (22:43) – Camus on Existentialism vs Nihilism (28:44) – Cynicism is a lie (33:52) – Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union (54:10) – Lex and Michael argue: can most people think on their own? (1:05:48) – How Lex and Michael use Twitter (1:15:11) – Life is beautiful (1:18:13) – Returning to Ukraine (1:20:07) – Michael is now an underwear model (1:24:13) – The Anarchist Handbook (1:25:59) – Tolstoy was an anarchist (1:38:41) – Anarchy debate between Lex and Michael (2:07:49) – Why Michael doesn’t vote (2:25:04) – Austin and New York (2:33:40) – Alex Jones



#201 – Konstantin Batygin: Planet 9 and the Edge of Our Solar System

Konstantin Batygin is a planetary astrophysicist at Caltech. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Squarespace: https://lexfridman.com/squarespace and use code LEX to get 10% off – Literati: https://literati.com/lex – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off – National Instruments (NI): https://www.ni.com/perspectives EPISODE LINKS: Konstantin’s Twitter https://twitter.com/kbatygin Konstantin’s Website https://www.konstantinbatygin.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:17) – Overview of our Solar System (22:14) – What is the Oort Cloud? (27:10) – Life in the interstellar medium (28:42) – Are there aliens out there? (31:22) – How unique is Earth? (34:02) – Did Jupiter destroy early planets? (40:16) – How hard is it to simulate the Universe? (44:49) – Quantum mechanics in evolution of objects in the Solar system (49:15) – Simulating the first formations around the Sun (55:02) – Will it be possible to simulate the full history of the Solar System? (57:23) – How far should we go with the simulation? (59:43) – Increasing immersion in video games (1:06:09) – What is Planet Nine? (1:12:37) – The origin of life (1:15:02) – Evidence of Planet Nine (1:17:32) – Discovery of Neptune (1:18:42) – When will we find Planet Nine? (1:21:21) – Planet Nine throws rocks into the Kuiper Belt (1:25:15) – Could Planet Nine be a primordial black hole? (1:35:20) – Commercial space revolution boosts science and the human condition (1:42:46) – Solving sex in space (1:43:24) – Would humans evolve if we couldn’t see the stars? (1:49:08) – Military funding and science (1:53:11) – Is Oumuamua space junk from a distant alien civilization? (2:06:33) – Wild ideas create the future (2:14:22) – The perfect place to die (2:16:03) – Greatest song of all time (2:22:34) – Music enables science for Konstantin (2:24:51) – Music practice tips for busy people (2:28:41) – Memories of 1990s Russia (2:35:14) – Advice for young people (2:41:10) – Meaning of life



#202 – Rick Doblin: Psychedelics

Rick Doblin is a psychedelics researcher and the founder and executive director of the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS). Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Theragun: https://therabody.com/lex to get 30 day trial – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings EPISODE LINKS: Rick’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/RickDoblin MAPS: https://maps.org PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:54) – Introduction to psychedelics (11:09) – Psychedelics reveals the inner depths of humans (23:43) – Differences between psychedelics (31:08) – The future of psychedelics (39:52) – Epigenetics (45:49) – DMT (53:16) – Ego dissolution (56:33) – One Flew Over The Cuckoo’s Nest (59:32) – Psychedelics and Creativity (1:03:25) – MKUltra and the Grateful Dead (1:08:04) – Ted Kaczynski (1:13:46) – Timothy Leary (1:21:10) – Good Friday Experiment (1:25:46) – Forming of MAPS (1:37:01) – Gaining access to psychedelics (1:45:30) – MDMA Medical Trials (2:17:00) – Clinical Trials for other substances (2:21:43) – Future of society with psychedelics (2:26:13) – Big Pharma (2:32:32) – Advice for the younger generations (2:38:17) – Meaning of life



#203 – Anya Fernald: Regenerative Farming and the Art of Cooking Meat

Anya Fernald is the co-founder of Belcampo farms, chef, and regenerative agriculture expert. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Gala Games: https://gala.games/lex – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – Four Sigmatic: https://foursigmatic.com/lex and use code LexPod to get up to 60% off – Fundrise: https://fundrise.com/lex EPISODE LINKS: Anya’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/anyafernald Belcampo’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/belcampomeatco Belcampo’s Website: https://belcampo.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:04) – Cooking is an art and a service (10:43) – Food is health (12:45) – Anticipation makes food taste better (14:36) – Lex on breaking the 72 hour fast (18:47) – Falling in love with cooking (20:28) – Alienation during the diet (23:09) – Cooking advice for minimalists (29:14) – Complexity of coconut oil (32:35) – Anya’s favorite meal (39:17) – Sources of heat (41:46) – Why do people freak out about barbecue (44:58) – Does the origin of the meat itself make a difference? (47:06) – What is regenerative farming? (51:16) – AI will be a better farmer than humans (55:17) – Carbon negative farming is possible right now (57:04) – Certified Humane (1:00:34) – Evolutionary diet of animals (1:03:17) – Neuralink can help us understand animals (1:07:13) – All grass-fed meat made the same? (1:11:57) – Health benefits of grass-fed beef (1:16:29) – What does it take to be a woman CEO of a meat company? (1:23:57) – Making cheese for Italian mafia (1:27:56) – How to judge a good meal? (1:29:58) – The best meal in the world (1:37:48) – Anya played oboe in the Sicily municipal band (1:39:23) – Hunting has inspired regenerative farming (1:44:07) – Meaning of life (1:45:27) – Advice for young people: grow through discomfort



#204 – Cumrun Vafa: String Theory

Cumrun Vafa is a theoretical physicist at Harvard. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Headspace: https://headspace.com/lex to get free 1 month trial – The Jordan Harbinger Show: https://www.youtube.com/thejordanharbingershow – Squarespace: https://lexfridman.com/squarespace and use code LEX to get 10% off – Allform: https://allform.com/lex to get 20% off EPISODE LINKS: Cumrun’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/cumrunv Cumrun’s Website: https://www.cumrunvafa.org Puzzles to Unravel the Universe (book): https://amzn.to/3BFk5ms PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:08) – Difference between math and physics (09:51) – Evolution of quantum mechanics (13:09) – Can mathematics lead humanity off track (14:07) – Beauty in mathematics (19:27) – Philosophers using symmetry (25:20) – How can ancient geometry be used to understand reality (28:32) – Key ideas in the history of physics (31:26) – Einstein’s special relativity (35:03) – Physicists building intuition (43:01) – Best work by Einstein (44:45) – Quantum mechanics (54:47) – Quantum gravity (57:02) – String theory (1:13:11) – 10th Dimension (1:19:48) – Skepticism regarding string theory (1:30:53) – Key figures in string theory (1:35:13) – String Theory’s Nobel Prize (1:38:18) – Edward Witten (1:46:56) – String Theory Landscape & Swamplands (1:55:46) – Theories of everything (2:10:12) – Advice for young people (2:13:14) – Death



#205 – Zach Bitter: Ultramarathon Running

Zach Bitter is an ultramarathon runner and coach. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Ladder: https://ladderlife.com/lex – Belcampo: https://belcampo.com/lex and use code LEX to get 20% off first order – Noom: https://trynoom.com/lex – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Zach’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/zbitter Zach’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/zachbitter Zach’s Website: https://zachbitter.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:34) – The marathon mentality (14:43) – The psychology of quitting (25:49) – Variety in ultramarathons (33:04) – What does it take to run 100 miles? (38:27) – Leading ultramarathon events (42:09) – Training and race strategy (44:39) – 100 Mile world record (48:41) – Foot strike variability and cadence (51:29) – The 11 hour barrier (54:57) – The most beautiful thing about running (1:01:19) – Zach’s training regime (1:06:06) – MAF 180 Formula (1:16:31) – Training plans (1:31:30) – Marathons vs. 100 miles (1:40:31) – Zach’s diet philosophy (1:55:19) – Fueling for race day (2:02:34) – Training while fasted (2:06:11) – Embracing the chaos (2:07:41) – 100-Mile treadmill WR (2:11:51) – The legend of Bert Kreischer (2:16:16) – The Transcontinental Run across America (2:33:51) – Who is the greatest endurance athlete of all time? (2:41:04) – Shoe technology in running (2:54:14) – Human limits (2:56:49) – Zach’s biggest obstacles (3:00:34) – Advice for young people



#206 – Ishan Misra: Self-Supervised Deep Learning in Computer Vision

Ishan Misra is a research scientist at FAIR working on self-supervised visual learning. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off – The Information: https://theinformation.com/lex to get 75% off first month – Grammarly: https://grammarly.com/lex to get 20% off premium – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil EPISODE LINKS: Ishan’s twitter: https://twitter.com/imisra_ Ishan’s website: https://imisra.github.io Ishan’s FAIR page: https://ai.facebook.com/people/ishan-misra/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:49) – Self-supervised learning (16:24) – Self-supervised learning is the dark matter of intelligence (20:17) – Categorization (28:50) – Is computer vision still really hard? (32:35) – Understanding Language (42:14) – Harder to solve: vision or language (48:59) – Contrastive learning & energy-based models (52:59) – Data augmentation (57:19) – Fixed audio spike by lowering sound with pen tool (1:05:33) – Real data vs. augmented data (1:09:16) – Non-contrastive learning energy based self supervised learning methods (1:12:54) – Unsupervised learning (SwAV) (1:15:37) – Self-supervised Pretraining (SEER) (1:20:44) – Self-supervised learning (SSL) architectures (1:26:43) – VISSL pytorch-based SSL library (1:29:38) – Multi-modal (1:37:06) – Active learning (1:42:45) – Autonomous driving (1:54:12) – Limits of deep learning (1:58:19) – Difference between learning and reasoning (2:03:26) – Building super-human AI (2:11:14) – Most beautiful idea in self-supervised learning (2:15:02) – Simulation for training AI (2:18:27) – Video games replacing reality (2:19:40) – How to write a good research paper (2:24:08) – Best programming language for beginners (2:25:01) – PyTorch vs TensorFlow (2:28:26) – Advice for getting into machine learning (2:30:31) – Advice for young people (2:32:58) – Meaning of life



#207 – Chris Duffin: The Mad Scientist of Strength

Chris Duffin is a strength athlete, coach, and engineer, setting multiple strength world records including squatting and deadlifting 1000 lbs for multiple reps. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Headspace: https://headspace.com/lex to get free 1 month trial – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off – Sun Basket: https://sunbasket.com/lex and use code LEX to get $35 off – Ladder: https://ladderlife.com/lex EPISODE LINKS: Chris’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/mad_scientist_duffin The Eagle and the Dragon (book): https://amzn.to/3Ckpfoj Chris’s Website: https://christopherduffin.com Kabuki Strength: https://kabukistrength.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:10) – Performing feats of strength (13:52) – What does it take to lift 1000 lbs for reps? (16:43) – From 500 to 1000lb (17:15) – The mechanics of heavy lifting (28:32) – What did it feel like to do 1000lbs for reps? (30:26) – Achieving peak performance (35:16) – Importance of singular focus (37:48) – Chris’s childhood (50:37) – The Eagle and the Dragon: A Story of Strength and Reinvention (58:21) – Lex on business (1:04:52) – The Disciplines of Strength (1:09:33) – Powerlifting (1:22:37) – Role of strength in MMA, BJJ… and baseball (1:32:38) – What is Kabuki Strength? (1:38:55) – Equipment (1:50:09) – The importance of strong feet (1:59:15) – Chris’s diet (2:05:37) – Lex on moderation in food (2:06:11) – Steroids and PED’s (2:24:14) – Whiskey and deadlifts (2:33:03) – Is it better to work hard or smart? (2:41:52) – Advice for young people (2:45:02) – Fear of death



#208 – Jeff Hawkins: The Thousand Brains Theory of Intelligence

Jeff Hawkins is a neuroscientist and cofounder of Numenta, a neuroscience research company. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Codecademy: https://codecademy.com and use code LEX to get 15% off – BiOptimizers: http://www.magbreakthrough.com/lex to get 10% off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium EPISODE LINKS: A Thousand Brain (book): https://amzn.to/3AmxJt7 Numenta’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/Numenta Numenta’s Website: https://numenta.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (10:35) – Collective intelligence (17:17) – The origin of intelligence in the human brain (30:31) – How intelligent life evolved on Earth (41:30) – Why humans are special in the universe (44:48) – Neurons (49:02) – A Thousand Brains theory of intelligence (57:42) – How to build superintelligent AI (1:15:41) – Sam Harris and existential risk of AI (1:27:43) – Neuralink (1:34:34) – Will AI prevent the self-destruction of human civilization? (1:40:05) – Communicating human knowledge to alien civilizations (1:50:22) – Devil’s advocate (1:55:16) – Human nature (2:03:39) – Hardware for AI (2:10:18) – Advice for young people



#209 – Luís and João Batalha: Fermat’s Library and the Art of Studying Papers

Luis and Joao Batalha are co-founders of Fermat’s Library. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Skiff: https://skiff.org/lex to get early access – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex and use code LEX to get a free security camera – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – Four Sigmatic: https://foursigmatic.com/lex and use code LexPod to get up to 60% off EPISODE LINKS: Fermat’s Library Twitter: https://twitter.com/fermatslibrary Luis’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/luismbat Joao’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/joao_batalha Fermat’s Library Website: https://fermatslibrary.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (10:18) – Backstories to research papers (25:09) – Fermat’s Library (45:10) – Scientific publishing (1:08:50) – How to read a paper (1:14:44) – Taking good notes (1:23:23) – Favorite papers on Fermat’s Library (2:04:14) – Fermat’s Library on Twitter (2:13:46) – What it takes to build a successful startup (2:22:43) – Game of Thrones (2:25:30) – Realism in science fiction movies (2:31:29) – Greatest soccer player of all time (2:54:18) – Advice for young people



#210 – Matt Walker: Sleep

Matt Walker is a sleep scientist at Berkeley, author of Why We Sleep, and the host of a new podcast called The Matt Walker Podcast. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Stamps.com: https://stamps.com and use code LEX to get free postage & scale – Squarespace: https://lexfridman.com/squarespace and use code LEX to get 10% off – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Matt’s Podcast: https://themattwalkerpodcast.buzzsprout.com/ Matt’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/sleepdiplomat Matt’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/drmattwalker Matt’s Website: https://www.sleepdiplomat.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:56) – Putin moment: Lex takes Matt’s sunglasses (10:17) – Fascination with sleep (14:26) – Why do we sleep? (22:58) – Computer vision for driver assistance (32:19) – Consciousness is fundamental (40:25) – Lex on human to robot connection (42:52) – Scent of a Woman is better than “John Wick” (54:33) – Distinction between coffee and caffeine (1:20:17) – The science of ‘sleeping on it’ (1:34:10) – Lex on his sleeping schedule (1:59:14) – Chronotypes (2:06:44) – How to overcome insomnia (2:24:07) – Diet and sleep (2:33:03) – Where do dreams come from? (2:46:41) – How sleep affects emotions (2:53:35) – Meaning of life



#211 – Brian Muraresku: The Secret History of Psychedelics

Brian Muraresku is the author of The Immortality Key. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex and use code Lex25 to get 25% off – GiveWell: https://www.givewell.org/ and use code LEX to get donation matched up to $1k – NI: https://www.ni.com/perspectives – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off EPISODE LINKS: Brian’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/brianmuraresku Brian’s website: https://www.brianmuraresku.com Immortality Key (book): https://amzn.to/3iNYBfB PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:46) – Who or what is God? (25:15) – Terence McKenna’s DMT Trips (29:58) – Psychedelics were the source of collective intelligence (40:30) – Psychedelics in ancient alcohol (43:30) – The Immortality Key (46:16) – Jesus and psychedelic wine (58:56) – Role of rituals in human society (1:02:37) – Human confrontation with death (1:05:15) – The future of the human experience (1:17:07) – The role of religion in society (1:22:54) – The future of psychedelics research (1:26:05) – Fasting and meditation as religious experiences (1:29:44) – Neuralink and BCIs (1:36:42) – Is LSD a crutch or an aid in creative work (1:39:21) – Nietzsche said God is dead (1:41:48) – Creatures people meet while on psychedelics (1:47:18) – Consciousness (1:53:41) – Books or movies that made an impact (1:57:39) – Meaning of life



#212 – Joscha Bach: Nature of Reality, Dreams, and Consciousness

Joscha Bach is a cognitive scientist, AI researcher, and philosopher. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Coinbase: https://coinbase.com/lex to get $5 in free Bitcoin – Codecademy: https://codecademy.com and use code LEX to get 15% off – Linode: https://linode.com/lex to get $100 free credit – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: Joscha’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/Plinz Joscha’s Website: http://bach.ai PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:15) – Life is hard (09:38) – Consciousness (16:24) – What is life? (26:33) – Free will (40:38) – Simulation (42:49) – Base layer of reality (58:24) – Boston Dynamics (1:06:43) – Engineering consciousness (1:17:12) – Suffering (1:26:06) – Postmodernism (1:30:25) – Psychedelics (1:43:40) – GPT-3 (1:52:22) – GPT-4 (1:58:47) – OpenAI Codex (2:01:02) – Humans vs AI: Who is more dangerous? (2:17:47) – Hitler (2:22:44) – Autonomous weapon systems (2:30:11) – Mark Zuckerberg (2:35:47) – Love (2:50:00) – Michael Malice and anarchism (3:06:57) – Love (3:11:05) – Advice for young people (3:15:42) – Meaning of life



#213 – Barry Barish: Gravitational Waves and the Most Precise Device Ever Built

Barry Barish is a theoretical physicist at Caltech and the winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – MUD\WTR: https://mudwtr.com/lex and use code LEX to get 5% off – GiveDirectly: https://givedirectly.org/lex to get gift matched up to $300 – BiOptimizers: http://www.magbreakthrough.com/lex to get 10% off – Four Sigmatic: https://foursigmatic.com/lex and use code LexPod to get up to 60% off – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off EPISODE LINKS: Barry’s Nobel Prize entry: https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/2017/barish/facts/ Barry’s Caltech profile: https://pma.caltech.edu/people/barry-c-barish LIGO’s Website: https://www.ligo.caltech.edu/ LIGO’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/LIGO PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:27) – Early Math and Physics questions (18:02) – Enrico Fermi (24:34) – Birth of the Nuclear Age (29:42) – The Fermi Paradox (34:45) – Gravity (51:28) – Philosophical Implications of General Relativity (58:34) – Detecting Gravitational Waves (1:01:47) – LIGO (1:34:45) – Nobel Prize (1:49:34) – Black Holes (2:01:53) – Space Exploration (2:09:48) – Books (2:18:37) – Advice for young people (2:24:33) – Meaning of life



#214 – Jed Buchwald: Isaac Newton and the Philosophy of Science

Jed Buchwald is a historian and philosopher of science at Caltech. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – GiveWell: https://www.givewell.org/ and use code LEX to get donation matched up to $1k – Theragun: https://therabody.com/lex to get 30 day trial – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack – Fundrise: https://fundrise.com/lex – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Jed’s Caltech page: https://bit.ly/38eLLRF Jed’s Books: https://amzn.to/2WoxGPi PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:34) – How does science progress? (22:48) – Theory of Everything (34:40) – Consciousness (38:15) – Most Beautiful Moments in Science (46:00) – Isaac Newton (1:12:13) – Competition in Science (1:22:47) – Newton’s Career (1:35:58) – Importance of Data (1:42:17) – Alchemy (1:46:31) – Newton and Religion (1:49:44) – Showing Newton the future (1:54:28) – Newton and Einstein



#215 – Wojciech Zaremba: OpenAI Codex, GPT-3, Robotics, and the Future of AI

Wojciech Zaremba is a co-founder of OpenAI. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Paperspace: https://gradient.run/lex to get $15 credit – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – Grammarly: https://grammarly.com/lex to get 20% off premium – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings EPISODE LINKS: Wojciech’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/woj_zaremba Wojciech’s Website: https://wojzaremba.com/ OpenAI’s Website: https://openai.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:57) – The Fermi paradox (14:59) – Systems of government (17:36) – Life, intelligence, and consciousness (24:49) – GPT language model (27:02) – Engineering consciousness (31:19) – Is there an algorithm for intelligence? (38:41) – Neural networks and deep learning (51:32) – Human reward functions (56:26) – Love is part of the human condition (58:53) – Expanding our circle of empathy (1:02:58) – Psychedelics and meditation (1:14:25) – Ilya Sutskever (1:21:42) – How does GPT work? (1:31:35) – AI safety (1:38:21) – OpenAI Codex (1:51:54) – Robotics (2:01:11) – Developing self driving cars and robots (2:12:02) – What is the benchmark for intelligence? (2:15:04) – Will we spend more time in virtual reality? (2:17:18) – AI Friendships (2:26:48) – Sleep (2:29:22) – Generating good ideas (2:35:47) – Advice for young people (2:40:31) – Getting started with machine learning (2:43:44) – What is beauty? (2:47:35) – Death (2:54:23) – Meaning of life



#216 – Vincent Racaniello: Viruses and Vaccines

Vincent Racaniello is a virologist, immunologist, and microbiologist at Columbia. He is a co-author of the textbook Principles of Virology and co-host of This Week in Virology podcast. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Privacy: https://privacy.com/lex to get $5 added to your account – Justworks: https://justworks.com – Sun Basket: https://sunbasket.com/lex and use code LEX to get $35 off – The Information: https://theinformation.com/lex to get 75% off first month – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil EPISODE LINKS: Vincent’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/profvrr Vincent’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/c/vincentracaniello Vincent’s Podcast: https://www.microbe.tv/ Vincent’s Website: http://www.virology.ws/ Vincent’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/profvrr PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (10:24) – Microbiology by numbers (15:47) – From bacteria to an organism (23:46) – AlphaFold 2 (27:44) – Simulating an evolutionary arms race (53:11) – The most terrifying virus (1:14:54) – SARS-CoV-2 (1:29:38) – Coronaviruses and Influenza. What’s the difference? (1:35:45) – Vaccines (1:41:43) – Lex on his reaction to the COVID-19 vaccine shot (1:47:39) – Modern vaccines (1:52:39) – How does mRNA vaccine work? (1:55:26) – Are mRNA vaccines safe? (2:21:52) – Lex on trust in authority (2:36:59) – Ivermectin (2:43:39) – Hydroxychloroquine (2:48:22) – Variants and mutations (2:55:20) – Testing (3:03:27) – How does COVID-19 spread? (3:06:37) – Masks (3:15:05) – Bret Weinstein vs Sam Harris (3:18:39) – This Week in Virology (3:28:19) – Advice for young people (3:30:42) – Meaning of life



#217 – Rodney Brooks: Robotics

Rodney Brooks is a roboticist, former head of CSAIL at MIT, and co-founder of iRobot, Rethink Robotics, and Robust.AI. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Paperspace: https://gradient.run/lex to get $15 credit – GiveDirectly: https://givedirectly.org/lex to get gift matched up to $300 – BiOptimizers: http://www.magbreakthrough.com/lex to get 10% off – Four Sigmatic: https://foursigmatic.com/lex and use code LexPod to get up to 60% off – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex and use code LEX to get a free security camera EPISODE LINKS: Rodney’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/rodneyabrooks Rodney’s Blog: http://rodneybrooks.com/blog/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:33) – First robots (28:58) – Brains and computers (1:01:47) – Self-driving cars (1:21:57) – Believing in the impossible (1:32:47) – Predictions (1:43:49) – iRobot (2:11:11) – Sharing an office with AI experts (2:23:21) – Advice for young people (2:27:07) – Meaning of life



#218 – Jaron Lanier: Virtual Reality, Social Media & the Future of Humans and AI

Jaron Lanier is a computer scientist, composer, artist, author, and founder of the field of virtual reality. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Skiff: https://skiff.org/lex to get early access – Novo: https://banknovo.com/lex – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings EPISODE LINKS: Jaron’s Website: http://www.jaronlanier.com/ Jaron’s Books: https://amzn.to/3tlhl9T PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:04) – What is reality? (12:17) – Turing machines (13:35) – Simulating our universe (19:49) – Video games and other immersive experiences (23:37) – Death and consciousness (32:08) – Designing human-centric AI (33:42) – Empathy with robots (37:33) – Social media incentives (49:53) – Data dignity (57:26) – Jack Dorsey and Twitter (1:09:10) – Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies (1:13:51) – Government overreach and freedom (1:24:06) – GitHub and TikTok (1:26:16) – The Autodidactic Universe (1:31:07) – Humans and the mystery of music (1:37:17) – Defining moments (1:48:03) – Mortality (1:49:56) – The meaning of life



#219 – Donald Knuth: Programming, Algorithms, Hard Problems & the Game of Life

Donald Knuth is a computer scientist, Turing Award winner, father of algorithm analysis, author of The Art of Computer Programming, and creator of TeX. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Coinbase: https://coinbase.com/lex to get $5 in free Bitcoin – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex and use code Lex25 to get 25% off – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Donald’s Stanford Page: https://profiles.stanford.edu/donald-knuth Donald’s Books: https://amzn.to/3heyBsC PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:02) – First programs (30:26) – Literate programming (33:35) – Beauty in programming (39:30) – OpenAI (48:41) – Optimization (54:46) – Consciousness (1:03:29) – Conway’s game of life (1:16:16) – Stable marriage (1:19:35) – Richard Feynman (1:30:29) – Knuth-Morris-Pratt Algorithm (1:40:02) – Hardest problem (1:57:41) – Open source (2:02:54) – Favorite symbols (2:12:27) – Productivity (2:20:08) – Meaning of life



#220 – Niels Jorgensen: New York Firefighters and the Heroes of 9/11

Niels Jorgensen is a former New York firefighter for over 21 years, who was there at Ground Zero on September 11th, 2001. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – ROKA: https://roka.com/ and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order – MUD\WTR: https://mudwtr.com/lex and use code LEX to get 5% off – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium EPISODE LINKS: Niels’s 20 for 20 Podcast: https://ironlightlabs.org/20-for-20/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:52) – September 11, 2001 (36:48) – Falling man (40:58) – Ground Zero (47:17) – 20 for 20 (50:27) – What it means to be a great firefighter (53:11) – Why did you become a firefighter? (55:00) – Tally Ho (57:46) – New view of the world (1:05:16) – Empathy (1:09:49) – Leukemia (1:25:18) – New York City (1:31:28) – John Feal (1:44:57) – Conspiracy theories (1:53:45) – Faith (1:55:44) – Modern communication (2:00:11) – Hand written letters (2:14:02) – Love (2:25:45) – War in Afghanistan (2:37:24) – Brave stories from 9/11



#221 – Douglas Lenat: Cyc and the Quest to Solve Common Sense Reasoning in AI

Douglas Lenat is the founder of Cyc, a 37 year project aiming to solve common-sense knowledge and reasoning in AI. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Squarespace: https://lexfridman.com/squarespace and use code LEX to get 10% off – BiOptimizers: http://www.magbreakthrough.com/lex to get 10% off – Stamps.com: https://stamps.com and use code LEX to get free postage & scale – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: Douglas’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/cycorpai Cyc’s Website: https://cyc.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:39) – What is Cyc? (15:45) – How to form a knowledge base of the universe (26:11) – How to train an AI knowledge base (30:32) – Global consistency versus local consistency (54:53) – Automated reasoning (1:00:33) – Direct uses of AI and machine learning (1:13:11) – The semantic web (1:23:44) – Tools to help Cyc interpret data (1:32:54) – The most beautiful idea about Cyc (1:38:53) – Love and consciousness in AI (1:45:52) – The greatness of Marvin Minsky (1:50:46) – Is Cyc just a beautiful dream? (1:55:31) – What is OpenCyc and how was it born? (2:01:21) – The open source community and OpenCyc (2:11:48) – The inference problem (2:13:31) – Cyc’s programming language (2:21:05) – Ontological engineering (2:28:30) – Do machines think? (2:37:15) – Death and consciousness (2:47:16) – What would you say to AI? (2:51:52) – Advice to young people (2:53:48) – Mortality



#222 – Jay McClelland: Neural Networks and the Emergence of Cognition

Jay McClelland is a cognitive scientist at Stanford. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Paperspace: https://gradient.run/lex to get $15 credit – Skiff: https://skiff.org/lex to get early access – Uprising Food: https://uprisingfood.com/lex to get $10 off 1st starter bundle – Four Sigmatic: https://foursigmatic.com/lex and use code LexPod to get up to 60% off – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Jay’s Website: https://stanford.edu/~jlmcc/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:12) – Beauty in neural networks (11:31) – Darwin and evolution (17:16) – The origin of intelligence (23:58) – Explorations in cognition (30:02) – Learning representations by back-propagating errors (36:27) – Dave Rumelhart and cognitive modeling (49:30) – Connectionism (1:12:23) – Geoffrey Hinton (1:14:19) – Learning in a neural network (1:31:11) – Mathematics & reality (1:38:19) – Modeling intelligence (1:48:57) – Noam Chomsky and linguistic cognition (2:03:18) – Advice for young people (2:14:26) – Psychiatry and exploring the mind (2:27:04) – Legacy (2:32:53) – Meaning of life



#223 – Travis Stevens: Judo, Olympics, and Mental Toughness

Travis Stevens is the 2016 Olympic Judo silver medalist and BJJ black belt. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Justworks: https://justworks.com – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings EPISODE LINKS: Travis’s Website: https://www.travisstevensgrappling.com/ Travis’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/judosilencer Travis’s Youtube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/c/TravisStevensgrappling Travis’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/judosilencer PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (10:08) – What is Judo? (17:55) – Travis’s signature throw (23:20) – Fundamentals (25:12) – Throws (38:04) – Gripping (46:37) – Weight cutting (1:15:50) – Injuries (1:19:50) – Jiu-Jitsu (1:23:33) – Lex on his judo competition experience (1:26:58) – Levels of mastery (1:40:09) – Matches (1:54:10) – Travis inspired Lex to practice judo (2:00:24) – London 2012 Olympic games (2:42:01) – 2016 Olympic games (3:16:24) – Mixed team competition (3:23:50) – The value of epic throws (3:27:17) – Shohei Ono (3:33:39) – Chess (3:38:42) – The coach (3:45:18) – Advice for young people



#224 – Travis Oliphant: NumPy, SciPy, Anaconda, Python & Scientific Programming

Travis Oliphant is a data scientist, entrepreneur, and creator of NumPy, SciPy, and Anaconda. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Novo: https://banknovo.com/lex – Allform: https://allform.com/lex to get 20% off – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium EPISODE LINKS: Travis’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/teoliphant Travis’s Wiki Page: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Travis_Oliphant NumPy: https://numpy.org/ SciPy: https://scipy.org/about.html Anaconda: https://www.anaconda.com/products/individual Quansight: https://www.quansight.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:06) – Early programming (28:47) – SciPy (45:41) – Open source (57:23) – NumPy (1:34:39) – Guido van Rossum (1:46:57) – Efficiency (1:55:49) – Objects (2:02:47) – Numba (2:11:53) – Anaconda (2:16:20) – Conda (2:31:56) – Quansight Labs (2:35:32) – OpenTeams (2:43:05) – GitHub (2:48:35) – Marketing (2:53:13) – Great programming (3:04:03) – Hiring (3:08:01) – Advice for young people



#225 – Jeffrey Shainline: Neuromorphic Computing and Optoelectronic Intelligence

Jeffrey Shainline is a physicist at NIST working on. Note: Opinions expressed by Jeff do not represent NIST. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Stripe: https://stripe.com – Codecademy: https://codecademy.com and use code LEX to get 15% off – Linode: https://linode.com/lex to get $100 free credit – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Jeff’s Website: http://www.shainline.net Jeff’s Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=rnHpY3YAAAAJ Jeff’s NIST Page: https://www.nist.gov/people/jeff-shainline PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (05:56) – How are processors made? (25:15) – Are engineers or physicists more important (27:43) – Super-conductivity (43:31) – Computation (48:07) – Computation vs communication (51:48) – Electrons for computation and light for communication (1:02:32) – Neuromorphic computing (1:27:23) – What is NIST? (1:30:41) – Implementing super-conductivity (1:38:20) – The future of neuromorphic computing (1:57:54) – Loop neurons (2:04:09) – Machine learning (2:18:36) – Cosmological evolution (2:25:44) – Cosmological natural selection (2:43:05) – Life in the universe (2:50:52) – The rare Earth hypothesis



#226 – Jo Boaler: How to Learn Math

Jo Boaler is a professor of mathematics education at Stanford and the co-founder of youcubed. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Truebill: https://truebill.com/lex – Fundrise: https://fundrise.com/lex – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – Stamps.com: https://stamps.com and use code LEX to get free postage & scale EPISODE LINKS: Jo’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/joboaler youcubed: https://www.youcubed.org/ Jo’s Books: https://amzn.to/2Y3S2xW Elastic by Leonard Mlodinow: https://amz.run/4tCk Deep Work by Cal Newport: https://amz.run/4tCl 3Blue1Brown: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCYO_jab_esuFRV4b17AJtAw Manim: https://github.com/3b1b/manim PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:48) – What is beautiful about mathematics? (15:37) – How difficult should math really be? (23:56) – Students giving up on math (35:17) – Improving math education in schools (45:14) – Inspiring mathematical creativity (1:03:00) – youcubed (1:07:20) – Best methods for studying math (1:27:54) – Advice for young people



#227 – Sean Kelly: Existentialism, Nihilism, and the Search for Meaning

Sean Kelly is a philosopher at Harvard specializing in existentialism and the philosophy of mind. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Coinbase: https://coinbase.com/lex to get $5 in free Bitcoin – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex and use code Lex25 to get 25% off – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – Ladder: https://ladderlife.com/lex – Sunbasket: https://sunbasket.com/lex and use code LEX to get $35 off EPISODE LINKS: Sean’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/sean_d_kelly Sean’s Website: https://scholar.harvard.edu/sdkelly Sean’s Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sean_Dorrance_Kelly PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:50) – Existentialism (26:58) – Nietzsche and nihilism (44:35) – Dostoevsky (1:00:02) – Camus and suicide (1:18:31) – The Big Lebowski (1:26:20) – Ayn Rand (1:36:28) – Evil (1:47:03) – Heidegger (1:58:43) – Hubert Dreyfus (2:04:35) – Moby Dick (2:15:51) – David Foster Wallace (2:36:03) – Can AI make art? (2:55:46) – Meaning of life



#228 – RZA: Wu-Tang Clan, Kung Fu, Chess, God, Life, and Death

RZA is a rapper, record producer, filmmaker, actor, writer, philosopher, and the mastermind of the legendary hip hop group Wu-Tang Clan. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – ROKA: https://roka.com/ and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex and use code LEX to get a free security camera – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off EPISODE LINKS: RZA’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/RZA RZA’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/rza Wu-Tang Clan Website: https://wutangclan.net PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:57) – Life and death (14:16) – Quincy Jones (19:39) – Quentin Tarantino (23:05) – Kung Fu (28:01) – Biggie (29:48) – Tupac (32:45) – Nas (35:48) – Favorite verse (39:46) – Who is God? (44:56) – Wu-Tang Clan (48:49) – Bruce Lee (55:40) – Godfather (1:01:36) – Veganism (1:06:27) – AI (1:10:41) – Chess (1:14:00) – American Gangster (1:19:55) – Creativity (1:26:24) – Advice for young people (1:29:47) – Meaning of life



#229 – Richard Wrangham: Role of Violence, Sex, and Fire in Human Evolution

Richard Wrangham is a biological anthropologist at Harvard, specializing in the study of primates and the evolution of violence, sex, cooking, culture, and other aspects of ape and human behavior. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – ROKA: https://roka.com/ and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order – Theragun: https://therabody.com/lex to get 30 day trial – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – NI: https://www.ni.com/perspectives – Grammarly: https://grammarly.com/lex to get 20% off premium EPISODE LINKS: Richard’s Website: https://heb.fas.harvard.edu/people/richard-w-wrangham The Goodness Paradox (book): https://amzn.to/3aqg9tg Catching Fire (book): https://amzn.to/3FAZAcz PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:13) – Violence in humans vs violence in chimps (27:45) – Study of violence in chimps (46:40) – Human evolution and violence (1:43:08) – The Goodness Paradox and Catching Fire (1:55:26) – How cooking changed our evolution (2:10:11) – The beauty of the human mind emerges (2:14:18) – A map of how chimps, gorillas, and humans are all related (2:26:50) – Preserving nature (2:34:41) – The meaning of life



#230 – Kelsi Sheren: War, Artillery, PTSD, and Love

Kelsi Sheren is a veteran, artillery gunner, and founder of Brass and Unity. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get 14-day free trial – Justworks: https://justworks.com – Novo: https://banknovo.com/lex – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Kelsi’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/kelsiburns Kelsi’s Website: https://brassandunity.com Kelsi’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/kelsie_sheren Charity: https://www.heroicheartsproject.org/ Do the F*cking Work (book): https://amzn.to/3mGhguF Notes from Underground (book): https://amzn.to/3mN5TRF Brothers in Arms (song): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jhdFe3evXpk PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:50) – World War II (18:54) – Yeonmi Park, starvation, and mental health (33:10) – Kelsi’s 9/11 experience (36:39) – Becoming a soldier (43:07) – Artillery: The Hand of God (52:49) – Weapons training (1:10:35) – Pre-Deployment (1:26:42) – Arrival to Afghanistan (1:48:55) – Tragic war story (2:13:59) – Feelings after tragedy (2:17:41) – The Taliban (2:23:17) – Retrospective: 20 years in Afghanistan (2:39:57) – How war changes people (2:45:18) – PTSD (3:14:13) – Ayahuasca and mental recovery (3:46:09) – Love (4:04:12) – Advice for young people (4:07:33) – Death (4:13:22) – World War II



#231 – Alex Gladstein: Bitcoin, Authoritarianism, and Human Rights

Alex Gladstein is the Chief Strategy Officer at the Human Rights Foundation and the Oslo Freedom Forum. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Stripe: https://stripe.com – Paperspace: https://gradient.run/lex to get $15 credit – Codecademy: https://codecademy.com and use code LEX to get 15% off – NI: https://www.ni.com/perspectives – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings EPISODE LINKS: Alex’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/gladstein The Little Bitcoin Book: https://littlebitcoinbook.com/ Human Rights Foundation: https://hrf.org/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:36) – Universal human rights (22:35) – Authoritarianism (32:46) – AIs impact on civil liberties (44:09) – Edward Snowden and government surveillance (47:48) – Money (52:01) – Bitcoin (1:07:48) – Government response to Bitcoin (1:18:19) – The blockchain (1:23:42) – Can Bitcoin fail? (1:26:33) – Bitcoin scams (1:30:17) – Patriotism (1:32:41) – Human Rights Foundation (1:37:15) – Conflict with China (1:40:05) – Corporate accountability (1:55:27) – Garry Kasparov and the HRF (2:00:36) – Journalism, conversations, and truth (2:07:50) – Alex’s book recommendations (2:15:56) – Attacks on Bitcoin (2:17:35) – The future of humanity (2:21:57) – Advice for young people (2:33:13) – Meaning of life



#232 – Brian Greene: Quantum Gravity, Big Bang, Aliens, Life, Death, and Meaning

Brian Greene is a theoretical physicist. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – The Prisoner Wine Company: https://theprisonerwine.com/lex to get 20% off & free shipping – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – NI: https://www.ni.com/perspectives EPISODE LINKS: Brian’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/bgreene Brian’s Website: http://www.briangreene.org/ Until the End of Time (book): https://amzn.to/2XuqXUi PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:53) – Entropy (15:01) – Consciousness (31:20) – Quantum gravity (34:40) – String theory (48:07) – Time (1:00:39) – Free will (1:05:02) – Emergence and complexity (1:12:14) – The Big Bang (1:25:13) – Extraterrestrial life (1:35:35) – Space exploration (1:43:33) – Fear of death



#233 – Carl Hart: Heroin, Cocaine, MDMA, Alcohol & the Role of Drugs in Society

Carl Hart is a psychologist at Columbia University. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex and use code Lex25 to get 25% off – Ten Thousand: https://www.tenthousand.cc/ and use code LEX to get 15% off – Four Sigmatic: https://foursigmatic.com/lex and use code LexPod to get up to 60% off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: Carl’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/drcarlhart Carl’s Website: https://drcarlhart.com Drug Use for Grown-Ups (book): https://amzn.to/3lVpq2Y PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:33) – The experience of drugs (18:38) – Drug use for grownups (24:21) – Studies on drugs (25:31) – Negative effects of drugs (30:59) – Should all drugs be legalized (36:27) – War on drugs: positive or negative (42:19) – Proper, positive, and misuse of drugs (46:40) – Recovery (53:34) – Drug depiction in movies (57:05) – How the study of drugs changed Carl (59:28) – Formative memories (1:03:57) – Greatest hip hop artist of all time (1:07:19) – What mind altering drugs teach us (1:11:26) – Advice for young people (1:13:31) – The meaning of life



#234 – Stephen Wolfram: Complexity and the Fabric of Reality

Stephen Wolfram is a computer scientist, mathematician, and theoretical physicist. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – ROKA: https://roka.com/ and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order – FightCamp: https://joinfightcamp.com/lex to get free shipping – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – Fundrise: https://fundrise.com/lex EPISODE LINKS: Stephen’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/stephen_wolfram Stephen’s Blog: https://writings.stephenwolfram.com Wolfram Physics Project: https://www.wolframphysics.org A New Kind of Science (book): https://amzn.to/30XoEun Fundamental Theory of Physics (book): https://amzn.to/30XbAoT PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:50) – What is complexity (20:51) – Randomness in the universe (25:12) – The Wolfram Physics Project (37:14) – Space and time are discrete (49:19) – Quantum mechanics and hypergraphs (58:33) – What is intelligence (1:09:16) – Computational equivalence (1:17:36) – What it is like to be a cellular automata (1:32:00) – Making prediction vs explanations (1:45:20) – Why does the universe exist (1:51:01) – The universe and rulial space (1:59:44) – Does an atom have consciousness (2:10:10) – Why does our universe exist (2:18:41) – What is outside the ruliad (2:29:15) – Automated proof systems (2:45:10) – Multicomputation for biology (3:03:41) – Cardano NFT collaboration with Wolfram Alpha (3:10:41) – Global theory of economics



#235 – Michael Mina: Rapid COVID Testing

Michael Mina is an immunologist, epidemiologist, and physician at Harvard. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Notion: https://notion.com/startups to get up to $1000 off team plan – Quip: https://getquip.com/lex to get first refill free – Theragun: https://therabody.com/lex to get 30 day trial – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – Four Sigmatic: https://foursigmatic.com/lex and use code LexPod to get up to 60% off EPISODE LINKS: Michael’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/michaelmina_lab PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:14) – At-home COVID-19 tests (18:17) – Medical devices and FDA classification (24:37) – Rapid test availability (40:59) – Who is in charge of public health? (57:38) – Testing privacy (1:04:54) – Biden’s COVID-19 Action Plan (1:16:08) – Uncertainty, fear, and COVID (1:23:02) – Vaccines and herd immunity (1:31:42) – Meditation and consciousness (1:41:44) – Minimalism and Capitalism (1:45:20) – The future of humanity



#236 – Jimmy Pedro: Judo and the Forging of Champions

Jimmy Pedro is a judo competitor and coach, world champion, 3x world medalist, 2x Olympic medalist. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – ROKA: https://roka.com/ and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – Ladder: https://ladderlife.com/lex – Linode: https://linode.com/lex to get $100 free credit – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off EPISODE LINKS: Jimmy’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/jimmypedrousa Jimmy’s Links: https://linktr.ee/jimmypedro Jimmy’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/jimmypedrousa Jimmy’s Website: https://www.jimmypedro.com/ American Judo System: https://usajudo.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:56) – The most beautiful throw (32:25) – Russian approach to randori (45:57) – Judo gripping (57:25) – IOC (1:07:50) – Toughest match (1:12:57) – Jimmy Pedro Sr (1:32:12) – Travis Stevens (1:51:42) – Kayla Harrison (2:10:00) – Putin and judo (2:14:12) – Getting started in judo (2:18:58) – BJJ (2:22:24) – Advice for young people



#237 – Steve Viscelli: Trucking and the Decline of the American Dream

Steve Viscelli is a former truck driver and now an economic sociologist at University of Pennsylvania studying freight transportation, including autonomous trucks. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get 14-day free trial – ROKA: https://roka.com/ and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order – Sunbasket: https://sunbasket.com/lex and use code LEX to get $35 off – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Steve’s Website: https://www.steveviscelli.com/ Big Rig (book): https://amzn.to/3EbaofP Will Robotic Trucks Be “Sweatshops on Wheels?” (article): https://bit.ly/3vGGgpO Johnny Cash – All I Do Is Drive (song): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DEHoagHlqrE Steve’s Penn Gazette Interview: https://bit.ly/3nkRPyV More Information on Automated Trucking: http://www.driverlessreport.org/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:36) – Ethnography (19:49) – Challenges of driving a truck (38:28) – Trucking industry: State of affairs (1:11:33) – Future of autonomous trucks (1:37:49) – Solving the automated truck dilemma (2:09:44) – Role of society in automated trucking (2:36:53) – Tesla and revolutionizing the trucking industry (2:56:33) – Hope and final thoughts



#238 – Francis Collins: National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Francis Collins is the director of the NIH and former head of the Human Genome Project. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Ten Thousand: https://www.tenthousand.cc/ and use code LEX to get 15% off – Allform: https://allform.com/lex to get 20% off – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex and use code LEX to get a free security camera – NI: https://www.ni.com/perspectives – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off EPISODE LINKS: Francis’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/NIHDirector NIH: https://www.nih.gov Human Genome Project: https://www.genome.gov/human-genome-project PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:44) – Lab-leak theory (10:51) – Gain-of-function research of viruses (23:00) – Bioterrorism (27:30) – Tony Fauci (37:41) – COVID Vaccines (43:46) – Joe Rogan (50:49) – Variants (55:31) – Rapid at home testing (59:44) – Animal testing (1:05:09) – Stepping down as director of the NIH (1:09:03) – Barack Obama (1:11:06) – Accelerating Medicines Partnership (1:21:44) – Faith (1:27:12) – Fear of death (1:30:15) – Meaning of life



#239 – Niall Ferguson: History of Money, Power, War, and Truth

Niall Ferguson is a historian at Hoover Institution, Stanford University. He is the author of 16 books on the history of money, war, power, and catastrophe. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – The Prisoner Wine Company: https://theprisonerwine.com/lex to get 20% off & free shipping – Stripe: https://stripe.com – Coinbase: https://coinbase.com/lex to get $5 in free Bitcoin – Four Sigmatic: https://foursigmatic.com/lex and use code LexPod to get up to 60% off – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit EPISODE LINKS: Niall’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/nfergus Niall’s Website: https://www.niallferguson.com University of Austin: https://uaustin.org/ Doom: The Politics of Catastrophe (book): https://amzn.to/3wt7AI8 Kissinger: The Idealist (book): https://amzn.to/3CVXvGc The Ascent of Money (book): https://amzn.to/3kCK0Ev The Square and the Tower (book): https://amzn.to/307YfK8 The Age of AI (book): https://amzn.to/3BUgTSH PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:14) – University of Austin (UATX) (42:09) – Sam Harris (1:00:36) – Elon Musk (1:08:55) – Money (1:18:50) – Hyperinflation (1:24:15) – Bitcoin (1:40:57) – Ethereum and smart contracts (1:49:43) – Worst disasters in human history (2:11:41) – How history will remember the current pandemic (2:25:16) – Hope for the future (2:33:46) – Love (2:40:24) – Meaning of life



#240 – Neal Stephenson: Sci-Fi, Space, Aliens, AI, VR & the Future of Humanity

Neal Stephenson is a sci-fi writer (Snow Crash, Cryptonomicon, and new book Termination Shock), former Chief Futurist at Magic Leap and first employee of Blue Origin. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Mizzen+Main: https://mizzenandmain.com and use code LEX to get $35 off – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex and use code Lex25 to get 25% off – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – Grammarly: https://grammarly.com/lex to get 20% off premium – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: Neal’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/nealstephenson Neal’s Website: https://www.nealstephenson.com/ Termination Shock (book): https://amzn.to/3HhmDKi Snow Crash (book): https://amzn.to/3H7yFFW Cryptonomicon (book): https://amzn.to/3C01HDF The Diamond Age (book): https://amzn.to/3wxUF83 Seveneves (book): https://amzn.to/3kkhveg The Baroque Cycle, Vol. 1 (book): https://amzn.to/3koMW7n Innovation Starvation (article): https://bit.ly/3mYLSJ2 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:34) – WWII and human nature (17:20) – Search engine morality (21:58) – Space exploration (38:59) – Aliens and UFOs (47:21) – SpaceX and Blue Origin (54:43) – Social media (59:11) – Climate change (1:11:00) – Consequences of big ideas (1:15:42) – Virtual reality (1:38:50) – Artificial intelligence (1:53:49) – Cryptocurrency (2:06:26) – Writing, storytelling, and books (2:29:05) – Martial arts (2:38:23) – Final thoughts



#241 – Boris Sofman: Waymo, Cozmo, Self-Driving Cars, and the Future of Robotics

Boris Sofman is the Senior Director Of Engineering and Head of Trucking at Waymo, formerly the Google Self-Driving Car project. He was also the CEO and co-founder of Anki, a home robotics company. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – ROKA: https://roka.com/ and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Boris’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/bsofman Boris’s LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/bsofman Waymo’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/waymo Waymo’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/waymo Waymo’s Website: https://waymo.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:32) – Robots in science fiction (13:13) – Cozmo (38:28) – AI companions (45:23) – Anki (1:10:56) – Waymo Via (1:42:34) – Sensor suites for long haul trucking (1:52:30) – Machine learning (2:10:26) – Waymo vs Tesla (2:21:02) – Safety and risk management (2:30:06) – Societal effects of automation (2:41:11) – Amazon Astro (2:45:35) – Challenges of the robotics industry (2:50:03) – Humanoid robotics (2:57:06) – Advice for getting a PhD in robotics (3:04:37) – Advice for robotics startups (3:15:43) – Advice for students



#242 – Ben Askren: Wrestling and MMA

Ben Askren is a wrestler and MMA fighter, former Bellator and ONE Championship welterweight champion, a two-time NCAA wrestling champion and four-time finalist. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Notion: https://notion.com/startups to get up to $1000 off team plan – NI: https://www.ni.com/perspectives – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour EPISODE LINKS: Ben’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/Benaskren Ben’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/benaskren/ Ben’s Website: https://www.benaskren.com/ Ben’s Wrestling Academy: https://awawisconsin.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:59) – Woodley vs Jake Paul boxing match (10:48) – Askren vs Jake Paul boxing match (13:23) – Jordan Burroughs and Kyle Dake (24:37) – Askren vs Burroughs charity match (29:21) – Champion mentality and handling losses (43:40) – Future interest in competition (53:09) – Askren’s early career (1:03:58) – Robots wrestling (1:18:39) – Olympics (1:24:46) – Dagestan wrestling (1:30:51) – Askren Wrestling Academy (1:46:32) – Khabib Nurmagomedov (1:53:08) – 2020 Olympics (1:54:49) – Wrestling dominance in MMA



#243 – Kevin Systrom: Instagram

Kevin Systrom is the co-founder and former CEO of Instagram. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Theragun: https://therabody.com/lex to get 30 day trial – NI: https://www.ni.com/perspectives – GiveWell: https://www.givewell.org/ and use code LEX to get donation matched up to $1k – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – Fundrise: https://fundrise.com/lex EPISODE LINKS: Kevin’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/kevin/ Kevin’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/kevin Kevin’s LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/kevinsystrom PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:26) – Origin of Instagram (50:33) – New social networks (1:09:38) – Selling Instagram to Facebook (1:32:40) – Features (1:36:47) – Facebook (2:13:28) – Whistleblower (2:24:47) – Machine learning (2:34:45) – Advice for startups (2:40:37) – Money (2:46:37) – Love (2:48:54) – Meaning of life



#244 – Robert Crews: Afghanistan, Taliban, Bin Laden, and War in the Middle East

Robert Crews is a historian at Stanford, specializing in Afghanistan, Russia, Islam, Central Asia, and South Asia. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – MUD\WTR: https://mudwtr.com/lex and use code LEX to get 5% off – Ten Thousand: https://www.tenthousand.cc/ and use code LEX to get 15% off – Four Sigmatic: https://foursigmatic.com/lex and use code LexPod to get up to 60% off – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Robert’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/RobertCrews22 Robert’s Stanford page: https://profiles.stanford.edu/robert-crews Afghan Modern (book): https://amzn.to/3nYL5rX PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:42) – U.S. invasion of Afghanistan (21:30) – September 11 (39:05) – Bin Laden (1:14:35) – Withdrawal of U.S. troops (2:06:47) – War (2:18:01) – Leadership (2:34:11) – Afghan people (2:43:40) – Rumi



#245 – Tom Brands: Iowa Wrestling

Tom Brands is an Olympic and World Champion in freestyle wrestling and the head wrestling coach at the University of Iowa. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – FightCamp: https://joinfightcamp.com/lex to get free shipping – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex and use code Lex25 to get 25% off – ROKA: https://roka.com/ and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order – Theragun: https://therabody.com/lex to get 30 day trial – GiveWell: https://www.givewell.org/ and use code LEX to get donation matched up to $1k EPISODE LINKS: Tom’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/tombrandshawk Hawkeyes’ Website: https://hawkeyesports.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (10:08) – Motivation (24:08) – Mental toughness (28:36) – Weight cutting (30:24) – Olympic dreams (35:20) – 1996 Olympic Games in Atlanta (38:24) – Brother (43:36) – Champion mindset (49:36) – Beyond limits (54:37) – Faith (56:06) – Family (1:00:11) – Brands vs Brands



#246 – Peter Woit: Theories of Everything and Why String Theory is Not Even Wrong

Peter Woit is a theoretical physicist, mathematician, critic of string theory, and author of the popular science blog Not Even Wrong. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – The Prisoner Wine Company: https://theprisonerwine.com/lex to get 20% off & free shipping – Linode: https://linode.com/lex to get $100 free credit – Sunbasket: https://sunbasket.com/lex and use code LEX to get $35 off – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex and use code LEX to get a free security camera EPISODE LINKS: Peter’s website: http://www.math.columbia.edu/~woit/ Peter’s blog: https://bit.ly/3xCwm9F Not Even Wrong (book): https://amzn.to/3peDzZs Quantum Theory, Groups, and Representations (book): https://amzn.to/316iAjf Love and Math (book): https://amzn.to/3If7B8m The Second Creation (book): https://amzn.to/3rlWzIu PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:22) – Physics vs mathematics (21:51) – Beauty of mathematics (43:42) – String theory (1:12:15) – Theory of everything (1:32:23) – Twistor theory and spinors (1:48:50) – Nobel Prize likelihood for theory of everything (1:52:36) – Simulating physics (1:56:07) – Sci-Fi, aliens and space (2:05:19) – Responsibility of scientists



#247 – Jamie Metzl: Lab Leak Theory

Jamie Metzl is an author specializing in topics of genetic engineering, biotechnology, and geopolitics. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Mizzen+Main: https://mizzenandmain.com and use code LEX to get $35 off – NI: https://www.ni.com/perspectives – GiveDirectly: https://givedirectly.org/lex to get gift matched up to $300 – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium EPISODE LINKS: Jamie’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/JamieMetzl Jamie’s Website: https://jamiemetzl.com/ Jamie’s lab leak blog post: https://jamiemetzl.com/origins-of-sars-cov-2/ Hacking Darwin (book): https://amzn.to/3lLqLsM PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:44) – Lab leak (1:06:18) – Gain-of-function research (1:15:49) – Anthony Fauci (1:25:31) – Francis Collins (1:30:13) – Joe Rogan, Brett Weinstein, and Sam Harris (2:00:10) – Xi Jinping (2:14:41) – Patient Zero (2:27:55) – WHO (2:51:45) – Government transparency (3:13:45) – Likelihood of a cover-up (3:15:34) – Future of reproduction (3:51:12) – Jon Stewart (3:56:31) – Joe Rogan and Sanjay Gupta (4:21:36) – Ultramarathons (4:31:38) – Chocolate (4:39:51) – One Shared World (4:54:54) – Hope for the future



#248 – Norman Naimark: Genocide, Stalin, Hitler, Mao, and Absolute Power

Norman Naimark is a historian at Stanford, specializing in the history of genocide. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Coinbase: https://coinbase.com/lex to get $5 in free Bitcoin – Quip: https://getquip.com/lex to get first refill free – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: Norman’s Website: https://history.stanford.edu/people/norman-naimark Stalin’s Genocides (book): https://amzn.to/3oO0Hzb Stalin and the Fate of Europe (book): https://amzn.to/3pLbWrk Books & resources mentioned: The Origins of Totalitarianism (book): https://amzn.to/3oNDSvA Man’s Search for Meaning (book): https://amzn.to/3pMzs7d Radio Majdanek (Research Paper): https://bit.ly/3GxPEAb PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:08) – Stalin and absolute power (21:05) – Dictators and genocide (45:31) – What is genocide (55:38) – Human nature and suffering (1:25:23) – Mao’s Great Leap Forward (1:32:37) – North Korea (1:36:30) – Our role in fighting against atrocities (1:45:26) – China (1:49:35) – Hopes for the future and technology (2:04:28) – Advice for young people (2:07:15) – Love and tragedy



#249 – Albert Bourla: Pfizer CEO

Albert Bourla is the Chairman and CEO of Pfizer. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Notion: https://notion.com/startups to get up to $1000 off team plan – Calm: https://calm.com/lex to get 40% off – Hunter Douglas: https://www.hunterdouglas.com/lex to get a free design guide – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack – Grammarly: https://grammarly.com/lex to get 20% off premium EPISODE LINKS: Albert’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/AlbertBourla Pfizer’s Website: https://www.pfizer.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (10:08) – Clinical trials (26:12) – Trust (45:59) – Safety (56:16) – Booster shots (59:09) – Mandates (1:05:39) – Antivirals (1:10:38) – Hope for future



#250 – Peter Wang: Python and the Source Code of Humans, Computers, and Reality

Peter Wang is the co-founder & CEO of Anaconda and one of the most impactful leaders and developers in the Python community. Also, he is a physicist and philosopher. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Quip: https://getquip.com/lex to get first refill free – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off – GiveWell: https://www.givewell.org/ and use code LEX to get donation matched up to $1k – Four Sigmatic: https://foursigmatic.com/lex and use code LexPod to get up to 60% off – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Peter’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/pwang Anaconda’s Website: https://www.anaconda.com/ Books & resources mentioned: Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance (book): https://amzn.to/3EnCELK Lila (book): https://amzn.to/30VKIpE PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:49) – Python (10:20) – Programming language design (30:22) – Virtuality (40:22) – Human layers (47:21) – Life (52:45) – Origin of ideas (55:17) – Eric Weinstein (1:00:16) – Human source code (1:04:13) – Love (1:18:32) – AI (1:31:55) – Meaning crisis (1:54:28) – Travis Oliphant (2:00:53) – Python continued (2:30:36) – Best setup (2:37:54) – Advice for the youth (2:46:28) – Meaning of Life



#251 – Ray Dalio: Money, Power, and the Collapse of Empires

Ray Dalio is an investor, author, and founder of Bridgewater Associates. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – GiveWell: https://www.givewell.org/ and use code LEX to get donation matched up to $1k – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off EPISODE LINKS: Ray’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/RayDalio Ray’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/raydalio Books & resources mentioned: Ray’s books: https://amzn.to/3swN5uw Ray’s free personality test: https://principlesyou.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:14) – Money or power (11:50) – Big Cycle (31:43) – Collapse of the American Empire (40:10) – War (43:18) – Xi Jinping (49:21) – Importance of freedoms (55:24) – Democracy’s vulnerability (58:49) – Communism’s vulnerability (1:05:50) – Vladimir Putin (1:09:55) – Understanding China (1:17:23) – Henry Kissinger (1:27:44) – Elon Musk and Dogecoin (1:29:41) – How to take notes (1:33:24) – Advice for young people (1:37:30) – Hope for humanity



#252 – Elon Musk: SpaceX, Mars, Tesla Autopilot, Self-Driving, Robotics, and AI

Elon Musk is CEO of SpaceX, Tesla, Neuralink, and Boring Company. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – ButcherBox: https://butcherbox.com/lex to get offers & discounts – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex and use code Lex25 to get 25% off – ROKA: https://roka.com/ and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings EPISODE LINKS: Elon’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/elonmusk PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:38) – Elon singing (08:26) – SpaceX human spaceflight (15:12) – Starship (23:48) – Quitting is not in my nature (25:23) – Thinking process (34:56) – Humans on Mars (40:27) – Colonizing Mars (44:13) – Wormholes (48:50) – Forms of government on Mars (55:54) – Smart contracts (57:24) – Dogecoin (58:55) – Cryptocurrency and Money (1:05:04) – Bitcoin vs Dogecoin (1:07:47) – Satoshi Nakamoto (1:10:10) – Tesla Autopilot (1:13:16) – Tesla Self-Driving (1:25:19) – Neural networks (1:34:16) – When will Tesla solve self-driving? (1:36:19) – Tesla FSD v11 (1:43:53) – Tesla Bot (1:54:33) – History (2:02:24) – Putin (2:08:04) – Meme Review (2:22:29) – Stand-up comedy (2:24:03) – Rick and Morty (2:25:42) – Advice for young people (2:33:39) – Love (2:36:33) – Meaning of life



#253 – Michael Malice: New Year’s Special

Michael Malice is a political thinker, podcaster, author, and anarchist. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – FightCamp: https://joinfightcamp.com/lex to get free shipping – Linode: https://linode.com/lex to get $100 free credit – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off – Sunbasket: https://sunbasket.com/lex and use code LEX to get $35 off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: Michael’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/michaelmalice Michael’s Community: https://malice.locals.com/ Michael’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC5tj5QCpJKIl-KIa4Gib5Xw Michael’s Website: http://michaelmalice.com/about/ Your Welcome podcast: https://bit.ly/30q8oz1 Books & resources mentioned: The Anarchist Handbook (book): https://amzn.to/3yUb2f0 The New Right (book): https://amzn.to/34gxLo3 Dear Reader (book): https://amzn.to/2HPPlHS The Idiot (book): https://amzn.to/3zdHdHH Six-Word Memoirs (book): https://amzn.to/3zg51uv PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:07) – Truth, goodness, and beauty (19:35) – Save one life (26:26) – Jeffrey Epstein (45:21) – Jeffrey Epstein and Bill Clinton (51:33) – Christmas and New Years for Russians (58:14) – Russian cynicism and suffering (1:05:52) – Gift exchange (1:18:48) – Michael’s move to Austin (1:24:14) – The Anarchist Handbook (1:30:46) – Ghislaine Maxwell (1:35:20) – Jeffrey Epstein (1:37:34) – Lex’s move to Austin (1:46:21) – Elon Musk (1:49:31) – Writing The White Pill (1:54:18) – Camus (1:59:16) – Writing The White Pill continued (2:04:34) – New Year’s resolutions (2:18:09) – 2024 elections (2:30:38) – National divorce (2:45:15) – Joe Rogan and Bret Weinstein vs Sam Harris (2:54:26) – Conversation with CEO of Pfizer (3:07:59) – Anthony Fauci (3:13:28) – Advice for young people (3:23:30) – Wife and kids (3:28:57) – Immortality



#254 – Jay Bhattacharya: The Case Against Lockdowns

Jay Bhattacharya is a professor of medicine at Stanford University and co-author of the Great Barrington Declaration. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex and use code Lex25 to get 25% off – Coinbase: https://coinbase.com/lex to get $5 in free Bitcoin – ROKA: https://roka.com/ and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit EPISODE LINKS: Jay’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/DrJBhattacharya Great Barrington Declaration: https://gbdeclaration.org/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (10:18) – How deadly is Covid? (39:48) – Covid vs Influenza (45:42) – Francis Collins email to Fauci (1:06:19) – Francis Collins (1:13:48) – Vaccine safety and efficacy (1:20:46) – Vaccine hesitancy (1:37:21) – Great Barrington Declaration and lockdowns (1:53:39) – Focused Protection (2:15:31) – Fear (2:19:57) – Advice for young people (2:24:56) – Fear of death (2:26:53) – Meaning of life



#255 – Mark Normand: Comedy!

Mark Normand is a stand-up comedian. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Calm: https://calm.com/lex to get 40% off – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex and use code Lex25 to get 25% off – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off – Grammarly: https://grammarly.com/lex to get 20% off premium – ROKA: https://roka.com/ and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order EPISODE LINKS: Mark’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/marknorm Mark’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/c/marknormand Out to Lunch (special): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tDolNU89SXI The Standups: Season 3 (Netflix): https://www.netflix.com/title/80175685 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:45) – Love (11:51) – Childhood in New Orleans (26:37) – New York (35:11) – LA vs NY (44:25) – Advice for new comedians (58:57) – Crafting jokes (1:00:59) – Norm Macdonald (1:08:32) – Favorite medium (1:12:43) – Austin (1:19:04) – Sending people to space (1:20:37) – Robots with human emotion (1:24:08) – Self-driving vehicles (1:28:15) – Future of human interaction (1:32:22) – Advice for young people (1:36:22) – Rapid random questions (1:54:09) – Meaning of life



#256 – Nationalism Debate: Yaron Brook and Yoram Hazony

Yaron Brook is an objectivist. Yoram Hazony is a national conservative. This is a conversation and debate about national conservatism vs individualism. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Noom: https://trynoom.com/lex – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex and use code Lex25 to get 25% off – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex and use code LEX to get a free security camera – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium EPISODE LINKS: Yaron’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/yaronbrook Yaron’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/ybrook Yoram’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/yhazony Yoram’s Website: https://www.yoramhazony.org/ Yaron Brook’s Books: In Pursuit of Wealth: https://amzn.to/3qmXuGo Equal Is Unfair: https://amzn.to/3FopKOV Yoram Hazony’s Books: Conservatism: https://amzn.to/3sv0Nhe The Virtue of Nationalism: https://amzn.to/3mtxqs6 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:11) – Conservatism (15:07) – Importance of history (27:09) – Rationalism vs empiricism (32:39) – Communism (40:43) – Otto von Bismarck (45:04) – Edmund Burke and the French Revolution (49:52) – USA’s founding fathers (1:02:47) – Founding documents (1:24:36) – Cohesion and Individualism (1:45:29) – Love and relationships (1:53:41) – Individual freedom (2:08:08) – Having children (2:21:54) – Reason vs emotions (2:28:44) – Nationalism (2:40:56) – Finding love (2:52:44) – Hope for the future (2:58:08) – Meaning of life



#257 – Brian Keating: Cosmology, Astrophysics, Aliens & Losing the Nobel Prize

Brian Keating is an experimental physicist at the UCSD, author of Losing the Nobel Prize, and host of the Into the Impossible podcast. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex and use code Lex25 to get 25% off – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Brian’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/DrBrianKeating Brian’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/c/DrBrianKeating Books and resources mentioned: Losing the Nobel Prize: https://amzn.to/3E6GSHI Into the Impossible: https://amzn.to/3Fb6F2E PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:46) – Telescope (12:10) – Beginning of the universe (32:23) – Science and the Soviet Union (37:49) – What it’s like to be a scientist (56:45) – Age of the universe (59:37) – Expansion of the universe (1:07:37) – Gravitational waves (1:10:49) – BICEP (1:36:05) – Nobel prize (1:59:06) – Joe Rogan (2:06:21) – Recognition in science (2:14:30) – Curiosity (2:22:18) – Losing the Nobel Prize (2:35:13) – Galileo Galilei (2:54:00) – Eric Weinstein (3:12:21) – Scientific community (3:30:02) – James Webb telescope (3:35:01) – Panspermia (3:38:32) – Origin of life (3:43:59) – Aliens (3:49:41) – Death and purpose (3:53:53) – God (3:59:49) – Power



#258 – Yann LeCun: Dark Matter of Intelligence and Self-Supervised Learning

Yann LeCun is the Chief AI Scientist at Meta, professor at NYU, Turing Award winner, and one of the seminal researchers in the history of machine learning. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Public Goods: https://publicgoods.com/lex and use code LEX to get $15 off – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – ROKA: https://roka.com/ and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off EPISODE LINKS: Yann’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/ylecun Yann’s Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/yann.lecun Yann’s Website: http://yann.lecun.com/ Books and resources mentioned: Self-supervised learning (article): https://bit.ly/3Aau1DQ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:58) – Self-supervised learning (17:17) – Vision vs language (23:08) – Statistics (28:55) – Three challenges of machine learning (34:45) – Chess (42:47) – Animals and intelligence (52:31) – Data augmentation (1:13:51) – Multimodal learning (1:25:40) – Consciousness (1:30:25) – Intrinsic vs learned ideas (1:34:37) – Fear of death (1:42:29) – Artificial Intelligence (1:56:18) – Facebook AI Research (2:12:56) – NeurIPS (2:29:08) – Complexity (2:37:33) – Music (2:42:28) – Advice for young people



#259 – Thomas Tull: From Batman Dark Knight Trilogy to AI and the Rolling Stones

Thomas Tull is founder of Legendary Entertainment, Tulco, part-owner of Pittsburgh Steelers, and guitarist for the band Ghost Hounds. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Paperspace: https://gradient.run/lex to get $15 credit – ROKA: https://roka.com/ and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex and use code Lex25 to get 25% off – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings EPISODE LINKS: Tulco: https://tulcoholdings.com/ Ghost Hounds: https://www.ghosthounds.com/ Pittsburgh Steelers: https://www.steelers.com/ Legendary Entertainment: https://www.legendary.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:14) – Legendary Entertainment (23:56) – James Cameron (25:50) – Storytelling (36:02) – Allure of movies (39:56) – Future of American industries (58:48) – Tulco (1:03:58) – Intellectual honest and life lessons (1:14:30) – Colossal (1:18:28) – Warren Buffet (1:27:10) – The Rolling Stones (1:45:20) – Greatest guitarist (1:53:33) – Thomas Tull’s music (2:03:00) – Football (2:13:56) – Advice for young people (2:19:42) – Mortality and death



#260 – Georges St-Pierre, John Danaher & Gordon Ryan: The Greatest of All Time

Georges St-Pierre is an MMA fighter. John Danaher is a martial arts coach. Gordon Ryan is a submission grappler. Each are considered by many to be the greatest of all time in each of their respective disciplines. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Calm: https://www.calm.com/lex to get 40% off – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex and use code Lex25 to get 25% off – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: Georges’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/georgesstpierre/ John’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/danaherjohn/ Gordon’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/gordonlovesjiujitsu/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:35) – Success (22:35) – Trash talk (25:42) – Doubt (34:06) – Emotions (46:01) – Gordon’s beef with André Galvão (50:11) – Diet (1:00:12) – Training (1:28:21) – Human nature and combat sports (1:39:34) – MMA vs Grappling (1:48:53) – Gordon Ryan vs Felipe Pena (1:52:40) – GSP and shoot boxing (2:03:56) – GSP vs Khabib (2:11:56) – Pankration (2:15:08) – Effective grappling and takedowns (2:30:40) – Aliens and Mars (2:47:20) – Robots (2:51:15) – Advice for young people



#261 – Philip Goff: Consciousness, Panpsychism, and the Philosophy of Mind

Philip Goff is a philosopher of mind and consciousness at Durham University and author of Galileo’s Error. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex and use code Lex25 to get 25% off – Grammarly: https://grammarly.com/lex to get 20% off premium – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Philip’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/Philip_Goff Philip’s Website: http://www.philipgoffphilosophy.com/ Galileo’s Error (book): https://amzn.to/3ustY5B Consciousness and Fundamental Reality (book): https://amzn.to/3ojldH1 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:40) – Conscious matter (41:06) – Death, mystical experiences and collective consciousness (51:30) – The authority of expertise (1:12:27) – Panpsychism and physics (1:41:11) – Suffering, zombies and illusion (2:13:57) – JRE podcast recap (2:25:33) – Free will (2:43:12) – Are we living in a simulation? (2:47:04) – Meaning of life



#262 – Garry Nolan: UFOs and Aliens

Garry Nolan is a professor at Stanford University School of Medicine. His research is in microbiology, immunology, bio-computation, and analysis of UFO artifacts, materials, and reports of UFO encounters. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex and use code Lex25 to get 25% off – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings EPISODE LINKS: Garry’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/GarryPNolan Nolan Lab’s Website: https://web.stanford.edu/group/nolan/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:41) – Biology (13:45) – Alien civilizations (17:49) – UFO encounters (54:50) – Atacama skeleton (1:02:07) – UFO materials (1:13:29) – Jacques Vallee (1:17:37) – UFO data (1:28:43) – Alien hardware in US possession (1:33:20) – Bob Lazar (1:36:15) – Avi Loeb and Oumuamua (1:40:17) – Advice for young people (1:47:05) – Meaning of life



#263 – John Abramson: Big Pharma

John Abramson is faculty at Harvard Medical School and a family physician for over two decades. He’s the author of the new book Sickening about how big pharma broke American healthcare and how we can fix it. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Noom: https://trynoom.com/lex – Notion: https://notion.com/startups to get up to $1000 off team plan – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex and use code Lex25 to get 25% off – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off EPISODE LINKS: John’s Website: https://hcp.hms.harvard.edu/people/john-david-abramson Sickening (book): https://amzn.to/3gsVHef Overdosed America (book): https://amzn.to/3LmrWKn PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (14:29) – Biggest problem with big pharma (23:30) – Advertising (43:22) – Corruption (59:38) – Pfizer vaccine data (1:08:30) – Vaccine profits (1:19:25) – Censorship (1:40:11) – FDA (1:48:45) – NIH (1:57:42) – Live longer (2:01:13) – Medications (2:09:37) – Doctors (2:13:44) – Advice for young people (2:14:40) – Big pharma’s influence (2:19:24) – Mortality (2:21:15) – Meaning of life



#264 – Tim Urban: Elon Musk, Neuralink, AI, Aliens, and the Future of Humanity

Tim Urban is the author and illustrator of the popular blog ‘Wait But Why’. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Audible: https://audible.com/lex to get $9.95 a month for 6 months – Paperspace: https://gradient.run/lex to get $15 credit – Coinbase: https://coinbase.com/lex to get $5 in free Bitcoin – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex and use code Lex25 to get 25% off – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour EPISODE LINKS: Tim’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/waitbutwhy Tim’s Website: https://waitbutwhy.com Tim’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/timurban PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (14:54) – Aliens (23:08) – The pencil problem (29:53) – Food abundance (31:57) – Extinction of human civilization (37:15) – Future politics of Mars (44:15) – SpaceX (50:15) – Elon Musk (1:15:43) – Nuclear power (1:20:09) – The higher mind (1:24:53) – Echo chambers and idea labs (1:28:05) – How our brain processes film and music (1:31:19) – Neuralink (1:39:33) – Future of physical interactions (1:43:44) – AI (1:51:04) – Free speech (1:55:07) – How to read more (2:01:49) – Spaced repetition (2:05:52) – Procrastination (2:32:44) – Goals for the future (2:38:02) – Meaning of life



#265 – Devon Larratt: Arm Wrestling

Devon Larratt is a professional arm wrestler, widely considered to be one of the best of all time. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Allform: https://allform.com/lex to get 20% off – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex and use code Lex25 to get 25% off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex and use code LEX to get a free security camera EPISODE LINKS: Devon’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/devlarratt Devon’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/devlarratt Devon’s Facebook: https://facebook.com/devon.larratt.5 Devon’s Website: https://nolimitsarmwrestling.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:42) – Over the Top and John Brzenk (18:15) – Strength vs skill vs strategy (42:38) – Denis Cyplenkov (1:11:44) – Jodi Larratt (1:15:45) – Canadian Special Forces (1:20:19) – Arm wrestling (1:27:03) – Freedom arm wrestling (1:38:36) – Diet (1:46:00) – Devon vs The Mountain (1:57:30) – Mortality (2:03:03) – Aliens and robots



#266 – Nicole Perlroth: Cybersecurity and the Weapons of Cyberwar

Nicole Perlroth is a cybersecurity journalist and author. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Linode: https://linode.com/lex to get $100 free credit – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex and use code Lex25 to get 25% off – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off – ROKA: https://roka.com/ and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit EPISODE LINKS: Nicole’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/nicoleperlroth Nicole’s Website: https://nytimes.com/by/nicole-perlroth Nicole’s Book: https://amzn.to/3sOQjrs PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:54) – Zero-day vulnerability (12:55) – History of hackers (27:47) – Interviewing hackers (31:49) – Ransomware attack (44:33) – Cyberwar (57:41) – Cybersecurity (1:06:48) – Social engineering (1:23:41) – Snowden and whistleblowers (1:33:11) – NSA (1:42:58) – Fear for cyberattacks (1:50:29) – Self-censorship (1:54:50) – Advice for young people (2:00:07) – Hope for the future



#267 – Mark Zuckerberg: Meta, Facebook, Instagram, and the Metaverse

Mark Zuckerberg is CEO of Meta, formerly Facebook. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Paperspace: https://gradient.run/lex to get $15 credit – Coinbase: https://coinbase.com/lex to get $5 in free Bitcoin – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex and use code Lex25 to get 25% off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium EPISODE LINKS: Mark’s Facebook: https://facebook.com/zuck Mark’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/zuck Meta AI: https://ai.facebook.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (11:29) – Metaverse (31:06) – Identity in Metaverse (43:15) – Security (47:40) – Social Dilemma (1:09:46) – Instagram whistleblower (1:14:31) – Social media and mental health (1:19:56) – Censorship (1:37:05) – Translation (1:44:40) – Advice for young people (1:50:28) – Daughters (1:53:16) – Mortality (1:57:49) – Question for God (2:00:55) – Meaning of life



#268 – Robert Proctor: Nazi Science and Ideology

Robert Proctor is a historian of science at Stanford University. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Theragun: https://therabody.com/lex to get 30 day trial – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – Grammarly: https://grammarly.com/lex to get 20% off premium – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings EPISODE LINKS: Robert’s Website: https://history.stanford.edu/people/robert-n-proctor The Nazi War on Cancer (book): https://amzn.to/3hjYzdZ Agnotology (book): https://amzn.to/3viS8A1 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:40) – Ideology and science (21:14) – Wernher von Braun (28:21) – The scientific process (38:23) – Censorship (47:37) – Anthony Fauci (52:47) – Courage in science (1:00:07) – Tobacco industry (1:23:52) – Nazi medicine (1:34:02) – The Nazi War on Cancer (1:39:14) – Science funding (1:50:08) – Ignorance (1:57:49) – Ideology in academia (2:04:09) – Human origins (2:14:02) – Hobbies (2:21:19) – Diversity in the universe (2:24:54) – Stones (2:33:49) – Conspiracy theories (2:37:59) – Nazi impact on Soviet science (2:43:14) – Nazi tobacco industry’s denial campaign (2:47:30) – Hope for the future (2:50:04) – Meaning of life



#269 – Lee Cronin: Origin of Life, Aliens, Complexity, and Consciousness

Lee Cronin is a chemist at the University of Glasgow. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Paperspace: https://gradient.run/lex to get $15 credit – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – Notion: https://notion.com/startups to get up to $1000 off team plan – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Lee’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/leecronin Lee’s Website: https://www.chem.gla.ac.uk/cronin/ Chemify’s Website: https://chemify.io PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:31) – Life and chemistry (21:56) – Self-replicating molecules (32:19) – Origin of life (48:45) – Life on Mars (53:49) – Aliens (1:00:30) – Origin of life continued (1:07:24) – Fermi Paradox (1:17:04) – UFOs (1:25:25) – Science and authority (1:31:28) – Pickle experiment (1:34:23) – Assembly theory (2:17:22) – Free will (2:28:37) – Cellular automata (2:52:08) – Chemputation (3:09:23) – Universal programming language for chemistry (3:22:34) – Chemputer safety (3:35:15) – Automated engineering of nanomaterials (3:44:15) – Consciousness (3:53:48) – Joscha Bach (4:05:04) – Meaning of life



#270 – David Wolpe: Judaism

David Wolpe is a Rabbi of Sinai Temple in Los Angeles. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Mizzen+Main: https://mizzenandmain.com and use code LEX to get $35 off – Linode: https://linode.com/lex to get $100 free credit – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex and use code LEX – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings EPISODE LINKS: David’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/RabbiWolpe David’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/davidjwolpe David: The Divided Heart (book): https://amzn.to/3I5cFut Why Faith Matters (book): https://amzn.to/3i7qZrT PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (14:57) – Who is God? (21:13) – Atheism (33:11) – Holocaust (38:45) – Evil (43:57) – Nihilism (47:42) – Judaism (56:36) – Marriage (1:00:27) – The Torah (1:04:33) – Gay marriage (1:13:40) – Super Bowl (1:21:34) – Religious texts (1:27:20) – Exodus (1:31:15) – Free will (1:35:23) – Consciousness (1:44:06) – Suffering (1:48:04) – Mortality (1:52:42) – Finding faith (2:00:26) – Israel and Palestine (2:07:44) – Advice for young people (2:11:04) – Books (2:14:45) – Meaning of life



#271 – Ariel Ekblaw: Space Colonization and Self-Assembling Space Megastructures

Ariel Ekblaw is the director of the MIT Space Exploration Initiative. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Coinbase: https://coinbase.com/lex to get $10 in free Bitcoin – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil EPISODE LINKS: Ariel’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/ariel_ekblaw MIT Space Exploration Initiative: https://media.mit.edu/groups/space-exploration Books and resources mentioned: Into the Anthropocosmos (book): https://amzn.to/3CUIchM Seveneves (book): https://amzn.to/36ipd4O Endurance (book): https://amzn.to/3CYdKDJ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:51) – Space exploration (15:58) – Swarm robotics and self-assembling space habitats (33:39) – Microgravity (37:56) – Deep duration space missions (43:06) – Extraterrestrial life (49:29) – Music and sports in space (56:08) – Colonizing space (1:03:28) – War in space (1:08:02) – Robots in space (1:22:43) – Commercial space exploration (1:26:21) – Future of space exploration (1:34:07) – Beauty of the universe (1:39:03) – Space cities (1:44:44) – Advice for young people (1:48:04) – Consciousness (1:49:50) – Meaning of life



#272 – Brett Johnson: US Most Wanted Cybercriminal

Brett Johnson was a US Most Wanted cybercriminal, called the Original Internet Godfather by US Secret Service for building the the first organized cybercrime community called ShadowCrew, which was the precursor to today’s darknet and darknet markets. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Public Goods: https://publicgoods.com/lex and use code LEX to get $15 off – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Brett’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/GOllumfun Brett’s Website: https://anglerphish.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:47) – Early years (43:05) – Phishing and social engineering (1:01:09) – SolarWinds cyberattack (1:06:56) – Future social engineering fears (1:09:37) – Early cybercrimes (1:22:10) – Cybercrime entrepreneurship (1:25:39) – ShadowCrew (1:56:42) – Dark web (2:05:29) – ShadowCrew arrested (2:17:28) – Cybercrime (2:22:34) – Love (2:54:39) – Prison (3:22:50) – Life after prison (3:44:39) – Advice for young people (3:46:03) – Hope for the future (3:49:32) – Meaning of life



#273 – Chris Blattman: War and Violence

Chris Blattman is a professor at the University of Chicago studying the causes and consequences of violence and war. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Truebill: https://truebill.com/lex – Mizzen+Main: https://mizzenandmain.com and use code LEX to get $35 off – Grammarly: https://grammarly.com/lex to get 20% off premium – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings EPISODE LINKS: Chris’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/cblatts Chris’s Website: https://chrisblattman.com Why We Fight (book): https://amzn.to/3702fjb PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:49) – What is war? (17:59) – Justification for war (40:47) – War in Ukraine (1:24:16) – Nuclear war (1:35:36) – Drug cartels (1:52:19) – Joseph Kony (1:58:23) – World Wars (2:05:31) – Civil wars (2:12:05) – Israeli–Palestinian conflict (2:20:49) – China vs USA (2:26:58) – Love (2:33:23) – Hard data (2:40:58) – Mortality (2:46:04) – Advice for young people (2:50:45) – Tyler Cowen



#274 – Karl Deisseroth: Depression, Schizophrenia, and Psychiatry

Karl Deisseroth is a professor of bioengineering, psychiatry, and behavioral sciences at Stanford University. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – BiOptimizers: http://www.magbreakthrough.com/lex to get 10% off – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Notion: https://notion.com/startups to get up to $1000 off team plan – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off EPISODE LINKS: Karl’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/karldeisseroth Karl’s Website: https://web.stanford.edu/group/dlab Projections (book): https://amzn.to/3NKmdiJ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:58) – Mental disorders (15:31) – Intelligence (18:10) – James Joyce (26:47) – Writing (30:11) – Projections (33:46) – Translation (36:17) – Poetry (45:00) – Love (50:34) – Psychiatry (53:46) – Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung (1:02:30) – Data in cells (1:06:33) – Optogenetics (1:22:01) – Neuralink (1:34:49) – Psychedelics (1:41:13) – Depression (1:56:38) – Talk therapy and psychoanalysis (2:00:19) – Good Will Hunting (2:10:55) – Darkest moments (2:12:26) – Suicide (2:29:31) – Autism (2:49:09) – Schizophrenia (3:00:18) – Why we cry (3:07:30) – Consciousness (3:22:01) – Mortality (3:23:41) – Meaning of life



#275 – Rick Rubin: Legendary Music Producer

Rick Rubin is one of the greatest music producers of all time, working with many of the greats including Beastie Boys, Eminem, Metallica, LL Cool J, Kanye West, Slayer, Tom Petty, Johnny Cash, Dixie Chicks, Aerosmith, Adele, Danzig, Red Hot Chili Peppers, System of a Down, Jay-Z, Black Sabbath. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Lambda: https://lambdalabs.com/lex – Theragun: https://therabody.com/lex to get 30 day trial – ROKA: https://roka.com/ and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: Rick’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/RickRubin Broken Record Podcast: https://bit.ly/3j7BFXZ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:46) – Nietzsche and music (18:47) – Rick’s approach with artists (30:10) – Beautiful simplicity in music (33:54) – Marvin Gaye (43:09) – Best album of all time (47:02) – Paul McCartney (49:08) – Ideas (51:30) – Rebellion and conformity (56:18) – Fitness (59:27) – Johnny Cash (1:09:23) – Tom Waits (1:14:01) – Lyrics vs rhythm (1:18:48) – Johnny Cash continued (1:20:47) – Beastie Boys (1:27:09) – Depression (1:31:31) – Art vs Business (1:40:18) – Art of conversation (1:56:52) – Rick’s podcast (2:00:02) – Advice for young people (2:04:07) – Mortality (2:06:42) – Meaning of life



#276 – Michael Saylor: Bitcoin, Inflation, and the Future of Money

Michael Saylor is the CEO of MicroStrategy and a prominent holder and proponent of Bitcoin. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Scale: https://scale.com/lex – Coinbase: https://coinbase.com/lex to get $10 in free Bitcoin – Audible: https://audible.com/lex to get $9.95 a month for 6 months – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex and use code LEX EPISODE LINKS: Michael’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/saylor MicroStrategy: https://microstrategy.com/ Michael’s Book: https://amzn.to/37J2iA0 Book mentioned: https://amzn.to/3jwsIaP PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:09) – Grading our understanding (19:27) – Inflation (39:03) – Government (1:00:13) – War and power (1:11:23) – Dematerializing information (1:42:45) – Digital energy and assets (1:54:23) – Oil barrel vs Bitcoin (2:03:43) – Layers of Bitcoin (2:20:53) – Bitcoin’s role during wartime (2:25:37) – Jack Dorsey (2:41:58) – Bitcoin conflict of interest (2:48:39) – Satoshi Nakamoto (2:54:04) – Volatility (3:06:30) – Bitcoin price (3:18:46) – Twitter verification (3:27:42) – Second best crypto (3:33:24) – Dogecoin (3:37:57) – Elon Musk (3:43:26) – Advice for young people (3:54:54) – Mortality (3:57:59) – Meaning of life



#277 – Andrew Huberman: Focus, Stress, Relationships, and Friendship

Andrew Huberman is a neuroscientist at Stanford and host of the Huberman Lab Podcast. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Brave: https://brave.com/lex – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack – ROKA: https://roka.com/ and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off EPISODE LINKS: Andrew’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/AndrewHubermanLab Huberman Lab Podcast: https://hubermanlab.com Andrew’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/hubermanlab Andrew’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/hubermanlab PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:25) – Diet (17:30) – Attribution in science (20:11) – Rick Rubin (27:57) – Mental states (42:38) – Controversial guests (55:19) – Karl Deisseroth (59:34) – Difficult conversations (1:06:36) – Big guests (1:20:22) – Academia (1:27:23) – Freedom of speech (1:38:26) – If by Rudyard Kipling (1:45:37) – Music (1:51:16) – Public speaking (2:10:11) – Non-sleep deep rest (2:24:32) – Focus (2:34:52) – Stress and anxiety (2:54:48) – Sauna (3:06:14) – Sex (3:14:07) – Love and relationships



#278 – Skye Fitzgerald: Hunger, War, and Human Suffering

Skye Fitzgerald is a two-time Oscar-nominated documentary filmmaker, his films include Hunger Ward, Lifeboat, and 50 Feet from Syria. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Notion: https://notion.com/startups to get up to $1000 off team plan – Mizzen+Main: https://mizzenandmain.com and use code LEX to get $35 off – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings EPISODE LINKS: Skye’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/spin_film Skye’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/spin_film Hunger Ward (movie): https://hungerward.org Lifeboat (movie): https://lifeboatdocumentary.com 50 Feet from Syria (movie): https://50feetfromsyria.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:34) – World hunger (12:37) – Hunger Ward (35:04) – Language (40:15) – Famine (50:59) – Authoritarianism (57:27) – Storytelling (1:11:01) – Access (1:15:24) – Trust (1:19:06) – Film equipment (1:23:52) – Editing (1:30:21) – Filmmaking (1:43:20) – Favorite Films (1:54:28) – Lifeboat (2:01:53) – Breaking rules (2:04:48) – Fear (2:08:27) – 50 feet from Syria (2:13:24) – Money and distribution (2:21:02) – Advice for young people (2:24:07) – Books (2:26:01) – Darkest moments (2:30:32) – Meaning of life (2:32:30) – Mortality



#279 – Alien Debate: Sara Walker and Lee Cronin

Sara Walker is an astrobiologist and theoretical physicist. Lee Cronin is a chemist. This is a conversation and debate about alien life and alien civilizations. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Uncruise: https://uncruise.com/pages/lex – Linode: https://linode.com/lex to get $100 free credit – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – ROKA: https://roka.com/ and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil EPISODE LINKS: Sara’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/Sara_Imari Sara’s Website: http://emergence.asu.edu Lee’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/leecronin Lee’s Website: https://www.chem.gla.ac.uk/cronin Chemify’s Website: https://chemify.io PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:47) – Aliens (21:53) – What is life? (29:35) – Assembly theory (52:03) – Math (1:03:45) – Communication with aliens (1:28:38) – Evolution of the universe (1:37:56) – Creating alien life (1:45:29) – Origin of life (1:52:29) – Before the Big Bang (1:59:22) – God (2:09:39) – Goal-directed behavior (2:27:37) – Time (2:35:54) – Free will and imagination (2:51:06) – UFO sightings (2:56:06) – Alien life forms debate (3:11:14) – Robots (3:20:29) – Love and emotion (3:38:55) – Beauty in science (3:49:06) – Random questions (3:58:30) – Advice for young people (4:01:48) – Life on Earth (4:06:12) – Memory



#280 – Cristiano Amon: Qualcomm CEO

Cristiano Amon is the CEO of Qualcomm, world-leader in 5G wireless communication and computation systems inside premium Android phones and other robots. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Scale: https://scale.com/lex – Truebill: https://truebill.com/lex – BiOptimizers: http://www.magbreakthrough.com/lex to get 10% off – Four Sigmatic: https://foursigmatic.com/lex and use code LexPod to get up to 60% off – Fundrise: https://fundrise.com/lex EPISODE LINKS: Cristiano’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/cristianoamon Qualcomm’s Website: https://qualcomm.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:43) – Football/soccer (07:38) – Smartphones (10:09) – 5G (26:27) – Snapdragon (32:45) – Apple and Google (37:19) – Future of Qualcomm (48:20) – Autonomous vehicles (50:05) – Robots (52:31) – Chip shortage (56:40) – Lawsuits (1:00:07) – Leadership (1:04:26) – Advice for young people (1:08:17) – Meaning of life



#281 – Grimes: Music, AI, and the Future of Humanity

Grimes is a musician, artist, singer, songwriter, producer, and director. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Brave: https://brave.com/lex – Novo: https://novo.co/lex – Lambda: https://lambdalabs.com/lex – Public Goods: https://publicgoods.com/lex and use code LEX to get $15 off – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium EPISODE LINKS: Grimes’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/Grimezsz Grimes’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/grimes PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:24) – Identity (12:22) – Music production (25:13) – Spotify (29:55) – Experimental music (32:30) – Vision of future (45:04) – Motherhood (1:01:11) – Consciousness (1:16:01) – Love (1:21:52) – Metaverse (1:34:34) – Technology and bureaucracy (1:38:32) – Mortality (1:46:57) – Understanding evil (1:50:55) – Last person on Earth (1:53:33) – Dan Carlin (1:56:03) – Rise and Fall of the Third Reich (2:02:28) – Coolest human invention (2:03:49) – Advice for young people (2:07:01) – Meaning of life



#282 – David Buss: Sex, Dating, Relationships, and Sex Differences

David Buss is an evolutionary psychologist at UT Austin. He is one of the founders of the field of evolutionary psychology. His current research is on sex differences in mate selection, mate attraction, infidelity, and the emotions of jealousy, lust, and love. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Notion: https://notion.com/startups  – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod  – Roka: https://roka.com/ and use code LEX  – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit  – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex  EPISODE LINKS: David’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/profdavidbuss David’s Website: https://labs.la.utexas.edu/buss/ When Men Behave Badly (book): https://amzn.to/3y3bRVM The Evolution of Desire (book): https://amzn.to/3kyBdTt Evolutionary Psychology (textbook): https://amzn.to/3LExU9e Derogation of Competitors (research paper): https://bit.ly/38G4LMa PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:04) – Sex vs Violence (14:48) – Mating strategies (26:44) – Social construct of beauty (30:38) – Evolution of mating evaluation (34:40) – Mating selection desires (39:52) – Difficulties of monogamy (46:16) – Importance of male appearance (48:52) – Importance of wealth (52:08) – Penis and breasts (55:59) – Fashion (58:58) – Body objectification (1:06:33) – Wear sunscreen (1:13:29) – Gender (1:30:39) – What motivates humans (1:32:29) – Dominance and submissiveness (1:40:33) – Johnny Depp defamation trial (1:50:24) – Jealousy (1:58:45) – Mate poaching (2:02:58) – Polyamory (2:14:13) – Female vs Male sexuality (2:23:11) – Pornography (2:29:46) – Sex and Violence continued (2:38:55) – Cancel culture (2:50:38) – Elon Musk and Twitter (2:59:02) – Serial killers (3:04:55) – Advice for young people (3:16:57) – Love (3:22:57) – Mortality (3:27:40) – Meaning of life



#283 – Chris Mason: Space Travel, Colonization, and Long-Term Survival in Space

Chris Mason is a professor of genomics, physiology, and biophysics at Cornell, doing research on the long-term effects of space on the human body. He is the author of The Next 500 Years: Engineering Life to Reach New Worlds. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Grammarly: https://grammarly.com/lex to get 20% off premium – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex EPISODE LINKS: Chris’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/mason_lab Chris’s Website: http://masonlab.net/ Chris’s Company: https://onegevity.com/ The Next 500 Years (book): https://amzn.to/3k9ab4S Reasons and Persons (book): https://amzn.to/3Lrm6a5 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (0:00) – Introduction (7:43) – Human extinction awareness (16:29) – Heat death of the universe (22:05) – Alone in the universe (25:41) – Aliens (33:50) – Entropy goggles (48:04) – Genetics (56:14) – Scott Kelly (1:02:12) – Adapting to space (1:12:13) – Sex in space (1:14:46) – Colonizing planets (1:21:25) – Culture on Mars (1:25:51) – Commercial space flights (1:33:09) – Podcast in space (1:40:43) – Axiom Space (1:42:59) – Designing space experiments (1:49:49) – Robots in space (1:52:30) – Space exploration (1:56:28) – War in space (2:00:05) – Launch toward the Second Sun (2:06:14) – Chlorohumans (2:11:50) – Extreme microbiome project (2:18:17) – Space travel breakthroughs (2:30:15) – Clones (2:36:08) – AI age prediction (2:41:38) – Advice for young people (2:47:56) – Dark times (2:52:19) – Mortality (2:56:37) – Visiting ISS and deep space (2:57:46) – Meaning of life



#284 – Saifedean Ammous: Bitcoin, Anarchy, and Austrian Economics

Saifedean Ammous is an Austrian economist and author of The Bitcoin Standard and The Fiat Standard. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – GiveWell: https://www.givewell.org/ and use code LEX – Scale: https://scale.com/lex – Uncruise: https://uncruise.com/pages/lex – BiOptimizers: http://www.magbreakthrough.com/lex to get 10% off – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil EPISODE LINKS: Saifedean’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/saifedean Saifedean’s Website: https://saifedean.com The Bitcoin Standard podcast: https://saifedean.com/podcast Books & resources mentioned: The Fiat Standard (book): https://amzn.to/3FmNfsy The Bitcoin Standard (book): https://amzn.to/3LRrcwA The Blocksize War (book): https://amzn.to/3LORQ9o The Theory of Money and Credit (book): https://amzn.to/3ykreZT Human Action (book): https://amzn.to/3w9LzP4 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:53) – Money (20:58) – Gold standard (34:09) – Collective hallucination (39:59) – Austrian vs Keynesian economics (1:12:20) – Free market (1:28:49) – Monarchy (1:34:23) – Fiat money (2:21:13) – SWIFT system (2:34:03) – Bitcoin (2:40:20) – Satoshi Nakamoto (2:48:04) – Criticisms of Bitcoin (3:03:16) – Football/soccer (3:06:58) – Criticisms of Bitcoin continued (3:17:17) – Bitcoin Maximalism (3:29:40) – Proof of stake (3:46:46) – Central bank digital currency (3:57:59) – Michael Malice (4:00:12) – Advice for young people (4:06:21) – Palestine (4:18:00) – Mortality



#285 – Glenn Loury: Race, Racism, Identity Politics, and Cancel Culture

Glenn Loury is a professor of economics and social sciences at Brown University, and a prominent podcaster and social critic who speaks and writes about race, inequality, and social policy. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Lambda: https://lambdalabs.com/lex – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack – Coinbase: https://coinbase.com/lex to get $10 in free Bitcoin – ROKA: https://roka.com/ and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off EPISODE LINKS: Glenn’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/GlennLoury Glenn’s Substack: https://glennloury.substack.com Glenn’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/c/GlennLouryShow The Anatomy of Racial Inequality (book): https://amzn.to/3N7jmz0 Race, Incarceration, and American Values (book): https://amzn.to/398ywpk PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:12) – Martin Luther King Jr. (16:00) – History of slavery (30:39) – Equality of outcome (47:02) – Math and economics (1:03:17) – Racial groups (1:16:33) – Black patriotism (1:26:26) – MLK and Malcolm X (1:40:07) – Joe Rogan controversy (1:59:23) – Accusation of racism (2:07:08) – Elon Musk and Twitter (2:12:41) – Universities (2:21:19) – Cognitive inequality (2:33:45) – Politics (2:53:10) – Ketanji Brown Jackson (2:59:14) – Thomas Sowell (3:04:28) – Barack Obama (3:23:06) – Mortality (3:35:20) – Meaning of life



#286 – Oliver Stone: Vladimir Putin and War in Ukraine

Oliver Stone is a filmmaker with 3 Oscar wins and 11 Oscar nominations. His films include Platoon, Wall Street, Born on the Fourth of July, Scarface, JFK, Nixon, Alexander, W, Snowden, and documentaries where he has interviewed Fidel Castro, Hugo Chavez, and Vladimir Putin. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Novo: https://novo.co/lex – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex and use code LEX – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour EPISODE LINKS: Oliver’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/TheOliverStone Chasing the Light (book): https://amzn.to/3ywb3J2 A Bright Future (book): https://amzn.to/3yvuGAX PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:35) – Nuclear power (22:33) – Russia and US relations (27:48) – JFK and the Cold War (33:05) – Interviewing Putin (56:44) – Invasion of Ukraine (1:06:01) – Why Putin invaded Ukraine (1:20:25) – Propaganda (1:27:43) – Interviewing Putin in 2022 (1:34:59) – Nuclear war (1:41:09) – Advice on interviewing (1:44:50) – Interviewing Hitler (1:48:11) – Putin interview language barrier (1:49:22) – Love (1:51:17) – Advice to young people (1:54:23) – Mortality (1:55:25) – Regrets (1:57:22) – Meaning of life



#287 – Bobby Lee: Comedy, Skyrim, Sex Robots, Love, Fame, and Power

Bobby Lee is a comedian and co-host of TigerBelly and Bad Friends podcasts. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Brave: https://brave.com/lex – GiveWell: https://www.givewell.org/ and use code LEX – Linode: https://linode.com/lex to get $100 free credit – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit EPISODE LINKS: Bobby’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/bobbyleelive Bobby’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/bobbyleelive TigerBelly Podcast: https://youtube.com/c/TigerBelly TigerBelly Merch: https://thetigerbelly.com Bad Friends Podcast: https://youtube.com/c/BadFriends Bad Friends Merch: http://badfriendsmerch.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:20) – Wedding (13:20) – Video games (18:58) – Grappling (24:03) – Sex robots (27:01) – Khalyla (33:46) – Parenting (44:26) – Darkest moment (52:43) – Fame (1:02:57) – Carlos Mencia (1:09:47) – TigerBelly (1:23:24) – George and Gilbert (1:30:35) – Power (1:43:38) – Meaning of life



#288 – Sarma Melngailis: Bad Vegan

Sarma Melngailis is a chef and restauranteur who was the subject of the Netflix documentary Bad Vegan: Fame, Fraud, Fugitives. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Mailgun: https://lexfridman.com/mailgun – BiOptimizers: http://www.magbreakthrough.com/lex to get 10% off – Notion: https://notion.com/startups to get up to $1000 off team plan – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings EPISODE LINKS: Sarma’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/sarma Sarma’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/sarmamelngailis Sarma’s Website: https://sarmaraw.com Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (book): https://amzn.to/3G9pMvs Party of One (book): https://amzn.to/3NtcH2n Beautiful Ruins (book): https://amzn.to/38Cfgkc Darkness Visible (book): https://amzn.to/3tdxoYL Projections (book): https://amzn.to/38DrRDJ Confessions of a Sociopath (book): https://amzn.to/3sM39Ys On Love (book): https://amzn.to/3sS3Orj Dear Reader (book): https://amzn.to/39JPE4M PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:44) – Childhood (12:46) – Films (23:17) – Gifts (32:20) – Favorite food creations (38:31) – Leon: The Pitbull (50:39) – Bad Vegan (1:02:41) – Abusive relationship (1:07:24) – Remorse for employees (1:13:19) – Sociopathy (1:23:44) – How Sarma met Anthony Strangis (1:45:43) – Retrospection (1:58:24) – Johnny Depp and Amber Heard (2:06:17) – Is Anthony Strangis a sociopath? (2:10:24) – What Bad Vegan got wrong (2:27:40) – Darkest personal discovery (2:38:22) – Road trip from hell (2:45:36) – Wild stories (2:54:33) – Prison (3:04:13) – Ghislaine Maxwell (3:19:44) – Running restaurants (3:33:26) – Last meal (3:37:50) – Relationships (3:47:02) – Advice for young people (3:52:16) – Regrets (3:56:01) – Mortality (4:12:04) – Love



#289 – Stephen Kotkin: Putin, Zelenskyy, and War in Ukraine

Stephen Kotkin is a historian specializing in Stalin and Soviet history. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Lambda: https://lambdalabs.com/lex – Scale: https://scale.com/lex – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – ROKA: https://roka.com/ and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order EPISODE LINKS: Stephen’s Website: https://history.princeton.edu/people/stephen-kotkin Stalin: 1878-1928 (Vol 1): https://amzn.to/3NvokpC Stalin: 1929-1941 (Vol 2): https://amzn.to/3wIYqsT PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (10:17) – Putin and Stalin (21:07) – Putin vs the West (43:59) – Response to Oliver Stone (55:05) – Russian invasion of Ukraine (1:34:33) – Putin’s plan for the war (1:42:32) – Henry Kissinger (1:48:26) – Nuclear war (1:59:00) – Parallels to World War II (2:21:45) – China (2:29:54) – World War III (2:37:23) – Navalny (2:41:40) – Meaning of life



#290 – Dan Reynolds: Imagine Dragons

Dan Reynolds is the lead singer of Imagine Dragons, one of the most popular bands in the world. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Brave: https://brave.com/lex – Mizzen+Main: https://mizzenandmain.com and use code LEX to get $35 off – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – Grammarly: https://grammarly.com/lex to get 20% off premium EPISODE LINKS: Dan’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/DanReynolds Dan’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/danreynolds Imagine Dragons Website: https://imaginedragonsmusic.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:29) – Programming (27:30) – Johnny Depp and Amber Heard (32:23) – Las Vegas (37:25) – Spirituality (40:38) – Ayahuasca (50:56) – Depression and fame (54:40) – Introvert (1:07:19) – Advice from Charlie Sheen (1:19:58) – Making music (1:32:33) – Lesson from Rick Rubin (1:38:34) – Believer (1:46:05) – Father son relationship (1:47:22) – Dan’s first song (1:51:34) – Cat Stevens and Harry Chapin (1:56:17) – Advice for young people (2:04:49) – LGBTQ (2:09:11) – Religion (2:13:53) – Meaning of life (2:17:02) – Dan sings



#291 – Jonathan Haidt: The Case Against Social Media

Jonathan Haidt is a social psychologist at NYU and author of The Coddling of the American Mind, The Righteous Mind, and The Happiness Hypothesis. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Uncruise: https://uncruise.com/pages/lex – Notion: https://notion.com/startups to get up to $1000 off team plan – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings EPISODE LINKS: Jonathan’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/JonHaidt Jonathan’s Website: https://jonathanhaidt.com Documents & Articles: 1. Social Media and Political Dysfunction: A Collaborative Review: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1vVAtMCQnz8WVxtSNQev_e1cGmY9rnY96ecYuAj6C548/edit 2. Teen Mental Health Testimony: https://www.judiciary.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/Haidt%20Testimony.pdf 3. The Atlantic article: https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2022/05/social-media-democracy-trust-babel/629369/ Books: 1. The Coddling of the American Mind (book): https://amzn.to/3MW4HqL 2. The Righteous Mind (book): https://amzn.to/3to0tkj 3. The Happiness Hypothesis (book): https://amzn.to/3Mb1xP2 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:57) – Social media and mental health (21:45) – Mark Zuckerberg (31:23) – Children’s use of social media (42:08) – Social media and democracy (58:14) – Elon Musk and Twitter (1:14:45) – Anonymity on social media (1:20:44) – Misinformation (1:27:38) – Social media benefits (1:30:22) – Political division on social media (1:36:54) – Future of social media (1:42:46) – Advice for young people



#292 – Robin Hanson: Alien Civilizations, UFOs, and the Future of Humanity

Robin Hanson is a professor at George Mason University and researcher at Future of Humanity Institute at Oxford. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Lambda: https://lambdalabs.com/lex – Audible: https://audible.com/lex – BiOptimizers: http://www.magbreakthrough.com/lex to get 10% off – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: Robin’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/robinhanson Robin’s Website: https://mason.gmu.edu/~rhanson Grabby Aliens (paper): https://grabbyaliens.com/paper The Elephant in the Brain (book): https://amazon.com/dp/0197551955/ref=nosim?tag=turingmachi08-20 The Age of Em (book): https://amazon.com/dp/0198817827/ref=nosim?tag=turingmachi08-20 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:49) – Grabby aliens (44:33) – War and competition (50:07) – Global government (1:02:58) – Humanity’s future (1:13:00) – Hello aliens (1:40:03) – UFO sightings (2:04:40) – Conspiracy theories (2:12:58) – Elephant in the brain (2:26:29) – Medicine (2:38:58) – Institutions (3:05:52) – Physics (3:10:43) – Artificial intelligence (3:28:32) – Economics (3:31:53) – Political science (3:37:42) – Advice for young people (3:46:33) – Darkest moments (3:49:34) – Love and loss (3:58:57) – Immortality (4:02:53) – Simulation hypothesis (4:13:10) – Meaning of life



#293 – Donald Hoffman: Reality is an Illusion – How Evolution Hid the Truth

Donald Hoffman is a cognitive scientist at UC Irvine and author of The Case Against Reality. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Calm: https://calm.com/lex to get 40% off – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit EPISODE LINKS: Donald’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/donalddhoffman Donald’s Website: http://cogsci.uci.edu/~ddhoff/ Documents & Articles: 1. Could a Neuroscientist Understand a Microprocessor?: https://journals.plos.org/ploscompbiol/article?id=10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005268 2. Conscious Agent Networks: https://chrisfieldsresearch.com/CA-circuits-CSR-rev2.pdf 3. The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Argument in Quantum Theory: https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/qt-epr/ Books: 1. The Case Against Reality: https://amzn.to/3MhW4Wt 2. Vision: https://amzn.to/3Q4ibTm PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:04) – Case against reality (19:33) – Spacetime (43:57) – Reductionism (1:04:23) – Evolutionary game theory (1:32:46) – Consciousness (2:28:06) – Visualizing reality (2:43:23) – Ephemerality of life (2:51:48) – Simulation theory (2:57:30) – Difficult ideas (3:12:32) – Love (3:16:07) – Advice for young people (3:18:26) – Meaning of life



#294 – Tony Fadell: iPhone, iPod, and Nest

Tony Fadell is an engineer and designer, co-creator of the iPod, iPhone, Nest Thermostat, and author of the new book Build: An Unorthodox Guide to Making Things Worth Making. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Mailgun: https://lexfridman.com/mailgun – Scale: https://scale.com/lex – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex and use code LEX – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings EPISODE LINKS: Tony’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/tfadell Tony’s Website: https://tonyfadell.com Build (book): https://amzn.to/3xSReee Story (book): https://amzn.to/3Olzqhv PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:16) – Memories (14:13) – Apple II (22:51) – First business (26:55) – iPod (50:56) – Ideas (55:09) – Marketing (1:05:26) – PR and Comms (1:15:06) – Design (1:20:03) – Experts (1:26:04) – Steve Jobs (2:09:43) – Jony Ive (2:16:55) – Nest (2:27:13) – Advice for young people (2:31:30) – Startup (2:36:25) – Money (2:41:33) – Work-Life Balance (2:44:11) – Darkest moment (2:49:48) – Meaning of life



#295 – Richard Wolff: Marxism and Communism

Richard Wolff is a Marxist philosopher and economist. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Skiff: https://skiff.org/lex to get early access – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – Linode: https://linode.com/lex to get $100 free credit EPISODE LINKS: Richard’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/profwolff Richard’s Website: https://www.rdwolff.com Contending Economic Theories (book): https://amzn.to/3HykPwT Understanding Marxism (book): https://amzn.to/39qpm8b Understanding Socialism (book): https://amzn.to/3Og9XG3 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:12) – Marxism (15:41) – Communism (50:47) – Human nature (1:03:03) – Economics (1:09:54) – Capitalism (1:42:18) – Governments and corporations (1:53:13) – Stalinism (2:07:12) – Nazis (2:14:08) – Socialism vs Marxism (2:21:48) – Bernie Sanders and AOC (2:38:49) – Cultural Marxism (2:45:49) – Darkest moments (2:51:18) – Advice for young people (2:53:37) – Mortality (2:57:28) – Meaning of life



#296 – Douglas Murray: Racism, Marxism, and the War on the West

Douglas Murray is an author and political commentator. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Brave: https://brave.com/lex – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – BiOptimizers: http://www.magbreakthrough.com/lex to get 10% off – Notion: https://notion.com/startups to get up to $1000 off team plan – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: Douglas’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/DouglasKMurray Douglas’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/douglaskmurray Douglas’s Website: https://douglasmurray.net The War on the West (book): https://amzn.to/38L7B36 Madness of Crowds (book): https://amzn.to/3MShBpX Strange Death of Europe (book): https://amzn.to/3OnYmEX PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:49) – Western civilization (16:29) – Slavery (20:06) – Reparations (25:11) – Institutional racism (32:24) – Lived experience (41:49) – Resentment (53:55) – Critical race theory (1:08:27) – Racism (1:27:26) – Stalin (1:31:59) – Churchill (1:38:03) – Marxism (1:54:41) – Madness of Crowds (2:03:14) – Ego (2:10:22) – Donald Trump (2:17:06) – America’s future (2:24:33) – Advice for young people (2:33:16) – Love



#297 – Jonathan Reisman: The Human Body – From Sex & Sperm to Hands & Heart

Jonathan Reisman is a physician and author of The Unseen Body who has practiced medicine in some of the most remote places in the world. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Lambda: https://lambdalabs.com/lex – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – Fundrise: https://fundrise.com/lex – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour EPISODE LINKS: Jonathan’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/jonreismanMD Jonathan’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/jonreismanmd Jonathan’s Website: http://jonathanreisman.com The Unseen Body (book): https://amzn.to/3Fyycw0 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:01) – Hands (16:15) – Sex (25:56) – Future of medicine (35:03) – Throat (45:26) – Heart and blood (53:28) – Genitals (1:05:57) – Poop (1:10:12) – Emergency room (1:18:03) – Sperm (1:23:09) – Liver (1:28:38) – Living in the Far North (1:47:21) – War and medicine (1:52:07) – Antarctica (2:05:03) – Artificial organs (2:13:39) – History of medicine (2:22:40) – Paul Farmer (2:27:05) – Advice for young people (2:34:03) – Struggle (2:40:07) – Mortality (2:45:44) – Meaning of life



#298 – Susan Cain: The Power of Introverts and Loneliness

Susan Cain is the author of Quiet: The Power of Introverts in a World That Can’t Stop Talking, and Bittersweet: How Sorrow and Longing Make Us Whole. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Brave: https://brave.com/lex – Skiff: https://skiff.org/lex to get early access – Mizzen+Main: https://mizzenandmain.com and use code LEX to get $35 off – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off EPISODE LINKS: Susan’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/susancain Susan’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/susancainauthor Susan’s Website: https://susancain.net Bittersweet (book): https://amzn.to/3xE0LWt Quiet (book): https://amzn.to/3QvpOmb PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:42) – Introverts (24:42) – Small talk (29:37) – Artistic expression (42:03) – Sad music (49:42) – Leonard Cohen (1:00:34) – Public speaking (1:07:50) – Podcasts (1:15:25) – Famous Blue Raincoat by Leonard Cohen (1:30:47) – Creativity and sadness (1:39:03) – Dark moments (1:47:06) – Parenting (1:55:59) – Advice for young people (1:59:10) – Meaning of life



#299 – Demis Hassabis: DeepMind

Demis Hassabis is the CEO and co-founder of DeepMind. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Mailgun: https://lexfridman.com/mailgun – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off EPISODE LINKS: Demis’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/demishassabis DeepMind’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/DeepMind DeepMind’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/deepmind DeepMind’s Website: https://deepmind.com Plasma control paper: https://nature.com/articles/s41586-021-04301-9 Quantum simulation paper: https://science.org/doi/10.1126/science.abj6511 The Emperor’s New Mind (book): https://amzn.to/3bx03lo Life Ascending (book): https://amzn.to/3AhUP7z PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:17) – Turing Test (14:43) – Video games (36:18) – Simulation (38:29) – Consciousness (43:29) – AlphaFold (57:09) – Solving intelligence (1:09:28) – Open sourcing AlphaFold & MuJoCo (1:19:34) – Nuclear fusion (1:23:38) – Quantum simulation (1:26:46) – Physics (1:30:13) – Origin of life (1:34:52) – Aliens (1:42:59) – Intelligent life (1:46:08) – Conscious AI (1:59:23) – Power (2:03:53) – Advice for young people (2:11:59) – Meaning of life



#300 – Joe Rogan: Comedy, Controversy, Aliens, UFOs, Putin, CIA, and Freedom

Joe Rogan is a comedian, UFC commentator, and host of the Joe Rogan Experience. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Theragun: https://therabody.com/lex – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: Joe’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/joerogan Joe’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/joerogan JRE (Spotify): https://open.spotify.com/show/4rOoJ6Egrf8K2IrywzwOMk JRE (YouTube): https://youtube.com/c/joerogan PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:03) – Discipline (13:06) – Controversy (33:22) – UFOs and aliens (43:34) – Intelligence agencies (48:58) – Trust (54:21) – Greatest comedians (1:12:16) – Childhood (1:19:46) – Advice for young people (1:30:22) – Relationships (1:35:00) – Putin, Ukraine, and Russia



#301 – Jack Barsky: KGB Spy

Jack Barsky is a former KGB spy and author of “Deep Undercover: My Secret Life and Tangled Allegiances as a KGB Spy in America”. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – Notion: https://notion.com/startups to get up to $1000 off team plan – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil EPISODE LINKS: Jack’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/deepcoverbarsky Jack’s Website: https://jackbarsky.com Deep Undercover (book): https://amzn.to/39XMTgG The Agent (podcast): https://cumuluspodcastnetwork.com/pods/the-agent PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:52) – KGB (19:43) – Communism (38:45) – Childhood (45:32) – Becoming a KGB agent (1:24:04) – Training (1:37:53) – Language (1:43:45) – Moscow (1:58:45) – Spying (2:15:43) – Putin (2:18:35) – War in Ukraine (2:30:02) – Putin in the KGB (2:36:56) – Yuri Bezmenov (2:47:33) – FSB and CIA (2:55:24) – Putin and Zelenskyy (3:04:13) – Quitting the KGB (3:30:32) – Love and regrets (3:38:44) – Mortality



#302 – Richard Haier: IQ Tests, Human Intelligence, and Group Differences

Richard Haier is a psychologist specializing in the science of human intelligence. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Calm: https://calm.com/lex to get 40% off – Linode: https://linode.com/lex to get $100 free credit – BiOptimizers: http://www.magbreakthrough.com/lex to get 10% off – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex and use code LEX – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off EPISODE LINKS: Richard’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/rjhaier Richard’s Website: https://richardhaier.com/ Documents & Articles: 1. Child IQ and survival to 79: https://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5491698/ 2. Study of Mathematically Precocious Youth: https://my.vanderbilt.edu/smpy/files/2013/02/DoingPsychScience2006.pdf Books: 1. The Neuroscience of Intelligence: https://amzn.to/3n50DcC 2. The Book of Five Rings: https://amzn.to/3y4Xcc6 3. The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich: https://amzn.to/3zPAW7q 4. Flowers for Algernon: https://amzn.to/3OfRKZS 5. The Bell Curve: https://amzn.to/3Ng4RJe 6. The Mismeasure of Man: https://amzn.to/3N9IkxB 7. Human Diversity: https://amzn.to/3O7Trsc 8. Facing Reality: https://amzn.to/3bfzqkX PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:06) – Measuring human intelligence (22:34) – IQ tests (45:23) – College entrance exams (53:59) – Genetics (59:58) – Enhancing intelligence (1:07:27) – The Bell Curve (1:19:58) – Race differences (1:39:11) – Bell curve criticisms (1:48:21) – Intelligence and life success (1:57:57) – Flynn effect (2:02:49) – Nature vs nuture (2:29:42) – Testing artificial intelligence (2:41:46) – Advice (2:45:53) – Mortality



#303 – Steve Keen: Marxism, Capitalism, and Economics

Steve Keen is a heterodox economist and author. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Weights & Biases: https://lexfridman.com/wnb – Skiff: https://skiff.org/lex – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off EPISODE LINKS: Steve’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/profstevekeen The New Economics (book): https://amzn.to/3zb4eg4 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:26) – Defining economics (14:26) – Schools of economics (38:45) – Karl Marx (57:00) – Labor theory of value (1:16:45) – Socialism (1:31:48) – Soviet Union (1:45:08) – China (2:05:00) – Climate change (2:27:03) – Economics vs Politics (2:35:06) – Minsky’s model (2:49:50) – Financial crisis (2:55:07) – Inflation (3:08:21) – Marxism (3:15:42) – Space and AI (3:21:47) – Advice for young people (3:25:38) – Depression (3:30:10) – Love (3:34:11) – Mortality



#304 – Bishop Robert Barron: Christianity and the Catholic Church

Robert Barron is a bishop and founder of Word on Fire Catholic Ministries. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Mizzen+Main: https://mizzenandmain.com and use code LEX to get $35 off – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Notion: https://notion.com/startups to get up to $1000 off team plan – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings EPISODE LINKS: Robert’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/bishopbarron Robert’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/BishopBarron Word on Fire’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/wordonfire_catholicministries Word on Fire’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/WordOnFire Word on Fire’s Website: https://wordonfire.org Robert’s Books: Redeeming the Time: https://amzn.to/3PwNQf0 Catholicism: https://amzn.to/3RyDMEh PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:50) – Who is God? (20:30) – Christianity (25:18) – Sin (42:48) – The Trinity (44:32) – Catholicism (54:29) – Sexual abuse scandal (1:01:16) – Evil (1:12:59) – Atheism (1:24:21) – Jordan Peterson (1:26:56) – Jesus (1:29:42) – The Bible (1:32:17) – America (1:35:08) – Nietzsche (1:39:12) – Word on Fire (1:42:31) – Gay marriage (1:44:48) – Abortion (1:51:38) – Advice for young people (1:54:12) – Mortality (1:58:30) – Meaning of life



#305 – Martin Rees: Black Holes, Alien Life, Dark Matter, and the Big Bang

Lord Martin Rees is a cosmologist and astrophysicist at Cambridge University and co-founder of the Centre for the Study of Existential Risk. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Lambda: https://lambdalabs.com/lex – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Martin’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/lordmartinrees Martin’s Website: https://www.martinrees.uk Martin’s Books: If Science is to Save Us: https://amzn.to/3yXRqsc The End of Astronauts: https://amzn.to/3B604ro On the Future: https://amzn.to/3OlzLjB PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:39) – Understanding the universe (15:09) – Human limitations and AI (24:05) – Dark matter (31:25) – Vast universe (39:07) – Alien life (52:59) – Space exploration (1:17:22) – Future technology (1:28:44) – Newton and Einstein (1:32:46) – Black holes (1:46:27) – Cosmological threats (2:13:31) – Advice for young people (2:16:02) – Mortality



#306 – Oriol Vinyals: Deep Learning and Artificial General Intelligence

Oriol Vinyals is the Research Director and Deep Learning Lead at DeepMind. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get 14-day free trial – Weights & Biases: https://lexfridman.com/wnb – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium EPISODE LINKS: Oriol’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/oriolvinyalsml Oriol’s publications: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=NkzyCvUAAAAJ DeepMind’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/DeepMind DeepMind’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/deepmind DeepMind’s Website: https://deepmind.com Papers: 1. Gato: https://deepmind.com/publications/a-generalist-agent 2. Flamingo: https://deepmind.com/blog/tackling-multiple-tasks-with-a-single-visual-language-model 3. Language Models are Few-Shot Learners: https://arxiv.org/abs/2005.14165 4. Emergent Abilities of Large Language Models: https://arxiv.org/abs/2206.07682 5. Attention Is All You Need: https://proceedings.neurips.cc/paper/2017/file/3f5ee243547dee91fbd053c1c4a845aa-Paper.pdf PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (05:18) – AI (20:14) – Weights (26:33) – Gato (1:01:22) – Meta learning (1:15:21) – Neural networks (1:37:46) – Emergence (1:44:30) – AI sentience (2:08:27) – AGI



#307 – Brian Armstrong: Coinbase, Cryptocurrency, and Government Regulation

Brian Armstrong is the CEO of Coinbase. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Audible: https://audible.com/lex – Skiff: https://skiff.org/lex – BiOptimizers: http://www.magbreakthrough.com/lex to get 10% off – Fundrise: https://fundrise.com/lex – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil EPISODE LINKS: Brian’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/brian_armstrong Brian’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/brian_armstrong Coinbase’s Website: https://www.coinbase.com ResearchHub: https://www.researchhub.com NewLimit: https://www.newlimit.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:19) – Programming (14:17) – Coinbase (45:05) – Startup advice (1:02:56) – Economic freedom (1:12:06) – Coinbase technology (1:23:33) – Listing on Coinbase (1:32:47) – Regulations (1:47:25) – Crypto dominance (1:51:42) – Employee activism (2:08:00) – Leadership (2:10:39) – ResearchHub (2:20:17) – NewLimit (2:24:44) – Advice for young people (2:28:55) – Meaning of life



#308 – Ryan Graves: UFOs, Fighter Jets, and Aliens

Lt. Ryan Graves is a former Navy fighter pilot, who has worked on advanced research and development programs for DARPA, Office of Naval Research, and Air Force Research Labs on topics of multi-agent collaborative autonomy, AI-assisted air-to-air combat, and manned-unmanned teaming technologies. Ryan and people in his squadron detected and engaged with UFOs on multiple occasions, and he has been one of the few people willing to speak publicly about these experiences. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – GiveWell: https://www.givewell.org/ and use code LEX – Notion: https://notion.com/startups to get up to $1000 off team plan – Magic Spoon: https://magicspoon.com/lex and use code LEX to get $5 off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: Ryan’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/uncertainvector Ryan’s Website: https://uncertainvector.com DoD Statement: https://defense.gov/News/Releases/Release/Article/2165713/statement-by-the-department-of-defense-on-the-release-of-historical-navy-videos/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:28) – Top Gun analysis (19:33) – Fighter jets (1:07:00) – UFO sightings (1:33:28) – Congressional hearing (1:41:29) – Tic Tac UFO & Gimbal UFO (1:55:55) – Alien life (2:09:17) – Autonomous weapon systems (2:26:24) – Advice for young people (2:34:40) – Meaning of life



#309 – John Carmack: Doom, Quake, VR, AGI, Programming, Video Games, and Rockets

John Carmack is a legendary programmer, co-founder of id Software, and lead programmer of many revolutionary video games including Wolfenstein 3D, Doom, Quake, and the Commander Keen series. He is also the founder of Armadillo Aerospace, and for many years the CTO of Oculus VR. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off premium – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex and use code LEX to get 1 month of fish oil EPISODE LINKS: John’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/ID_AA_Carmack Books mentioned: Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution: https://amzn.to/3SkNZER Game Engine Black Book Wolfenstein 3D: https://amzn.to/3QlOqg8 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:49) – Programming languages (40:53) – Modern programming (50:55) – Day in the life (58:45) – Hard work (1:01:58) – Pizza and Diet Coke (1:04:43) – Setup (1:30:01) – id Software (2:02:50) – Commander Keen (2:09:36) – Hacker ethic (2:17:16) – Wolfenstein 3D (2:37:14) – Doom (2:51:34) – Quake (3:15:55) – John Romero (3:23:42) – Metaverse (3:52:04) – Elon Musk (3:57:59) – Mars (4:07:01) – Nuclear energy (4:10:39) – AGI (4:57:51) – Andrej Karpathy (5:00:50) – Martial arts (5:09:49) – Advice for young people (5:18:49) – Meaning of life



#310 – Andrew Bustamante: CIA Spy

Andrew Bustamante is a former CIA covert intelligence officer. Check out his work and podcast at https://everydayspy.com Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Wealthfront: https://wealthfront.com/LEX to get $50 sign-up bonus – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off EPISODE LINKS: Everyday Spy: https://everydayspy.com/quiz Everyday Spy Podcast: https://everydayspy.com/podcast Andrew’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/everydayspy Andrew’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/everydayspy PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:10) – CIA and the President (18:47) – War in Ukraine (59:44) – Most powerful intelligence agencies (1:06:54) – David Petraeus (1:16:31) – Undercover disguises (1:29:30) – Human nature (1:38:49) – CIA recruitment process (1:55:33) – CIA and secrecy (2:02:06) – Cyber security (2:12:47) – Sexpionage (2:19:22) – Private intelligence (2:32:48) – NSA and Snowden (3:00:48) – Conspiracy theories (3:21:55) – CIA and UFOs (3:36:41) – Spy tricks (3:53:23) – Advice for young people



#311 – Magatte Wade: Africa, Capitalism, Communism, and the Future of Humanity

Magatte Wade is an entrepreneur with a passion for creating positive change in Africa through economic freedom. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Mizzen+Main: https://mizzenandmain.com and use code LEX to get $35 off – Audible: https://audible.com/lex to get 30-day free trial – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Magatte’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/magattew Magatte’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/magattew Magatte’s Facebook: https://facebook.com/themagattewade Magatte’s Website: https://magattewade.com Websites mentioned: Austin housing project: https://texansforreasonablesolutions.org Center for African Prosperity: https://atlasnetwork.org/partners/center-for-african-prosperity PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (05:55) – Africa (34:48) – Magatte’s story (1:03:36) – Corruption (1:25:01) – Advice for young people (1:46:02) – Identity (2:06:58) – BLM (2:24:18) – CRT and racism (2:54:32) – African geopolitics (3:03:02) – Overpopulation (3:21:49) – Loss



#312 – Duncan Trussell: Comedy, Sentient Robots, Suffering, Love & Burning Man

Duncan Trussell is a comedian, host of The Duncan Trussell Family Hour podcast, and co-creator of The Midnight Gospel. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Skiff: https://skiff.com/lex – Calm: https://calm.com/lex to get 40% off premium – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit EPISODE LINKS: Duncan’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/duncantrussell Duncan’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/duncantrussell The Duncan Trussell Family Hour: https://duncantrussell.com The Midnight Gospel: https://netflix.com/themidnightgospel Books mentioned: Superintelligence: https://amzn.to/3QufVEs Man’s Search for Meaning: https://amzn.to/3vU9S42 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:13) – Nietzsche’s eternal recurrence (27:03) – Artificial intelligence (55:33) – Joe Rogan (1:04:06) – Facing death (1:20:54) – Bhakti yoga (1:27:46) – Afterlife (1:38:10) – Suffering (2:03:25) – War (2:21:19) – Depression (2:43:08) – Evil (2:53:24) – Burning Man (3:08:56) – The Midnight Gospel (3:13:48) – Advice for young people (3:23:19) – Duncan reads a poem



#313 – Jordan Peterson: Life, Death, Power, Fame, and Meaning

Jordan Peterson is a psychologist, lecturer, podcast host, and author. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Notion: https://notion.com/startups to get up to $1000 off team plan – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex to get 25% off premium EPISODE LINKS: Jordan’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/jordanbpeterson Jordan’s Website: https://jordanbpeterson.com Jordan’s Books: Beyond Order: https://amzn.to/3T4LRBw 12 Rules for Life: https://amzn.to/3c4sqYF Maps of Meaning: https://amzn.to/3A1Ods2 Websites mentioned: Essay App: https://essay.app Self Authoring: https://selfauthoring.com Peterson Academy: https://petersonacademy.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:07) – Dostoevsky (18:07) – God (26:17) – Science (38:40) – Death (41:34) – Elon Musk (45:32) – Global Crisis (57:45) – Dangerous ideologies (1:08:59) – Justin Trudeau (1:23:05) – War in Ukraine (1:40:33) – Day in the life (2:16:37) – How to think (2:31:45) – Depression (2:39:52) – Advice for young people (2:53:41) – Russian literature (3:05:29) – Meaning of life



#314 – Liv Boeree: Poker, Game Theory, AI, Simulation, Aliens & Existential Risk

Liv Boeree is a poker champion and science educator on topics of game theory, physics, complexity, and life. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Audible: https://audible.com/lex to get 30-day free trial – GiveWell: https://www.givewell.org and use code Lex Fridman Podcast – Linode: https://linode.com/lex to get $100 free credit – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: Liv’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/liv_boeree Liv’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/liv_boeree Liv’s Facebook: https://facebook.com/livboeree Liv’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/user/LivBoeree Books and resources mentioned: Novacene: https://amzn.to/3wcVqEo POSITIVITY: https://amzn.to/3K2pfxj Meditations on Moloch: https://slatestarcodex.com/2014/07/30/meditations-on-moloch PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:23) – Poker and game theory (13:26) – Dating optimally (18:18) – Learning (26:30) – Daniel Negreanu (31:38) – Phil Hellmuth (34:11) – Greatest poker player ever (38:29) – Bluffing (48:50) – Losing (58:05) – Mutually assured destruction (1:03:00) – Simulation hypothesis (1:19:38) – Moloch (1:48:50) – Beauty (2:00:58) – Quantifying life (2:21:08) – Existential risks (2:39:31) – AI (2:49:22) – Energy healing (2:56:32) – Astrophysics (2:59:26) – Aliens (3:25:08) – Advice for young people (3:27:13) – Music (3:35:02) – Meaning of life



#315 – Magnus Carlsen: Greatest Chess Player of All Time

Magnus Carlsen is the highest-rated chess player in history and widely considered to be the greatest chess player of all time. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get 14-day free trial – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex to get 1 month of fish oil – Fundrise: https://fundrise.com/lex – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off EPISODE LINKS: Magnus’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/MagnusCarlsen Magnus’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/magnus_carlsen Magnus’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/c/themagnuscarlsen Magnus’s Website: https://magnuscarlsen.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:34) – Greatest soccer player of all time (15:40) – Magnus’s approach to chess (24:53) – Game 6 of the 2021 World Chess Championship (28:54) – Chess openings (46:19) – Chess variants (49:04) – Elo Rating (57:31) – World Chess Championship (1:21:42) – Losing (1:29:04) – Day in the life (1:35:55) – Drunk chess (1:40:26) – Chess training (1:48:20) – Garry Kasparov (1:57:37) – Greatest chess player of all time (2:10:48) – Advice for chess players (2:12:32) – Chess YouTubers (2:16:03) – Henrik Carlsen (2:21:38) – Lessons for life (2:25:02) – Queen’s Gambit (2:26:53) – Poker (2:33:06) – Loneliness (2:36:28) – How does the knight move?



#316 – Noam Chomsky: Putin, Ukraine, China, and Nuclear War

Noam Chomsky is a linguist, philosopher, and political activist. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Skiff: https://skiff.com/lex – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex to get 25% off premium EPISODE LINKS: Noam’s Website: https://chomsky.info/ Noam’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/noam.chomskyofficial Manufacturing Consent (book): https://amzn.to/3KaEc0d PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:28) – Putin’s motivations (20:35) – War in Ukraine (27:37) – Propaganda (35:01) – China and American relations (50:02) – Hope for humanity



#317 – John Vervaeke: Meaning Crisis, Atheism, Religion & the Search for Wisdom

John Vervaeke is a psychologist and cognitive scientist at University of Toronto. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Mizzen+Main: https://mizzenandmain.com and use code LEX to get $35 off – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex to get 1 month of fish oil – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off EPISODE LINKS: John’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/johnvervaeke John’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/vervaeke_john John’s Facebook: https://facebook.com/VervaekeJohn John’s Website: https://johnvervaeke.com Books mentioned: Flow: https://amzn.to/3cQDby9 On Bullshit: https://amzn.to/3PZDvYW The Denial of Death: https://amzn.to/3KsIctp PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:03) – Meaning (27:17) – Consciousness (36:17) – Relevance realization (47:40) – Wisdom (54:54) – Truth (59:38) – Reality (1:11:59) – Meaning crisis (1:35:27) – Religion (1:43:17) – Nontheism (1:58:26) – Distributed cognition (2:16:37) – Flow (2:36:35) – Psychedelics (2:45:03) – Marxism and Nazism (2:57:08) – Evil (3:01:19) – Powerful ideas (3:08:10) – Advice for young people



#318 – Nick Lane: Origin of Life, Evolution, Aliens, Biology, and Consciousness

Nick Lane is a biochemist at UCL and author of Transformer, The Vital Question, and many other amazing books on biology, chemistry, and life. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Backbone: https://playbackbone.com/lex to get perks with order – Notion: https://notion.com – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex to get 25% off premium EPISODE LINKS: Nick’s Website: https://nick-lane.net Nick’s Books: Transformer: https://amzn.to/3cy7lpO The Vital Question: https://amzn.to/3q0vN6q Oxygen: https://amzn.to/3edy3V5 Power, Sex, Suicide: https://amzn.to/3B3OInk Life Ascending: https://amzn.to/3wKIsOE Books mentioned: 21 Lessons for the 21st Century: https://amzn.to/3AZQaqy The Black Cloud: https://amzn.to/3wJhDKC PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (05:45) – Origin of life (19:31) – Panspermia (25:05) – What is life? (38:20) – Photosynthesis (41:55) – Prokaryotic vs eukaryotic cells (51:56) – Sex (59:39) – DNA (1:06:51) – Violence (1:17:25) – Human evolution (1:23:21) – Neanderthals (1:26:53) – Sensory inputs (1:37:43) – Consciousness (2:09:17) – AI and biology (2:38:36) – Evolution (2:59:07) – Fermi paradox (3:12:27) – Cities (3:20:14) – Depression (3:22:50) – Writing (3:30:49) – Advice for young people (3:37:57) – Earth



#319 – Botez Sisters: Chess, Streaming, and Fame

Alexandra and Andrea Botez are chess players, commentators, educators, entertainers, and streamers. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Calm: https://calm.com/lex to get 40% off premium – Weights & Biases: https://lexfridman.com/wnb – BiOptimizers: http://www.magbreakthrough.com/lex to get 10% off – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit EPISODE LINKS: BotezLive Twitch: https://twitch.tv/botezlive BotezLive YouTube: https://youtube.com/c/BotezLive BotezLive Instagram: https://instagram.com/botezlive Alexandra’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/missbotez Andrea’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/itsandreabotez Alexandra’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/alexandravbotez Andrea’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/itsandreabotez ChessBase: https://chessbase.com/post/the-carlsen-niemann-affair PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (10:15) – Trip to Italy (17:16) – Chess tournaments (22:03) – Streaming (34:07) – Chess strategies (54:33) – King’s Indian Defense (1:12:33) – Chess training (1:16:59) – Losing (1:20:18) – Street chess and trash talk (1:25:07) – Passion and study (1:43:00) – Loneliness and depression (2:07:49) – Andrew Tate (2:16:32) – Greatest chess player of all time (2:19:07) – Magnus Carlsen (2:28:17) – Advice for young people (2:30:10) – Chess boxing (2:39:04) – Meaning of life (2:40:09) – Love



#320 – Christopher Capozzola: World War I, Ideology, Propaganda, and Politics

Christopher Capozzola is a professor of history at MIT. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Wealthfront: https://wealthfront.com/lex to get $50 sign-up bonus – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex EPISODE LINKS: Christopher’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/boundbywarbook Christopher’s Website: https://boundbywarbook.com Christopher’s books: Bound by War: https://amzn.to/3QssboA Uncle Sam Wants You: https://amzn.to/3Bw5KdT PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (05:50) – How World War I started (20:27) – US and World War I (37:24) – US Military (43:43) – War in Ukraine (47:53) – American Civil War (53:31) – World War II (1:12:38) – Nationalism (1:23:27) – US elections (1:49:34) – Donald Trump (2:03:39) – Philippine–American War (2:10:02) – Greatest US president (2:14:36) – Advice for young people (2:16:53) – Meaning of life



#321 – Ray Kurzweil: Singularity, Superintelligence, and Immortality

Ray Kurzweil is an author, inventor, and futurist. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get 14-day free trial – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – Linode: https://linode.com/lex to get $100 free credit – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit EPISODE LINKS: Ray’s Website: https://kurzweilai.net Ray’s Books: The Singularity Is Nearer (pre-order): https://amzn.to/3BNXmGR How To Create A Mind: https://amzn.to/3qqlkBw The Singularity Is Near: https://amzn.to/3DfXP5z The Age of Spiritual Machines: https://amzn.to/3RSjtAX Danielle: https://amzn.to/3Bww2N7 Transcend: https://amzn.to/3RAEYGV PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:06) – Turing test (20:52) – Brain–computer interfaces (32:32) – Singularity (38:51) – Virtual reality (41:31) – Evolution of information processing (47:57) – Automation (57:58) – Nanotechnology (59:52) – Nuclear war (1:01:57) – Uploading minds (1:09:39) – How to think (1:16:09) – Digital afterlife (1:25:29) – Intelligent alien life (1:28:19) – Simulation hypothesis (1:32:31) – Mortality (1:40:11) – Meaning of life



#322 – Rana el Kaliouby: Emotion AI, Social Robots, and Self-Driving Cars

Rana el Kaliouby is a pioneer in the field of emotion recognition and human-centric AI. She is the founder of Affectiva, deputy CEO of Smart Eye, and author of Girl Decoded. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Mizzen+Main: https://mizzenandmain.com and use code LEX to get $35 off – Weights & Biases: https://lexfridman.com/wnb – Notion: https://notion.com – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: Rana’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/kaliouby Rana’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/ranaelkaliouby Rana’s Facebook: https://facebook.com/RanaelKaliouby Affectiva (website): https://affectiva.com Smart Eye: (website): https://smarteye.se Girl Decoded (book): https://amzn.to/3DnRAN4 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:58) – Childhood (16:35) – Hijab (19:18) – Faith (21:26) – War (25:35) – Women in the Middle East (29:53) – Rana’s journey (42:28) – Rosalind Picard (44:36) – Advice for women (55:07) – Dating (1:02:43) – Human nature (1:07:23) – AI and emotions (1:38:01) – Smart Eye (1:47:22) – Tesla and Waymo (1:56:09) – Drunk driving (2:05:40) – Robotics (2:19:27) – Advice for startups (2:24:15) – Investing (2:31:39) – Advice for young people (2:39:59) – Love



#323 – Will Sasso: Comedy, MADtv, AI, Friendship, Madness, and Pro Wrestling

Will Sasso is a comedian, actor, and co-host of the Dudesy podcast. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex to get 1 month of fish oil – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit EPISODE LINKS: Will’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/willsasso Will’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/WillSasso Dudsey’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/Dudesy Dudsey’s Website: https://dudesypod.com Dudsey’s Patreon: https://patreon.com/dudesy PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:16) – Video games (13:22) – Bobby Lee (15:32) – Stand-up comedy (23:03) – Robin Williams (24:25) – Loneliness and depression (32:46) – John Candy (39:35) – Friendship (45:23) – Ten Minute Podcast (50:22) – Dudesy podcast (58:41) – Acting (1:10:00) – Impressions (1:15:28) – Artificial intelligence (1:46:55) – Anxiety (1:56:49) – Kindness (2:00:45) – Bad days (2:04:39) – Pro wrestling (2:08:15) – Advice for young people (2:22:20) – Meaning of life



#324 – Daniel Negreanu: Poker

Daniel Negreanu is one of the greatest poker players of all time. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Backbone: https://playbackbone.com/lex to get perks with order – Audible: https://audible.com/lex to get 30-day free trial – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get 14-day free trial – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – Fundrise: https://fundrise.com/lex EPISODE LINKS: Daniel’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/RealKidPoker Daniel’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/dnegspoker Daniel’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/dnegreanu Daniel’s MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex (MasterClass is a sponsor, use link to support podcast) Daniel’s books: Power Hold’em Strategy: https://amzn.to/3ByYtJg Hold’em Wisdom for All Players: https://amzn.to/3LpgXQG Book mentioned: Modern Poker Theory: https://amzn.to/3dkJIBK PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:43) – Poker hands (14:39) – Poker ranges (20:10) – Game theory optimal (36:25) – Winning (42:57) – Losing (48:58) – Mental game (53:17) – Day in the life (1:02:20) – History of poker (1:06:10) – Poker solvers (1:12:46) – Online poker (1:20:49) – Greatest poker player of all time (1:40:43) – Main Event of the WSOP (1:49:14) – Advice for beginners (1:54:44) – Cheating (2:04:43) – Movies (2:10:10) – Advice for young people (2:19:29) – Love (2:24:43) – The Gambler



#325 – Michael Levin: Biology, Life, Aliens, Evolution, Embryogenesis & Xenobots

Michael Levin is a biologist at Tufts University working on novel ways to understand and control complex pattern formation in biological systems. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Henson Shaving: https://hensonshaving.com/lex and use code LEX to get 100 free blades with your razor – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off EPISODE LINKS: Michael’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/drmichaellevin Michael’s Website: https://drmichaellevin.org Michael’s Papers: Biological Robots: https://arxiv.org/abs/2207.00880 Synthetic Organisms: https://tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/19420889.2021.2005863 Limb Regeneration: https://science.org/doi/10.1126/sciadv.abj2164 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:40) – Embryogenesis (14:08) – Xenobots: biological robots (27:55) – Sense of self (37:27) – Multi-scale competency architecture (48:58) – Free will (58:27) – Bioelectricity (1:11:44) – Planaria (1:23:33) – Building xenobots (1:47:08) – Unconventional cognition (2:11:39) – Origin of evolution (2:18:42) – Synthetic organisms (2:25:27) – Regenerative medicine (2:29:14) – Cancer suppression (2:33:15) – Viruses (2:38:28) – Cognitive light cones (2:43:03) – Advice for young people (2:47:47) – Death (2:57:17) – Meaning of life



#326 – Annaka Harris: Free Will, Consciousness, and the Nature of Reality

Annaka Harris is the author of Conscious: A Brief Guide to the Fundamental Mystery of the Mind. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Wealthfront: https://wealthfront.com/lex to get $50 sign-up bonus – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex to get 25% off premium – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit EPISODE LINKS: Annaka’s Twitter: http://twitter.com/annakaharris Annaka’s Website: http://annakaharris.com Annaka’s Facebook: http://facebook.com/annakaharrisprojects Annaka’s Books: 1. Conscious: https://amzn.to/3SFLLPE 2. I Wonder: https://amzn.to/3UPQTTm Annaka’s Articles: 1. What Is Time?: http://nautil.us/what-is-time-238478 2. A Solution to the Combination Problem: http://annakaharris.com/the-future-of-panpsychism 3. Consciousness Isn’t Self-Centered: http://nautil.us/consciousness-isnt-self_centered-237720 Books: 1. The Case Against Reality: https://amzn.to/3MhW4Wt 2. Being You: https://amzn.to/3RsxdBQ 3. Livewired: https://amzn.to/3Cn9BKS 4. Spooky Action at a Distance: https://amzn.to/3y27N7a 5. The Order of Time: https://amzn.to/3Stqn0u PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:20) – Free will (1:00:37) – Consciousness (1:31:09) – Depression (1:44:26) – Psychedelics (1:52:25) – Meditation (1:56:49) – Ideas (2:20:35) – AI sentience (2:37:56) – Suffering (2:40:53) – Meaning of life



#327 – GothamChess: Hans Niemann, Magnus Carlsen, Cheating Scandal & Chess Bots

Levy Rozman, also known as GothamChess, is a professional chess player, streamer, and educator. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Notion: https://notion.com – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex to get 1 month of fish oil – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off EPISODE LINKS: GothamChess’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/gothamchess GothamChess’s Twitch: https://twitch.tv/gothamchess GothamChess’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/GothamChess GothamChess’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/gothamchess GothamChess’s Website: https://gotham-chess.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:14) – Elo rating (07:18) – Chess.com vs lichess.org (18:09) – Teaching chess (22:37) – Magnus Carlsen (37:52) – Greatest chess player of all time (42:35) – Hans Niemann cheating scandal (44:04) – Pin of Shame (58:12) – Bullying (1:00:04) – Indonesia incident (1:11:39) – Retiring from chess (1:18:16) – Death (1:21:58) – Streamers (1:35:34) – Hans Niemann cheating scandal continued (2:13:16) – Magnus Carlsen’s statement (2:24:37) – Podcasts (2:27:04) – Parasocial interaction (2:30:53) – How to cheat in chess (2:40:39) – Reddit questions (2:47:03) – Chess boxing (2:55:49) – Chess bots (3:01:31) – AlphaZero (3:07:18) – Did Hans Niemann cheat? (3:14:34) – Chess openings (3:19:14) – Magnus Carlsen’s poker game (3:21:56) – Chess advice (3:28:17) – Depression



#328 – John Danaher: Submission Grappling, ADCC, Animal Combat, and Knives

John Danaher is one of the greatest coaches and minds in martial arts history. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Audible: https://audible.com/lex to get 30-day free trial – Calm: https://calm.com/lex to get 40% off premium – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings EPISODE LINKS: John’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/danaherjohn Watch full matches at FloGrappling: https://flograppling.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:51) – Road to ADCC (26:23) – Danaher Death Squad (35:07) – Mental preparation (59:52) – Gordon Ryan (1:56:50) – Giancarlo Bodoni (2:21:57) – Garry Tonon (2:35:54) – Nicholas Meregali (2:51:21) – Ruotolo brothers (3:01:00) – Takedowns (3:05:19) – GSP (3:13:48) – Renzo Gracie (3:18:24) – Boris (3:22:15) – Ali Abdelaziz (3:24:41) – Khabib Nurmagomedov (3:28:33) – Joe Rogan playing pool (3:31:47) – Advice for grapplers (3:41:43) – Day in the life (3:48:25) – Bear vs Gorilla vs Lion vs Anaconda (4:26:12) – Tom Hardy (4:37:46) – Emojis (4:40:15) – Love (4:45:38) – Fighting to the death (4:49:25) – Knives



#329 – Kate Darling: Social Robots, Ethics, Privacy and the Future of MIT

Kate Darling is a researcher at MIT Media Lab interested in human robot interaction and robot ethics. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – True Classic Tees: https://trueclassictees.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get 14-day free trial – Linode: https://linode.com/lex to get $100 free credit – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: Kate’s Twitter: http://twitter.com/grok_ Kate’s Website: http://katedarling.org Kate’s Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/grok_ The New Breed (book): https://amzn.to/3ExhBuf Creativity without Law (book): https://amzn.to/3MqV5F3 LuLaRobot (paper): http://drive.google.com/file/d/1PtYpkDQaQVPbhQIc6wcCC50JKWVsDo3k/view PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:57) – What is a robot? (23:57) – Metaverse (33:19) – Bias in robots (47:02) – Modern robotics (49:34) – Automation (53:57) – Autonomous driving (1:02:22) – Privacy (1:05:48) – Google’s LaMDA (1:10:35) – Robot animal analogy (1:23:38) – Data concerns (1:41:40) – Humanoid robots (2:00:42) – LuLaRobot (2:09:36) – Ethics in robotics (2:24:57) – Jeffrey Epstein (2:58:31) – Love and relationships



#330 – Hikaru Nakamura: Chess, Magnus, Kasparov, and the Psychology of Greatness

Hikaru Nakamura is a chess super grandmaster and is currently the #1 ranked blitz chess player in the world. He is also one of the top chess streamers on Twitch and YouTube. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Mizzen+Main: https://mizzenandmain.com and use code LEX to get $35 off – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex EPISODE LINKS: Hikaru’s Twitch: https://twitch.tv/gmhikaru Hikaru’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/GMHikaru Hikaru’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/GMHikaru Hikaru’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/gmhikaru Hikaru’s Website: https://hikarunakamura.com Macauley Peterson’s video: https://youtube.com/watch?v=tGXvcQP6VPo PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:59) – A private game vs Magnus Carlsen (14:47) – Chess openings (30:59) – Mental preparation (39:40) – Chess tactics (50:03) – Solving chess (55:43) – Aggression and ego (1:00:28) – Hans Niemann cheating scandal (1:10:21) – How to cheat in chess (1:24:44) – Greatest chess player of all time (1:35:00) – Hikaru’s immortal game (1:47:26) – Paul Morphy (1:49:10) – World Chess Championship (1:51:59) – Magnus Carlsen (1:55:33) – Sergey Karjakin (1:58:00) – Beauty of chess (2:04:55) – Day in the life (2:19:34) – Streaming (2:34:13) – Taking risks (2:39:42) – Depression (2:44:31) – Advice for young people (2:51:51) – Love



#331 – Balaji Srinivasan: How to Fix Government, Twitter, Science, and the FDA

Balaji Srinivasan is an angel investor, tech founder, philosopher, and author of The Network State: How to Start a New Country. He was formerly the CTO of Coinbase and General Partner at Andreessen Horowitz. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Policygenius: https://www.policygenius.com/ – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex to get 25% off premium – Notion: https://notion.com – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Balaji’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/balajis Balaji’s Website: https://balajis.com Books: 1. The Network State: https://thenetworkstate.com 2. Reputation and Power: https://amzn.to/3eyQiF6 3. Exit, Voice, and Loyalty: https://amzn.to/3TpuLNP 4. Seeing Like a State: https://amzn.to/3MJfvcD Articles: 1. Bitcoin Is Civilization: https://www.commonsense.news/p/is-bitcoin-anarchy-or-civilization 2. Great Protocol Politics: https://foreignpolicy.com/2021/12/11/bitcoin-ethereum-cryptocurrency-web3-great-protocol-politics 3. Regulation, Disruption, and the Future: https://bit.ly/3CKY9Ys 4. The Measured Man: https://theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2012/07/the-measured-man/309018 5. Secret Document That Transformed China: https://npr.org/sections/money/2012/01/20/145360447/the-secret-document-that-transformed-china 6. Hollywood’s Missing Movies: https://reason.com/2000/06/01/hollywoods-missing-movies 7. New York Times Truth Campaign: https://adweek.com/agencyspy/droga5s-first-big-campaign-for-the-new-york-times-is-all-about-the-truth/126274 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:23) – Prime number maze (33:35) – Government (49:51) – The Network State (59:55) – Pseudonymous economy (1:23:41) – Exit (1:38:23) – Building a network state (2:26:09) – Wikipedia (3:03:40) – Fixing science (3:30:08) – Fixing the FDA (5:01:16) – Longevity (5:20:14) – Donald Trump’s ban from social media (5:49:32) – War (5:56:41) – Censorship (6:10:40) – Social media (6:26:56) – Wokeism and communism (6:45:44) – Cryptocurrency (7:03:17) – AI, AR, and VR (7:15:15) – Advice for young people (7:48:10) – Regulating logic



#332 – Kanye ‘Ye’ West Interview

Ye is a legendary artist, producer, and designer. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get free trial – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex to get 1 month of fish oil EPISODE LINKS: Ye’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/kanyewest Ye’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/kanyewest Ye’s Website: https://kanyewest.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:26) – Engineering (18:21) – Kim Kardashian (20:07) – Sex and the future of humanity (30:12) – Happiness (32:49) – The Holocaust (1:21:58) – Fashion (1:37:31) – 2024 US election (1:42:10) – Humor (1:44:20) – Media and antisemitism (1:56:23) – Trusting people (1:59:37) – Accountability (2:09:36) – Legacy (2:10:28) – Advice for young people (2:23:29) – Regret



#333 – Andrej Karpathy: Tesla AI, Self-Driving, Optimus, Aliens, and AGI

Andrej Karpathy is a legendary AI researcher, engineer, and educator. He’s the former director of AI at Tesla, a founding member of OpenAI, and an educator at Stanford. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Fundrise: https://fundrise.com/lex – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex to get 1 month of fish oil EPISODE LINKS: Andrej’s Twitter: http://twitter.com/karpathy Andrej’s YouTube: http://youtube.com/c/AndrejKarpathy Andrej’s Website: http://karpathy.ai Andrej’s Google Scholar: http://scholar.google.com/citations?user=l8WuQJgAAAAJ Books mentioned: The Vital Question: https://amzn.to/3q0vN6q Life Ascending: https://amzn.to/3wKIsOE The Selfish Gene: https://amzn.to/3TCo63s Contact: https://amzn.to/3W3y5Au The Cell: https://amzn.to/3W5f6pa PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (05:41) – Neural networks (10:45) – Biology (16:15) – Aliens (26:27) – Universe (38:18) – Transformers (46:34) – Language models (56:45) – Bots (1:03:05) – Google’s LaMDA (1:10:28) – Software 2.0 (1:21:28) – Human annotation (1:23:25) – Camera vision (1:28:30) – Tesla’s Data Engine (1:32:39) – Tesla Vision (1:39:09) – Elon Musk (1:44:17) – Autonomous driving (1:49:11) – Leaving Tesla (1:54:39) – Tesla’s Optimus (2:03:45) – ImageNet (2:06:23) – Data (2:16:15) – Day in the life (2:29:31) – Best IDE (2:36:37) – arXiv (2:41:06) – Advice for beginners (2:50:24) – Artificial general intelligence (3:03:44) – Movies (3:09:37) – Future of human civilization (3:13:56) – Book recommendations (3:20:05) – Advice for young people (3:21:56) – Future of machine learning (3:28:44) – Meaning of life



#334 – Abbas Amanat: Iran Protests, Mahsa Amini, History, CIA & Nuclear Weapons

Abbas Amanat is a historian at Yale specializing in the modern history of Iran. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Henson Shaving: https://hensonshaving.com/lex and use code LEX to get 100 free blades with your razor – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: Abbas’s Website: https://history.yale.edu/people/abbas-amanat Abbas’s Books: 1. Iran: https://amzn.to/3zzLWVA 2. Apocalyptic Islam and Iranian Shi’ism: https://amzn.to/3h66fU0 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:18) – Mahsa Amini protests in Iran (24:35) – Propaganda (42:13) – Iranian culture (59:02) – Violent suppression of protests (1:20:31) – Islamic Revolution (1:38:14) – CIA in Iran (1:54:30) – Supreme Leader Ruhollah Khomeini (2:25:26) – Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei (2:33:21) – Nuclear weapons (2:41:38) – Israel (2:56:18) – Putin (3:03:50) – Future of Iran



#335 – Fiona Hill: Vladimir Putin and Donald Trump

Fiona Hill is a presidential advisor and foreign policy expert specializing in Russia. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Mizzen+Main: https://mizzenandmain.com and use code LEX to get $35 off – Calm: https://calm.com/lex to get 40% off premium – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex to get 1 month of fish oil – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack EPISODE LINKS: Fiona’s Books: There Is Nothing for You Here: https://amzn.to/3TR0nN9 Mr. Putin: Operative in the Kremlin: https://amzn.to/3WiGU9F PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:24) – Education and career (17:10) – Donbas in the 20th century (25:28) – Soviet Union (36:03) – Donald Trump’s foreign policy (48:03) – Testifying against Donald Trump (54:54) – US administrations (1:16:28) – Impeachment of Donald Trump (1:36:44) – Why people like Donald Trump (1:45:49) – Vladimir Putin (2:05:58) – Invasion of Ukraine (2:21:03) – NATO implication in Ukraine war (2:33:54) – Interviewing Vladimir Putin (2:46:22) – 2024 elections (2:49:30) – Alexei Navalny (2:54:03) – Nuclear war (3:05:54) – How Ukraine war will end (3:12:40) – Hope for the future (3:15:48) – Advice for young people



#336 – Ben Shapiro: Politics, Kanye, Trump, Biden, Hitler, Extremism, and War

Ben Shapiro is a conservative political commentator, host of The Ben Shapiro Show, co-founder of The Daily Wire, and author of The Authoritarian Moment and other books. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free – Policygenius: https://www.policygenius.com/ – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off EPISODE LINKS: Ben’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/benshapiro Ben’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/officialbenshapiro Daily Wire: https://dailywire.com Ben’s Books: The Authoritarian Moment: https://amzn.to/3T3RRJv Facts (Still) Don’t Care About Your Feelings: https://amzn.to/3T3Hwgs How to Destroy America in Three Easy Steps: https://amzn.to/3fxmeKx The Right Side of History: https://amzn.to/3E3jGgS How to Debate Leftists and Destroy Them: https://amzn.to/3FLHR4z Facts Don’t Care about Your Feelings: https://amzn.to/3UrcBvL Books mentioned: The Strongman: https://amzn.to/3U8f2U7 Economics in One Lesson: https://amzn.to/3DWAbLA The Rise and Triumph of the Modern Self: https://amzn.to/3DTGlej PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:07) – Kanye ‘Ye’ West (14:47) – Hitler and the nature of evil (22:53) – Political attacks on the left and the right (28:37) – Quebec mosque shooting (38:33) – Elon Musk buying Twitter (51:36) – Trump and Biden (56:09) – Hunter Biden’s laptop (1:07:42) – Candace Owens (1:11:22) – War in Ukraine (1:21:31) – Rhetoric vs truth (1:26:26) – Infamous BBC interview (1:29:42) – Day in the life (1:44:37) – Abortion (1:57:32) – Climate change (2:04:55) – God and faith (2:16:05) – Tribalism (2:20:41) – Advice for young people (2:24:26) – Andrew Breitbart (2:26:56) – Self-doubt (2:28:58) – Love



#337 – Destiny: Politics, Free Speech, Controversy, Sex, War, and Relationships

Steven Bonnell, aka Destiny, is a progressive political commentator and a live streamer on YouTube. Melina Goransson is a live streamer on Twitch. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – True Classic Tees: https://trueclassictees.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex to get 1 month of fish oil – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex to get 25% off premium EPISODE LINKS: Destiny’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/destiny Destiny’s Subreddit: https://reddit.com/r/Destiny Destiny’s Website: https://destiny.gg Destiny’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/destiny Melina’s Twitch: https://twitch.tv/melina Melina’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/melina.goransson Melina’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/melinagoranson PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:55) – Politics and debates (24:17) – War in Ukraine (37:26) – Trans athletics (40:35) – AI (53:18) – Lowest point in Destiny’s life (1:13:29) – Hate speech and language (1:49:51) – Misogyny (2:05:02) – Big government and institutions (2:44:46) – Hasan and Vaush (3:00:55) – Joe Biden (3:11:45) – Donald Trump (3:17:45) – Free speech (3:20:38) – Melina joins the conversation (3:23:52) – Melina and Destiny (3:34:23) – Open relationship (3:41:45) – Red pill community (3:52:00) – Sex body count (4:04:14) – Advice for young people



#338 – Chamath Palihapitiya: Money, Success, Startups, Energy, Poker & Happiness

Chamath Palihapitiya is a venture capitalist, engineer, CEO of Social Capital, and co-host of the All-In Podcast. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Bambee: https://bambee.com and use code LEX to get free HR audit – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit EPISODE LINKS: Chamath’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/chamath Chamath’s LinkedIn: https://linkedin.com/in/chamath Chamath’s Substack: https://chamathreads.substack.com Social Capital (website): https://socialcapital.com All-In Podcast (podcast): https://youtube.com/channel/UCESLZhusAkFfsNsApnjF_Cg PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:55) – Childhood and forgiveness (21:39) – Money and happiness (28:29) – Poker (31:57) – Mistakes (42:47) – Early jobs (44:25) – Facebook (1:02:11) – Energy (1:09:51) – Cloud computation (1:14:06) – Fixing social media (1:23:58) – Trump’s Twitter ban (1:29:03) – Kanye West (1:40:15) – All-In Podcast (1:49:31) – Nuclear war (2:01:07) – Startups (2:09:38) – Work-life balance (2:20:47) – Teamwork (2:32:08) – Energy transition (2:42:41) – Silicon Valley culture (2:46:00) – Activism culture (2:50:21) – Advice for young people (2:56:56) – Meaning of life



#339 – Climate Change Debate: Bjørn Lomborg and Andrew Revkin

Bjørn Lomborg is author of “False Alarm”. Andrew Revkin is a climate journalist (21 years at NY Times). Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – Linode: https://linode.com/lex to get $100 free credit – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Andrew’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/Revkin Andrew’s Substack: https://revkin.substack.com Andrew’s Linktree: https://linktr.ee/revkin Bjørn’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/BjornLomborg Bjørn’s Website: https://lomborg.com Andrew’s Books: The Human Planet: https://amzn.to/3MRuLUY The Burning Season: https://amzn.to/3Dmr5Hq Bjørn’s Books: False Alarm: https://amzn.to/3Sqt5D4 How to Spend $75 Billion to Make the World a Better Place: https://amzn.to/3gwoIJ7 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:59) – Politics of climate change (24:01) – Greta Thunberg (30:31) – Electric cars (37:53) – Economy (45:30) – Journalism (59:32) – Human emissions (1:17:19) – Worst-case climate change scenario (1:37:40) – Hurricanes (1:56:29) – Climate change vs Global warming (2:00:35) – Climate alarmism (2:15:25) – Economic models (2:46:52) – Climate change policies (3:02:54) – Nuclear energy (3:09:30) – Alex Epstein (3:20:00) – Public opinion on climate change (3:41:57) – US presidents (3:52:35) – Advice for young people (4:06:10) – Meaning of life



#340 – Chris Tarbell: FBI Agent Who Took Down Silk Road

Chris Tarbell is a former FBI special agent and cybercrime investigation specialist who brought down Ross Ulbricht and Silk Road, and Hector Monsegur (aka Sabu) of LulzSec and Anonymous. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – True Classic Tees: https://trueclassictees.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex to get 25% off premium EPISODE LINKS: Hacker And The Fed podcast: https://podcasts.apple.com/podcast/hacker-and-the-fed/id1649541362 Naxo: https://naxo.com/who-we-are PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:05) – Silk Road (18:28) – Mass surveillance (22:40) – Operation Onion Peeler (27:56) – Hacker Avunit (38:45) – Ross Ulbricht and Silk Road (51:29) – Edward Snowden (53:33) – NSA surveillance (1:05:40) – Silk Road murders (1:14:26) – Dark web (1:18:28) – Ross Ulbricht’s arrest (1:26:27) – Aaron Swartz (1:29:45) – Donald Trump and the Mar-a-Lago raid (1:32:50) – Tech companies and censorship (1:41:49) – War in Ukraine (1:45:47) – Anonymous and LulzSec (1:55:59) – FBI (1:59:00) – Personal threats (2:04:47) – Hector Monsegur a.k.a Sabu (2:17:57) – Cyber attack threats against civilians (2:34:45) – Most secure operating system (2:38:33) – Cyber war (2:46:28) – Advice for young people (2:51:39) – FBI’s credibility (3:00:10) – Love



#341 – Guido van Rossum: Python and the Future of Programming

Guido van Rossum is the creator of Python programming language. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – GiveDirectly: https://givedirectly.org/lex to get gift matched up to $1000 – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – Fundrise: https://fundrise.com/lex – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex to get 1 month of fish oil EPISODE LINKS: Guido’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/gvanrossum Guido’s Website: https://gvanrossum.github.io/ Python’s Website: https://python.org PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:26) – CPython (12:38) – Code readability (17:00) – Indentation (33:36) – Bugs (45:04) – Programming fads (1:00:15) – Speed of Python 3.11 (1:25:09) – Type hinting (1:30:27) – mypy (1:35:43) – TypeScript vs JavaScript (1:51:42) – Best IDE for Python (2:01:43) – Parallelism (2:19:36) – Global Interpreter Lock (GIL) (2:29:14) – Python 4.0 (2:41:31) – Machine learning (2:51:13) – Benevolent Dictator for Life (BDFL) (3:02:49) – Advice for beginners (3:09:21) – GitHub Copilot (3:12:47) – Future of Python



#342 – Todd Howard: Skyrim, Elder Scrolls 6, Fallout, and Starfield

Todd Howard is a legendary video game designer at Bethesda Game Studios. He led the development of the Elder Scrolls series and the Fallout series, and an upcoming game Starfield. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get free trial – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack EPISODE LINKS: Bethesda: https://bethesda.net Bethesda Game Studios: https://bethesdagamestudios.com Creation Club: https://creationclub.bethesda.net PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (05:53) – Simulation (07:49) – NPCs (16:40) – Daggerfall and Arena (24:53) – Bethesda (33:18) – Video game graphics (39:37) – The essence of a video game (44:25) – Redguard (49:25) – Creating open worlds (57:04) – Superintelligent NPCs (1:01:58) – Starfield (1:21:40) – The Elder Scrolls 6 (1:41:01) – Fallout (1:48:09) – Character creation (1:53:11) – Quests & items (2:06:57) – Xbox (2:12:22) – Greatest game of all time (2:22:38) – Day in the life (2:30:32) – Advice for young people (2:34:00) – Fallout TV show (2:38:32) – Indiana Jones game (2:44:44) – Meaning of life



#343 – Roger Gracie: Greatest Jiu Jitsu Competitor of All Time

Roger Gracie is a legendary jiu jitsu competitor and MMA fighter. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Bambee: https://bambee.com and use code LEX to get free HR audit – Mizzen+Main: https://mizzenandmain.com and use code LEX to get $35 off – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex to get 25% off premium – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex to get 1 month of fish oil EPISODE LINKS: Roger’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/rogergracie/ Roger’s Website: https://rogergracie.com/ Roger’s Online Jiu Jitsu: https://rogergracietv.com/ Roger’s match against Marcus “Buchecha” Almeida: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_L-Ni7bFAHg Watch full matches at FloGrappling: https://flograppling.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:26) – The moments before a match (15:17) – Confidence (29:43) – Greatest jiu jitsu match of all time (51:04) – Renzo Gracie (1:03:21) – Braveheart (1:04:44) – Self-belief (1:18:50) – Cross-collar choke (1:22:53) – Mount position (1:39:07) – How to progress in jiu jitsu (1:41:22) – Best submission in jiu jitsu (1:45:55) – The greatest competitor of all time (1:48:01) – Roger’s statistics (1:55:57) – MMA vs jiu jitsu (2:04:25) – Gordon Ryan (2:16:51) – John Danaher (2:19:23) – Bear fight (2:22:21) – Tie (2:32:53) – Advice for beginners (2:42:13) – Drilling (2:50:09) – Roger vs Bear, Lion, Gorilla, and Anaconda (2:55:14) – Advice for young people (3:05:02) – Love



#344 – Noam Brown: AI vs Humans in Poker and Games of Strategic Negotiation

Noam Brown is a research scientist at FAIR, Meta AI, co-creator of AI that achieved superhuman level performance in games of No-Limit Texas Hold’em and Diplomacy. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – True Classic Tees: https://trueclassictees.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off – Audible: https://audible.com/lex to get 30-day free trial – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: Noam’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/polynoamial Noam’s LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/noam-brown-8b785b62/ webDiplomacy: https://webdiplomacy.net/ Noam’s papers: Superhuman AI for multiplayer poker: https://par.nsf.gov/servlets/purl/10119653 Superhuman AI for heads-up no-limit poker: https://par.nsf.gov/servlets/purl/10077416 Human-level play in the game of Diplomacy: https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/science.ade9097 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (05:37) – No Limit Texas Hold ’em (09:30) – Solving poker (22:40) – Poker vs Chess (29:18) – AI playing poker (1:02:46) – Heads-up vs Multi-way poker (1:13:37) – Greatest poker player of all time (1:17:10) – Diplomacy game (1:27:01) – AI negotiating with humans (2:09:26) – AI in geopolitics (2:14:11) – Human-like AI for games (2:20:12) – Ethics of AI (2:24:26) – AGI (2:28:25) – Advice to beginners



#345 – Coffeezilla: SBF, FTX, Fraud, Scams, Fake Gurus, Money, Fame, and Power

Coffeezilla is a journalist and investigator on YouTube who exposes financial frauds, scams, and fake gurus. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Rocket Money: https://rocketmoney.com/lex – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off EPISODE LINKS: Coffeezilla’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/Coffeezilla Coffeezilla’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/coffeebreak_YT Coffeezilla’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/coffeebreak_yt PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:04) – Coffee (08:13) – SBF and FTX (22:54) – $8 billion (32:01) – Evil vs incompetence (41:57) – Key lessons from FTX collapse (55:15) – Should SBF go to jail? (1:03:02) – Role of influencers and celebrities (1:07:30) – How FTX covered up fraud (1:11:26) – Interview with SBF (1:26:29) – SafeMoon fraud (1:32:41) – Bitcoin (1:43:20) – Psychology of investigating fraud (1:52:26) – Investigating politics and corruption (1:59:39) – Coffeezilla origin story (2:04:19) – MLM marketing scams (2:11:58) – Andrew Tate and Hustlers University (2:29:40) – Save the Kids crypto scandal (2:36:59) – Money and fame (2:44:03) – MrBeast (2:50:26) – Fake gurus and Get-Rich-Quick schemes (3:09:45) – Process of investigation (3:22:31) – Twitter Files release (3:31:36) – Time management and productivity (3:43:36) – Advice for young people



#346 – Ed Calderon: Mexican Drug Cartels

Ed Calderon is a security specialist who worked on counter-narcotics and organized crime investigation in Mexico. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Policygenius: https://www.policygenius.com/ – Bambee: https://bambee.com and use code LEX to get free HR audit – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off EPISODE LINKS: Ed’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/manifestoradiopodcast Ed’s Patreon: https://patreon.com/edsmanifesto Ed’s Website: https://edsmanifesto.com Ed’s Field Notes: https://edsmanifesto.com/field-notes Ed’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/eds_manifesto PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:13) – Corruption (40:55) – Cartels (56:16) – El Chapo (1:13:27) – Weapons (1:25:33) – Assassinations (1:34:20) – Counter-ambush teams (1:57:46) – PTSD and alcohol (2:20:25) – Improvised weapons (2:23:57) – Street fights (2:52:54) – Kidnapping (2:57:10) – Escaping restraints (3:06:38) – Imitation (3:15:06) – Narco cults (3:28:01) – Adolfo Constanzo (3:32:29) – Fentanyl (3:49:14) – Immigration (4:00:34) – Advice for young people (4:09:06) – Mortality



#347 – Michael Malice: Christmas Special

Michael Malice is a political thinker, podcaster, author, and anarchist. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – House of Macadamias: https://houseofmacadamias.com/lex and use code LEX to get 20% of your first order – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex EPISODE LINKS: Michael’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/michaelmalice Michael’s Community: https://malice.locals.com Michael’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/channel/UC5tj5QCpJKIl-KIa4Gib5Xw Michael’s Website: http://michaelmalice.com/about Your Welcome podcast: https://bit.ly/30q8oz1 Books: The White Pill (book) http://whitepillbook.com The Anarchist Handbook (book): https://amzn.to/3yUb2f0 The New Right (book): https://amzn.to/34gxLo3 Dear Reader (book): https://amzn.to/2HPPlHS PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:43) – Santa and the White Pill (10:30) – Marxism and Anarchism (25:48) – The case for socialism (29:59) – Human nature and ideology (38:20) – Cynicism (54:05) – Twitter (58:46) – October Revolution (1:01:56) – Trotsky, Lenin, and Stalin (1:06:22) – Communism (1:30:08) – Suppression of speech (1:52:04) – Twitter Files (1:59:08) – Self-publishing (2:12:27) – Kulaks and starvation (2:49:42) – The Great Terror (2:58:00) – Lavrentiy Beria (3:04:25) – Joseph Stalin (3:13:00) – Iron Curtain (3:25:29) – Ideologies vs leaders (3:29:21) – Emma Goldman (3:33:41) – White pill moments (3:45:04) – Hope for the future



#348 – Nathalie Cabrol: Search for Alien Life

Nathalie Cabrol is an astrobiologist at the SETI Institute, directing the Carl Sagan Center for the Study of Life in the Universe. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – True Classic Tees: https://trueclassictees.com/lex and use code LEX to get 25% off – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get free trial – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex to get 1 month of fish oil EPISODE LINKS: Nathalie’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/shasta721 SETI’s Website: https://seti.org In Her Orbit (article): https://nytimes.com/interactive/2018/03/22/magazine/voyages-nathalie-cabrol-searching-mars-life-on-earth.html PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:47) – Working in extreme environments (11:26) – Water and life on Mars (19:31) – Origin of life (37:00) – Complexity (40:37) – AI (49:23) – Extinction (57:06) – Fermi Paradox (1:10:48) – SETI research (1:13:39) – Diving in volcanic lakes (1:32:57) – Surviving an earthquake on a volcano (1:43:37) – Resilience of life (1:51:31) – Life below the surface of Mars (2:00:26) – Depression (2:04:08) – Mortality



#349 – Bhaskar Sunkara: The Case for Socialism

Bhaskar Sunkara is a democratic socialist, political writer, founding editor of Jacobin, president of The Nation, and author of The Socialist Manifesto. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – House of Macadamias: https://houseofmacadamias.com/lex and use code LEX to get 20% of your first order – Linode: https://linode.com/lex to get $100 free credit – Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: Bhaskar’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/sunraysunray Jacobin: https://jacobin.com Jacobin’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/jacobin The Nation: https://thenation.com The Socialist Manifesto (book): https://amzn.to/3hKpt2p PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (13:24) – Socialism (31:54) – Communism (58:31) – Class struggle (1:09:33) – Quality of life (1:17:29) – Unions (1:29:57) – Corruption (1:43:15) – Freedom of speech (1:51:38) – War (1:59:24) – Karl Marx (2:13:03) – Socialist vision (2:18:28) – AI and socialism (2:23:26) – Socialist policies (2:48:45) – Billionaires (2:54:43) – Bernie Sanders (3:05:10) – AOC (3:17:11) – 2024 presidential election (3:22:05) – China (3:31:06) – Jacobin (3:38:35) – The Socialist Manifesto (3:45:55) – Advice for young people (3:49:28) – Meaning of life



#350 – Betül Kaçar: Origin of Life, Ancient DNA, Panspermia, and Aliens

Betül Kaçar is an astrobiologist at University of Wisconsin. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – House of Macadamias: https://houseofmacadamias.com/lex and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order – Mizzen+Main: https://mizzenandmain.com and use code LEX to get $35 off – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free – GiveDirectly: https://givedirectly.org/lex to get gift matched up to $1000 – Blinkist: https://blinkist.com/lex to get 25% off premium EPISODE LINKS: Betül’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/betulland Betül’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/betul.kacar.astro/ Kacar Lab: https://kacarlab.org/ Betül’s TED Talk: https://go.ted.com/betulkacar PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:20) – History of life on Earth (16:25) – Origin of life (39:11) – Genetic language of life (52:08) – Life and energy (1:02:50) – Ancient DNA (1:21:48) – Evolution (1:33:19) – Alien life (2:01:19) – Panspermia (2:07:41) – Restarting life on Earth (2:20:23) – Where ideas come from (2:27:54) – Science and language (2:36:31) – Love (2:37:55) – Advice to young people (2:42:29) – Meaning of life



#351 – MrBeast: Future of YouTube, Twitter, TikTok, and Instagram

MrBeast is a legendary YouTube creator. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – House of Macadamias: https://houseofmacadamias.com/lex and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off EPISODE LINKS: MrBeast Main Channel: https://youtube.com/@MrBeast MrBeast Reacts: https://youtube.com/@BeastReacts MrBeast Gaming: https://youtube.com/@MrBeastGaming MrBeast Philanthropy: https://youtube.com/@BeastPhilanthropy MrBeast’s TikTok: https://tiktok.com/@mrbeast MrBeast’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/MrBeast MrBeast’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/mrbeast Feastable’s Website: https://feastables.com MrBeast Burger’s Website: https://mrbeastburger.com MrBeast’s Merch: https://shopmrbeast.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:55) – 1 billion views and 1 billion subscribers (12:41) – Mortality (20:04) – Improving YouTube (22:26) – Twitter (27:14) – Brand deals (30:24) – Audience retention (35:03) – Hiring (42:41) – Talking to the camera (47:42) – Brainstorming (1:00:03) – TikTok (1:09:07) – Advice for beginners (1:13:23) – How to grow on YouTube (1:21:07) – Elon Musk and Twitter (1:22:32) – 10 million dollars vs 10 million subscribers (1:29:50) – Going to Antarctica (1:31:35) – Process of making a video (1:36:11) – Overcoming depression (1:47:15) – Building a business (1:55:10) – MrBeast Burger and Feastables (1:59:15) – Creating video games (2:03:24) – Making billions of dollars (2:05:58) – Money vs Happiness (2:12:46) – Mental health (2:19:24) – Love (2:21:32) – Legacy



#352 – Omar Suleiman: Islam

Imam Omar Suleiman is the Founder and President of the Yaqeen Institute for Islamic Research and a professor of Islamic Studies at Southern Methodist University. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – House of Macadamias: https://houseofmacadamias.com/lex and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: Omar’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/imamomarsuleiman Omar’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/omarsuleiman504 Omar’s Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/imamomarsuleiman Yaqeen Institute’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/@yaqeeninstituteofficial Yaqeen Institute’s Website: https://yaqeeninstitute.org PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:39) – God (16:25) – Loss (25:14) – Life after death (26:53) – Why God allows suffering (40:18) – Seeking the truth (47:58) – Islamophobia (1:12:55) – Muslim ban (1:20:24) – Meaning of prayer (1:34:01) – Mecca (1:39:12) – Malcolm X (1:42:23) – Muhammad Ali (1:47:09) – Khabib Nurmagomedov (1:53:19) – Prophets (1:59:31) – Quran (2:05:17) – Ramadan (2:12:21) – Future of Islam (2:15:30) – Colleyville synagogue hostage crisis (2:23:37) – War and religion (2:33:29) – Israel and Palestine (2:59:13) – Hope for the future (3:03:56) – Prayer



#353 – Dennis Whyte: Nuclear Fusion and the Future of Energy

Dennis Whyte is a nuclear scientist at MIT and the director of the MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Rocket Money: https://rocketmoney.com/lex – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off EPISODE LINKS: Dennis’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/MIT_Fusion Dennis’s LinkedIn: https://linkedin.com/in/dennis-whyte-33474a54 Dennis’s Website: https://www.psfc.mit.edu/whyte SPARC: https://www.psfc.mit.edu/sparc MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center: https://www.psfc.mit.edu MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/@mitplasmascienceandfusionc6211 Commonwealth Fusion Systems: https://cfs.energy Commonwealth Fusion Systems YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/@CommonwealthFusionSystems PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (05:54) – Nuclear fusion (23:53) – e=mc^2 (38:20) – Fission vs fusion (43:32) – Nuclear weapons (47:19) – Plasma (54:29) – Nuclear fusion reactor (1:09:50) – 2022 nuclear fusion breakthrough explained (1:30:27) – Magnetic confinement (1:49:36) – ITER (1:54:23) – SPARC (2:08:23) – Future of fusion power (2:16:55) – Engineering challenges (2:35:36) – Nuclear disasters (2:40:21) – Cold fusion (2:54:36) – Kardashev scale (3:04:00) – Advice for young people



#354 – Jeremi Suri: American Civil War

Jeremi Suri is a historian at UT Austin. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex to get 1 month of fish oil EPISODE LINKS: Jeremi’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/jeremisuri This is Democracy podcast: https://podcasts.la.utexas.edu/this-is-democracy Jeremi’s Website: https://jeremisuri.net Jeremi’s Books: 1. Civil War by Other Means: https://amzn.to/3hRa3cT 2. The Impossible Presidency: https://amzn.to/3hTn5X8 3. Henry Kissinger: https://amzn.to/3WqkBOY PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:45) – Revolutions and governments (24:23) – American Civil War (33:35) – Lincoln and election of 1860 (37:25) – Slavery (50:35) – Freedom of speech (1:02:17) – Death toll of the Civil War (1:05:36) – Ulysses S. Grant (1:07:45) – Ku Klux Klan (1:19:27) – Robert E. Lee (1:27:11) – Abraham Lincoln (1:42:18) – If the south won (1:50:54) – Hypocrisy of the Founders (1:56:56) – John Wilkes Booth (2:00:11) – White supremacy (2:05:34) – Disputed elections (2:15:56) – Politics (2:24:20) – Donald Trump and Joe Biden (2:37:06) – January 6th (3:02:04) – Hope for the future



#355 – David Kipping: Alien Civilizations and Habitable Worlds

David Kipping is an astronomer at Columbia University, director of the Cool Worlds Lab, and host of the Cool Worlds YouTube channel. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get free trial – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: David’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/david_kipping David’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/@CoolWorldsLab Cool Worlds Lab: https://coolworldslab.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (05:10) – Habitable exoplanets (15:30) – Alien life in our Solar System (27:20) – Starship (31:28) – James Webb Space Telescope (44:47) – Binary planets (55:04) – Exomoons and Kepler-1625b (1:08:34) – Discoveries of alien life (1:22:15) – Aliens (2:08:43) – Oort clouds (2:19:30) – Future of astronomy (2:32:45) – Alpha Centauri (2:45:03) – Kardashev scale (2:56:41) – AI and space exploration (3:13:37) – Great Filter (3:24:51) – Colonization of Mars (3:31:35) – Simulation hypothesis (3:43:48) – Advice for young people (3:48:06) – Meaning of life



#356 – Tim Dodd: SpaceX, Starship, Rocket Engines, and Future of Space Travel

Tim Dodd is host of the Everyday Astronaut YouTube channel, where he teaches about rocket engines and all things space travel. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get free trial – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: Tim’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/@EverydayAstronaut Tim’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/Erdayastronaut Tim’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/everydayastronaut Tim’s Website: https://everydayastronaut.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:18) – SpaceX rockets (26:56) – Falcon 9 (31:08) – Starship (35:27) – SpaceX rocket engines (43:05) – Elon Musk (58:41) – Twitter (1:04:46) – How rocket engines work (1:09:37) – Rocket fuel (1:13:03) – Rocket engine cycles (1:25:27) – Rocket cooling (1:40:24) – Multistage rockets (1:43:57) – Single-stage-to-orbit (1:49:33) – Aerospike engine (1:57:18) – Greatest car engine of all time (2:02:27) – Starship (2:05:19) – Wet dress rehearsal (2:11:29) – Landing (2:25:47) – Seeing starship in person (2:34:54) – Starship orbital test (2:41:32) – Gwynne Shotwell (2:46:43) – dearMoon project (3:05:46) – Fear of death (3:14:12) – Everyday Astronaut origin story (3:40:04) – Soviet Rocket Engine History (3:58:51) – Russia, China, USA (4:13:20) – Starlink (4:21:06) – First human on Mars (4:24:04) – Moon landing (4:30:11) – Nuclear propulsion (4:37:51) – Bob Lazar (4:44:54) – Aliens (4:48:42) – Sci-fi books (4:52:00) – Long-term space travel (4:58:47) – SpaceX competitors (5:10:07) – Kerbal Space Program (5:16:33) – Advice for young people



#357 – Paul Conti: Narcissism, Sociopathy, Envy, and the Nature of Good and Evil

Paul Conti is a psychiatrist. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off EPISODE LINKS: Paul’s Website: https://drpaulconti.com Trauma (book): https://amzn.to/40vCVJa Paul’s LinkedIn: https://linkedin.com/in/dr-paul-m-conti-845074216 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:28) – Human Mind (24:08) – Evil (30:22) – Envy (53:25) – Narcissism (1:21:59) – Pride (1:39:12) – Death (1:54:02) – Trauma (2:19:06) – Therapy (2:33:17) – Subconscious mind (2:39:13) – Conversation (2:51:59) – Emotion (3:15:11) – Advice for young people



#358 – Aella: Sex Work, OnlyFans, Porn, Escorting, Dating, and Human Sexuality

Aella is a sex researcher, writer, and sex worker. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – House of Macadamias: https://houseofmacadamias.com/lex and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex to get 1 month of fish oil – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off EPISODE LINKS: Aella’s Website: https://knowingless.com/ Aella’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/aella_girl/ Aella’s OnlyFans: https://onlyfans.com/aella_girl/ Askhole card game: https://askhole.io/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:14) – Uncertainty (13:51) – Sex, power, and death (26:21) – Free will (27:46) – Consciousness (37:41) – Childhood (50:39) – Dancing (1:03:56) – Casual sex (1:06:10) – Camming (1:21:05) – OnlyFans (1:31:19) – Dating (1:47:11) – Escorting (2:05:12) – Emotion vs reason (2:13:17) – Love (2:20:50) – Polyamory (2:29:44) – Monogamy (2:36:14) – Sex fetishes (2:53:42) – Dominance and submissiveness (3:03:23) – Psychedelics (3:22:35) – Romance (3:30:05) – Body count (3:39:51) – Porn (3:43:10) – Mortality (3:45:46) – AI (3:56:26) – Rationalist discourse (4:00:18) – Meaning of life



#359 – Andrew Strominger: Black Holes, Quantum Gravity, and Theoretical Physics

Andrew Strominger is a theoretical physicist at Harvard. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – Rocket Money: https://rocketmoney.com/lex – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: Andrew’s website: https://www.physics.harvard.edu/people/facpages/strominger Andrew’s papers: Soft Hair on Black Holes: https://arxiv.org/abs/1601.00921 Photon Rings Around Warped Black Holes: https://arxiv.org/abs/2211.01674 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:34) – Black holes (11:37) – Albert Einstein (31:05) – Quantum gravity (35:17) – String theory (46:05) – Holographic principle (54:02) – De Sitter space (59:14) – Speed of light (1:06:02) – Black hole information paradox (1:13:41) – Soft particles (1:22:48) – Physics vs mathematics (1:31:58) – Theory of everything (1:47:20) – Time (1:49:45) – Photon rings (2:05:26) – Thought experiments (2:13:47) – Aliens (2:19:25) – Nuclear weapons



#360 – Tim Urban: Tribalism, Marxism, Liberalism, Social Justice, and Politics

Tim Urban is the author of the blog Wait But Why and a new book What’s Our Problem?: A Self-Help Book for Societies. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – House of Macadamias: https://houseofmacadamias.com/lex and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex to get 1 month of fish oil EPISODE LINKS: Tim’s new book: https://waitbutwhy.com/whatsourproblem Tim’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/waitbutwhy Tim’s Website: https://waitbutwhy.com Tim’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/timurban Tim’s TED talk: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rk5C149J9C0 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (05:48) – Human history (21:47) – Greatest people in history (29:35) – Social media (36:17) – Good times and bad times (47:48) – Wisdom vs stupidity (49:55) – Utopia (1:04:05) – Conspiracy theories (1:17:16) – Arguing on the Internet (1:37:16) – Political division (1:47:10) – Power games (1:55:09) – Donald Trump and Republican Party (2:12:17) – Social justice (2:34:59) – Censorship gap (2:42:30) – Free speech (2:46:33) – Thinking and universities (2:54:56) – Liv Boeree joins conversation (3:07:15) – Hopes for the future



#361 – Aaron Smith-Levin: Scientology

Aaron Smith-Levin is a former Scientologist, Vice President of the Aftermath Foundation, and host of the Growing Up In Scientology YouTube channel. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Green Chef: https://greenchef.com/lex60 and use code lex60 to get 60% off plus free shipping – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex to get 1 month of fish oil EPISODE LINKS: Aaron’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/@GrowingUpInScientology Aaron’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/GrowingupinSCN The Aftermath Foundation: https://theaftermathfoundation.org SP Shop: https://thespshop.com Books mentioned: 1. A Billion Years: https://amzn.to/3EpLiMM 2. Blown for Good: https://amzn.to/3IqaZxN PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:00) – Thetans (09:59) – Dianetics (22:02) – God (32:38) – Sea Org (36:48) – Auditing (57:01) – Control (1:07:25) – David Miscavige (1:16:32) – Xenu (1:32:26) – Secrecy (1:38:29) – Mike Rinder (1:45:36) – Separation of families (1:52:30) – Tom Cruise (1:56:23) – Sin (2:01:19) – Corruption



#362 – Ginni Rometty: IBM CEO on Leadership, Power, and Adversity

Ginni Rometty is a former long-time CEO, president, and chairman of IBM. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex to get 1 month of fish oil – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off EPISODE LINKS: Ginni’s book: https://amzn.to/3KFuXHY Ginni’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/GinniRometty Ginni’s linktr.ee: https://linktr.ee/GinniRometty One Ten Website: https://oneten.org PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (05:22) – IBM (15:02) – Hiring (20:19) – Leadership (27:02) – Hard work (32:43) – Adversity (39:41) – Power (53:07) – Sacrifice (58:13) – Taking over as CEO (1:16:27) – Negotiating (1:21:34) – Deep Blue vs Garry Kasparov (1:26:52) – IBM Watson (1:46:45) – Work-life balance (1:53:49) – Advice for young people



#363 – B-Team Jiu Jitsu: Craig Jones, Nicky Rod, and Nicky Ryan

Craig Jones, Nicky Rod and Nicky Ryan, together with Ethan Crelinsten are founders of the B-Team, a legendary jiu jitsu team based in Austin, TX. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex to get 1 month of fish oil – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off EPISODE LINKS: B-Team’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/bteamjj/ B-Team’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/c/bteamjiujitsu B-Team’s Website: https://bteamjj.com/ Craig Jones’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/craigjonesbjj/ Nicky Rod’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/nickyrod247/ Nicky Ryan’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/nickyryanbjj/ Craig Jones’s Instructionals: https://bjjfanatics.com/collections/craig-jones Nicky Rod’s Instructionals: https://bjjfanatics.com/collections/instructional-videos/fighter_nick-rodriguez Nicky Ryan’s Instructionals: https://bjjfanatics.com/collections/instructional-videos/fighter_nicky-ryan PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:21) – B-Team (11:57) – Winning and losing (19:43) – Danaher Death Squad (DDS) (37:13) – Nicky Rod vs Gordon Ryan (53:47) – Steroids (1:08:31) – White belts (1:16:40) – Alexander Volkanovski vs Islam Makhachev (1:36:15) – Greatest MMA fighter of all time (1:38:43) – Dagestani fighters (1:40:00) – Conor McGregor (1:42:39) – Strength training and injuries (1:55:03) – Pre-match ritual (2:01:34) – Toughest match (2:05:25) – Positional training (2:11:59) – Perfect training week (2:14:49) – Overtraining (2:17:08) – Advice for beginners (2:25:17) – Takedowns and submissions (2:30:55) – Ego (2:35:24) – Lion vs bear (2:40:15) – Street fights (2:42:17) – Money and friendship



#364 – Chris Voss: FBI Hostage Negotiator

Chris Voss is a former FBI hostage and crisis negotiator and author of Never Split the Difference: Negotiating As If Your Life Depended On It. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get free trial – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off EPISODE LINKS: Chris’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/thefbinegotiator Chris’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/fbinegotiator Chris’s Website: https://blackswanltd.com Chris’s Masterclass: https://masterclass.com/classes/chris-voss-teaches-the-art-of-negotiation Never Split the Difference (book): https://amzn.to/3J5scNC PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:31) – Negotiation (12:21) – Reason vs Emotion (27:17) – How to listen (36:06) – Negotiation with terrorists (38:14) – Brittney Griner (39:53) – Putin and Zelenskyy (47:13) – Donald Trump (54:23) – When to walk away (58:37) – Israel and Palestine (1:06:16) – Al-Qaeda (1:11:46) – Three voices of negotiation (1:20:11) – Strategic umbrage (1:23:18) – Mirroring (1:26:29) – Labeling (1:33:55) – Exhaustion (1:36:09) – The word “fair” (1:39:06) – Closing the deal (1:41:03) – Manipulation and lying (1:42:58) – Conversation vs Negotiation (1:54:17) – The 7-38-55 Rule (1:58:16) – Chatbots (2:07:39) – War (2:09:10) – Advice for young people



#365 – Sam Harris: Trump, Pandemic, Twitter, Elon, Bret, IDW, Kanye, AI & UFOs

Sam Harris is an author, podcaster, and philosopher. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Notion: https://notion.com – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off EPISODE LINKS: Sam’s Website: https://samharris.org Making Sense Podcast: https://www.samharris.org/podcasts/making-sense-episodes Waking Up App: https://www.wakingup.com Sam’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/@samharrisorg Sam’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/samharrisorg PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:25) – Empathy and reason (17:17) – Donald Trump (1:00:11) – Military industrial complex (1:04:45) – Twitter (1:28:52) – COVID (2:12:35) – Kanye West (2:29:11) – Platforming (2:47:07) – Joe Rogan (3:03:59) – Bret Weinstein (3:17:38) – Elon Musk (3:29:45) – Artificial Intelligence (3:45:48) – UFOs (3:59:03) – Free will (4:26:17) – Hope for the future



#366 – Shannon Curry: Johnny Depp & Amber Heard Trial, Marriage, Dating & Love

Dr. Shannon Curry is a clinical and forensic psychologist who conducts research, therapy, and clinical evaluation pertaining to trauma, violence, and relationships. She testified in the Johnny Depp and Amber Heard trial. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Factor: https://factormeals.com/lex50 and use code lex50 to get 50% off your first box – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – House of Macadamias: https://houseofmacadamias.com/lex and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order EPISODE LINKS: Shannon’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/currypsychgroup Curry Psychology Group: https://currypsychology.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (05:41) – Starting a relationship (09:40) – Couples therapy (16:57) – Why relationships fail (24:15) – Drama in relationships (29:42) – Success in relationships (36:06) – Dating (44:42) – Sex (46:36) – Cheating (55:37) – Polyamory (57:28) – Johnny Depp and Amber Heard trial (1:26:06) – Forensic psychology (1:36:16) – PTSD (1:45:51) – Advice for young people (1:48:42) – Love



#367 – Sam Altman: OpenAI CEO on GPT-4, ChatGPT, and the Future of AI

Sam Altman is the CEO of OpenAI, the company behind GPT-4, ChatGPT, DALL-E, Codex, and many other state-of-the-art AI technologies. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: Sam’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/sama OpenAI’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/OpenAI OpenAI’s Website: https://openai.com GPT-4 Website: https://openai.com/research/gpt-4 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:41) – GPT-4 (20:06) – Political bias (27:07) – AI safety (47:47) – Neural network size (51:40) – AGI (1:13:09) – Fear (1:15:18) – Competition (1:17:38) – From non-profit to capped-profit (1:20:58) – Power (1:26:11) – Elon Musk (1:34:37) – Political pressure (1:52:51) – Truth and misinformation (2:05:13) – Microsoft (2:09:13) – SVB bank collapse (2:14:04) – Anthropomorphism (2:18:07) – Future applications (2:21:59) – Advice for young people (2:24:37) – Meaning of life



#368 – Eliezer Yudkowsky: Dangers of AI and the End of Human Civilization

Eliezer Yudkowsky is a researcher, writer, and philosopher on the topic of superintelligent AI. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Linode: https://linode.com/lex to get $100 free credit – House of Macadamias: https://houseofmacadamias.com/lex and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off EPISODE LINKS: Eliezer’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/ESYudkowsky LessWrong Blog: https://lesswrong.com Eliezer’s Blog page: https://www.lesswrong.com/users/eliezer_yudkowsky Books and resources mentioned: 1. AGI Ruin (blog post): https://lesswrong.com/posts/uMQ3cqWDPHhjtiesc/agi-ruin-a-list-of-lethalities 2. Adaptation and Natural Selection: https://amzn.to/40F5gfa PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (05:19) – GPT-4 (28:00) – Open sourcing GPT-4 (44:18) – Defining AGI (52:14) – AGI alignment (1:35:06) – How AGI may kill us (2:27:27) – Superintelligence (2:34:39) – Evolution (2:41:09) – Consciousness (2:51:41) – Aliens (2:57:12) – AGI Timeline (3:05:11) – Ego (3:11:03) – Advice for young people (3:16:21) – Mortality (3:18:02) – Love



#369 – Paul Rosolie: Amazon Jungle, Uncontacted Tribes, Anacondas, and Ayahuasca

Paul Rosolie is a conservationist, explorer, author, filmmaker, real life Tarzan, and founder of Junglekeepers which today protects over 50,000 acres of threatened habitat. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex to get 1 month of fish oil EPISODE LINKS: Paul’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/paulrosolie Paul’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/PaulRosolie Junglekeepers: https://www.junglekeepers.com VETPAW: https://vetpaw.org PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:09) – Amazon rainforest (17:24) – Discovery of the Amazon (22:00) – Werner Herzog (28:06) – Jane Goodall (41:55) – Anacondas (1:05:44) – Eaten Alive (1:18:08) – Joe Rogan (1:26:28) – Surviving in the Amazon (1:53:39) – Uncontacted tribes in the Amazon (2:03:34) – Surrounded by black caiman crocodiles (2:21:11) – Graham Hancock and ancient civilizations (2:26:43) – Aliens (2:56:44) – Climate change (3:01:55) – Jordan Peterson (3:19:17) – Hunting (3:26:33) – Ayahuasca (3:35:00) – Meaning of life



#370 – Edward Frenkel: Reality is a Paradox – Mathematics, Physics, Truth & Love

Edward Frenkel is a mathematician at UC Berkeley working on the interface of mathematics and quantum physics. He is the author of Love and Math: The Heart of Hidden Reality. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – House of Macadamias: https://houseofmacadamias.com/lex and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get free trial – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: Edward’s Website: https://edwardfrenkel.com Edward’s Book – Love and Math: https://amzn.to/40Bgxh0 Edward’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/edfrenkel Edward’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/edfrenkel Edward’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/edfrenkel PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (05:54) – Mathematics in the Soviet Union (16:05) – Nature of reality (27:23) – Scientific discoveries (40:45) – Observing reality (56:57) – Complex numbers (1:05:42) – Imagination (1:13:33) – Pythagoreanism (1:21:28) – AI and love (1:34:07) – Gödel’s Incompleteness Theorems (1:54:32) – Beauty in mathematics (1:59:02) – Eric Weinstein (2:20:57) – Langlands Program (2:27:36) – Edward Witten (2:30:41) – String theory (2:36:10) – Theory of everything (2:45:03) – Mathematics in academia (2:50:30) – How to think (2:56:16) – Fermat’s Last Theorem (3:11:07) – Eric Weinstein and Harvard (3:18:32) – Antisemitism (3:38:45) – Mortality (3:46:42) – Love



#371 – Max Tegmark: The Case for Halting AI Development

Max Tegmark is a physicist and AI researcher at MIT, co-founder of the Future of Life Institute, and author of Life 3.0: Being Human in the Age of Artificial Intelligence. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Notion: https://notion.com – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit EPISODE LINKS: Max’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/tegmark Max’s Website: https://space.mit.edu/home/tegmark Pause Giant AI Experiments (open letter): https://futureoflife.org/open-letter/pause-giant-ai-experiments Future of Life Institute: https://futureoflife.org Books and resources mentioned: 1. Life 3.0 (book): https://amzn.to/3UB9rXB 2. Meditations on Moloch (essay): https://slatestarcodex.com/2014/07/30/meditations-on-moloch 3. Nuclear winter paper: https://nature.com/articles/s43016-022-00573-0 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:34) – Intelligent alien civilizations (19:58) – Life 3.0 and superintelligent AI (31:25) – Open letter to pause Giant AI Experiments (56:32) – Maintaining control (1:25:22) – Regulation (1:36:12) – Job automation (1:45:27) – Elon Musk (2:07:09) – Open source (2:13:39) – How AI may kill all humans (2:24:10) – Consciousness (2:33:32) – Nuclear winter (2:44:00) – Questions for AGI



#372 – Simone Giertz: Queen of Sh*tty Robots, Innovative Engineering, and Design

Simone Giertz is an inventor, designer, engineer, and roboticist famous for a combination of humor and brilliant creative design in the systems and products she creates. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex to get 1 month of fish oil EPISODE LINKS: Simone’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/@simonegiertz Simone’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/SimoneGiertz Simone’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/simonegiertz YETCH Store: https://yetch.store PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:49) – Early creations (23:42) – Sh*tty Robots (38:40) – Robots and human connection (40:55) – Dating AI (44:14) – Proud parent machine (46:05) – Creative process (47:31) – Bubble wrap music box (52:53) – Education (58:27) – Difficult projects (59:56) – TED talk (1:06:13) – Brain tumor (1:14:51) – Fear of death (1:19:15) – Mass production (1:34:40) – Truckla (1:39:29) – Weapons (1:43:29) – Consciousness (1:45:33) – MMA (1:49:36) – China, Kenya, and USA (1:54:29) – Advice for young people (1:58:21) – Meaning of life



#373 – Manolis Kellis: Evolution of Human Civilization and Superintelligent AI

Manolis Kellis is a computational biologist at MIT. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off EPISODE LINKS: Manolis Website: http://web.mit.edu/manoli/ Manolis Twitter: https://twitter.com/manoliskellis Manolis YouTube: https://youtube.com/@ManolisKellis1 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:44) – Humans vs AI (15:50) – Evolution (37:34) – Nature vs Nurture (50:03) – AI alignment (56:27) – Impact of AI on the job market (1:08:06) – Human gatherings (1:13:07) – Human-AI relationships (1:23:11) – Being replaced by AI (1:35:37) – Fear of death (1:47:33) – Consciousness (1:54:58) – AI rights and regulations (2:00:41) – Halting AI development (2:13:52) – Education (2:19:16) – Biology research (2:26:36) – Meaning of life (2:29:09) – Loneliness



#374 – Robert Playter: Boston Dynamics CEO on Humanoid and Legged Robotics

Robert Playter is CEO of Boston Dynamics, a legendary robotics company that over 30 years has created some of the most elegant, dextrous, and simply amazing robots ever built, including the humanoid robot Atlas and the robot dog Spot. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – Linode: https://linode.com/lex to get $100 free credit – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack EPISODE LINKS: Boston Dynamics YouTube: https://youtube.com/@bostondynamics Boston Dynamics Twitter: https://twitter.com/BostonDynamics Boston Dynamics Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/bostondynamicsofficial Boston Dynamics Website: https://bostondynamics.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:18) – Early days of Boston Dynamics (15:39) – Simplifying robots (19:37) – Art and science of robotics (24:20) – Atlas humanoid robot (41:14) – DARPA Robotics Challenge (55:34) – BigDog robot (1:09:23) – Spot robot (1:30:48) – Stretch robot (1:33:36) – Handle robot (1:39:10) – Robots in our homes (1:47:57) – Tesla Optimus robot (1:56:39) – ChatGPT (1:59:43) – Boston Dynamics AI Institute (2:01:14) – Fear of robots (2:11:36) – Running a company (2:17:13) – Consciousness (2:24:46) – Advice for young people (2:26:42) – Future of robots



#375 – David Pakman: Politics of Trump, Biden, Bernie, AOC, Socialism & Wokeism

David Pakman is a left-wing progressive political commentator and host of The David Pakman Show. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get free trial – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: David’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/dpakman David’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/@thedavidpakmanshow David’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/david.pakman David’s Website: https://davidpakman.com/ David’s Subreddit: https://reddit.com/r/thedavidpakmanshow/ Books mentioned: 1. The Rebel and the Kingdom: https://amzn.to/3p9pLDt 2. Saving Time: https://amzn.to/3pejiH3 3. Endurance: https://amzn.to/419ez6O PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:42) – Political ideologies (16:10) – Twitter drama (31:07) – Biden vs Trump (38:07) – AOC (40:47) – Bernie Sanders (48:55) – Donald Trump: Pros and cons (1:14:46) – Joe Biden: Pros and cons (1:21:08) – Hate for politicians (1:37:29) – RFK Jr (1:50:48) – Republican voters (1:57:30) – Conspiracy theories (2:02:26) – January 6th (2:11:31) – Hunter Biden’s laptop (2:15:46) – Tucker Carlson (2:18:44) – Wokeism and censorship (2:37:11) – ChatGPT and universities (2:43:10) – Libertarianism (2:46:47) – Elon Musk (2:55:14) – Dealing with attacks (2:59:56) – Truth (3:05:47) – Israel and Palestine (3:09:41) – Ukraine war (3:17:42) – Books (3:28:22) – Mortality (3:30:33) – Advice for young people (3:32:05) – Hope for the future



#376 – Stephen Wolfram: ChatGPT and the Nature of Truth, Reality & Computation

Stephen Wolfram is a computer scientist, mathematician, theoretical physicist, and the founder of Wolfram Research, a company behind Wolfram|Alpha, Wolfram Language, and the Wolfram Physics and Metamathematics projects. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off EPISODE LINKS: Stephen’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/stephen_wolfram Stephen’s Blog: https://writings.stephenwolfram.com Wolfram|Alpha: https://www.wolframalpha.com A New Kind of Science (book): https://amzn.to/30XoEun Fundamental Theory of Physics (book): https://amzn.to/30XbAoT Blog posts: A 50-Year Quest: https://bit.ly/3NQbZ2P What Is ChatGPT doing: https://bit.ly/3VOwtuz PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:45) – WolframAlpha and ChatGPT (26:26) – Computation and nature of reality (53:18) – How ChatGPT works (1:53:01) – Human and animal cognition (2:06:20) – Dangers of AI (2:14:39) – Nature of truth (2:36:01) – Future of education (3:12:03) – Consciousness (3:21:02) – Second Law of Thermodynamics (3:44:36) – Entropy (3:57:36) – Observers in physics (4:14:27) – Mortality



#377 – Harvey Silverglate: Freedom of Speech

Harvey Silverglate is a free speech advocate, co-founder of FIRE, the Foundation for Individual Rights in Expression, and author of several books on freedom of speech and criminal justice. He is running for Harvard Board of Overseers on a platform of free speech. If you’re a Harvard Alumni, please consider voting for him by Tue, May 16, 5pm ET: https://www.harvey4harvard.com/ballot Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Factor: https://factormeals.com/lex50 and use code lex50 to get 50% off first box – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex – Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex to get 1 month of fish oil EPISODE LINKS: Vote for Harvey: https://www.harvey4harvard.com/ballot Harvey’s Website: https://www.harveysilverglate.com/ FIRE’s Website: https://www.thefire.org/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:23) – Freedom of speech (28:04) – Bureaucracy in Universities (44:18) – Clash of ideas (47:56) – Public education is broken (59:33) – Jeffrey Epstein (1:12:26) – Freedom of thought and liberal arts (1:23:30) – Interviewing controversial people (1:27:14) – Alan Dershowitz (1:30:28) – Donald Trump (1:37:27) – FBI (1:45:52) – Criminal justice system (1:48:20) – Advice



#378 – Anna Frebel: Origin and Evolution of the Universe, Galaxies, and Stars

Anna Frebel is an astronomer and astrophysicist at MIT. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Hexclad Cookware: https://hexclad.com/lex and use code LEX to get 10% off – Numerai: https://numer.ai/lex – House of Macadamias: https://houseofmacadamias.com/lex and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order EPISODE LINKS: Anna’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/annafrebel Anna’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/annafrebel Anna’s Book – Searching for the Oldest Stars: https://amzn.to/3pi2Ci6 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (05:26) – First elements (12:35) – Milky Way (16:11) – Alien worlds (19:16) – Protogalaxies (24:29) – Black holes (29:27) – Stellar archeology (38:42) – Oldest stars (46:32) – Metal-poor stars (1:02:05) – Neutron capture (1:07:01) – Neutron stars (1:12:30) – Dwarf galaxies (1:17:10) – Star observation (1:45:27) – James Webb Space Telescope (1:51:17) – Future of space observation (1:54:26) – Age of the universe (2:07:34) – Most beautiful idea in astronomy (2:11:23) – Advice for young people (2:20:17) – Meaning of life



#379 – Randall Kennedy: The N-Word – History of Race, Law, Politics, and Power

Randall Kennedy is a law professor at Harvard and author of many seminal books on race, law, history, culture, and politics. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – Linode: https://linode.com/lex to get $100 free credit – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off EPISODE LINKS: Randall’s Website: https://hls.harvard.edu/faculty/randall-l-kennedy N*****: The Strange Career of a Troublesome Word: https://amzn.to/3MbrXSC Say It Loud!: On Race, Law, History, and Culture: https://amzn.to/3MfQWUT For Discrimination: Race, Affirmative Action, and the Law: https://amzn.to/3BASZxZ Race, Crime, and the Law: https://amzn.to/3pVtVyU PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:11) – The N-word (41:55) – The three N-words (1:08:28) – Education (1:21:31) – Critical race theory (1:32:05) – Racism and policing (1:39:25) – Racial profiling (2:08:57) – Racism in US history (2:26:55) – Affirmative action (3:10:22) – Martin Luther King Jr.



#380 – Neil Gershenfeld: Self-Replicating Robots and the Future of Fabrication

Neil Gershenfeld is the director of the MIT Center for Bits and Atoms. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Neil’s Website: http://ng.cba.mit.edu/ MIT Center for Bits and Atoms: https://cba.mit.edu/ Fab Foundation: https://fabfoundation.org/ Fab Lab community: https://fablabs.io/ Fab Academy: https://fabacademy.org/ Fab City: https://fab.city/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (05:37) – What Turing got wrong (11:02) – MIT Center for Bits and Atoms (24:08) – Digital logic (30:44) – Self-assembling robots (41:12) – Digital fabrication (52:07) – Self-reproducing machine (59:53) – Trash and fabrication (1:04:49) – Lab-made bioweapons (1:09:04) – Genome (1:20:56) – Quantum computing (1:25:28) – Microfluidic bubble computation (1:30:49) – Maxwell’s demon (1:39:35) – Consciousness (1:46:35) – Cellular automata (1:51:07) – Universe is a computer (1:55:53) – Advice for young people (2:05:10) – Meaning of life



#381 – Chris Lattner: Future of Programming and AI

Chris Lattner is a legendary software and hardware engineer, leading projects at Apple, Tesla, Google, SiFive, and Modular AI, including the development of Swift, LLVM, Clang, MLIR, CIRCT, TPUs, and Mojo. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – iHerb: https://lexfridman.com/iherb and use code LEX to get 22% off your order – Numerai: https://numer.ai/lex – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off EPISODE LINKS: Chris’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/clattner_llvm Chris’s Website: http://nondot.org/sabre/ Mojo programming language: https://www.modular.com/mojo Modular AI: https://modular.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:38) – Mojo programming language (16:55) – Code indentation (25:22) – The power of autotuning (35:12) – Typed programming languages (51:56) – Immutability (1:04:14) – Distributed deployment (1:38:41) – Mojo vs CPython (1:54:30) – Guido van Rossum (2:01:31) – Mojo vs PyTorch vs TensorFlow (2:04:55) – Swift programming language (2:10:27) – Julia programming language (2:15:32) – Switching programming languages (2:24:58) – Mojo playground (2:29:48) – Jeremy Howard (2:40:34) – Function overloading (2:48:59) – Error vs Exception (2:56:39) – Mojo roadmap (3:09:41) – Building a company (3:21:27) – ChatGPT (3:27:50) – Danger of AI (3:31:44) – Future of programming (3:35:01) – Advice for young people



#382 – Bert Kreischer: Comedy, Drinking, Rogan, Segura, Churchill & Kim Jong Un

Bert Kreischer is a comedian, actor, and podcaster. Check him out on Bertcast, 2 Bears 1 Cave, Something is Burning, and the new movie The Machine. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free EPISODE LINKS: Bert’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/bertkreischer/ Bert’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/bertkreischer Bert’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/@bertkreischer Bert’s Website: https://bertbertbert.com/ 2 Bears 1 Cave: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL-i3EV1v5hLeT91DuXckUf6tsbMfLgZno Books mentioned: Life of the Party (book): https://amzn.to/42lHjKg PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (05:08) – Hemingway (08:34) – Putin (11:53) – Churchill (14:15) – Kim Jong Un (16:15) – Drinking with Joe Rogan and Tom Segura (24:42) – Father (28:33) – Shirtless (30:38) – Tom Segura (41:27) – Joe Rogan (44:16) – Dating advice (52:24) – Key to success (1:02:36) – Sleep and working out (1:11:51) – History podcasts (1:17:15) – Road trips (1:23:46) – Beer (1:33:14) – Exercise (1:38:56) – Life of the Party (1:46:39) – Drinking (2:05:11) – Greatest comedian of all time (2:07:59) – Advice for young people



#383 – Mark Zuckerberg: Future of AI at Meta, Facebook, Instagram, and WhatsApp

Mark Zuckerberg is CEO of Meta. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Numerai: https://numer.ai/lex – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Mark’s Facebook: https://facebook.com/zuck Mark’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/zuck Meta AI: https://ai.facebook.com/ Meta Quest: https://www.meta.com/quest/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (05:38) – Jiu-jitsu competition (23:01) – AI and open source movement (35:32) – Next AI model release (47:48) – Future of AI at Meta (1:08:25) – Bots (1:23:53) – Censorship (1:38:34) – Meta’s new social network (1:45:20) – Elon Musk (1:49:25) – Layoffs and firing (1:56:55) – Hiring (2:02:48) – Meta Quest 3 (2:09:45) – Apple Vision Pro (2:16:00) – AI existential risk (2:22:23) – Power (2:25:55) – AGI timeline (2:33:17) – Murph challenge (2:38:33) – Embodied AGI (2:41:39) – Faith



#384 – Matthew McConaughey: Freedom, Truth, Family, Hardship, and Love

Matthew McConaughey is an Oscar-winning actor and author of Greenlights. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Riverside: http://creators.riverside.fm/LEX and use code LEX to get 30% off – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off – AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 year of Vitamin D and 5 free travel packs EPISODE LINKS: Matthew’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/McConaughey Matthew’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/officiallymcconaughey/ Matthew’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/@MatthewMcConaughey Greenlights (book): https://greenlights.com/ Roadtrip (course): https://artoflivinevent.com/roadtrip PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (05:57) – Relationships (10:44) – Dreams (22:56) – Fear of death (34:40) – Overcoming pain (57:45) – Amazon rainforest (1:04:29) – AI (1:17:45) – Truth (1:25:50) – Ego (1:33:34) – Dallas Buyers Club (1:40:03) – True Detective (1:48:49) – Yellowstone (1:53:51) – Texas (1:55:43) – Politics (2:00:29) – Interstellar (2:03:26) – Aliens (2:10:23) – Advice for young people (2:18:42) – Meaning of life



#385 – Jimmy Wales: Wikipedia

Jimmy Wales is the co-founder of Wikipedia. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Hexclad Cookware: https://hexclad.com/lex and use code LEX to get 10% off – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – House of Macadamias: https://houseofmacadamias.com/lex and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/jimmy-wales-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Jimmy’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/jimmy_wales Jimmy’s Wikipedia page: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jimmy_Wales Donate to Wikipedia: https://donate.wikimedia.org WT.Social: https://wt.social/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (05:10) – Origin story of Wikipedia (11:14) – Design of Wikipedia (18:07) – Number of articles on Wikipedia (24:18) – Wikipedia pages for living persons (45:11) – ChatGPT (58:42) – Wikipedia’s political bias (1:04:46) – Conspiracy theories (1:17:51) – Facebook (1:26:09) – Twitter (1:46:45) – Building Wikipedia (2:01:18) – Wikipedia funding (2:12:38) – ChatGPT vs Wikipedia (2:17:19) – Larry Sanger (2:22:51) – Twitter files (2:25:43) – Government and censorship (2:40:07) – Adolf Hitler’s Wikipedia page (2:51:49) – Future of Wikipedia (3:03:51) – Advice for young people (3:11:13) – Meaning of life



#386 – Marc Andreessen: Future of the Internet, Technology, and AI

Marc Andreessen is the co-creator of Mosaic, co-founder of Netscape, and co-founder of the venture capital firm Andreessen Horowitz. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free – AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 year of Vitamin D and 5 free travel packs Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/marc-andreessen-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Marc’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/pmarca Marc’s Substack: https://pmarca.substack.com Marc’s YouTube channel: https://youtube.com/@a16z Andreessen Horowitz: https://a16z.com Why AI will save the world (essay): https://a16z.com/2023/06/06/ai-will-save-the-world Books mentioned: 1. When Reason Goes on Holiday (book): https://amzn.to/3p80b1K 2. Superintelligence (book): https://amzn.to/3N7sc1A 3. Lenin (book): https://amzn.to/43L8YWD 4. The Ancient City (book): https://amzn.to/43GzReb PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (05:01) – Google Search (12:49) – LLM training (25:20) – Truth (31:32) – Journalism (41:24) – AI startups (46:46) – Future of browsers (53:09) – History of browsers (59:10) – Steve Jobs (1:13:45) – Software engineering (1:21:00) – JavaScript (1:25:18) – Netscape (1:30:22) – Why AI will save the world (1:38:20) – Dangers of AI (2:08:40) – Nuclear energy (2:20:37) – Misinformation (2:35:57) – AI and the economy (2:42:05) – China (2:46:17) – Evolution of technology (2:55:35) – How to learn (3:03:45) – Advice for young people (3:06:35) – Balance and happiness (3:13:11) – Meaning of life



#387 – George Hotz: Tiny Corp, Twitter, AI Safety, Self-Driving, GPT, AGI & God

George Hotz is a programmer, hacker, and the founder of comma-ai and tiny corp. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Numerai: https://numer.ai/lex – Babbel: https://babbel.com/lexpod and use code Lexpod to get 55% off – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 year of Vitamin D and 5 free travel packs Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/george-hotz-3-transcript EPISODE LINKS: George’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/realgeorgehotz George’s Twitch: https://twitch.tv/georgehotz George’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/georgehotz Tiny Corp’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/__tinygrad__ Tiny Corp’s Website: https://tinygrad.org/ Comma-ai’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/comma_ai Comma-ai’s Website: https://comma.ai/ Comma-ai’s YouTube (unofficial): https://youtube.com/georgehotzarchive Mentioned: Learning a Driving Simulator (paper): https://bit.ly/42T6lAN PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:04) – Time is an illusion (17:44) – Memes (20:20) – Eliezer Yudkowsky (32:45) – Virtual reality (39:04) – AI friends (46:29) – tiny corp (59:50) – NVIDIA vs AMD (1:02:47) – tinybox (1:14:56) – Self-driving (1:29:35) – Programming (1:37:31) – AI safety (2:02:29) – Working at Twitter (2:40:12) – Prompt engineering (2:46:08) – Video games (3:02:23) – Andrej Karpathy (3:12:28) – Meaning of life



#388 – Robert F. Kennedy Jr: CIA, Power, Corruption, War, Freedom, and Meaning

Robert F. Kennedy Jr. is an activist, lawyer, author, and candidate for the President of the Unites States. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – House of Macadamias: https://houseofmacadamias.com/lex and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil TRANSCRIPT:

Transcript for Robert F. Kennedy Jr: CIA, Power, Corruption, War, Freedom, and Meaning | Lex Fridman Podcast #388
EPISODE LINKS: Robert’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/RobertKennedyJr Robert’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/robertfkennedyjr Robert’s Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/rfkjr Robert’s Campaign Website: https://www.kennedy24.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:05) – US history (13:21) – Freedom (15:16) – Camus (18:38) – Hitler and WW2 (27:50) – War in Ukraine (51:11) – JFK and the Cuban Missile Crisis (1:16:19) – JFK assassination conspiracy (1:25:53) – CIA influence (1:34:52) – 2024 elections (1:46:36) – Jordan Peterson (1:48:18) – Anthony Fauci (1:51:44) – Big Pharma (2:11:24) – Peter Hotez (2:17:05) – Exercise and diet (2:19:30) – God



#389 – Benjamin Netanyahu: Israel, Palestine, Power, Corruption, Hate, and Peace

Benjamin Netanyahu is the Prime Minister of Israel. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Numerai: https://numer.ai/lex – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/benjamin-netanyahu-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Netanyahu’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/netanyahu Netanyahu’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/b.netanyahu Netanyahu’s Website: https://www.netanyahu.org.il Bibi: My Story (book): https://amzn.to/3XJd6UR A Durable Peace (book): https://amzn.to/3pIofbX Fighting Terrorism (book): https://amzn.to/3XNp6on PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:22) – Hate (14:02) – Judicial reform and protests (22:38) – AI (32:40) – Competition (39:21) – Power and corruption (46:32) – Peace (1:01:05) – War in Ukraine (1:05:01) – Abraham Accords (1:09:02) – History (1:13:48) – Survival



#390 – Yuval Noah Harari: Human Nature, Intelligence, Power, and Conspiracies

Yuval Noah Harari is a historian, philosopher, and author of Sapiens, Homo Deus, 21 Lessons for the 21st Century, and Unstoppable Us. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/yuval-noah-harari-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Yuval’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/harari_yuval Yuval’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/yuval_noah_harari Yuval’s Website: https://www.ynharari.com Sapiens (book): https://amzn.to/3NQB9wt Homo Deus (book): https://amzn.to/44MzwXu 21 Lessons for the 21st Century (book): https://amzn.to/3Dfkz4D Unstoppable Us (book): https://amzn.to/3NYyBg5 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:36) – Intelligence (27:31) – Origin of humans (37:53) – Suffering (58:35) – Hitler (1:17:07) – Benjamin Netanyahu (1:35:30) – Peace in Ukraine (1:52:20) – Conspiracy theories (2:06:59) – AI safety (2:21:16) – How to think (2:31:00) – Advice for young people (2:33:41) – Love (2:43:50) – Mortality (2:48:14) – Meaning of life



#391 – Mohammed El-Kurd: Palestine

Mohammed El-Kurd is a Palestinian writer and poet. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Factor: https://factormeals.com/lex50 and use code lex50 to get 50% off first box – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex to get free security camera plus 20% off – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Babbel: https://babbel.com/lexpod and use code Lexpod to get 55% off – House of Macadamias: https://houseofmacadamias.com/lex and use code LEX to get 20% off your first order Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/mohammed-el-kurd-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Mohammed’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/m7mdkurd Mohammed’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/mohammedelkurd Mohammed’s Website: https://mohammedelkurd.com Rifqa (book): https://amzn.to/3Oqippl Books Mentioned: The Hundred Years’ War on Palestine (book): https://amzn.to/3K7ZtsE PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (10:41) – Palestine (35:09) – Hate (48:40) – Antisemitism (56:37) – Peace in the Middle East (1:03:34) – West Bank (1:13:43) – Hamas (1:23:31) – Two-state solution (1:39:21) – Jerusalem (1:46:04) – Role of the US (1:47:54) – Ghassan Kanafani (1:58:39) – 2024 Elections (1:59:48) – Poetry (2:09:08) – Language (2:17:36) – Hope



#392 – Joscha Bach: Life, Intelligence, Consciousness, AI & the Future of Humans

Joscha Bach is a cognitive scientist, AI researcher, and philosopher. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Numerai: https://numer.ai/lex – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex to get 15% off – AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/joscha-bach-3-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Joscha’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/Plinz Joscha’s Website: http://bach.ai Joscha’s Substack: https://substack.com/@joscha PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:26) – Stages of life (18:48) – Identity (25:24) – Enlightenment (31:55) – Adaptive Resonance Theory (38:42) – Panpsychism (48:42) – How to think (56:36) – Plants communication (1:14:31) – Fame (1:40:09) – Happiness (1:47:26) – Artificial consciousness (1:59:35) – Suffering (2:04:19) – Eliezer Yudkowsky (2:11:55) – e/acc (Effective Accelerationism) (2:17:33) – Mind uploading (2:28:22) – Vision Pro (2:32:36) – Open source AI (2:45:29) – Twitter (2:52:44) – Advice for young people (2:55:40) – Meaning of life



#393 – Andrew Huberman: Relationships, Drama, Betrayal, Sex, and Love

Andrew Huberman is a neuroscientist at Stanford and host of the Huberman Lab Podcast. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/andrew-huberman-4-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Andrew’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/AndrewHubermanLab Andrew’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/hubermanlab Andrew’s Website: https://hubermanlab.com Andrew’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/hubermanlab PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:42) – Exercise routine (15:52) – Advice to younger self (23:07) – Jungian shadow (27:53) – Betrayal and loyalty (48:03) – Drama (1:05:42) – Chimp Empire (1:10:35) – Overt vs covert contracts (1:16:42) – Age and health (1:22:49) – Sexual selection (1:33:26) – Relationships (1:45:59) – Fertility (1:56:25) – Productivity (2:13:13) – Family



#394 – Neri Oxman: Biology, Art, and Science of Design & Engineering with Nature

Neri Oxman is a designer, engineer, scientist, and artist working on computational design, synthetic biology and digital fabrication, previously at MIT, and now at OXMAN. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Babbel: https://babbel.com/lexpod and use code Lexpod to get 55% off – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – House of Macadamias: https://houseofmacadamias.com/lex and use code LEX to get 20% off first order – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/neri-oxman-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Neri’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/nerioxman OXMAN Website: https://oxman.com/ OXMAN Instagram: https://instagram.com/oxmanofficial PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:06) – Biomass vs anthropomass (23:27) – Computational templates (43:42) – Biological hero organisms (54:42) – Engineering with bacteria (1:02:59) – Plant communication (1:16:22) – Albert Einstein letter (1:19:44) – Beauty (1:24:40) – Faith (1:34:26) – Flaws (1:54:15) – Extinction (2:05:22) – Alien life (2:09:12) – Music (2:10:39) – Movies (2:15:11) – Advice for young people



#395 – Walter Isaacson: Elon Musk, Steve Jobs, Einstein, Da Vinci & Ben Franklin

Walter Isaacson is an author of biographies on Elon Musk, Steve Jobs, Einstein, Benjamin Franklin, Leonardo da Vinci, and many others. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lexpod to get 15% off – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/walter-isaacson-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Walter’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/WalterIsaacson Walter’s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/walter_isaacson Walter’s Website: https://isaacson.tulane.edu Walter’s Books: Elon Musk: https://amzn.to/48aWSZC The Code Breaker: https://amzn.to/3EAa0cU Leonardo da Vinci: https://amzn.to/3RlFICB The Innovators: https://amzn.to/45R8gs4 Steve Jobs: https://amzn.to/3P9Ak2B American Sketches: https://amzn.to/45LM4PN Einstein: https://amzn.to/3r6Ttu6 Benjamin Franklin: https://amzn.to/44NobWW Kissinger: https://amzn.to/3RdTA1u The Wise Men: https://amzn.to/45LQDJX PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (10:42) – Difficult childhood (27:47) – Jennifer Doudna (30:44) – Einstein (36:02) – Tesla (53:07) – Elon Musk’s humor (57:17) – Steve Jobs’ cruelty (1:00:41) – Twitter (1:12:50) – Firing (1:15:35) – Hiring (1:24:38) – Time management (1:32:22) – Groups vs individuals (1:36:08) – Mortality (1:39:40) – How to write (2:00:38) – Love & relationships (2:05:33) – Advice for young people



#396 – James Sexton: Divorce Lawyer on Marriage, Relationships, Sex, Lies & Love

James Sexton is a divorce attorney and author. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – House of Macadamias: https://houseofmacadamias.com/lex and use code LEX to get 20% off first order – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lexpod to get 15% off – AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/james-sexton-transcript EPISODE LINKS: James’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/nycdivorcelaw James’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/nycdivorcelawyer James’s Website: https://nycdivorces.com/our-attorneys How to Stay in Love (book): https://amzn.to/3t61uji If You’re in My Office, It’s Already Too Late (audiobook): https://amzn.to/3PkVECg PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:01) – Why marriages fail (30:32) – Sex and fetishes (39:49) – Breakups (1:05:35) – Johnny Depp and Amber Heard (1:25:36) – Complicated divorce cases (1:32:22) – Cheating with the nanny (1:34:39) – Relationship advice (1:43:20) – Cost of divorce (2:05:11) – Prenups (2:19:33) – Cheating (2:27:17) – Open marriages and threesomes (2:40:05) – Sex and fighting (3:05:00) – Kevin Costner’s divorce (3:14:44) – Lying (3:22:12) – Productivity (3:30:06) – Jiu Jitsu (3:38:38) – Sex, love, and marriage



#397 – Greg Lukianoff: Cancel Culture, Deplatforming, Censorship & Free Speech

Greg Lukianoff is a free speech advocate, first-amendment attorney, president of FIRE – Foundation for Individual Rights and Expression, and co-author of The Coddling of the American Mind and a new book The Canceling of the American Mind. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Policygenius: https://www.policygenius.com/ – Babbel: https://babbel.com/lexpod and use code Lexpod to get 55% off – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/greg-lukianoff-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Greg’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/glukianoff Greg’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/glukianoff FIRE: https://thefire.org/ FIRE on Twitter: https://twitter.com/TheFIREorg *** Greg’s Books *** The Canceling of the American Mind: https://amzn.to/464yasg The Coddling of the American Mind: https://amzn.to/3EL48hj Freedom from Speech: https://amzn.to/3rhrdVN Unlearning Liberty: https://amzn.to/3rlFnoN *** Books Mentioned *** The Closing of the American Mind: https://amzn.to/4638KuX The Origins of Political Order: https://amzn.to/464zkE8 So You’ve Been Publicly Shamed: https://amzn.to/48nm1Af Racial Paranoia: https://amzn.to/3RzyY3U Why Buddhism Is True: https://amzn.to/3t4R5Vk Speaking Freely: https://amzn.to/3Zr64oG PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (10:49) – Cancel culture & freedom of speech (25:21) – Left-wing vs right-wing cancel culture (34:06) – Religion (36:46) – College rankings by freedom of speech (42:54) – Deplatforming (57:29) – Whataboutism (1:02:32) – Steelmanning (1:10:08) – How the left argues (1:20:48) – Diversity, equity, and inclusion (1:32:39) – Why colleges lean left (1:40:17) – How the right argues (1:44:52) – Hate speech (1:53:39) – Platforming (2:03:10) – Social media (2:24:17) – Depression (2:35:48) – Hope



#398 – Mark Zuckerberg: First Interview in the Metaverse

Mark Zuckerberg is CEO of Meta. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/mark-zuckerberg-3-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Mark’s Facebook: https://facebook.com/zuck Mark’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/zuck Mark’s Threads: https://threads.net/@zuck Meta AI: https://ai.meta.com/ Meta Quest: https://www.meta.com/quest/ Meta Connect 2023: https://www.metaconnect.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:38) – Metaverse (23:01) – Quest 3 (37:50) – Nature of reality (42:28) – AI in the Metaverse (59:26) – Large language models (1:05:23) – Future of humanity



#399 – Jared Kushner: Israel, Palestine, Hamas, Gaza, Iran, and the Middle East

Jared Kushner is a former Senior Advisor to President Donald Trump and author of Breaking History. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/jared-kushner-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Breaking History (book): https://amzn.to/3QblTNk Jared’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/jaredkushner Jared’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/jaredckushner Books Mentioned: Prisoners of Geography: https://amzn.to/3tubxzf The Guns of August: https://amzn.to/3FbWD3c Thirteen Days in September: https://amzn.to/3Fb3EkM The Great Degeneration: https://amzn.to/4921WQv The Hundred-Year Marathon: https://amzn.to/3LRobP7 Destined for War: https://amzn.to/3rKwGEE PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. === Recorded on Mon, Oct 9 === (00:00) – Introduction (07:02) – Hamas attack on Israel (09:55) – Response to attack (16:14) – History of Hamas (18:54) – Iran (20:41) – Al-Aqsa Mosque (27:06) – Abraham Accords (36:00) – Trump vs Biden on Middle East (45:00) – Israeli-Saudi Normalization (49:12) – How the Israel-Gaza war ends (53:29) – Benjamin Netanyahu (57:06) – Palestinian support === Recorded on Thu, Oct 5 === (59:47) – Trump 2024 (1:03:15) – Human nature (1:10:13) – Geopolitics and negotiation (1:18:56) – North Korea (1:27:35) – Personalities of leaders (1:34:11) – Government bureaucracy (1:39:56) – Accusations of collusion with Russia (1:49:35) – Ivanka (1:55:30) – Father (2:04:13) – Money and power (2:12:56) – Trust and betrayal (2:21:57) – Mohammed bin Salman (2:44:16) – Israeli–Palestinian peace process (2:58:47) – Abraham Accords and Arab-Israeli normalization (3:08:53) – Donald Trump (3:13:59) – War in Ukraine (3:19:14) – Vladimir Putin (3:26:33) – China (3:44:50) – Learning process (3:51:19) – Hope for the future



#400 – Elon Musk: War, AI, Aliens, Politics, Physics, Video Games, and Humanity

Elon Musk is CEO of X, xAI, SpaceX, Tesla, Neuralink, and The Boring Company. Thank you for listening ❤ Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex to get free security camera plus 20% off – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/elon-musk-4-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Elon’s X: https://x.com/elonmusk xAI: https://x.com/xai Tesla: https://x.com/tesla Tesla Optimus: https://x.com/tesla_optimus Tesla AI: https://x.com/Tesla_AI SpaceX: https://x.com/spacex Neuralink: https://x.com/neuralink The Boring Company: https://x.com/boringcompany PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (10:25) – War and human nature (14:51) – Israel-Hamas war (20:59) – Military-Industrial Complex (25:16) – War in Ukraine (29:59) – China (44:15) – xAI Grok (55:13) – Aliens (1:03:13) – God (1:05:41) – Diablo 4 and video games (1:14:48) – Dystopian worlds: 1984 and Brave New World (1:20:59) – AI and useful compute per watt (1:26:40) – AI regulation (1:33:32) – Should AI be open-sourced? (1:40:54) – X algorithm (1:52:15) – 2024 presidential elections (2:05:14) – Politics (2:08:16) – Trust (2:13:47) – Tesla’s Autopilot and Optimus robot (2:22:46) – Hardships



#401 – John Mearsheimer: Israel-Palestine, Russia-Ukraine, China, NATO, and WW3

John Mearsheimer is an international relations scholar at University of Chicago. He is one of the most influential and controversial thinkers in the world on the topics of war and power. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Notion: https://notion.com – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/john-mearsheimer-transcript EPISODE LINKS: John’s Website: https://mearsheimer.com John’s Books: The Tragedy of Great Power Politics: https://amzn.to/3FWrqkX How States Think: https://amzn.to/3udaWST The Great Delusion: https://amzn.to/3syXKXS Why Leaders Lie: https://amzn.to/3ucs4rU The Israel Lobby: https://amzn.to/47fxrVU Books Mentioned: Leviathan: https://amzn.to/49zCFgu The End of History and the Last Man: https://amzn.to/47wTVBf Who Are We: https://amzn.to/3QXDk44 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:52) – Power (33:06) – Hitler (50:33) – Russia and Ukraine (1:46:45) – Israel and Palestine (2:47:37) – China (3:29:58) – Life and mortality



#402 – Michael Malice: Thanksgiving Pirate Special

Michael Malice is a political thinker, podcaster, author, and anarchist. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Policygenius: https://www.policygenius.com/ – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lexpod to get 15% off – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/michael-malice-7-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Michael’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/michaelmalice Michael’s Community: https://malice.locals.com Michael’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/MichaelMaliceofficial Michael’s Website: http://michaelmalice.com/about Your Welcome podcast: https://bit.ly/30q8oz1 Jake Michael Singer (sculptor): https://instagram.com/jakemichaelsinger Books: The White Pill: http://whitepillbook.com The Anarchist Handbook: https://amzn.to/3yUb2f0 The New Right: https://amzn.to/34gxLo3 Dear Reader: https://amzn.to/2HPPlHS PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (10:15) – Beauty and mantis shrimp (14:43) – Parrots, Pirates, and Monty Python (20:55) – Humor and absurdity (28:16) – Thanksgiving (56:56) – Unboxing the mystery box (1:12:54) – Karl Marx and religion (1:21:11) – Art (1:25:25) – Books (1:38:02) – How to be happy (1:40:12) – Depression (1:41:15) – Fear (1:42:42) – Betrayal



#403 – Lisa Randall: Dark Matter, Theoretical Physics, and Extinction Events

Lisa Randall is a theoretical physicist at Harvard. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Babbel: https://babbel.com/lexpod and use code Lexpod to get 55% off – Notion: https://notion.com – SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex to get free security camera plus 20% off – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/lisa-randall-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Lisa’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/lirarandall Lisa’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/proflisarandall Lisa’s Website: https://www.physics.harvard.edu/people/facpages/randall Books: Dark Matter and the Dinosaurs: https://amzn.to/417cKZJ Knocking on Heaven’s Door: https://amzn.to/3R4LjLC Warped Passages: https://amzn.to/49Xcr85 Higgs Discovery: https://amzn.to/4a6sfWe PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (11:11) – Dark matter (30:02) – Extinction events (41:02) – Particle physics (56:16) – Physics vs mathematics



#404 – Lee Cronin: Controversial Nature Paper on Evolution of Life and Universe

Lee Cronin is a chemist at University of Glasgow. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/lee-cronin-3-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Lee’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/leecronin Lee’s Website: https://www.chem.gla.ac.uk/cronin/ Nature Paper: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-023-06600-9 Chemify’s Website: https://chemify.io PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:37) – Assembly theory paper (30:06) – Assembly equation (43:19) – Discovering alien life (1:01:38) – Evolution of life on Earth (1:09:34) – Response to criticism (1:27:12) – Kolmogorov complexity (1:39:02) – Nature review process (1:59:56) – Time and free will (2:06:21) – Communication with aliens (2:28:19) – Cellular automata (2:32:48) – AGI (2:49:36) – Nuclear weapons (2:55:22) – Chem Machina (3:08:16) – GPT for electron density (3:17:46) – God



#405 – Jeff Bezos: Amazon and Blue Origin

Jeff Bezos is the founder of Amazon and Blue Origin. Thank you for listening ❤ Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Notion: https://notion.com/lex – Policygenius: https://policygenius.com/lex – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lexpod to get 15% off – Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/jeff-bezos-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Jeff’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/jeffbezos Jeff’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/jeffbezos Amazon: https://amazon.com Blue Origin: https://blueorigin.com Invent and Wander (book): https://amzn.to/41bF2SY PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:53) – Texas ranch and childhood (12:31) – Space exploration and rocket engineering (25:05) – Physics (34:39) – New Glenn rocket (1:17:28) – Lunar program (1:27:24) – Amazon (1:44:45) – Principles (2:03:25) – Productivity (2:14:03) – Future of humanity



#406 – Teddy Atlas: Mike Tyson, Cus D’Amato, Boxing, Loyalty, Fear & Greatness

Teddy Atlas is boxing trainer to 18 world champions, ESPN boxing commentator, and host of podcast THE FIGHT with Teddy Atlas. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Notion: https://notion.com/lex – Babbel: https://babbel.com/lexpod and use code Lexpod to get 55% off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/teddy-atlas-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Teddy’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/TeddyAtlasReal Teddy’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/teddy_atlas Teddy’s Website: https://teddyatlas.com/ Atlas: From the Streets to the Ring (book): https://amzn.to/48uIQBj Teddy’s Podcast: https://youtube.com/THEFIGHTwithTeddyAtlas Dr. Theodore Atlas Foundation: http://dratlasfoundation.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:47) – Lessons from father (19:53) – Scar story (40:31) – Cus D’Amato (50:43) – Mike Tyson (2:08:39) – Forgiveness



#407 – Guillaume Verdon: Beff Jezos, E/acc Movement, Physics, Computation & AGI

Guillaume Verdon (aka Beff Jezos on Twitter) is a physicist, quantum computing researcher, and founder of e/acc (effective accelerationism) movement. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack – Notion: https://notion.com/lex – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off – AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/guillaume-verdon-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Guillaume Verdon Twitter: https://twitter.com/GillVerd Beff Jezos Twitter: https://twitter.com/BasedBeffJezos Extropic: https://extropic.ai/ E/acc Blog: https://effectiveaccelerationism.substack.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:18) – Beff Jezos (19:16) – Thermodynamics (25:31) – Doxxing (35:25) – Anonymous bots (42:53) – Power (45:24) – AI dangers (48:56) – Building AGI (57:09) – Merging with AI (1:04:51) – p(doom) (1:20:18) – Quantum machine learning (1:33:36) – Quantum computer (1:42:10) – Aliens (1:46:59) – Quantum gravity (1:52:20) – Kardashev scale (1:54:12) – Effective accelerationism (e/acc) (2:04:42) – Humor and memes (2:07:48) – Jeff Bezos (2:14:20) – Elon Musk (2:20:50) – Extropic (2:29:26) – Singularity and AGI (2:33:24) – AI doomers (2:34:49) – Effective altruism (2:41:18) – Day in the life (2:47:45) – Identity (2:50:35) – Advice for young people (2:52:37) – Mortality (2:56:20) – Meaning of life



#408 – Tal Wilkenfeld: Music, Guitar, Bass, Jeff Beck, Prince, and Leonard Cohen

Tal Wilkenfeld is a singer-songwriter, bassist, and guitarist. She has performed with legendary artists including Jeff Beck, Prince, Incubus, Eric Clapton, Herbie Hancock, Mick Jagger, Rod Stewart, Hans Zimmer, Pharrell Williams, and many more. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lexpod to get 15% off – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack – Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/tal-wilkenfeld-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Tal’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/talmeastory Tal’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/talwilkenfeld Tal’s Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/talwilkenfeld/ Tal’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/TalWilkenfeld Tal’s Love Remains record: https://talwilkenfeld.lnk.to/LoveRemains Tal’s Linktree: https://linktr.ee/talwilkenfeld Big thank you to Crossroads Guitar Festival and Jeff Beck Estate for the footage included in this podcast. Crossroads Guitar Festival: https://crossroadsguitarfestival.com/ Jeff Beck & Tal Wilkenfeld at Crossroads: https://youtube.com/watch?v=BVgUzUZeTw4 Guitar: Jeff Beck Bass: Tal Wilkenfield Drums: Vinnie Colaiuta Keyboards: Jason Rebello “Cause We’ve Ended As Lovers” is originally by Stevie Wonder PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:51) – Jeff Beck (15:44) – Confidence on stage (32:23) – Leonard Cohen (40:23) – Taxi Driver (51:43) – Songwriting (55:23) – How to learn and practice (1:13:53) – Slap vs Fingerstyle (1:20:16) – Davie504 (1:24:36) – Prince (1:30:13) – Jimi Hendrix (1:32:27) – Mentorship (1:38:46) – Sad songs (1:44:43) – Tal performs Under The Sun (live) (1:50:00) – Tal performs Killing Me (live)



#409 – Matthew Cox: FBI Most Wanted Con Man – $55 Million in Bank Fraud

Matthew Cox is a former con man who served 13 years in federal prison for bank fraud, mortgage fraud, and identity theft. He is the author of many books, including his memoir Shark in the Housing Pool, and runs the YouTube channel Inside True Crime. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Freud’s Last Session: see it in select theaters – Babbel: https://babbel.com/lexpod and use code Lexpod to get 55% off – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/matthew-cox-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Matthew’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/@InsideTrueCrime Matthew’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/insidetruecrime Matthew’s Art Instagram: https://instagram.com/coxpopart Matthew’s TikTok: https://tiktok.com/@matthewcoxtruecrime Shark in the Housing Pool (book): https://amzn.to/3S52EEy PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:43) – Mortgage fraud (23:32) – Creating fake people (57:17) – Arrested by FBI (1:14:08) – Omerta: Code of silence (1:36:26) – Fake ID’s (2:05:48) – Getting caught (2:19:12) – Going on the run from FBI (2:30:54) – Identity theft (2:51:34) – More scams (3:03:23) – FBI Most Wanted (3:05:51) – Close calls (3:36:46) – Break up with Becky (3:41:26) – Calling parents (3:43:25) – Calling FBI (3:49:06) – Running from cops (4:10:56) – Getting arrested (4:26:21) – Snitching (4:42:35) – Prison (5:00:08) – War dogs (5:06:50) – Frank Amodeo (5:42:21) – Freedom (5:53:15) – Family (5:59:19) – Regret



#410 – Ben Shapiro vs Destiny Debate: Politics, Jan 6, Israel, Ukraine & Wokeism

Ben Shapiro is a conservative political commentator, host of The Ben Shapiro Show, co-founder of The Daily Wire, and author of The Authoritarian Moment and other books. Steven Bonnell, aka Destiny, is a liberal political commentator and a live streamer on YouTube. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil – Policygenius: https://policygenius.com/lex – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/ben-shapiro-destiny-debate-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Ben’s X: https://twitter.com/benshapiro Ben’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/officialbenshapiro Ben’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/@BenShapiro Daily Wire: https://dailywire.com Destiny’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/destiny Destiny’s X: https://twitter.com/TheOmniLiberal Destiny’s Subreddit: https://reddit.com/r/Destiny Destiny’s Website: https://destiny.gg Destiny’s Instragram: https://instagram.com/destiny PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:21) – Liberalism vs Conservatism (12:34) – Education (28:51) – Trump vs Biden (49:16) – Foreign policy (1:02:13) – Israel-Palestine (1:17:10) – Russia-Ukraine (1:28:50) – January 6 (1:44:48) – Abuse of power (1:54:46) – Wokeism (2:01:27) – Institutional capture (2:15:21) – Monogamy vs open relationships (2:20:14) – Rapid fire questions



#411 – Omar Suleiman: Palestine, Gaza, Oct 7, Israel, Resistance, Faith & Islam

Omar Suleiman is a Palestinian-American Muslim scholar, civil rights leader, and President of the Yaqeen Institute for Islamic Research. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/omar-suleiman-2-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Omar’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/imamomarsuleiman Omar’s X: https://x.com/omarsuleiman504 Omar’s Facebook: https://facebook.com/imamomarsuleiman Yaqeen Institute’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/@yaqeeninstituteofficial Yaqeen Institute’s Website: https://yaqeeninstitute.org PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (10:18) – Oct 7 (19:14) – Palestinian diaspora (23:29) – Wael Al-Dahdouh (38:21) – Violence (1:01:59) – Biden and Trump (1:15:11) – Ceasefire march (1:25:24) – Benjamin Netanyahu (1:32:26) – Houthi rebel attacks (1:34:03) – Hostages (1:40:23) – MLK Jr and Malcolm X (1:53:04) – Palestinian refugees (2:02:14) – Muhammad and Jesus (2:13:07) – Al-Aqsa Mosque (2:22:04) – Ramadan (2:26:57) – Hope for the future



#412 – Marc Raibert: Boston Dynamics and the Future of Robotics

Marc Raibert is founder and former long-time CEO of Boston Dynamics, and recently Executive Director of the newly-created Boston Dynamics AI Institute. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – HiddenLayer: https://hiddenlayer.com/lex – Babbel: https://babbel.com/lexpod and use code Lexpod to get 55% off – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lexpod to get 15% off – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/marc-raibert-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Boston Dynamics AI Institute: https://theaiinstitute.com/ Boston Dynamics YouTube: https://youtube.com/@bostondynamics Boston Dynamics X: https://x.com/BostonDynamics Boston Dynamics Instagram: https://instagram.com/bostondynamicsofficial Boston Dynamics Website: https://bostondynamics.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (10:12) – Early robots (15:15) – Legged robots (33:55) – Boston Dynamics (37:13) – BigDog (45:20) – Hydraulic actuation (47:12) – Natural movement (52:59) – Leg Lab (59:51) – AI Institute (1:03:09) – Athletic intelligence (1:11:04) – Building a team (1:14:05) – Videos (1:21:53) – Engineering (1:25:21) – Dancing robots (1:30:08) – Hiring (1:34:00) – Optimus robot (1:42:30) – Future of robotics (1:47:24) – Advice for young people



#413 – Bill Ackman: Investing, Financial Battles, Harvard, DEI, X & Free Speech

Bill Ackman is an investor who has led some of the biggest and controversial financial trades in history. He is founder and CEO of Pershing Square Capital Management. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack – Policygenius: https://policygenius.com/lex – AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil – Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/bill-ackman-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Bill’s X: https://twitter.com/BillAckman Pershing Square Holdings: https://pershingsquareholdings.com/ Pershing Square Foundation: https://pershingsquarefoundation.org Neri Oxman conversation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XbPHojL_61U Books mentioned: The Intelligent Investor: https://amzn.to/3ONnaZy America’s Cultural Revolution: https://amzn.to/3SDz1dY PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:55) – Investing basics (13:47) – Investing in music (22:08) – Process of researching companies (26:47) – Investing in restaurants (32:16) – Investing in Google (37:58) – AI (43:13) – Warren Buffet (45:22) – Psychology of investing (54:53) – Activist investing (1:04:41) – General Growth Properties (1:20:57) – Canadian Pacific Railway (1:28:21) – OpenAI (1:32:32) – Biggest loss and lowest point (1:47:21) – Herbalife and Carl Icahn (2:04:11) – Oct 7 (2:10:42) – College campus protests (2:29:09) – DEI in universities (2:50:00) – Neri Oxman (3:15:30) – X and free speech (3:19:54) – Trump (3:27:30) – Dean Phillips (3:34:36) – Future



#414 – Tucker Carlson: Putin, Navalny, Trump, CIA, NSA, War, Politics & Freedom

Tucker Carlson is a highly-influential political commentator. You can watch and listen to him on the Tucker Carlson Network and the Tucker Carlson Podcast. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – ZipRecruiter: https://ziprecruiter.com/lex – Listening: https://listening.com/lex and use code LEX to get one month free – HiddenLayer: https://hiddenlayer.com/lex – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack – AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/tucker-carlson-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Tucker Carlson Network: https://tuckercarlson.com/ Tucker Carlson Podcast: https://tuckercarlson.com/listen/ Tucker’s X: https://twitter.com/tuckercarlson Tucker’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/@TuckerCarlson Tucker’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/tuckercarlson Tucker’s Facebook: https://facebook.com/tuckercarlsonTCN/ Vladimir Putin Interview: https://youtube.com/watch?v=fOCWBhuDdDo PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (11:58) – Putin (28:13) – Navalny (49:25) – Moscow (1:08:54) – Freedom of speech (1:15:08) – Jon Stewart (1:27:54) – Ending the War in Ukraine (1:37:21) – Nazis (1:45:48) – Putin’s health (1:56:52) – Hitler (2:06:17) – Nuclear war (2:24:36) – Trump (2:41:33) – Israel-Palestine (2:47:42) – Xi Jinping (3:01:40) – Advice for young people (3:06:58) – Hope for the future



#415 – Serhii Plokhy: History of Ukraine, Russia, Soviet Union, KGB, Nazis & War

Serhii Plokhy is a Ukrainian historian at Harvard University, director of the Ukrainian Research Institute, and an author of many books on history of Eastern Europe, including his latest book The Russo-Ukrainian War: The Return of History. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/serhii-plokhy-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Serhii’s X: https://x.com/splokhy Serhii’s Website: https://history.fas.harvard.edu/people/serhii-plokhii Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute: https://huri.harvard.edu/ Serhii’s Books: https://amzn.to/3OS2EqK 2006 – The Origins of the Slavic Nations 2010 – Yalta: The Price of Peace 2012 – The Cossack Myth: History and Nationhood in the Age of Empires 2014 – The Last Empire: The Final Days of the Soviet Union 2015 – The Gates of Europe: A History of Ukraine 2016 – The Man with the Poison Gun: A Cold War Spy Story 2017 – Lost Kingdom: The Quest for Empire and the Making of the Russian Nation 2018 – Chernobyl: History of a Tragedy 2021 – Nuclear Folly: A History of the Cuban Missile Crisis 2021 – The Frontline: Essays on Ukraine’s Past and Present 2022 – Atoms and Ashes: A Global History of Nuclear Disaster 2023 – The Russo-Ukrainian War: The Return of History PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:10) – Collapse of the Soviet Union (25:19) – Origins of Russia and Ukraine (38:22) – Ukrainian nationalism (46:04) – Stepan Bandera (1:15:05) – KGB (1:30:03) – War in Ukraine (2:06:19) – NATO and Russia (2:17:22) – Peace talks (2:31:09) – Ukrainian Army head Valerii Zaluzhnyi (2:37:46) – Power and War (2:48:37) – Holodomor (2:55:09) – Chernobyl (3:05:43) – Nuclear power (3:15:20) – Future of the world



#416 – Yann Lecun: Meta AI, Open Source, Limits of LLMs, AGI & the Future of AI

Yann LeCun is the Chief AI Scientist at Meta, professor at NYU, Turing Award winner, and one of the most influential researchers in the history of AI. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – HiddenLayer: https://hiddenlayer.com/lex – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial – AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/yann-lecun-3-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Yann’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/ylecun Yann’s Facebook: https://facebook.com/yann.lecun Meta AI: https://ai.meta.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:10) – Limits of LLMs (20:47) – Bilingualism and thinking (24:39) – Video prediction (31:59) – JEPA (Joint-Embedding Predictive Architecture) (35:08) – JEPA vs LLMs (44:24) – DINO and I-JEPA (45:44) – V-JEPA (51:15) – Hierarchical planning (57:33) – Autoregressive LLMs (1:12:59) – AI hallucination (1:18:23) – Reasoning in AI (1:35:55) – Reinforcement learning (1:41:02) – Woke AI (1:50:41) – Open source (1:54:19) – AI and ideology (1:56:50) – Marc Andreesen (2:04:49) – Llama 3 (2:11:13) – AGI (2:15:41) – AI doomers (2:31:31) – Joscha Bach (2:35:44) – Humanoid robots (2:44:52) – Hope for the future



#417 – Kimbal Musk: The Art of Cooking, Tesla, SpaceX, Zip2, and Family

Kimbal Musk is a chef, entrepreneur, and author of The Kitchen Cookbook: Cooking for Your Community. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/kimbal-musk-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Kimbal’s X: https://x.com/kimbal Kimbal’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/kimbalmusk/ Kimbal’s Facebook: https://facebook.com/kimbalmuskofficial/ The Kitchen Cookbook: https://amzn.to/4ccaCoE The Kitchen (restaurants): https://www.thekitchen.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:50) – Growing up in South Africa (19:21) – Cooking (42:06) – Ingredients (49:11) – Anthony Bourdain (51:26) – Cooking school (1:07:46) – Life-threatening accident (1:21:50) – Road trip across US (1:33:33) – Zip2 (1:38:16) – Tesla (1:45:41) – SpaceX (1:49:24) – Hope for the future



#418 – Israel-Palestine Debate: Finkelstein, Destiny, M. Rabbani & Benny Morris

Norman Finkelstein and Benny Morris are historians. Mouin Rabbani is a Middle East analyst. Steven Bonnell (aka Destiny) is a political livestreamer. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free – Babbel: https://babbel.com/lexpod and use code Lexpod to get 55% off – Policygenius: https://policygenius.com/lex – Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/israel-palestine-debate-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Mouin’s X: https://x.com/MouinRabbani Mouin’s Podcast: https://youtube.com/playlist?list=PLLkT5TSHWFSYKY_6vrNn_vZAmfunA_s9g – Benny’s Books: https://amzn.to/3Vf7NNU – Norman’s X: https://x.com/normfinkelstein Norman’s Website: https://www.normanfinkelstein.com/ Norman’s Books: https://amzn.to/3IqouxU Knowing Too Much (excerpt): https://jumpshare.com/v/8EUbbP40Do44ITDfJUoR – Destiny’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/destiny Destiny’s X: https://x.com/TheOmniLiberal Destiny’s Subreddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/Destiny/ Destiny’s Website: https://destiny.gg – Norman and Mouin provided additional links to supplement the discussion. See them here: https://sites.google.com/view/israel-palestine-debate/home PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (12:11) – 1948 (1:10:43) – Partition (2:15:16) – October 7 (3:09:27) – Gaza (3:36:02) – Peace (4:40:47) – Hope for the future



#419 – Sam Altman: OpenAI, GPT-5, Sora, Board Saga, Elon Musk, Ilya, Power & AGI

Sam Altman is the CEO of OpenAI, the company behind GPT-4, ChatGPT, Sora, and many other state-of-the-art AI technologies. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Cloaked: https://cloaked.com/lex and use code LexPod to get 25% off – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/sam-altman-2-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Sam’s X: https://x.com/sama Sam’s Blog: https://blog.samaltman.com/ OpenAI’s X: https://x.com/OpenAI OpenAI’s Website: https://openai.com ChatGPT Website: https://chat.openai.com/ Sora Website: https://openai.com/sora GPT-4 Website: https://openai.com/research/gpt-4 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:51) – OpenAI board saga (25:17) – Ilya Sutskever (31:26) – Elon Musk lawsuit (41:18) – Sora (51:09) – GPT-4 (1:02:18) – Memory & privacy (1:09:22) – Q* (1:12:58) – GPT-5 (1:16:13) – $7 trillion of compute (1:24:22) – Google and Gemini (1:35:26) – Leap to GPT-5 (1:39:10) – AGI (1:57:44) – Aliens



#420 – Annie Jacobsen: Nuclear War, CIA, KGB, Aliens, Area 51, Roswell & Secrecy

Annie Jacobsen is an investigative journalist and author of “Nuclear War: A Scenario” and many other books on war, weapons, government secrecy, and national security. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – HiddenLayer: https://hiddenlayer.com/lex – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – Policygenius: https://policygenius.com/lex – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/annie-jacobsen-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Nuclear War: A Scenario (book): https://amzn.to/3THZHfr Annie’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/anniejacobsen Annie’s Website: https://anniejacobsen.com/ Annie’s Books: https://amzn.to/3TGWyMJ Annie’s Books (audio): https://adbl.co/49ZnI7c PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:37) – Nuclear war (12:21) – Launch procedure (18:00) – Deterrence (21:34) – Tactical nukes (30:59) – Nuclear submarines (33:59) – Nuclear missiles (41:10) – Nuclear football (50:17) – Missile interceptor system (54:34) – North Korea (1:01:10) – Nuclear war scenarios (1:10:02) – Warmongers (1:14:31) – President’s cognitive ability (1:20:43) – Refusing orders (1:28:41) – Russia and Putin (1:33:48) – Cyberattack (1:35:09) – Ground zero of nuclear war (1:39:48) – Surviving nuclear war (1:44:06) – Nuclear winter (1:54:29) – Alien civilizations (2:00:04) – Extrasensory perception (2:13:50) – Area 51 (2:17:48) – UFOs and aliens (2:28:15) – Roswell incident (2:34:55) – CIA assassinations (2:53:47) – Navalny (2:56:12) – KGB (3:02:48) – Hitler and the atomic bomb (3:06:52) – War and human nature (3:10:17) – Hope



#421 – Dana White: UFC, Fighting, Khabib, Conor, Tyson, Ali, Rogan, Elon & Zuck

Dana White is the CEO and president of the UFC. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack – Notion: https://notion.com/lex – AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil – InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/dana-white-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Dana’s X: https://x.com/danawhite Dana’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/danawhite Dana’s Facebook: https://facebook.com/danawhite UFC’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/@UFC UFC’s Website: https://ufc.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:31) – Mike Tyson and early days of fighting (17:10) – Jiu jitsu (23:14) – Origin of UFC (37:25) – Joe Rogan (43:31) – Lorenzo Fertitta (45:58) – Great fighters (49:55) – Khabib vs Conor (53:01) – Jon Jones (56:03) – Conor McGregor (1:01:05) – Trump (1:06:44) – Elon vs Zuck (1:08:04) – Mike Tyson vs Jake Paul (1:10:52) – Forrest Griffin vs Stephan Bonnar (1:18:06) – Gambling (1:33:08) – Mortality



#422 – Mark Cuban: Shark Tank, DEI & Wokeism Debate, Elon Musk, Politics & Drugs

Mark Cuban is a businessman, investor, star of TV series Shark Tank, long-time principal owner of Dallas Mavericks, and founder of Cost Plus Drugs. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Listening: https://listening.com/lex and use code LEX to get one month free – Cloaked: https://cloaked.com/lex and use code LexPod to get 25% off – Notion: https://notion.com/lex – Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/mark-cuban-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Mark’s X: https://twitter.com/mcuban Mark’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/mcuban Cost Plus Drugs: https://costplusdrugs.com Shark Tank: https://abc.com/shows/shark-tank Dallas Mavericks: https://www.mavs.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (11:10) – Entrepreneurship (26:03) – Shark Tank (36:29) – How Mark made first billion (1:02:39) – Dallas Mavericks (1:08:05) – DEI debate (1:43:58) – Trump vs Biden (1:46:20) – Immigration (1:55:53) – Drugs and Big Pharma (2:11:53) – AI (2:16:05) – Advice for young people



#423 – Tulsi Gabbard: War, Politics, and the Military Industrial Complex

Tulsi Gabbard is a politician, veteran, and author of For Love of Country. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Riverside: https://creators.riverside.fm/LEX and use code LEX to get 30% off – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – Notion: https://notion.com/lex Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/tulsi-gabbard-transcript EPISODE LINKS: For Love of Country (book): https://amzn.to/3VLlofM Tulsi’s X: https://x.com/tulsigabbard Tulsi’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/@TulsiGabbard Tulsi’s Podcast: https://youtube.com/@TheTulsiGabbardShow Tulsi’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/tulsigabbard Tulsi’s Facebook: https://facebook.com/TulsiGabbard Tulsi’s Website: https://tulsigabbard.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (07:14) – War in Iraq (15:00) – Battle injuries and PTSD (22:10) – War on terrorism (30:51) – War in Gaza (34:52) – War in Ukraine (38:38) – Syria (46:20) – Warmongers (55:40) – Nuclear war (1:11:08) – TikTok ban (1:23:13) – Bernie Sanders (1:28:08) – Politics (1:46:59) – Personal attacks (1:49:07) – God



#424 – Bassem Youssef: Israel-Palestine, Gaza, Hamas, Middle East, Satire & Fame

Bassem Youssef is an Egyptian-American comedian & satirist, referred to as the Jon Stewart of the Arab World. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial – Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/bassem-youssef-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Bassem’s X: https://x.com/Byoussef Bassem’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/bassem Bassem’s Facebook: https://facebook.com/bassemyousseftv Bassem’s Website: https://bassemyoussef.xyz PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:30) – Oct 7 (36:59) – Two-state solution (52:37) – Holocaust (1:00:24) – 1948 (1:09:17) – Egypt (1:23:39) – Jon Stewart (1:25:51) – Going viral during the Arab Spring (1:49:55) – Arabic vs English (2:02:18) – Sam Harris and Jihad (2:07:25) – Religion (2:26:37) – TikTok (2:31:10) – Joe Rogan (2:33:07) – Joe Biden (2:37:33) – Putin (2:39:21) – War (2:44:17) – Hope



#425 – Andrew Callaghan: Channel 5, Gonzo, QAnon, O-Block, Politics & Alex Jones

Andrew Callaghan is the host of Channel 5 on YouTube, where he does street interviews with fascinating humans at the edges of society, the so-called vagrants, vagabonds, runaways, outlaws, from QAnon adherents to Phish heads to O Block residents and much more. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – ShipStation: https://shipstation.com/lex and use code LEX to get 60-day free trial – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lexpod to get 15% off – AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/andrew-callaghan-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Channel 5 with Andrew Callaghan: https://www.youtube.com/channel5YouTube Andrew’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/andreww.me Andrew’s Website: https://andrew-callaghan.com/ Andrew’s Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/channel5 This Place Rules: https://www.hbo.com/movies/this-place-rules Books Mentioned: On the Road: https://amzn.to/4aLPLHi Siddhartha: https://amzn.to/49rthKz PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (08:53) – Walmart (10:24) – Early life (29:14) – Hitchhiking (40:49) – Couch surfing (49:50) – Quarter Confessions (1:07:33) – Burning Man (1:22:44) – Protests (1:28:17) – Jon Stewart (1:31:13) – Fame (1:44:31) – Jan 6 (1:48:15) – QAnon (1:54:00) – Alex Jones (2:10:52) – Politics (2:20:29) – Response to allegations (2:37:28) – Channel 5 (2:43:04) – Rap (2:44:51) – O Block (2:48:47) – Crip Mac (2:51:59) – Aliens



#426 – Edward Gibson: Human Language, Psycholinguistics, Syntax, Grammar & LLMs

Edward Gibson is a psycholinguistics professor at MIT and heads the MIT Language Lab. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Yahoo Finance: https://yahoofinance.com – Listening: https://listening.com/lex and use code LEX to get one month free – Policygenius: https://policygenius.com/lex – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial – Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/edward-gibson-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Edward’s X: https://x.com/LanguageMIT TedLab: https://tedlab.mit.edu/ Edward’s Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=4FsWE64AAAAJ TedLab’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/@Tedlab-MIT PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (10:53) – Human language (14:59) – Generalizations in language (20:46) – Dependency grammar (30:45) – Morphology (39:20) – Evolution of languages (42:40) – Noam Chomsky (1:26:46) – Thinking and language (1:40:16) – LLMs (1:53:14) – Center embedding (2:19:42) – Learning a new language (2:23:34) – Nature vs nurture (2:30:10) – Culture and language (2:44:38) – Universal language (2:49:01) – Language translation (2:52:16) – Animal communication



#427 – Neil Adams: Judo, Olympics, Winning, Losing, and the Champion Mindset

Neil Adams is a judo world champion, 2-time Olympic silver medalist, 5-time European champion, and often referred to as the Voice of Judo. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – ZipRecruiter: https://ziprecruiter.com/lex – Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lexpod to get 15% off – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/neil-adams-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Neil’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/naefighting Neil’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/NAEffectiveFighting Neil’s TikTok: https://tiktok.com/@neiladamsmbe Neil’s Facebook: https://facebook.com/NeilAdamsJudo Neil’s X: https://x.com/NeilAdamsJudo Neil’s Website: https://naeffectivefighting.com Neil’s Podcast: https://naeffectivefighting.com/podcasts/the-dojo-collective-podcast A Life in Judo (book): https://amzn.to/4d3DtfB A Game of Throws (audiobook): https://amzn.to/4aA2WeJ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (09:13) – 1980 Olympics (26:35) – Judo explained (34:40) – Winning (52:54) – 1984 Olympics (1:01:55) – Lessons from losing (1:17:37) – Teddy Riner (1:37:12) – Training in Japan (1:52:51) – Jiu jitsu (2:03:59) – Training (2:27:18) – Advice for beginners



#428 – Sean Carroll: General Relativity, Quantum Mechanics, Black Holes & Aliens

Sean Carroll is a theoretical physicist, author, and host of Mindscape podcast. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – HiddenLayer: https://hiddenlayer.com/lex – Cloaked: https://cloaked.com/lex and use code LexPod to get 25% off – Notion: https://notion.com/lex – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/sean-carroll-3-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Sean’s Website: https://preposterousuniverse.com Mindscape Podcast: https://www.preposterousuniverse.com/podcast/ Sean’s YouTube: https://youtube.com/@seancarroll Sean’s Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/seanmcarroll Sean’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/seanmcarroll Sean’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/seanmcarroll Sean’s Papers: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=Lfifrv8AAAAJ Sean’s Books: https://amzn.to/3W7yT9N PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (11:03) – General relativity (23:22) – Black holes (28:11) – Hawking radiation (32:19) – Aliens (41:15) – Holographic principle (1:05:38) – Dark energy (1:11:38) – Dark matter (1:20:34) – Quantum mechanics (1:41:56) – Simulation (1:44:18) – AGI (1:58:42) – Complexity (2:11:25) – Consciousness (2:20:32) – Naturalism (2:24:49) – Limits of science (2:29:34) – Mindscape podcast (2:39:29) – Einstein



#429 – Paul Rosolie: Jungle, Apex Predators, Aliens, Uncontacted Tribes, and God

Paul Rosolie is a naturalist, explorer, author, and founder of Junglekeepers, dedicating his life to protecting the Amazon rainforest. Support his efforts at https://junglekeepers.org Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – ShipStation: https://shipstation.com/lex and use code LEX to get 60-day free trial – Yahoo Finance: https://yahoofinance.com – BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off – NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour – Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get $350 off – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/paul-rosolie-2-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Paul’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/paulrosolie Junglekeepers: https://junglekeepers.org Paul’s Website: https://paulrosolie.com Mother of God (book): https://amzn.to/3ww2ob1 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (12:29) – Amazon jungle (14:47) – Bushmaster snakes (26:13) – Black caiman (44:33) – Rhinos (47:47) – Anacondas (1:18:04) – Mammals (1:30:10) – Piranhas (1:41:00) – Aliens (1:58:45) – Elephants (2:10:02) – Origin of life (2:23:21) – Explorers (2:36:38) – Ayahuasca (2:45:03) – Deep jungle expedition (2:59:09) – Jane Goodall (3:01:41) – Theodore Roosevelt (3:12:36) – Alone show (3:22:23) – Protecting the rainforest (3:38:36) – Snake makes appearance (3:46:47) – Uncontacted tribes (4:00:11) – Mortality (4:01:39) – Steve Irwin (4:09:18) – God



#430 – Charan Ranganath: Human Memory, Imagination, Deja Vu, and False Memories

Charan Ranganath is a psychologist and neuroscientist at UC Davis, specializing in human memory. He is the author of a new book titled Why We Remember. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Riverside: https://creators.riverside.fm/LEX and use code LEX to get 30% off – ZipRecruiter: https://ziprecruiter.com/lex – Notion: https://notion.com/lex – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lexpod to get 15% off – Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial – LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/charan-ranganath-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Charan’s X: https://x.com/CharanRanganath Charan’s Instagram: https://instagram.com/thememorydoc Charan’s Website: https://charanranganath.com Why We Remember (book): https://amzn.to/3WzUF6x Charan’s Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=ptWkt1wAAAAJ Dynamic Memory Lab: https://dml.ucdavis.edu/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (10:18) – Experiencing self vs remembering self (23:59) – Creating memories (33:31) – Why we forget (41:08) – Training memory (51:37) – Memory hacks (1:03:26) – Imagination vs memory (1:12:44) – Memory competitions (1:22:33) – Science of memory (1:37:48) – Discoveries (1:48:52) – Deja vu (1:54:09) – False memories (2:14:14) – False confessions (2:18:00) – Heartbreak (2:25:34) – Nature of time (2:33:15) – Brain–computer interface (BCI) (2:47:19) – AI and memory (2:57:33) – ADHD (3:04:30) – Music (3:14:15) – Human mind



#72 – Scott Aaronson: Quantum Computing

Scott Aaronson is a professor at UT Austin, director of its Quantum Information Center, and previously a professor at MIT. His research interests center around the capabilities and limits of quantum computers and computational complexity theory more generally. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it (App Store, Google Play), use code “LexPodcast”.  This episode is also supported by the Techmeme Ride Home podcast. Get it on Apple Podcasts, on its website, or find it by searching “Ride Home” in your podcast app. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 05:07 – Role of philosophy in science 29:27 – What is a quantum computer? 41:12 – Quantum decoherence (noise in quantum information) 49:22 – Quantum computer engineering challenges 51:00 – Moore’s Law 56:33 – Quantum supremacy 1:12:18 – Using quantum computers to break cryptography 1:17:11 – Practical application of quantum computers 1:22:18 – Quantum machine learning, questionable claims, and cautious optimism 1:30:53 – Meaning of life



#73 – Andrew Ng: Deep Learning, Education, and Real-World AI

Andrew Ng is one of the most impactful educators, researchers, innovators, and leaders in artificial intelligence and technology space in general. He co-founded Coursera and Google Brain, launched deeplearning.ai, Landing.ai, and the AI fund, and was the Chief Scientist at Baidu. As a Stanford professor, and with Coursera and deeplearning.ai, he has helped educate and inspire millions of students including me. EPISODE LINKS: Andrew Twitter: https://twitter.com/AndrewYNg Andrew Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/andrew.ng.96 Andrew LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/andrewyng/ deeplearning.ai: https://www.deeplearning.ai landing.ai: https://landing.ai AI Fund: https://aifund.ai/ AI for Everyone: https://www.coursera.org/learn/ai-for-everyone The Batch newsletter: https://www.deeplearning.ai/thebatch/ This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it (App Store, Google Play), use code “LexPodcast”.  This episode is also supported by the Techmeme Ride Home podcast. Get it on Apple Podcasts, on its website, or find it by searching “Ride Home” in your podcast app. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 02:23 – First few steps in AI 05:05 – Early days of online education 16:07 – Teaching on a whiteboard 17:46 – Pieter Abbeel and early research at Stanford 23:17 – Early days of deep learning 32:55 – Quick preview: deeplearning.ai, landing.ai, and AI fund 33:23 – deeplearning.ai: how to get started in deep learning 45:55 – Unsupervised learning 49:40 – deeplearning.ai (continued) 56:12 – Career in deep learning 58:56 – Should you get a PhD? 1:03:28 – AI fund – building startups 1:11:14 – Landing.ai – growing AI efforts in established companies 1:20:44 – Artificial general intelligence



#74 – Michael I. Jordan: Machine Learning, Recommender Systems, and the Future of AI

Michael I. Jordan is a professor at Berkeley, and one of the most influential people in the history of machine learning, statistics, and artificial intelligence. He has been cited over 170,000 times and has mentored many of the world-class researchers defining the field of AI today, including Andrew Ng, Zoubin Ghahramani, Ben Taskar, and Yoshua Bengio. EPISODE LINKS: (Blog post) Artificial Intelligence—The Revolution Hasn’t Happened Yet This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it (App Store, Google Play), use code “LexPodcast”.  Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 03:02 – How far are we in development of AI? 08:25 – Neuralink and brain-computer interfaces 14:49 – The term “artificial intelligence” 19:00 – Does science progress by ideas or personalities? 19:55 – Disagreement with Yann LeCun 23:53 – Recommender systems and distributed decision-making at scale 43:34 – Facebook, privacy, and trust 1:01:11 – Are human beings fundamentally good? 1:02:32 – Can a human life and society be modeled as an optimization problem? 1:04:27 – Is the world deterministic? 1:04:59 – Role of optimization in multi-agent systems 1:09:52 – Optimization of neural networks 1:16:08 – Beautiful idea in optimization: Nesterov acceleration 1:19:02 – What is statistics? 1:29:21 – What is intelligence? 1:37:01 – Advice for students 1:39:57 – Which language is more beautiful: English or French?



#75 – Marcus Hutter: Universal Artificial Intelligence, AIXI, and AGI

Marcus Hutter is a senior research scientist at DeepMind and professor at Australian National University. Throughout his career of research, including with Jürgen Schmidhuber and Shane Legg, he has proposed a lot of interesting ideas in and around the field of artificial general intelligence, including the development of the AIXI model which is a mathematical approach to AGI that incorporates ideas of Kolmogorov complexity, Solomonoff induction, and reinforcement learning. EPISODE LINKS: Hutter Prize: http://prize.hutter1.net Marcus web: http://www.hutter1.net Books mentioned: – Universal AI: https://amzn.to/2waIAuw – AI: A Modern Approach: https://amzn.to/3camxnY – Reinforcement Learning: https://amzn.to/2PoANj9 – Theory of Knowledge: https://amzn.to/3a6Vp7x This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it (App Store, Google Play), use code “LexPodcast”.  Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 03:32 – Universe as a computer 05:48 – Occam’s razor 09:26 – Solomonoff induction 15:05 – Kolmogorov complexity 20:06 – Cellular automata 26:03 – What is intelligence? 35:26 – AIXI – Universal Artificial Intelligence 1:05:24 – Where do rewards come from? 1:12:14 – Reward function for human existence 1:13:32 – Bounded rationality 1:16:07 – Approximation in AIXI 1:18:01 – Godel machines 1:21:51 – Consciousness 1:27:15 – AGI community 1:32:36 – Book recommendations 1:36:07 – Two moments to relive (past and future)



#76 – John Hopfield: Physics View of the Mind and Neurobiology

John Hopfield is professor at Princeton, whose life’s work weaved beautifully through biology, chemistry, neuroscience, and physics. Most crucially, he saw the messy world of biology through the piercing eyes of a physicist. He is perhaps best known for his work on associate neural networks, now known as Hopfield networks that were one of the early ideas that catalyzed the development of the modern field of deep learning. EPISODE LINKS: Now What? article: http://bit.ly/3843LeU John wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Hopfield Books mentioned: – Einstein’s Dreams: https://amzn.to/2PBa96X – Mind is Flat: https://amzn.to/2I3YB84 This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it (App Store, Google Play), use code “LexPodcast”.  Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 02:35 – Difference between biological and artificial neural networks 08:49 – Adaptation 13:45 – Physics view of the mind 23:03 – Hopfield networks and associative memory 35:22 – Boltzmann machines 37:29 – Learning 39:53 – Consciousness 48:45 – Attractor networks and dynamical systems 53:14 – How do we build intelligent systems? 57:11 – Deep thinking as the way to arrive at breakthroughs 59:12 – Brain-computer interfaces 1:06:10 – Mortality 1:08:12 – Meaning of life



#77 – Alex Garland: Ex Machina, Devs, Annihilation, and the Poetry of Science

Alex Garland is a writer and director of many imaginative and philosophical films from the dreamlike exploration of human self-destruction in the movie Annihilation to the deep questions of consciousness and intelligence raised in the movie Ex Machina, which to me is one of the greatest movies on artificial intelligence ever made. I’m releasing this podcast to coincide with the release of his new series called Devs that will premiere this Thursday, March 5, on Hulu. EPISODE LINKS: Devs: https://hulu.tv/2x35HaH Annihilation: https://hulu.tv/3ai9Eqk Ex Machina: https://www.netflix.com/title/80023689 Alex IMDb: https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0307497/ Alex Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alex_Garland This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it (App Store, Google Play), use code “LexPodcast”.  Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 03:42 – Are we living in a dream? 07:15 – Aliens 12:34 – Science fiction: imagination becoming reality 17:29 – Artificial intelligence 22:40 – The new “Devs” series and the veneer of virtue in Silicon Valley 31:50 – Ex Machina and 2001: A Space Odyssey 44:58 – Lone genius 49:34 – Drawing inpiration from Elon Musk 51:24 – Space travel 54:03 – Free will 57:35 – Devs and the poetry of science 1:06:38 – What will you be remembered for?



#78 – Ann Druyan: Cosmos, Carl Sagan, Voyager, and the Beauty of Science

Ann Druyan is the writer, producer, director, and one of the most important and impactful communicators of science in our time. She co-wrote the 1980 science documentary series Cosmos hosted by Carl Sagan, whom she married in 1981, and her love for whom, with the help of NASA, was recorded as brain waves on a golden record along with other things our civilization has to offer and launched into space on the Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 spacecraft that are now, 42 years later, still active, reaching out farther into deep space than any human-made object ever has. This was a profound and beautiful decision she made as a Creative Director of NASA’s Voyager Interstellar Message Project. In 2014, she went on to create the second season of Cosmos, called Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey, and in 2020, the new third season called Cosmos: Possible Worlds, which is being released this upcoming Monday, March 9. It is hosted, once again, by the fun and brilliant Neil deGrasse Tyson. EPISODE LINKS: Cosmos Twitter: https://twitter.com/COSMOSonTV Cosmos Website: https://fox.tv/CosmosOnTV This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it (App Store, Google Play), use code “LexPodcast”.  Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 03:24 – Role of science in society 07:04 – Love and science 09:07 – Skepticism in science 14:15 – Voyager, Carl Sagan, and the Golden Record 36:41 – Cosmos 53:22 – Existential threats 1:00:36 – Origin of life 1:04:22 – Mortality



#79 – Lee Smolin: Quantum Gravity and Einstein’s Unfinished Revolution

Lee Smolin is a theoretical physicist, co-inventor of loop quantum gravity, and a contributor of many interesting ideas to cosmology, quantum field theory, the foundations of quantum mechanics, theoretical biology, and the philosophy of science. He is the author of several books including one that critiques the state of physics and string theory called The Trouble with Physics, and his latest book, Einstein’s Unfinished Revolution: The Search for What Lies Beyond the Quantum. EPISODE LINKS: Books mentioned: – Einstein’s Unfinished Revolution by Lee Smolin: https://amzn.to/2TsF5c3 – The Trouble With Physics by Lee Smolin: https://amzn.to/2v1FMzy – Against Method by Paul Feyerabend: https://amzn.to/2VOPXCD This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it (App Store, Google Play), use code “LexPodcast”.  Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 03:03 – What is real? 05:03 – Scientific method and scientific progress 24:57 – Eric Weinstein and radical ideas in science 29:32 – Quantum mechanics and general relativity 47:24 – Sean Carroll and many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics 55:33 – Principles in science 57:24 – String theory



#80 – Vitalik Buterin: Ethereum, Cryptocurrency, and the Future of Money

Vitalik Buterin is co-creator of Ethereum and ether, which is a cryptocurrency that is currently the second-largest digital currency after bitcoin. Ethereum has a lot of interesting technical ideas that are defining the future of blockchain technology, and Vitalik is one of the most brilliant people innovating this space today. Support this podcast by supporting the sponsors with a special code: – Get ExpressVPN at https://www.expressvpn.com/lexpod – Sign up to MasterClass at https://masterclass.com/lex EPISODE LINKS: Vitalik blog: https://vitalik.ca Ethereum whitepaper: http://bit.ly/3cVDTpj Casper FFG (paper): http://bit.ly/2U6j7dJ Quadratic funding (paper): http://bit.ly/3aUZ8Wd Bitcoin whitepaper: https://bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf Mastering Ethereum (book): https://amzn.to/2xEjWmE This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 04:43 – Satoshi Nakamoto 08:40 – Anonymity 11:31 – Open source project leadership 13:04 – What is money? 30:02 – Blockchain and cryptocurrency basics 46:51 – Ethereum 59:23 – Proof of work 1:02:12 – Ethereum 2.0 1:13:09 – Beautiful ideas in Ethereum 1:16:59 – Future of cryptocurrency 1:22:06 – Cryptocurrency resources and people to follow 1:24:28 – Role of governments 1:27:27 – Meeting Putin 1:29:41 – Large number of cryptocurrencies 1:32:49 – Mortality



#81 – Anca Dragan: Human-Robot Interaction and Reward Engineering

Anca Dragan is a professor at Berkeley, working on human-robot interaction — algorithms that look beyond the robot’s function in isolation, and generate robot behavior that accounts for interaction and coordination with human beings. Support this podcast by supporting the sponsors and using the special code: – Download Cash App on the App Store or Google Play & use code “LexPodcast”  EPISODE LINKS: Anca’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/ancadianadragan Anca’s Website: https://people.eecs.berkeley.edu/~anca/ This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 02:26 – Interest in robotics 05:32 – Computer science 07:32 – Favorite robot 13:25 – How difficult is human-robot interaction? 32:01 – HRI application domains 34:24 – Optimizing the beliefs of humans 45:59 – Difficulty of driving when humans are involved 1:05:02 – Semi-autonomous driving 1:10:39 – How do we specify good rewards? 1:17:30 – Leaked information from human behavior 1:21:59 – Three laws of robotics 1:26:31 – Book recommendation 1:29:02 – If a doctor gave you 5 years to live… 1:32:48 – Small act of kindness 1:34:31 – Meaning of life



#82 – Simon Sinek: Leadership, Hard Work, Optimism and the Infinite Game

Simon Sinek is an author of several books including Start With Why, Leaders Eat Last, and his latest The Infinite Game. He is one of the best communicators of what it takes to be a good leader, to inspire, and to build businesses that solve big difficult challenges. Support this podcast by signing up with these sponsors: – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex – Cash App – use code “LexPodcast” and download: – Cash App (App Store): https://apple.co/2sPrUHe – Cash App (Google Play): https://bit.ly/2MlvP5w EPISODE LINKS: Simon twitter: https://twitter.com/simonsinek Simon facebook: https://www.facebook.com/simonsinek Simon website: https://simonsinek.com/ Books: – Infinite Game: https://amzn.to/2WxBH1i – Leaders Eat Last: https://amzn.to/2xf70Ds – Start with Why: https://amzn.to/2WxBH1i This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 0:00 – Introduction 3:50 – Meaning of life as an infinite game 10:13 – Optimism 13:30 – Mortality 17:52 – Hard work 26:38 – Elon Musk, Steve Jobs, and leadership



#83 – Nick Bostrom: Simulation and Superintelligence

Nick Bostrom is a philosopher at University of Oxford and the director of the Future of Humanity Institute. He has worked on fascinating and important ideas in existential risks, simulation hypothesis, human enhancement ethics, and the risks of superintelligent AI systems, including in his book Superintelligence. I can see talking to Nick multiple times on this podcast, many hours each time, but we have to start somewhere. Support this podcast by signing up with these sponsors: – Cash App – use code “LexPodcast” and download: – Cash App (App Store): https://apple.co/2sPrUHe – Cash App (Google Play): https://bit.ly/2MlvP5w EPISODE LINKS: Nick’s website: https://nickbostrom.com/ Future of Humanity Institute: – https://twitter.com/fhioxford – https://www.fhi.ox.ac.uk/ Books: – Superintelligence: https://amzn.to/2JckX83 Wikipedia: – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simulation_hypothesis – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Principle_of_indifference – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doomsday_argument – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_catastrophic_risk This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 02:48 – Simulation hypothesis and simulation argument 12:17 – Technologically mature civilizations 15:30 – Case 1: if something kills all possible civilizations 19:08 – Case 2: if we lose interest in creating simulations 22:03 – Consciousness 26:27 – Immersive worlds 28:50 – Experience machine 41:10 – Intelligence and consciousness 48:58 – Weighing probabilities of the simulation argument 1:01:43 – Elaborating on Joe Rogan conversation 1:05:53 – Doomsday argument and anthropic reasoning 1:23:02 – Elon Musk 1:25:26 – What’s outside the simulation? 1:29:52 – Superintelligence 1:47:27 – AGI utopia 1:52:41 – Meaning of life



#85 – Roger Penrose: Physics of Consciousness and the Infinite Universe

Roger Penrose is physicist, mathematician, and philosopher at University of Oxford. He has made fundamental contributions in many disciplines from the mathematical physics of general relativity and cosmology to the limitations of a computational view of consciousness. Support this podcast by signing up with these sponsors: – ExpressVPN at https://www.expressvpn.com/lexpod – Cash App – use code “LexPodcast” and download: – Cash App (App Store): https://apple.co/2sPrUHe – Cash App (Google Play): https://bit.ly/2MlvP5w EPISODE LINKS: Cycles of Time (book): https://amzn.to/39tXtpp The Emperor’s New Mind (book): https://amzn.to/2yfeVkD This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 03:51 – 2001: A Space Odyssey 09:43 – Consciousness and computation 23:45 – What does it mean to “understand” 31:37 – What’s missing in quantum mechanics? 40:09 – Whatever consciousness is, it’s not a computation 44:13 – Source of consciousness in the human brain 1:02:57 – Infinite cycles of big bangs 1:22:05 – Most beautiful idea in mathematics



#86 – David Silver: AlphaGo, AlphaZero, and Deep Reinforcement Learning

David Silver leads the reinforcement learning research group at DeepMind and was lead researcher on AlphaGo, AlphaZero and co-lead on AlphaStar, and MuZero and lot of important work in reinforcement learning. Support this podcast by signing up with these sponsors: – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex – Cash App – use code “LexPodcast” and download: – Cash App (App Store): https://apple.co/2sPrUHe – Cash App (Google Play): https://bit.ly/2MlvP5w EPISODE LINKS: Reinforcement learning (book): https://amzn.to/2Jwp5zG This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 04:09 – First program 11:11 – AlphaGo 21:42 – Rule of the game of Go 25:37 – Reinforcement learning: personal journey 30:15 – What is reinforcement learning? 43:51 – AlphaGo (continued) 53:40 – Supervised learning and self play in AlphaGo 1:06:12 – Lee Sedol retirement from Go play 1:08:57 – Garry Kasparov 1:14:10 – Alpha Zero and self play 1:31:29 – Creativity in AlphaZero 1:35:21 – AlphaZero applications 1:37:59 – Reward functions 1:40:51 – Meaning of life



#87 – Richard Dawkins: Evolution, Intelligence, Simulation, and Memes

Richard Dawkins is an evolutionary biologist, and author of The Selfish Gene, The Blind Watchmaker, The God Delusion, The Magic of Reality, The Greatest Show on Earth, and his latest Outgrowing God. He is the originator and popularizer of a lot of fascinating ideas in evolutionary biology and science in general, including funny enough the introduction of the word meme in his 1976 book The Selfish Gene, which in the context of a gene-centered view of evolution is an exceptionally powerful idea. He is outspoken, bold, and often fearless in his defense of science and reason, and in this way, is one of the most influential thinkers of our time. Support this podcast by signing up with these sponsors: – Cash App – use code “LexPodcast” and download: – Cash App (App Store): https://apple.co/2sPrUHe – Cash App (Google Play): https://bit.ly/2MlvP5w EPISODE LINKS: Richard’s Website: https://www.richarddawkins.net/ Richard’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/RichardDawkins Richard’s Books: – Selfish Gene: https://amzn.to/34tpHQy – The Magic of Reality: https://amzn.to/3c0aqZQ – The Blind Watchmaker: https://amzn.to/2RqV5tH – The God Delusion: https://amzn.to/2JPrxlc – Outgrowing God: https://amzn.to/3ebFess – The Greatest Show on Earth: https://amzn.to/2Rp2j1h This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 02:31 – Intelligent life in the universe 05:03 – Engineering intelligence (are there shortcuts?) 07:06 – Is the evolutionary process efficient? 10:39 – Human brain and AGI 15:31 – Memes 26:37 – Does society need religion? 33:10 – Conspiracy theories 39:10 – Where do morals come from in humans? 46:10 – AI began with the ancient wish to forge the gods 49:18 – Simulation 56:58 – Books that influenced you 1:02:53 – Meaning of life



#88 – Eric Weinstein: Geometric Unity and the Call for New Ideas, Leaders & Institutions

Eric Weinstein is a mathematician with a bold and piercing intelligence, unafraid to explore the biggest questions in the universe and shine a light on the darkest corners of our society. He is the host of The Portal podcast, a part of which, he recently released his 2013 Oxford lecture on his theory of Geometric Unity that is at the center of his lifelong efforts in arriving at a theory of everything that unifies the fundamental laws of physics. Support this podcast by signing up with these sponsors: – Cash App – use code “LexPodcast” and download: – Cash App (App Store): https://apple.co/2sPrUHe – Cash App (Google Play): https://bit.ly/2MlvP5w EPISODE LINKS: Eric’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/EricRWeinstein Eric’s YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/ericweinsteinphd The Portal podcast: https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/the-portal/id1469999563 Graph, Wall, Tome wiki: https://theportal.wiki/wiki/Graph,_Wall,_Tome This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 02:08 – World War II and the Coronavirus Pandemic 14:03 – New leaders 31:18 – Hope for our time 34:23 – WHO 44:19 – Geometric unity 1:38:55 – We need to get off this planet 1:40:47 – Elon Musk 1:46:58 – Take Back MIT 2:15:31 – The time at Harvard 2:37:01 – The Portal 2:42:58 – Legacy



#89 – Stephen Wolfram: Cellular Automata, Computation, and Physics

Stephen Wolfram is a computer scientist, mathematician, and theoretical physicist who is the founder and CEO of Wolfram Research, a company behind Mathematica, Wolfram Alpha, Wolfram Language, and the new Wolfram Physics project. He is the author of several books including A New Kind of Science, which on a personal note was one of the most influential books in my journey in computer science and artificial intelligence. Support this podcast by signing up with these sponsors: – ExpressVPN at https://www.expressvpn.com/lexpod – Cash App – use code “LexPodcast” and download: – Cash App (App Store): https://apple.co/2sPrUHe – Cash App (Google Play): https://bit.ly/2MlvP5w EPISODE LINKS: Stephen’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/stephen_wolfram Stephen’s Website: https://www.stephenwolfram.com/ Wolfram Research Twitter: https://twitter.com/WolframResearch Wolfram Research YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/user/WolframResearch Wolfram Research Website: https://www.wolfram.com/ Wolfram Alpha: https://www.wolframalpha.com/ A New Kind of Science (book): https://amzn.to/34JruB2 This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 04:16 – Communicating with an alien intelligence 12:11 – Monolith in 2001: A Space Odyssey 29:06 – What is computation? 44:54 – Physics emerging from computation 1:14:10 – Simulation 1:19:23 – Fundamental theory of physics 1:28:01 – Richard Feynman 1:39:57 – Role of ego in science 1:47:21 – Cellular automata 2:15:08 – Wolfram language 2:55:14 – What is intelligence? 2:57:47 – Consciousness 3:02:36 – Mortality 3:05:47 – Meaning of life



#90 – Dmitry Korkin: Computational Biology of Coronavirus

Dmitry Korkin is a professor of bioinformatics and computational biology at Worcester Polytechnic Institute, where he specializes in bioinformatics of complex disease, computational genomics, systems biology, and biomedical data analytics. I came across Dmitry’s work when in February his group used the viral genome of the COVID-19 to reconstruct the 3D structure of its major viral proteins and their interactions with human proteins, in effect creating a structural genomics map of the coronavirus and making this data open and available to researchers everywhere. We talked about the biology of COVID-19, SARS, and viruses in general, and how computational methods can help us understand their structure and function in order to develop antiviral drugs and vaccines. Support this podcast by signing up with these sponsors: – Cash App – use code “LexPodcast” and download: – Cash App (App Store): https://apple.co/2sPrUHe – Cash App (Google Play): https://bit.ly/2MlvP5w EPISODE LINKS: Dmitry’s Website: http://korkinlab.org/ Dmitry’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/dmkorkin Dmitry’s Paper that we discuss: https://bit.ly/3eKghEM This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 02:33 – Viruses are terrifying and fascinating 06:02 – How hard is it to engineer a virus? 10:48 – What makes a virus contagious? 29:52 – Figuring out the function of a protein 53:27 – Functional regions of viral proteins 1:19:09 – Biology of a coronavirus treatment 1:34:46 – Is a virus alive? 1:37:05 – Epidemiological modeling 1:55:27 – Russia 2:02:31 – Science bobbleheads 2:06:31 – Meaning of life



#91 – Jack Dorsey: Square, Cryptocurrency, and Artificial Intelligence

Jack Dorsey is the co-founder and CEO of Twitter and the founder and CEO of Square. Support this podcast by signing up with these sponsors: – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex EPISODE LINKS: Jack’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/jack Start Small Tracker: https://bit.ly/2KxdiBL This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 02:48 – Engineering at scale 08:36 – Increasing access to the economy 13:09 – Machine learning at Square 15:18 – Future of the digital economy 17:17 – Cryptocurrency 25:31 – Artificial intelligence 27:49 – Her 29:12 – Exchange with Elon Musk about bots 32:05 – Concerns about artificial intelligence 35:40 – Andrew Yang 40:57 – Eating one meal a day 45:49 – Mortality 47:50 – Meaning of life 48:59 – Simulation



#92 – Harry Cliff: Particle Physics and the Large Hadron Collider

Harry Cliff is a particle physicist at the University of Cambridge working on the Large Hadron Collider beauty experiment that specializes in searching for hints of new particles and forces by studying a type of particle called the “beauty quark”, or “b quark”. In this way, he is part of the group of physicists who are searching answers to some of the biggest questions in modern physics. He is also an exceptional communicator of science with some of the clearest and most captivating explanations of basic concepts in particle physics I’ve ever heard. Support this podcast by signing up with these sponsors: – ExpressVPN at https://www.expressvpn.com/lexpod – Cash App – use code “LexPodcast” and download: – Cash App (App Store): https://apple.co/2sPrUHe – Cash App (Google Play): https://bit.ly/2MlvP5w EPISODE LINKS: Harry’s Website: https://www.harrycliff.co.uk/ Harry’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/harryvcliff Beyond the Higgs Lecture: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=edvdzh9Pggg Harry’s stand-up: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dnediKM_Sts This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 03:51 – LHC and particle physics 13:55 – History of particle physics 38:59 – Higgs particle 57:55 – Unknowns yet to be discovered 59:48 – Beauty quarks 1:07:38 – Matter and antimatter 1:10:22 – Human side of the Large Hadron Collider 1:17:27 – Future of large particle colliders 1:24:09 – Data science with particle physics 1:27:17 – Science communication 1:33:36 – Most beautiful idea in physics



#93 – Daphne Koller: Biomedicine and Machine Learning

Daphne Koller is a professor of computer science at Stanford University, a co-founder of Coursera with Andrew Ng and Founder and CEO of insitro, a company at the intersection of machine learning and biomedicine. Support this podcast by signing up with these sponsors: – Cash App – use code “LexPodcast” and download: – Cash App (App Store): https://apple.co/2sPrUHe – Cash App (Google Play): https://bit.ly/2MlvP5w EPISODE LINKS: Daphne’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/daphnekoller Daphne’s Website: https://ai.stanford.edu/users/koller/index.html Insitro: http://insitro.com This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 02:22 – Will we one day cure all disease? 06:31 – Longevity 10:16 – Role of machine learning in treating diseases 13:05 – A personal journey to medicine 16:25 – Insitro and disease-in-a-dish models 33:25 – What diseases can be helped with disease-in-a-dish approaches? 36:43 – Coursera and education 49:04 – Advice to people interested in AI 50:52 – Beautiful idea in deep learning 55:10 – Uncertainty in AI 58:29 – AGI and AI safety 1:06:52 – Are most people good? 1:09:04 – Meaning of life



#94 – Ilya Sutskever: Deep Learning

Ilya Sutskever is the co-founder of OpenAI, is one of the most cited computer scientist in history with over 165,000 citations, and to me, is one of the most brilliant and insightful minds ever in the field of deep learning. There are very few people in this world who I would rather talk to and brainstorm with about deep learning, intelligence, and life than Ilya, on and off the mic. Support this podcast by signing up with these sponsors: – Cash App – use code “LexPodcast” and download: – Cash App (App Store): https://apple.co/2sPrUHe – Cash App (Google Play): https://bit.ly/2MlvP5w EPISODE LINKS: Ilya’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/ilyasut Ilya’s Website: https://www.cs.toronto.edu/~ilya/ This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 02:23 – AlexNet paper and the ImageNet moment 08:33 – Cost functions 13:39 – Recurrent neural networks 16:19 – Key ideas that led to success of deep learning 19:57 – What’s harder to solve: language or vision? 29:35 – We’re massively underestimating deep learning 36:04 – Deep double descent 41:20 – Backpropagation 42:42 – Can neural networks be made to reason? 50:35 – Long-term memory 56:37 – Language models 1:00:35 – GPT-2 1:07:14 – Active learning 1:08:52 – Staged release of AI systems 1:13:41 – How to build AGI? 1:25:00 – Question to AGI 1:32:07 – Meaning of life



#95 – Dawn Song: Adversarial Machine Learning and Computer Security

Dawn Song is a professor of computer science at UC Berkeley with research interests in security, most recently with a focus on the intersection between computer security and machine learning. Support this podcast by signing up with these sponsors: – Cash App – use code “LexPodcast” and download: – Cash App (App Store): https://apple.co/2sPrUHe – Cash App (Google Play): https://bit.ly/2MlvP5w EPISODE LINKS: Dawn’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/dawnsongtweets Dawn’s Website: https://people.eecs.berkeley.edu/~dawnsong/ Oasis Labs: https://www.oasislabs.com This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 01:53 – Will software always have security vulnerabilities? 09:06 – Human are the weakest link in security 16:50 – Adversarial machine learning 51:27 – Adversarial attacks on Tesla Autopilot and self-driving cars 57:33 – Privacy attacks 1:05:47 – Ownership of data 1:22:13 – Blockchain and cryptocurrency 1:32:13 – Program synthesis 1:44:57 – A journey from physics to computer science 1:56:03 – US and China 1:58:19 – Transformative moment 2:00:02 – Meaning of life



#96 – Stephen Schwarzman: Going Big in Business, Investing, and AI

Stephen Schwarzman is the CEO and Co-Founder of Blackstone, one of the world’s leading investment firms with over 530 billion dollars of assets under management. He is one of the most successful business leaders in history, all from humble beginnings back in Philly. I recommend his recent book called What It Takes that tells stories and lessons from this personal journey. Support this podcast by signing up with these sponsors: – ExpressVPN at https://www.expressvpn.com/lexpod – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex EPISODE LINKS: What It Takes (book): https://amzn.to/2WX9cZu This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 04:17 – Going big in business 07:34 – How to recognize an opportunity 16:00 – Solving problems that people have 25:26 – Philanthropy 32:51 – Hope for the new College of Computing at MIT 37:32 – Unintended consequences of technological innovation 42:24 – Education systems in China and United States 50:22 – American AI Initiative 59:53 – Starting a business is a rough ride 1:04:26 – Love and family



#97 – Sertac Karaman: Robots That Fly and Robots That Drive

Sertac Karaman is a professor at MIT, co-founder of the autonomous vehicle company Optimus Ride, and is one of top roboticists in the world, including robots that drive and robots that fly. Support this podcast by signing up with these sponsors: – Cash App – use code “LexPodcast” and download: – Cash App (App Store): https://apple.co/2sPrUHe – Cash App (Google Play): https://bit.ly/2MlvP5w EPISODE LINKS: Sertac’s Website: http://sertac.scripts.mit.edu/web/ Sertac’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/sertackaraman Optimus Ride: https://www.optimusride.com/ This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 01:44 – Autonomous flying vs autonomous driving 06:37 – Flying cars 10:27 – Role of simulation in robotics 17:35 – Game theory and robotics 24:30 – Autonomous vehicle company strategies 29:46 – Optimus Ride 47:08 – Waymo, Tesla, Optimus Ride timelines 53:22 – Achieving the impossible 53:50 – Iterative learning 58:39 – Is Lidar is a crutch? 1:03:21 – Fast autonomous flight 1:18:06 – Most beautiful idea in robotics



#99 – Karl Friston: Neuroscience and the Free Energy Principle

Karl Friston is one of the greatest neuroscientists in history, cited over 245,000 times, known for many influential ideas in brain imaging, neuroscience, and theoretical neurobiology, including the fascinating idea of the free-energy principle for action and perception. Support this podcast by signing up with these sponsors: – Cash App – use code “LexPodcast” and download: – Cash App (App Store): https://apple.co/2sPrUHe – Cash App (Google Play): https://bit.ly/2MlvP5w EPISODE LINKS: Karl’s Website: https://www.fil.ion.ucl.ac.uk/~karl/ Karl’s Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karl_J._Friston This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 01:50 – How much of the human brain do we understand? 05:53 – Most beautiful characteristic of the human brain 10:43 – Brain imaging 20:38 – Deep structure 21:23 – History of brain imaging 32:31 – Neuralink and brain-computer interfaces 43:05 – Free energy principle 1:24:29 – Meaning of life



Ayanna Howard: Human-Robot Interaction and Ethics of Safety-Critical Systems

Ayanna Howard is a roboticist and professor at Georgia Tech, director of Human-Automation Systems lab, with research interests in human-robot interaction, assistive robots in the home, therapy gaming apps, and remote robotic exploration of extreme environments. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it (App Store, Google Play), use code “LexPodcast”.  Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 02:09 – Favorite robot 05:05 – Autonomous vehicles 08:43 – Tesla Autopilot 20:03 – Ethical responsibility of safety-critical algorithms 28:11 – Bias in robotics 38:20 – AI in politics and law 40:35 – Solutions to bias in algorithms 47:44 – HAL 9000 49:57 – Memories from working at NASA 51:53 – SpotMini and Bionic Woman 54:27 – Future of robots in space 57:11 – Human-robot interaction 1:02:38 – Trust 1:09:26 – AI in education 1:15:06 – Andrew Yang, automation, and job loss 1:17:17 – Love, AI, and the movie Her 1:25:01 – Why do so many robotics companies fail? 1:32:22 – Fear of robots 1:34:17 – Existential threats of AI 1:35:57 – Matrix 1:37:37 – Hang out for a day with a robot



Bjarne Stroustrup: C++

Bjarne Stroustrup is the creator of C++, a programming language that after 40 years is still one of the most popular and powerful languages in the world. Its focus on fast, stable, robust code underlies many of the biggest systems in the world that we have come to rely on as a society. If you’re watching this on YouTube, many of the critical back-end component of YouTube are written in C++. Same goes for Google, Facebook, Amazon, Twitter, most Microsoft applications, Adobe applications, most database systems, and most physical systems that operate in the real-world like cars, robots, rockets that launch us into space and one day will land us on Mars. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline with timestamps for this episode (on some players you can click on the timestamp to jump to that point in the episode): 00:00 – Introduction 01:40 – First program 02:18 – Journey to C++ 16:45 – Learning multiple languages 23:20 – Javascript 25:08 – Efficiency and reliability in C++ 31:53 – What does good code look like? 36:45 – Static checkers 41:16 – Zero-overhead principle in C++ 50:00 – Different implementation of C++ 54:46 – Key features of C++ 1:08:02 – C++ Concepts 1:18:06 – C++ Standards Process 1:28:05 – Constructors and destructors 1:31:52 – Unified theory of programming 1:44:20 – Proudest moment



Chris Lattner: Compilers, LLVM, Swift, TPU, and ML Accelerators

Chris Lattner is a senior director at Google working on several projects including CPU, GPU, TPU accelerators for TensorFlow, Swift for TensorFlow, and all kinds of machine learning compiler magic going on behind the scenes. He is one of the top experts in the world on compiler technologies, which means he deeply understands the intricacies of how hardware and software come together to create efficient code. He created the LLVM compiler infrastructure project and the CLang compiler. He led major engineering efforts at Apple, including the creation of the Swift programming language. He also briefly spent time at Tesla as VP of Autopilot Software during the transition from Autopilot hardware 1 to hardware 2, when Tesla essentially started from scratch to build an in-house software infrastructure for Autopilot. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations.



Chris Urmson: Self-Driving Cars at Aurora, Google, CMU, and DARPA

Chris Urmson was the CTO of the Google Self-Driving Car team, a key engineer and leader behind the Carnegie Mellon autonomous vehicle entries in the DARPA grand challenges and the winner of the DARPA urban challenge. Today he is the CEO of Aurora Innovation, an autonomous vehicle software company he started with Sterling Anderson, who was the former director of Tesla Autopilot, and Drew Bagnell, Uber’s former autonomy and perception lead. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on iTunes or support it on Patreon.



Christof Koch: Consciousness

A conversation with Christof Koch as part of MIT course on Artificial General Intelligence. Video version is available on YouTube. He is the President and Chief Scientific Officer of the Allen Institute for Brain Science in Seattle. From 1986 until 2013, he was a professor at CalTech. Cited more than 105,000 times. Author of several books including “Consciousness: Confessions of a Romantic Reductionist.” If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations.



Colin Angle: iRobot

Colin Angle is the CEO and co-founder of iRobot, a robotics company that for 29 years has been creating robots that operate successfully in the real world, not as a demo or on a scale of dozens, but on a scale of thousands and millions. As of this year, iRobot has sold more than 25 million robots to consumers, including the Roomba vacuum cleaning robot, the Braava floor mopping robot, and soon the Terra lawn mowing robot. 25 million robots successfully operating autonomously in people’s homes to me is an incredible accomplishment of science, engineering, logistics, and all kinds of entrepreneurial innovation. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on iTunes or support it on Patreon.



Cristos Goodrow: YouTube Algorithm

Cristos Goodrow is VP of Engineering at Google and head of Search and Discovery at YouTube (aka YouTube Algorithm). This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it (App Store, Google Play), use code “LexPodcast”.  Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 03:26 – Life-long trajectory through YouTube 07:30 – Discovering new ideas on YouTube 13:33 – Managing healthy conversation 23:02 – YouTube Algorithm 38:00 – Analyzing the content of video itself 44:38 – Clickbait thumbnails and titles 47:50 – Feeling like I’m helping the YouTube algorithm get smarter 50:14 – Personalization 51:44 – What does success look like for the algorithm? 54:32 – Effect of YouTube on society 57:24 – Creators 59:33 – Burnout 1:03:27 – YouTube algorithm: heuristics, machine learning, human behavior 1:08:36 – How to make a viral video? 1:10:27 – Veritasium: Why Are 96,000,000 Black Balls on This Reservoir? 1:13:20 – Making clips from long-form podcasts 1:18:07 – Moment-by-moment signal of viewer interest 1:20:04 – Why is video understanding such a difficult AI problem? 1:21:54 – Self-supervised learning on video 1:25:44 – What does YouTube look like 10, 20, 30 years from now?



Daniel Kahneman: Thinking Fast and Slow, Deep Learning, and AI

Daniel Kahneman is winner of the Nobel Prize in economics for his integration of economic science with the psychology of human behavior, judgment and decision-making. He is the author of the popular book “Thinking, Fast and Slow” that summarizes in an accessible way his research of several decades, often in collaboration with Amos Tversky, on cognitive biases, prospect theory, and happiness. The central thesis of this work is a dichotomy between two modes of thought: “System 1” is fast, instinctive and emotional; “System 2” is slower, more deliberative, and more logical. The book delineates cognitive biases associated with each type of thinking. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it (App Store, Google Play), use code “LexPodcast”.  Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 02:36 – Lessons about human behavior from WWII 08:19 – System 1 and system 2: thinking fast and slow 15:17 – Deep learning 30:01 – How hard is autonomous driving? 35:59 – Explainability in AI and humans 40:08 – Experiencing self and the remembering self 51:58 – Man’s Search for Meaning by Viktor Frankl 54:46 – How much of human behavior can we study in the lab? 57:57 – Collaboration 1:01:09 – Replication crisis in psychology 1:09:28 – Disagreements and controversies in psychology 1:13:01 – Test for AGI 1:16:17 – Meaning of life



Dava Newman: Space Exploration, Space Suits, and Life on Mars

Dava Newman is the Apollo Program professor of AeroAstro at MIT and the former Deputy Administrator of NASA and has been a principal investigator on four spaceflight missions. Her research interests are in aerospace biomedical engineering, investigating human performance in varying gravity environments. She has developed a space activity suit, namely the BioSuit, which would provide pressure through compression directly on the skin via the suit’s textile weave, patterning, and materials rather than with pressurized gas. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it, use code LexPodcast. You get $10 and $10 is donated to FIRST, one of my favorite nonprofit organizations that inspires young minds through robotics and STEM education. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 03:11 – Circumnavigating the globe by boat 05:11 – Exploration 07:17 – Life on Mars 11:07 – Intelligent life in the universe 12:25 – Advanced propulsion technology 13:32 – The Moon and NASA’s Artemis program 19:17 – SpaceX 21:45 – Science on a CubeSat 23:45 – Reusable rockets 25:23 – Spacesuit of the future 32:01 – AI in Space 35:31 – Interplanetary species 36:57 – Future of space exploration



David Chalmers: The Hard Problem of Consciousness

David Chalmers is a philosopher and cognitive scientist specializing in philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, and consciousness. He is perhaps best known for formulating the hard problem of consciousness which could be stated as “why does the feeling which accompanies awareness of sensory information exist at all?” This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it (App Store, Google Play), use code “LexPodcast”.  Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 02:23 – Nature of reality: Are we living in a simulation? 19:19 – Consciousness in virtual reality 27:46 – Music-color synesthesia 31:40 – What is consciousness? 51:25 – Consciousness and the meaning of life 57:33 – Philosophical zombies 1:01:38 – Creating the illusion of consciousness 1:07:03 – Conversation with a clone 1:11:35 – Free will 1:16:35 – Meta-problem of consciousness 1:18:40 – Is reality an illusion? 1:20:53 – Descartes’ evil demon 1:23:20 – Does AGI need conscioussness? 1:33:47 – Exciting future 1:35:32 – Immortality



David Ferrucci: IBM Watson, Jeopardy & Deep Conversations with AI

David Ferrucci led the team that built Watson, the IBM question-answering system that beat the top humans in the world at the game of Jeopardy. He is also the Founder, CEO, and Chief Scientist of Elemental Cognition, a company working engineer AI systems that understand the world the way people do. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on iTunes or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline with timestamps for this episode (on some players you can click on the timestamp to jump to that point in the episode): 00:00 – Introduction 01:06 – Biological vs computer systems 08:03 – What is intelligence? 31:49 – Knowledge frameworks 52:02 – IBM Watson winning Jeopardy 1:24:21 – Watson vs human difference in approach 1:27:52 – Q&A vs dialogue 1:35:22 – Humor 1:41:33 – Good test of intelligence 1:46:36 – AlphaZero, AlphaStar accomplishments 1:51:29 – Explainability, induction, deduction in medical diagnosis 1:59:34 – Grand challenges 2:04:03 – Consciousness 2:08:26 – Timeline for AGI 2:13:55 – Embodied AI 2:17:07 – Love and companionship 2:18:06 – Concerns about AI 2:21:56 – Discussion with AGI



Donald Knuth: Algorithms, TeX, Life, and The Art of Computer Programming

Donald Knuth is one of the greatest and most impactful computer scientists and mathematicians ever. He is the recipient in 1974 of the Turing Award, considered the Nobel Prize of computing. He is the author of the multi-volume work, the magnum opus, The Art of Computer Programming. He made several key contributions to the rigorous analysis of the computational complexity of algorithms. He popularized asymptotic notation, that we all affectionately know as the big-O notation. He also created the TeX typesetting which most computer scientists, physicists, mathematicians, and scientists and engineers use to write technical papers and make them look beautiful. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it (App Store, Google Play), use code “LexPodcast”.  Episode Links: The Art of Computer Programming (book set) Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 03:45 – IBM 650 07:51 – Geeks 12:29 – Alan Turing 14:26 – My life is a convex combination of english and mathematics 24:00 – Japanese arrow puzzle example 25:42 – Neural networks and machine learning 27:59 – The Art of Computer Programming 36:49 – Combinatorics 39:16 – Writing process 42:10 – Are some days harder than others? 48:36 – What’s the “Art” in the Art of Computer Programming 50:21 – Binary (boolean) decision diagram 55:06 – Big-O notation 58:02 – P=NP 1:10:05 – Artificial intelligence 1:13:26 – Ant colonies and human cognition 1:17:11 – God and the Bible 1:24:28 – Reflection on life 1:28:25 – Facing mortality 1:33:40 – TeX and beautiful typography 1:39:23 – How much of the world do we understand? 1:44:17 – Question for God



Elon Musk: Neuralink, AI, Autopilot, and the Pale Blue Dot

Elon Musk is the CEO of Tesla, SpaceX, Neuralink, and a co-founder of several other companies. This is the second time Elon has been on the podcast. You can watch the first time on YouTube or listen to the first time on its episode page. You can read the transcript (PDF) here. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline with timestamps for this episode (on some players you can click on the timestamp to jump to that point in the episode): 00:00 – Introduction 01:57 – Consciousness 05:58 – Regulation of AI Safety 09:39 – Neuralink – understanding the human brain 11:53 – Neuralink – expanding the capacity of the human mind 17:51 – Neuralink – future challenges, solutions, and impact 24:59 – Smart Summon 27:18 – Tesla Autopilot and Full Self-Driving 31:16 – Carl Sagan and the Pale Blue Dot



Elon Musk: Tesla Autopilot

Elon Musk is the CEO of Tesla, SpaceX, Neuralink, and a co-founder of several other companies. Video version is available on YouTube. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations.



Eric Schmidt: Google

Eric Schmidt was the CEO of Google from 2001 to 2011, and its executive chairman from 2011 to 2017, guiding the company through a period of incredible growth and a series of world-changing innovations.  Video version is available on YouTube. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations.



Eric Weinstein: Revolutionary Ideas in Science, Math, and Society

Eric Weinstein is a mathematician, economist, physicist, and managing director of Thiel Capital. He formed the “intellectual dark web” which is a loosely assembled group of public intellectuals including Sam Harris, Jordan Peterson, Steven Pinker, Joe Rogan, Michael Shermer, and a few others. Video version is available on YouTube. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations.



François Chollet: Keras, Deep Learning, and the Progress of AI

François Chollet is the creator of Keras, which is an open source deep learning library that is designed to enable fast, user-friendly experimentation with deep neural networks. It serves as an interface to several deep learning libraries, most popular of which is TensorFlow, and it was integrated into TensorFlow main codebase a while back. Aside from creating an exceptionally useful and popular library, François is also a world-class AI researcher and software engineer at Google, and is definitely an outspoken, if not controversial, personality in the AI world, especially in the realm of ideas around the future of artificial intelligence. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on iTunes or support it on Patreon.



Garry Kasparov: Chess, Deep Blue, AI, and Putin

Garry Kasparov is considered by many to be the greatest chess player of all time. From 1986 until his retirement in 2005, he dominated the chess world, ranking world number 1 for most of those 19 years. While he has many historic matches against human chess players, in the long arc of history he may be remembered for his match again a machine, IBM’s Deep Blue. His initial victories and eventual loss to Deep Blue captivated the imagination of the world of what role Artificial Intelligence systems may play in our civilization’s future. That excitement inspired an entire generation of AI researchers, including myself, to get into the field. Garry is also a pro-democracy political thinker and leader, a fearless human-rights activist, and author of several books including How Life Imitates Chess which is a book on strategy and decision-making, Winter Is Coming which is a book articulating his opposition to the Putin regime, and Deep Thinking which is a book the role of both artificial intelligence and human intelligence in defining our future. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline with timestamps for this episode (on some players you can click on the timestamp to jump to that point in the episode): 00:00 – Introduction 01:33 – Love of winning and hatred of losing 04:54 – Psychological elements 09:03 – Favorite games 16:48 – Magnus Carlsen 23:06 – IBM Deep Blue 37:39 – Morality 38:59 – Autonomous vehicles 42:03 – Fall of the Soviet Union 45:50 – Putin 52:25 – Life



Gary Marcus: Toward a Hybrid of Deep Learning and Symbolic AI

Gary Marcus is a professor emeritus at NYU, founder of Robust.AI and Geometric Intelligence, the latter is a machine learning company acquired by Uber in 2016. He is the author of several books on natural and artificial intelligence, including his new book Rebooting AI: Building Machines We Can Trust. Gary has been a critical voice highlighting the limits of deep learning and discussing the challenges before the AI community that must be solved in order to achieve artificial general intelligence. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on iTunes or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline with timestamps for this episode (on some players you can click on the timestamp to jump to that point in the episode): 00:00 – Introduction 01:37 – Singularity 05:48 – Physical and psychological knowledge 10:52 – Chess 14:32 – Language vs physical world 17:37 – What does AI look like 100 years from now 21:28 – Flaws of the human mind 25:27 – General intelligence 28:25 – Limits of deep learning 44:41 – Expert systems and symbol manipulation 48:37 – Knowledge representation 52:52 – Increasing compute power 56:27 – How human children learn 57:23 – Innate knowledge and learned knowledge 1:06:43 – Good test of intelligence 1:12:32 – Deep learning and symbol manipulation 1:23:35 – Guitar



Gavin Miller: Adobe Research

Gavin Miller is the Head of Adobe Research. Adobe have empowered artists, designers, and creative minds from all professions working in the digital medium for over 30 years with software such as Photoshop, Illustrator, Premiere, After Effects, InDesign, Audition that work with images, video, and audio. Adobe Research is working to define the future evolution of these products in a way that makes the life of creatives easier, automates the tedious tasks, and gives more & more time to operate in the idea space instead of pixel space. This is where the cutting-edge deep learning methods of the past decade can shine more than perhaps any other application. Gavin is the embodiment of combing tech and creativity. Outside of Adobe Research, he writes poetry & builds robots. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations.



George Hotz: Comma.ai, OpenPilot, and Autonomous Vehicles

George Hotz is the founder of Comma.ai, a machine learning based vehicle automation company. He is an outspoken personality in the field of AI and technology in general. He first gained recognition for being the first person to carrier-unlock an iPhone, and since then has done quite a few interesting things at the intersection of hardware and software. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on iTunes or support it on Patreon.



Gilbert Strang: Linear Algebra, Deep Learning, Teaching, and MIT OpenCourseWare

Gilbert Strang is a professor of mathematics at MIT and perhaps one of the most famous and impactful teachers of math in the world. His MIT OpenCourseWare lectures on linear algebra have been viewed millions of times. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it, use code LexPodcast.  And it is supported by ZipRecruiter. Try it: http://ziprecruiter.com/lexpod Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 03:45 – Math rockstar 05:10 – MIT OpenCourseWare 07:29 – Four Fundamental Subspaces of Linear Algebra 13:11 – Linear Algebra vs Calculus 15:03 – Singular value decomposition 19:47 – Why people like math 23:38 – Teaching by example 25:04 – Andrew Yang 26:46 – Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics 29:21 – Deep learning 37:28 – Theory vs application 38:54 – Open problems in mathematics 39:00 – Linear algebra as a subfield of mathematics 41:52 – Favorite matrix 46:19 – Advice for students on their journey through math 47:37 – Looking back



Grant Sanderson: 3Blue1Brown and the Beauty of Mathematics

Grant Sanderson is a math educator and creator of 3Blue1Brown, a popular YouTube channel that uses programmatically-animated visualizations to explain concepts in linear algebra, calculus, and other fields of mathematics. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it (App Store, Google Play), use code “LexPodcast”.  Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 01:56 – What kind of math would aliens have? 03:48 – Euler’s identity and the least favorite piece of notation 10:31 – Is math discovered or invented? 14:30 – Difference between physics and math 17:24 – Why is reality compressible into simple equations? 21:44 – Are we living in a simulation? 26:27 – Infinity and abstractions 35:48 – Most beautiful idea in mathematics 41:32 – Favorite video to create 45:04 – Video creation process 50:04 – Euler identity 51:47 – Mortality and meaning 55:16 – How do you know when a video is done? 56:18 – What is the best way to learn math for beginners? 59:17 – Happy moment



Greg Brockman: OpenAI and AGI

Greg Brockman is the Co-Founder and CTO of OpenAI, a research organization developing ideas in AI that lead eventually to a safe & friendly artificial general intelligence that benefits and empowers humanity. Video version is available on YouTube. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations.



Guido van Rossum: Python

Guido van Rossum is the creator of Python, one of the most popular and impactful programming languages in the world. Video version is available on YouTube. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations.



Gustav Soderstrom: Spotify

Gustav Soderstrom is the Chief Research & Development Officer at Spotify, leading Product, Design, Data, Technology & Engineering teams. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on iTunes or support it on Patreon.



Ian Goodfellow: Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs)

Ian Goodfellow is the author of the popular textbook on deep learning (simply titled “Deep Learning”). He coined the term Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) and with his 2014 paper is responsible for launching the incredible growth of research on GANs. Video version is available on YouTube. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations.



Jeff Atwood: Stack Overflow and Coding Horror

Jeff Atwood is a co-founder of Stack Overflow and Stack Exchange, websites that are visited by millions of people every day. Much like with Wikipedia, it is difficult to understate the impact on global knowledge and productivity that these network of sites have created. Jeff is also the author of the famed Coding Horror blog, and the founder of Discourse, and open-source software project that seeks to improve the quality of our online community discussions. Video version is available on YouTube. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations.



Jeff Hawkins: Thousand Brains Theory of Intelligence

Jeff Hawkins is the founder of Redwood Center for Theoretical Neuroscience in 2002 and Numenta in 2005. In his 2004 book titled On Intelligence, and in his research before and after, he and his team have worked to reverse-engineer the neocortex and propose artificial intelligence architectures, approaches, and ideas that are inspired by the human brain. These ideas include Hierarchical Temporal Memory (HTM) from 2004 and The Thousand Brains Theory of Intelligence from 2017. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations.



Jeremy Howard: fast.ai Deep Learning Courses and Research

Jeremy Howard is the founder of fast.ai, a research institute dedicated to make deep learning more accessible. He is also a Distinguished Research Scientist at the University of San Francisco, a former president of Kaggle as well a top-ranking competitor there, and in general, he’s a successful entrepreneur, educator, research, and an inspiring personality in the AI community. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on iTunes or support it on Patreon.



Jim Gates: Supersymmetry, String Theory and Proving Einstein Right

Jim Gates (S James Gates Jr.) is a theoretical physicist and professor at Brown University working on supersymmetry, supergravity, and superstring theory. He served on former President Obama’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. He is the co-author of a new book titled Proving Einstein Right about the scientists who set out to prove Einstein’s theory of relativity. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it (App Store, Google Play), use code “LexPodcast”.  Episode Links: Proving Einstein Right (book) Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 03:13 – Will we ever venture outside our solar system? 05:16 – When will the first human step foot on Mars? 11:14 – Are we alone in the universe? 13:55 – Most beautiful idea in physics 16:29 – Can the mind be digitized? 21:15 – Does the possibility of superintelligence excite you? 22:25 – Role of dreaming in creativity and mathematical thinking 30:51 – Existential threats 31:46 – Basic particles underlying our universe 41:28 – What is supersymmetry? 52:19 – Adinkra symbols 1:00:24 – String theory 1:07:02 – Proving Einstein right and experimental validation of general relativity 1:19:07 – Richard Feynman 1:22:01 – Barack Obama’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology 1:30:20 – Exciting problems in physics that are just within our reach 1:31:26 – Mortality



Jim Keller: Moore’s Law, Microprocessors, Abstractions, and First Principles

Jim Keller is a legendary microprocessor engineer, having worked at AMD, Apple, Tesla, and now Intel. He’s known for his work on the AMD K7, K8, K12 and Zen microarchitectures, Apple A4, A5 processors, and co-author of the specifications for the x86-64 instruction set and HyperTransport interconnect. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it (App Store, Google Play), use code “LexPodcast”.  Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 02:12 – Difference between a computer and a human brain 03:43 – Computer abstraction layers and parallelism 17:53 – If you run a program multiple times, do you always get the same answer? 20:43 – Building computers and teams of people 22:41 – Start from scratch every 5 years 30:05 – Moore’s law is not dead 55:47 – Is superintelligence the next layer of abstraction? 1:00:02 – Is the universe a computer? 1:03:00 – Ray Kurzweil and exponential improvement in technology 1:04:33 – Elon Musk and Tesla Autopilot 1:20:51 – Lessons from working with Elon Musk 1:28:33 – Existential threats from AI 1:32:38 – Happiness and the meaning of life



Judea Pearl: Causal Reasoning, Counterfactuals, Bayesian Networks, and the Path to AGI

Judea Pearl is a professor at UCLA and a winner of the Turing Award, that’s generally recognized as the Nobel Prize of computing. He is one of the seminal figures in the field of artificial intelligence, computer science, and statistics. He has developed and championed probabilistic approaches to AI, including Bayesian Networks and profound ideas in causality in general. These ideas are important not just for AI, but to our understanding and practice of science. But in the field of AI, the idea of causality, cause and effect, to many, lies at the core of what is currently missing and what must be developed in order to build truly intelligent systems. For this reason, and many others, his work is worth returning to often. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it (App Store, Google Play), use code “LexPodcast”.  Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 03:18 – Descartes and analytic geometry 06:25 – Good way to teach math 07:10 – From math to engineering 09:14 – Does God play dice? 10:47 – Free will 11:59 – Probability 22:21 – Machine learning 23:13 – Causal Networks 27:48 – Intelligent systems that reason with causation 29:29 – Do(x) operator 36:57 – Counterfactuals 44:12 – Reasoning by Metaphor 51:15 – Machine learning and causal reasoning 53:28 – Temporal aspect of causation 56:21 – Machine learning (continued) 59:15 – Human-level artificial intelligence 1:04:08 – Consciousness 1:04:31 – Concerns about AGI 1:09:53 – Religion and robotics 1:12:07 – Daniel Pearl 1:19:09 – Advice for students 1:21:00 – Legacy



Juergen Schmidhuber: Godel Machines, Meta-Learning, and LSTMs

Juergen Schmidhuber is the co-creator of long short-term memory networks (LSTMs) which are used in billions of devices today for speech recognition, translation, and much more. Over 30 years, he has proposed a lot of interesting, out-of-the-box ideas in artificial intelligence including a formal theory of creativity. Video version is available on YouTube. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations.



Kai-Fu Lee: AI Superpowers – China and Silicon Valley

Kai-Fu Lee is the Chairman and CEO of Sinovation Ventures that manages a 2 billion dollar dual currency investment fund with a focus on developing the next generation of Chinese high-tech companies. He is the former President of Google China and the founder of what is now called Microsoft Research Asia, an institute that trained many of the AI leaders in China, including CTOs or AI execs at Baidu, Tencent, Alibaba, Lenovo, and Huawei. He was named one of the 100 most influential people in the world by TIME Magazine. He is the author of seven best-selling books in Chinese, and most recently the New York Times best seller called AI Superpowers: China, Silicon Valley, and the New World Order. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on iTunes or support it on Patreon.



Keoki Jackson: Lockheed Martin

Keoki Jackson is the CTO of Lockheed Martin, a company that through its long history has created some of the most incredible engineering marvels that human beings have ever built, including planes that fly fast and undetected, defense systems that intersect threats that could take the lives of millions in the case of nuclear weapons, and spacecraft systems that venture out into space, the moon, Mars, and beyond with and without humans on-board. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on iTunes or support it on Patreon.



Kevin Scott: Microsoft CTO

Kevin Scott is the CTO of Microsoft. Before that, he was the Senior Vice President of Engineering and Operations at LinkedIn. And before that, he oversaw mobile ads engineering at Google. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on iTunes or support it on Patreon.



Kyle Vogt: Cruise Automation

Kyle Vogt is the President and CTO of Cruise Automation, leading an effort in trying to solve one of the biggest robotics challenges of our time: vehicle autonomy. He is the co-founder of 2 successful companies (Cruise and Twitch) that were each acquired for 1 billion dollars. Video version is available on YouTube. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations.



Leonard Susskind: Quantum Mechanics, String Theory, and Black Holes

Leonard Susskind is a professor of theoretical physics at Stanford University, and founding director of the Stanford Institute for Theoretical Physics. He is widely regarded as one of the fathers of string theory and in general as one of the greatest physicists of our time both as a researcher and an educator. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on iTunes or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline with timestamps for this episode (on some players you can click on the timestamp to jump to that point in the episode): 00:00 – Introduction 01:02 – Richard Feynman 02:09 – Visualization and intuition 06:45 – Ego in Science 09:27 – Academia 11:18 – Developing ideas 12:12 – Quantum computers 21:37 – Universe as an information processing system 26:35 – Machine learning 29:47 – Predicting the future 30:48 – String theory 37:03 – Free will 39:26 – Arrow of time 46:39 – Universe as a computer 49:45 – Big bang 50:50 – Infinity 51:35 – First image of a black hole 54:08 – Questions within the reach of science 55:55 – Questions out of reach of science



Leslie Kaelbling: Reinforcement Learning, Planning, and Robotics

Leslie Kaelbling is a roboticist and professor at MIT. She is recognized for her work in reinforcement learning, planning, robot navigation, and several other topics in AI. She won the IJCAI Computers and Thought Award and was the editor-in-chief of the prestigious Journal of Machine Learning Research. Video version is available on YouTube. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations.



Lex Fridman: Ask Me Anything – AMA January 2021

Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: – Brooklinen: https://brooklinen.com and use code LEX to get $25 off + free shipping – Indeed: https://indeed.com/fridman to get $75 credit – ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod and use code LexPod to get 3 months free – Theragun: https://theragun.com/lex to get 30 day trial PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: – Check out the sponsors above, it’s the best way to support this podcast – Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman – Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman – Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman – LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman – Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LexFridmanPage – Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here’s the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) – Introduction (06:37) – Will AGI suffer from depression? (11:14) – Love is an escape from the muck of life (17:14) – What questions would you ask an alien? (25:58) – How to pivot careers to computer science (33:06) – What will robots look like in the future? (35:54) – Disagreement with Einstein about happiness (41:50) – How I pick podcast guests (51:26) – How to stay optimistic about the future (59:09) – Major topics I changed my mind on (1:06:39) – Benefits of keto diet (1:16:02) – Darkest time in my life



Lex Solo #2 – The Future of Neuralink

My thoughts on 8 possible long-term futures of Neuralink after attending the August 2020 progress update. This is a solo episode #2 of the podcast. Hopefully it’s interesting to some folks. The aim is for these episodes to be focused on a particular topic, at times challenging, at times personal, at times exciting to me on a technical and philosophical level like the episode today. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/podcast or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – Introduction 04:42 – 1. Alleviating Suffering 07:25 – 2. Consciousness and Intelligence 11:39 – 3. Augmented Body, Mind, and Reality 13:42 – 4. Gaming & Virtual Reality 16:25 – 5. Merging Tech & Biology 19:40 – 6. Telepathy 22:58 – 7. Memories & Immortality 28:04 – 8. Merging with AI



Lex Solo #3 – In Memory of My Grandmother

My attempt to find the words to honor my grandmother, an amazing woman who is responsible for much of who I am, who taught me how to be a man, taught me about strength, about wisdom, about compassion, about love. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/podcast or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. OUTLINE: 00:00 – In memory of my grandmother 02:00 – Lesson 1: Mental Toughness 04:31 – Lesson 2: Strength 07:25 – Lesson 3: Wisdom 08:46 – Lesson 4: Believe in Yourself 12:13 – Lesson 5: Love 15:37 – Poem



Max Tegmark: Life 3.0

A conversation with Max Tegmark as part of MIT course on Artificial General Intelligence. Video version is available on YouTube. He is a Physics Professor at MIT, co-founder of the Future of Life Institute, and author of “Life 3.0: Being Human in the Age of Artificial Intelligence.” If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations.



Melanie Mitchell: Concepts, Analogies, Common Sense & Future of AI

Melanie Mitchell is a professor of computer science at Portland State University and an external professor at Santa Fe Institute. She has worked on and written about artificial intelligence from fascinating perspectives including adaptive complex systems, genetic algorithms, and the Copycat cognitive architecture which places the process of analogy making at the core of human cognition. From her doctoral work with her advisors Douglas Hofstadter and John Holland to today, she has contributed a lot of important ideas to the field of AI, including her recent book, simply called Artificial Intelligence: A Guide for Thinking Humans. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it (App Store, Google Play), use code “LexPodcast”.  Episode Links: AI: A Guide for Thinking Humans (book) Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 02:33 – The term “artificial intelligence” 06:30 – Line between weak and strong AI 12:46 – Why have people dreamed of creating AI? 15:24 – Complex systems and intelligence 18:38 – Why are we bad at predicting the future with regard to AI? 22:05 – Are fundamental breakthroughs in AI needed? 25:13 – Different AI communities 31:28 – Copycat cognitive architecture 36:51 – Concepts and analogies 55:33 – Deep learning and the formation of concepts 1:09:07 – Autonomous vehicles 1:20:21 – Embodied AI and emotion 1:25:01 – Fear of superintelligent AI 1:36:14 – Good test for intelligence 1:38:09 – What is complexity? 1:43:09 – Santa Fe Institute 1:47:34 – Douglas Hofstadter 1:49:42 – Proudest moment



Michael Kearns: Algorithmic Fairness, Bias, Privacy, and Ethics in Machine Learning

Michael Kearns is a professor at University of Pennsylvania and a co-author of the new book Ethical Algorithm that is the focus of much of our conversation, including algorithmic fairness, bias, privacy, and ethics in general. But, that is just one of many fields that Michael is a world-class researcher in, some of which we touch on quickly including learning theory or theoretical foundations of machine learning, game theory, algorithmic trading, quantitative finance, computational social science, and more. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts or support it on Patreon. This episode is sponsored by Pessimists Archive podcast. Here’s the outline with timestamps for this episode (on some players you can click on the timestamp to jump to that point in the episode): 00:00 – Introduction 02:45 – Influence from literature and journalism 07:39 – Are most people good? 13:05 – Ethical algorithm 24:28 – Algorithmic fairness of groups vs individuals 33:36 – Fairness tradeoffs 46:29 – Facebook, social networks, and algorithmic ethics 58:04 – Machine learning 58:05 – Machine learning 59:19 – Algorithm that determines what is fair 1:01:25 – Computer scientists should think about ethics 1:05:59 – Algorithmic privacy 1:11:50 – Differential privacy 1:19:10 – Privacy by misinformation 1:22:31 – Privacy of data in society 1:27:49 – Game theory 1:29:40 – Nash equilibrium 1:30:35 – Machine learning and game theory 1:34:52 – Mutual assured destruction 1:36:56 – Algorithmic trading 1:44:09 – Pivotal moment in graduate school



Michael Stevens: Vsauce

Michael Stevens is the creator of Vsauce, one of the most popular educational YouTube channel in the world, with over 15 million subscribers and over 1.7 billion views. His videos often ask and answer questions that are both profound and entertaining, spanning topics from physics to psychology. As part of his channel he created 3 seasons of Mind Field, a series that explored human behavior. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it (App Store, Google Play), use code “LexPodcast”.  Episode links: Vsauce YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/Vsauce Vsauce Twitter: https://twitter.com/tweetsauce Vsauce Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/electricpants/ Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 02:26 – Psychology 03:59 – Consciousness 06:55 – Free will 07:55 – Perception vs reality 09:59 – Simulation 11:32 – Science 16:24 – Flat earth 27:04 – Artificial Intelligence 30:14 – Existential threats 38:03 – Elon Musk and the responsibility of having a large following 43:05 – YouTube algorithm 52:41 – Mortality and the meaning of life



Michio Kaku: Future of Humans, Aliens, Space Travel & Physics

Michio Kaku is a theoretical physicist, futurist, and professor at the City College of New York. He is the author of many fascinating books on the nature of our reality and the future of our civilization. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline with timestamps for this episode (on some players you can click on the timestamp to jump to that point in the episode): 00:00 – Introduction 01:14 – Contact with Aliens in the 21st century 06:36 – Multiverse and Nirvana 09:46 – String Theory 11:07 – Einstein’s God 15:01 – Would aliens hurt us? 17:34 – What would aliens look like? 22:13 – Brain-machine interfaces 27:35 – Existential risk from AI 30:22 – Digital immortality 34:02 – Biological immortality 37:42 – Does mortality give meaning? 43:42 – String theory 47:16 – Universe as a computer and a simulation 53:16 – First human on Mars



New Name: Lex Fridman Podcast

New podcast name. New Russian hitman thumbnail. Everything else stays the same. AI is still my passion, but this gives me a bit more freedom to talk to interesting folks from all over. Thanks for the support & the love. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/podcast or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon.



Noam Chomsky: Language, Cognition, and Deep Learning

Noam Chomsky is one of the greatest minds of our time and is one of the most cited scholars in history. He is a linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historian, social critic, and political activist. He has spent over 60 years at MIT and recently also joined the University of Arizona. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it (App Store, Google Play), use code “LexPodcast”.  Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 03:59 – Common language with an alience species 05:46 – Structure of language 07:18 – Roots of language in our brain 08:51 – Language and thought 09:44 – The limit of human cognition 16:48 – Neuralink 19:32 – Deepest property of language 22:13 – Limits of deep learning 28:01 – Good and evil 29:52 – Memorable experiences 33:29 – Mortality 34:23 – Meaning of life



Oriol Vinyals: DeepMind AlphaStar, StarCraft, Language, and Sequences

Oriol Vinyals is a senior research scientist at Google DeepMind. Before that he was at Google Brain and Berkeley. His research has been cited over 39,000 times. He is one of the most brilliant and impactful minds in the field of deep learning. He is behind some of the biggest papers and ideas in AI, including sequence to sequence learning, audio generation, image captioning, neural machine translation, and reinforcement learning. He is a co-lead (with David Silver) of the AlphaStar project, creating an agent that defeated a top professional at the game of StarCraft. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations.



Pamela McCorduck: Machines Who Think and the Early Days of AI

Pamela McCorduck is an author who has written on the history and philosophical significance of artificial intelligence, the future of engineering, and the role of women and technology. Her books include Machines Who Think in 1979, The Fifth Generation in 1983 with Ed Feigenbaum who is considered to be the father of expert systems, the Edge of Chaos, The Futures of Women, and more. Through her literary work, she has spent a lot of time with the seminal figures of artificial intelligence, includes the founding fathers of AI from the 1956 Dartmouth summer workshop where the field was launched. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on iTunes or support it on Patreon.



Paola Arlotta: Brain Development from Stem Cell to Organoid

Paola Arlotta is a professor of stem cell and regenerative biology at Harvard University. She is interested in understanding the molecular laws that govern the birth, differentiation and assembly of the human brain’s cerebral cortex. She explores the complexity of the brain by studying and engineering elements of how the brain develops. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on iTunes or support it on Patreon.



Paul Krugman: Economics of Innovation, Automation, Safety Nets & Universal Basic Income

Paul Krugman is a Nobel Prize winner in economics, professor at CUNY, and columnist at the New York Times. His academic work centers around international economics, economic geography, liquidity traps, and currency crises. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it (App Store, Google Play), use code “LexPodcast”.  Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 03:44 – Utopia from an economics perspective 04:51 – Competition 06:33 – Well-informed citizen 07:52 – Disagreements in economics 09:57 – Metrics of outcomes 13:00 – Safety nets 15:54 – Invisible hand of the market 21:43 – Regulation of tech sector 22:48 – Automation 25:51 – Metric of productivity 30:35 – Interaction of the economy and politics 33:48 – Universal basic income 36:40 – Divisiveness of political discourse 42:53 – Economic theories 52:25 – Starting a system on Mars from scratch 55:11 – International trade 59:08 – Writing in a time of radicalization and Twitter mobs



Peter Norvig: Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach

Peter Norvig is a research director at Google and the co-author with Stuart Russell of the book Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach that educated and inspired a whole generation of researchers including myself to get into the field. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on iTunes or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline with timestamps for this episode (on some players you can click on the timestamp to jump to that point in the episode): 00:00 – Introduction 00:37 – Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach 09:11 – Covering the entire field of AI 15:42 – Expert systems and knowledge representation 18:31 – Explainable AI 23:15 – Trust 25:47 – Education – Intro to AI – MOOC 32:43 – Learning to program in 10 years 37:12 – Changing nature of mastery 40:01 – Code review 41:17 – How have you changed as a programmer 43:05 – LISP 47:41 – Python 48:32 – Early days of Google Search 53:24 – What does it take to build human-level intelligence 55:14 – Her 57:00 – Test of intelligence 58:41 – Future threats from AI 1:00:58 – Exciting open problems in AI



Pieter Abbeel: Deep Reinforcement Learning

Pieter Abbeel is a professor at UC Berkeley, director of the Berkeley Robot Learning Lab, and is one of the top researchers in the world working on how to make robots understand and interact with the world around them, especially through imitation and deep reinforcement learning. Video version is available on YouTube. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations.



Rajat Monga: TensorFlow

Rajat Monga is an Engineering Director at Google, leading the TensorFlow team. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations.



Ray Dalio: Principles, the Economic Machine, Artificial Intelligence & the Arc of Life

Ray Dalio is the founder, Co-Chairman and Co-Chief Investment Officer of Bridgewater Associates, one of the world’s largest and most successful investment firms that is famous for the principles of radical truth and transparency that underlie its culture. Ray is one of the wealthiest people in the world, with ideas that extend far beyond the specifics of how he made that wealth. His ideas, applicable to everyone, are brilliantly summarized in his book Principles. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it (App Store, Google Play), use code “LexPodcast”.  Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 02:56 – Doing something that’s never been done before 08:39 – Shapers 13:28 – A Players 15:09 – Confidence and disagreement 17:10 – Don’t confuse dilusion with not knowing 24:38 – Idea meritocracy 27:39 – Is credit good for society? 32:59 – What is money? 37:13 – Bitcoin and digital currency 41:01 – The economic machine is amazing 46:24 – Principle for using AI 58:55 – Human irrationality 1:01:31 – Call for adventure at the edge of principles 1:03:26 – The line between madness and genius 1:04:30 – Automation 1:07:28 – American dream 1:14:02 – Can money buy happiness? 1:19:48 – Work-life balance and the arc of life 1:28:01 – Meaning of life



Regina Barzilay: Deep Learning for Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment

Regina Barzilay is a professor at MIT and a world-class researcher in natural language processing and applications of deep learning to chemistry and oncology, or the use of deep learning for early diagnosis, prevention and treatment of cancer. She has also been recognized for her teaching of several successful AI-related courses at MIT, including the popular Introduction to Machine Learning course. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on iTunes or support it on Patreon.



Rohit Prasad: Amazon Alexa and Conversational AI

Rohit Prasad is the vice president and head scientist of Amazon Alexa and one of its original creators. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it (App Store, Google Play), use code “LexPodcast”.  The episode is also supported by ZipRecruiter. Try it: http://ziprecruiter.com/lexpod Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 04:34 – Her 06:31 – Human-like aspects of smart assistants 08:39 – Test of intelligence 13:04 – Alexa prize 21:35 – What does it take to win the Alexa prize? 27:24 – Embodiment and the essence of Alexa 34:35 – Personality 36:23 – Personalization 38:49 – Alexa’s backstory from her perspective 40:35 – Trust in Human-AI relations 44:00 – Privacy 47:45 – Is Alexa listening? 53:51 – How Alexa started 54:51 – Solving far-field speech recognition and intent understanding 1:11:51 – Alexa main categories of skills 1:13:19 – Conversation intent modeling 1:17:47 – Alexa memory and long-term learning 1:22:50 – Making Alexa sound more natural 1:27:16 – Open problems for Alexa and conversational AI 1:29:26 – Emotion recognition from audio and video 1:30:53 – Deep learning and reasoning 1:36:26 – Future of Alexa 1:41:47 – The big picture of conversational AI



Rosalind Picard: Affective Computing, Emotion, Privacy, and Health

Rosalind Picard is a professor at MIT, director of the Affective Computing Research Group at the MIT Media Lab, and co-founder of two companies, Affectiva and Empatica. Over two decades ago she launched the field of affective computing with her book of the same name. This book described the importance of emotion in artificial and natural intelligence, the vital role emotion communication has to relationships between people in general and in human-robot interaction. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations.



Sean Carroll: Quantum Mechanics and the Many-Worlds Interpretation

Sean Carroll is a theoretical physicist at Caltech and Santa Fe Institute specializing in quantum mechanics, arrow of time, cosmology, and gravitation. He is the author of Something Deeply Hidden and several popular books and he is the host of a great podcast called Mindscape. This is the second time Sean has been on the podcast. You can watch the first time on YouTube or listen to the first time on its episode page. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts or support it on Patreon. Here’s the outline with timestamps for this episode (on some players you can click on the timestamp to jump to that point in the episode): 00:00 – Introduction 01:23 – Capacity of human mind to understand physics 10:49 – Perception vs reality 12:29 – Conservation of momentum 17:20 – Difference between math and physics 20:10 – Why is our world so compressable 22:53 – What would Newton think of quantum mechanics 25:44 – What is quantum mechanics? 27:54 – What is an atom? 30:34 – What is the wave function? 32:30 – What is quantum entanglement? 35:19 – What is Hilbert space? 37:32 – What is entropy? 39:31 – Infinity 42:43 – Many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics 1:01:13 – Quantum gravity and the emergence of spacetime 1:08:34 – Our branch of reality in many-worlds interpretation 1:10:40 – Time travel 1:12:54 – Arrow of time 1:16:18 – What is fundamental in physics 1:16:58 – Quantum computers 1:17:42 – Experimental validation of many-worlds and emergent spacetime 1:19:53 – Quantum mechanics and the human mind 1:21:51 – Mindscape podcast



Sean Carroll: The Nature of the Universe, Life, and Intelligence

Sean Carroll is a theoretical physicist at Caltech, specializing in quantum mechanics, gravity, and cosmology. He is the author of several popular books: one on the arrow of time called From Eternity to Here, one on the Higgs boson called The Particle at the End of the Universe, and one on science and philosophy called The Big Picture: On the Origins of Life, Meaning, and the Universe Itself. He has an upcoming book on Quantum Mechanics that you can preorder now called Something Deeply Hidden. Finally, and perhaps most famously, he is the host of a podcast called Mindscape that you should subscribe to and support on Patreon. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations.



Sebastian Thrun: Flying Cars, Autonomous Vehicles, and Education

Sebastian Thrun is one of the greatest roboticists, computer scientists, and educators of our time. He led development of the autonomous vehicles at Stanford that won the 2005 DARPA Grand Challenge and placed second in the 2007 DARPA Urban Challenge. He then led the Google self-driving car program which launched the self-driving revolution. He taught the popular Stanford course on Artificial Intelligence in 2011 which was one of the first MOOCs. That experience led him to co-found Udacity, an online education platform. He is also the CEO of Kitty Hawk, a company working on building flying cars or more technically eVTOLS which stands for electric vertical take-off and landing aircraft. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it (App Store, Google Play), use code “LexPodcast”.  Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 03:24 – The Matrix 04:39 – Predicting the future 30+ years ago 06:14 – Machine learning and expert systems 09:18 – How to pick what ideas to work on 11:27 – DARPA Grand Challenges 17:33 – What does it take to be a good leader? 23:44 – Autonomous vehicles 38:42 – Waymo and Tesla Autopilot 42:11 – Self-Driving Car Nanodegree 47:29 – Machine learning 51:10 – AI in medical applications 54:06 – AI-related job loss and education 57:51 – Teaching soft skills 1:00:13 – Kitty Hawk and flying cars 1:08:22 – Love and AI 1:13:12 – Life



Stephen Kotkin: Stalin, Putin, and the Nature of Power

Stephen Kotkin is a professor of history at Princeton university and one of the great historians of our time, specializing in Russian and Soviet history. He has written many books on Stalin and the Soviet Union including the first 2 of a 3 volume work on Stalin, and he is currently working on volume 3. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it (App Store, Google Play), use code “LexPodcast”.  Episode Links: Stalin (book, vol 1): https://amzn.to/2FjdLF2 Stalin (book, vol 2): https://amzn.to/2tqyjc3 Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 03:10 – Do all human beings crave power? 11:29 – Russian people and authoritarian power 15:06 – Putin and the Russian people 23:23 – Corruption in Russia 31:30 – Russia’s future 41:07 – Individuals and institutions 44:42 – Stalin’s rise to power 1:05:20 – What is the ideal political system? 1:21:10 – Questions for Putin 1:29:41 – Questions for Stalin 1:33:25 – Will there always be evil in the world?



Steven Pinker: AI in the Age of Reason

Steven Pinker is a professor at Harvard and before that was a professor at MIT. He is the author of many books, several of which have had a big impact on the way I see the world for the better. In particular, The Better Angels of Our Nature and Enlightenment Now have instilled in me a sense of optimism grounded in data, science, and reason. Video version is available on YouTube. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. 



Stuart Russell: Long-Term Future of AI

Stuart Russell is a professor of computer science at UC Berkeley and a co-author of the book that introduced me and millions of other people to AI, called Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach.  Video version is available on YouTube. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations.



Tomaso Poggio: Brains, Minds, and Machines

Tomaso Poggio is a professor at MIT and is the director of the Center for Brains, Minds, and Machines. Cited over 100,000 times, his work has had a profound impact on our understanding of the nature of intelligence, in both biological neural networks and artificial ones. He has been an advisor to many highly-impactful researchers and entrepreneurs in AI, including Demis Hassabis of DeepMind, Amnon Shashua of MobileEye, and Christof Koch of the Allen Institute for Brain Science. Video version is available on YouTube. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations.



Tuomas Sandholm: Poker and Game Theory

Tuomas Sandholm is a professor at CMU and co-creator of Libratus, which is the first AI system to beat top human players at the game of Heads-Up No-Limit Texas Hold’em. He has published over 450 papers on game theory and machine learning, including a best paper in 2017 at NIPS / NeurIPS. His research and companies have had wide-reaching impact in the real world, especially because he and his group not only propose new ideas, but also build systems to prove these ideas work in the real world. Video version is available on YouTube. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations.



Vijay Kumar: Flying Robots

Vijay Kumar is one of the top roboticists in the world, professor at the University of Pennsylvania, Dean of Penn Engineering, former director of GRASP lab, or the General Robotics, Automation, Sensing and Perception Laboratory at Penn that was established back in 1979, 40 years ago. Vijay is perhaps best known for his work in multi-robot systems (or robot swarms) and micro aerial vehicles, robots that elegantly cooperate in flight under all the uncertainty and challenges that real-world conditions present. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on iTunes or support it on Patreon.



Vladimir Vapnik: Predicates, Invariants, and the Essence of Intelligence

Vladimir Vapnik is the co-inventor of support vector machines, support vector clustering, VC theory, and many foundational ideas in statistical learning. He was born in the Soviet Union, worked at the Institute of Control Sciences in Moscow, then in the US, worked at AT&T, NEC Labs, Facebook AI Research, and now is a professor at Columbia University. His work has been cited over 200,000 times. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts, follow on Spotify, or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it (App Store, Google Play), use code “LexPodcast”.  Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 02:55 – Alan Turing: science and engineering of intelligence 09:09 – What is a predicate? 14:22 – Plato’s world of ideas and world of things 21:06 – Strong and weak convergence 28:37 – Deep learning and the essence of intelligence 50:36 – Symbolic AI and logic-based systems 54:31 – How hard is 2D image understanding? 1:00:23 – Data 1:06:39 – Language 1:14:54 – Beautiful idea in statistical theory of learning 1:19:28 – Intelligence and heuristics 1:22:23 – Reasoning 1:25:11 – Role of philosophy in learning theory 1:31:40 – Music (speaking in Russian) 1:35:08 – Mortality



Vladimir Vapnik: Statistical Learning

Vladimir Vapnik is the co-inventor of support vector machines, support vector clustering, VC theory, and many foundational ideas in statistical learning. His work has been cited over 170,000 times. He has some very interesting ideas about artificial intelligence and the nature of learning, especially on the limits of our current approaches and the open problems in the field. Video version is available on YouTube. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. 



Whitney Cummings: Comedy, Robotics, Neurology, and Love

Whitney Cummings is a stand-up comedian, actor, producer, writer, director, and the host of a new podcast called Good for You. Her most recent Netflix special called “Can I Touch It?” features in part a robot, she affectionately named Bearclaw, that is designed to be visually a replica of Whitney. It’s exciting for me to see one of my favorite comedians explore the social aspects of robotics and AI in our society. She also has some fascinating ideas about human behavior, psychology, and neurology, some of which she explores in her book called “I’m Fine…And Other Lies.” This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on Apple Podcasts or support it on Patreon. This episode is presented by Cash App. Download it (App Store, Google Play), use code “LexPodcast”.  The episode is also supported by ZipRecruiter. Try it: http://ziprecruiter.com/lexpod Here’s the outline of the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. 00:00 – Introduction 03:51 – Eye contact 04:42 – Robot gender 08:49 – Whitney’s robot (Bearclaw) 12:17 – Human reaction to robots 14:09 – Fear of robots 25:15 – Surveillance 29:35 – Animals 35:01 – Compassion from people who own robots 37:55 – Passion 44:57 – Neurology 56:38 – Social media 1:04:35 – Love 1:13:40 – Mortality



Yann LeCun: Deep Learning, Convolutional Neural Networks, and Self-Supervised Learning

Yann LeCun is one of the fathers of deep learning, the recent revolution in AI that has captivated the world with the possibility of what machines can learn from data. He is a professor at New York University, a Vice President & Chief AI Scientist at Facebook, co-recipient of the Turing Award for his work on deep learning. He is probably best known as the founder of convolutional neural networks, in particular their early application to optical character recognition. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars on iTunes or support it on Patreon.



Yoshua Bengio: Deep Learning

Yoshua Bengio, along with Geoffrey Hinton and Yann Lecun, is considered one of the three people most responsible for the advancement of deep learning during the 1990s, 2000s, and now. Cited 139,000 times, he has been integral to some of the biggest breakthroughs in AI over the past 3 decades. Video version is available on YouTube. If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/ai or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations.